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the arriving thereerous to nav was uncharted and who the rouedge of the

island of d'Oura, where it was said rivalry of the Yankees. No charts or cargoes of gold bars and nuggets could sailing directions of the coast north of be picked up along the beach. Later Padang could be found. All sorts of on the Dutch and English joined in stories of the dangers of the coast the quest; an.] in 1621 the French be- were circulated to frighten the Yancame aware of the importance of the kee adventurers; nevertheless by the pepper trade. They sent a fleet to Su- first of the nineteenth century many matra carrying magnificent presents American ships sailed to Sumatra for for the Sultan of Acheen.

a share of the pepper trade. In 1793 Capt. Jonathan Carnes Capt. Joseph Ropes in the American sailed in a schooner from Salem, ship Recovery finally located Padang Mass., to the East Indies. While in in November, 1802, and sailed away the harbor of Bencoolen, Sumatra, he from there with a cargo of pepper. heard of the pepper trade, which was Two years later the Putnam sailed at that time confined principally to from Salem, and also obtained a cargo Padang. Capt. Carnes sailed for Pa- of the precious spice at Padang. Booin dang without any knowledge of the towns sprang up all along the Sucourse, although the route was un- matra coast, bearing such picturesque charted and dangerous to navigation names as Analaboo, Soo-soo, Tanger On arriving there he found very lit- and North Tally Pow. It was this tle pepper was raised in Padang but same venturesome captain with the that it was brought there by the na- Salem ship Recovery that entered the tives in their proas, from points far- harbor of Mocha, the first American ther north. He finally succeeded ia ol vessel to enter this port. This retaining a cargo and sailed for Salem. sulted in the establishment of the Unfortunately he was wrecked in the American coffee industry. West Indies, losing his vessel and Salem ships were first to engage in cargo. Finding his way back to commerce with Hindustan, Java, JaSalem he told his employers what he pan, Fiji Islands, Madagascar, New had discovered. They immediately Holland and New Zealand. They were began to secretly construct the brig among the first to sail the west coast "Rajah” for the pepper trade.

of Africa and South America. A Salem In 1795 Capt. Carnes sailed in the ship was the first to round the Cape brig for Sumatra and a cargo of pep. of Good Hope, and the first to carry per. On this trip Capt. Carnes visited the American flag through the Straits the northerly ports of the island with of Magellan. The Salem ship Atlantic, out charts or guide of any kind, nia's in command of Capt. Elias Hasket ing his way through coral reefs which Derby Jr., was the first to fly the even today are a dread to navigators. Stars and Stripes in the harbors of There was great excitement in Salem Bombay and Calcutta. The Peggy, when Capt. Carnes arrived with his another Salem ship brought the first cargo of pepper. This lot of pepper cargo of Bombay cotton to New Engcost eighteen thousand dollars, and land. It was the Astrea under Capt. sold for one hundred and forty-four Henry Prince of Salem that began thousand; a profit of seven hundred our trade with the railippines in 1795. per cent.

These voyages were not pleasure The place where the cargo was ob- trips, neither were the captains of tained was kept secret for some time. these ships adventurers. They were Finally vessels were fitted out in both merchants, soldiers and ambassadors. Salem and Beverly for Bencooien They faced many dangers, from pirwhere it was supposed Capt. Carnes ates, the ships of hostile nations, learned about the pepper trade. These treacherous natives, coral reefs and efforts were fruitless for the European the fierce typhoons of the tropics. colonists of the pepper ports became this service developed a splendid extremely jealous. They feared the type of manhood; and no city in the early days of the nation could boast of This ship was called the Essex, and prouder names than the Derbys, she was launched in 1709. After proCrowninsheilds, Forresters, Thorn- tecting our West Indian trade for sevdykes, Peabodys, Pickmans, Wests eral months she was sent to the Bar- . and Silsbees of Salem. The very na- bary Coast, where she took part in ture of these voyages gave a peculiar the defeat of the pirates that preyed character to the people. The length of on our commerce. Her name was made time spent on the oceans by these illustrious during the war of 1812, captains gave them a splendid oppor- when she won a heroic battle from a tunity to improve their minds. From superior British ship. At that time among the masters, supercargoes, and Midshipman Farragut, who afterwards other officers of these Indiamen, there became Admiral, was a member of have been many members of the the crew. Massachusetts legislature, three mem These incidents prove the value of bers of Congress, two secretaries of a merchant marine to the prosperity the navy, a United States senator and and security of the nation. A country a great mathematician, second to none whose sons are trained in the hard in ancient or modern times, one who school of the sea; and which has as a corrected the works of Newton and nucleus for national defense its own enlarged the heavens of La Place. native born sailors, need not fear the

It was the merchants of Salem, ships of any enemy that may attempt Marblehead and Beverly, who were to invade its shores. the first to take out letter of marque We must regain our old prestige on and reprisal and formed that fleet of the seas; to open to our young men privateers whose services turned the the channels of a trade closed to them fortunes of war in our favor both in for a generation, and in this way dethe Revolution and in 1812. The priva- velop for national defense that sturdy teersmen of New England won more manhood which comes from those victories, and captured more prizes in whose life and love are for the sea. both these wars than the entire fleets The patriotic citizens of this counof our navy.

try, backed by that patriotic organiIn 1798 the citizens of Salem voted zation, The Home Market Club, have to build and equip a thirty-two gun been and are now urging upon Confrigate, and present her to the U. S. gress to adopt a vigorous American Navy to suppress the French ravages policy for the upbuilding of an Ameron our West India trade.

ican Merchant Marine.


