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WEBSTER'S ARGUMENT

AND

THE KENTUCKY AND VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS

CONSIDERED IN REFERENCE TO THE
CONSTITUTION AND HISTORICALLY

BY

CALEB WILLIAM LORING

G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
NEW YORK

LONDON
27 WEST TWENTY-THIRD STREET 24 BEDFORD STREET, STRAND

The Knickerbocker Press

1893

COPYRIGHT, 1893

BY

CALEB WILLIAM LORING

Electrotyped, Printed, and Bound by
Tbe knickerbocker Press, New York

G. P. PUTNAM's Sons

PREFACE.

I WAS much shocked a few years ago, in reading a Life of Webster, by the statement of its able and distinguished author that really Hayne had the right of the argument in the renowned debate on nullification. In reply I prepared a statement of Webster's argument. Besides what Webster had so ably said, I found in the Constitution itself other proofs of the nationality of our government, of the intent of those who made it to establish a nation, of their full belief that they had done so, and that, historically, there was no contention as to this.

The vital question is whether a national union was established by the States, or a confederacy of independent nations formed with the right of each to decide upon the validity of the acts of the General Government and leave it at its pleasure.

The superiority in men and wealth that gave the North the victory did not decide the right or wrong of secession : it may have shown its impracticability; but if the right ever existed it remains to-day.

There are many authors who have at great length discussed this matter on the side of the

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