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use of written and spoken appeals to Congress, to American citizens, and to the public opinion of the world, as has Woodrow Wilson. His utterances have shaped events, not only in the current sense but in the larger aspects of history. His Messages to Congress have been unusual in their frequency, vital in their relation to policies, and notable in the fact that he has appeared in person to present them. All of these Messages are published in this little volume.
Besides these Messages to Congress, however, he has made many important addresses of a semi-official nature since assuming the Presidency, while he has been the author of a series of diplomatic notes and of proclamations relating to international affairs that constitute state papers of the highest significance. These documents also are included in the present volume, together with much material of Presidential authorship relating to the conduct of the war and to the policies of the Government.
The remarkable literary quality of Mr. Wilson's addresses is only eclipsed by their statesmanlike character in relation to public affairs of great moment. His sentences and paragraphs, in their discussion of world affairs, have helped to crystallize the vague longings of right-thinking men in all nations into something like definite policies for permanent peace on the basis of democracy and international justice. This collection of state papers and Presidential utterances is not, therefore, of transitory interest and importance, but of permanent value; and it ought to be in the home and at the hand of every intelligent citizen.
First Inaugural Address (March 4, 1913) . . .
sion (April 8, 1913) · · · · · · · ·
Legislation (May 26, 1913) . . . . . .
lation (June 23, 1913) . . . .
Address at Rededication of Congress Hall, Phila-
delphia (October 25, 1913) . . . . .
Special Message to Congress, on Trusts and
Monopolies (January 20, 1914) . . . .
Mexico (February 3, 1914, and October 19, 1915)
Instruction to Attorney-General to Sue for Dissolu-
tion of New Haven Railroad Mergers (July
Second Annual Message to Congress (December
8, 1914) . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Third Annual Message to Congress (December 7,
1915) . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Identic Note to Great Britain and Germany, Pro-
posing Solution of Blockade and Submarine
Second and Third “Lusitania” Notes (June 9,
1915, and July 21, 1915)
Affair (April 19, 1916) . . . . . .
marine War Against Merchant Ships (May 8,
1916) . . . . . . . . . . 269
Fourth Annual Message to Congress (December 6,
1916) . . . . . . . . . . . 837
Outline of Food Administration Program (May 19,
1917) . . . . . . . . . . . . 899