The Cave Man's Wooing

By Eleanor Valentine

the moonlitled me. The story of the dentare cared? Thendland flower as

HEARD her voice on the moun- crevices of rock and bank, ferns grew, tain, as I walked the trail, and and as I passed by, I touched one

back again to the cave, now so fragile maiden-hair fern, and it quivdesolate. Like the evening shades' ered its dainty leaves in response to mantling charm, my heart seemed to my caress. darken with the loneliness of the life I thought how soon the woodland I had led.

would miss me, and would she care Reluctantly I approached the dwell- for each beloved woodland flower as ing I had loved, where I lived in such I have cared? Then came to me quiet seclusion. Now, the grey of the denial. I needed no companion in this cavern chilled me. The shadows of wilderness. Morn strengthened me, the moonlit trees lengthened into gro- subdued the night longings, and tesque shapes. Their weirdness en blotted out the shadows. Dawn's thralled me. My eyes moved along awakening recalled me to mother nawith their slowly shifting forms, the ture. What mortal soul of man or while her voice, dominating every woman can bring to this place a chord of my memory, changed with greater thought of harmony? Nature! them, blending within me into shapes I but forsook you, to be more ravished of things yet unborn.

by your charm. Loveliest of all, I dragged the sheep-skin nearer to again am I your adorer, and the worthe play of light and shadow, that shipper at your shrine. nothing might escape my eager out- Lightly and happily, I walked back look. All night, and into the break of to my cave, the cavern in the mounday, I lay in the opening. Sleep would tain, this my home and shelter. The not close my eyes. The same endur- morning light brightened its grey ing, tender voice, had brought new walls. Even the dew-sprinkled rock life. My blood rioted mad.

ferns freshened their shade, and I Oh, woman! I, the rough-clad and loved and revered my home. scraggly male of human-kind, craved The sun-ripened hazelnuts lay bethe companionship of a woman. A wo- side the woodland path, the burst man, delicate in tracing and expres- husks covering the ground, I gathered sion, the one, the only one, whose and ate their rich kernels. The sparksoul is linked unto mine. Even so far ling brook's cool waters quenched my apart! Yet must I ever seek you. I thirst. Oh, man of the city's mold, must leave the cot in the mountain, you might envy my paradise. The rich and seek afield for my mate. Oh, garnet of May apples, the harmonizwoman, to denude my Paradise of its ing ebon shades of huckle and blackpeace! The blood of my ancestors, berries, mingling with the deep orand yours, calls for you, yearns for ange of the mulberry, all such as your presence.

these, are mine, mine in the sacred The dawn budded pink o'er the precincts of the forest. I am monarch mountain. The dew-kissed grass in of all this domain, crowned with the freshness allured me. I waded laurel leaf, my Court the courting of through grassy depths to the woods, woodland flowers; a king who in himfor morn's baptism. Within the many self has found the inner crown pur

Thed their namn zo destroying ilder

pling his royal hours.

but propagate the wisdom gained by The sun is warming the paths. The truth. Oh, could you worldlings but trail to the mountain beckons me. share my knowledge, but understand Before the noonday's pulsing heat, I the law, God's law, and live as nature shall have walked to the summit of meant! How unnecessary that thing the mount. It stands, a monument to called ill-health would be, that deTime's patience. Indeed, it is nature's stroys what nature lavished upon you. great king. I raise my eyes to you in In the flickering light of the canreverence, Oh, king, my homage is dle's glow, I read far into the night. justly yours. Ah! Upon your slopes, Book reading quells many desires, I what splendors do you grace. Your have found, but I am restless tonight. sparkling lake, your forest deep, and The tramp through the forest has my own cavern above your cliffs. made me energetic, perhaps. I need

The beasts of the forest have the solace of sleep, so kind to us morlearned their ways, and appreciate tals. their worth. I am not the ruthless As I lay on my sheep-skin, I heard male of mankind, destroying for the cooing notes of birds. The moonselfish ends the children of the wilder- light fascinated me. Each tree seemed ness, nor do I feed upon their flesh. a part of me, and I searched, by the The gentle deer, from dark, velvety moon's light, to discover the mated eyes, look on me as their protector birds, who my peace so disturbed, and friend.

cooing, softly cooing, each tone coaxI have been to the mountain top, ing me from my rest. through depths of russet-brown wood- Again her voice, touching memory land path, through to the lake, to carry within! I ever hear her calling me. home the water-cress which thrives The maze of thoughts o'erwhelms me. among the stagnant pools, my salad Is she a part of the universal plan? for my meal at eventide. I found a Does she ever seek, in the city, the nesting of wild duck eggs among the throbbing heart of the world, as I rushes, and three became provision have sought, in the woodland ? I live for another meal. I could not abuse in the expectation that she has the unyour trust, Oh, mother-fowl, and left derstanding of my ways. remaining four. Other duck lives, and I carried my mat outside; the cavern your little brood amid the myriad col- is sultry. Outside, the stars gleamed ony, will quite suffice to populate the quietly, peacefully down; the vale lake's wide edge. I promise to re- and the mountain's summit were silver frain from taking your nest again. in the moonlight. To fathom the

As dusk came over the woodland, I thought-builder, erecting a dream palslowly loitered home. The fading ace unto the skies, to sense the sub light softened the tones of my rock stance of its ground-work, and its texwalls. After my meal of abundance, ture, I searched within. Will she acmy ravenous appetite stayed, I read, cept the building of my dreams? Or in the fading glow, my books, my when I find her, shall the world have Masters, portraying destiny. I am rich sheathed her form in its desires ? in the knowledge of the world, and Impatiently I sought the woodland satisfied with my Masters, but even glade, drank of the brook, cooling the the student may add to their reason- riot of flaming thoughts and wonderings, the wisdom bred in his soul, and ments. At last, I lay beside its edge, life has much to teach. Clearness of listening to its monotone, in the cool mind, such as mine, can improve the damp. The dews gathered over me thought of the world, and on the day and soon sleep's cooling draught lulled it needs me most I shall be ready to me, while yet I heard her voice callpoint out the truth.

ing, calling, ever so far away. Young and old can appreciate the This morning, I despised my weakworks of a master soul, which would ness. Night had overwhelmed me. I needed her cover to hide my shame. somewhere, her own son was a wanOh, woman, so to lead me on! In the derer, perhaps another mother shelterfreshly beaming morn, I exult, I am ed him. And when this lonely son of free in the woodland, teeming with the some mother, asked the privilege of ardor of nature.

living in the old barn, she tearfully Yet shall I find you, woman of my asked him to make her humble dwellthoughts' realm. High have I placed ing his home for the time being. He thee, clothed in purity's veil.

refused, and asked again for the barn. I returned to the cave, happy, con- "For I have always lived with nature," fident, and in peace. Nature would he said, and thus again, nature gave have mocked me, but now I know the her beloved a resting place, and peace time has come to leave the woodland, even within the city's thrall. and go far from the mountains, into The barn, with honeysuckle vines earth's heaving mass of humanity, and entwined around it, stood beneath the for your sake, sweet woman of tender shade of an old, spreading cherry tree, dreams, you who called that night on studded with shining red cherries, the mountain, you who still cling to while pink and white roses clambered me in thought.

everywhere. And he sat himself upon Down the trail leading from the the grass, and spread before him the cavern, the hermit steadily wended forest nuts, and ate in thankful mood, his way toward the distant city. A while blessing the kindness of the one tall, slender man, tanned, and with a soul who sheltered him. As dusk came beard bronzed from the sun's rays. darkening the day, he silently watched Even the hair that fell in long locks and waited for night. His recollecover his neck, was sun-bleached and tions of the cavern, and his longings streaked with gold, nature's markings. to be there, saddened the hours. Away

Timidly he approached the city. from home, away from the mountain, The noise appalled him. Hesitating, all his domain stood pictured clearly he turned backward to the great high- before him. way, but immediately again toward As for her, the excitement of the the city's gate. The populace stared day had abatęd his insistent thoughts. at his approach, amazed. Heedless, Not woman, but dark gloom of the and with strong step, he walked along cavern, beckoned him for quiet and their main street, followed by curious rest. He but wished the seclusion of crowds, and the careless jests of men, his rock in the mountain, away from while the women sneeringly gazed at his fellowmen. his comeliness, and children hooted Far into the night, he tremblingly and laughed.

waited, afraid to approach the highBravely he wended his way down way. And, even as the hours passed, the streets, up narrow alleys, till, with he hesitated to leave this shelter. just a few of the most curious follow- At last, when bravery had conquerers behind him, near the edge of the ed his timidity, out through the gate town, he spied a house standing alone, he went into the unknown. Along the seemingly unoccupied. And all weary pavements, his bare feet softly trod and dust-stained, he knocked at the upon the city's walks. Some lone gardoor of the house, while the curious dens stood forth in the clear moonwatched from without the gate.

light, a touch of their green wildness A kind-faced woman opened the reminding him of the wood flowers, door and gazed at him, shocked, but his garden spot. The sweet odors pityingly, when, in calm, dignified soothed the tumult in his breast, and manner he asked for shelter. Her pity promised him his night's rest. turned to mild surprise as she invited At early morn, he started toward the him to enter.

misty hills. Of a sudden, he heard a In all sincerity, he told her of his voice, coming from a latticed window, life on the mountain. Out in the world, singing:

light, a dod forth in thSome lone tro

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