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offered up his thanks to heaven, be went to the || ters saw him torn pale and stagger. door of his hermitage, where he received Con- | quested to be carried to his cell, and to be left radine, wbo threw himself at his feet and kissed by bimself. He knelt down to pray, and exhis haud. His example was followed by Eu-pired without a pang. After the naptials, the phrosyne and her sisters. “At last,” said he, || sisters, uneasy because he did not return, went a at last ye are happy. Long may you live, to look for him, and found bim a corpse. As Conradine, and from your happiness, as from a they were plunged in the most profonnd sorpure spring, may the felicity of your subjects row, the superior of the Capuchins endeavourHow !"-Mass being ended, the chaplain of the ed to comfort them by representing that such Count performed the nuptial ceremony, and a death was only a transition to a glorious imConradine and Euphrosyue promised each mortality. Euphrosyne insisted on his being other everlasting affection. The old man was interred in the herinitage,' and Conradine overpowered with joyful emotions, which were erected a maguificent church on the spot. succeeded by excessive weakness. His daugh



HAVING observed a disposition in some the deficiency of practicable communication, of the public prints to censure the general of quarters, and of supplies. Sir David Baird's operations of the British army in Spain, and corps could not be assembled at Astorga uy. to load the memory of a most gallant, able, til the 4th of December, and Lieut. General truly meritorious, and not less lamented offi Hope's, under every exertion, and suffering no cer, with refiections which never can attach to interruption from the enemy, might be expect. it when the circumstances under which he ed to join Sir J Moore about the same time (as acted are fully and fairly weighed --I am led | it did) near Salamanca. The stores and reserve to offer a few observations, which will, I trust, ammunition were following, under the escort have the effect of producing at last a more at of the Buffs, by the route of Cindad Rodrigo, tentive consideration of the various difficulties and their progress was necessarily slow. Under uuder wbich the Commander of the British these circumstances the whole army could not army was placed, before the public allows it have been united until the middle of Decemself to be influenced by opinions and insinua. ber. After the advantages obtained by the tious which may be the result of malevolence enemy over General Blake, and the corps at pot less than of ignorance.

Burgos, it could hardly be hoped that General When Sir John Moore reached Salamanca Castanos's army would be able to maintain its with the troops wbich marched from Portugal, position on the Ebro; but measures more he learnt the defeat of General Blake's army judicious than those which were pursued, and in the Asturias, and the dispersion of the a timely retreat, when no good result could be Estremadura arıny at Burgos. At tbis period expected from risking a general action with he had with him about fifteen thousand effec. raw troops against superior numbers, might tive infantry, and one brigade of artillery. The bave secured the existence of a great proporrest of his artillery, with the whole of the ca tion of General Castanos's army, and its evenvalry, and four battalions of infantry, had been tual assembly behind the Tagus. In that case forced to take a circuitous route by Elvas, it is probable that Sir J. Moore would have Almarez, and Madrid ; that by Almeida, and marched iuto the right, have joined General Ciudad Rodrigo, being deemed, as it after Castanos, and bave endeavoured with him to wards proved, nearly impracticable for cavalry | defend the line of the Tagus, covering the and artillery.

southern parts of the peninsula, and losing no Sir David Baird's corps was advancing by opportunity of making such forward move. divisions from Corunna to Astorga, according ments as might interrupt the enemy's opera. to arrangements made with the Gurernment tious on the side of Madrid, Saragossa, &c.of Galicia, which had been subject to delays in | Reinforcements might have been drawn from the first instance, and subsequently to diffi the rear, and a retreat was open upon the culties arising out of the nature of the country, Il Sierra Niorena.

The defeat and dispersion of General Cas the south, upon the importance. f affording to tauos's corps destroyed every prospect of exe the Spaniards time and a respite, by a diversion cuting such a plan, and rendereil impracticable which should oblige the enemy to withdraw a my bovement of Sir J. Moore in that direc great proportion of the force with which he tivo.

was pressing the scaitered remuants of their There existed no other Spanish army which army. He probably felt that the honour of couid operate directly with Sir J Moore, or his country and of the British arnis required which could form any diversion in his favour. that he should prove to Spain, and to the world, His owo army, when united, would not amount that the army sent to the support of the to thirty thousand men, and at this period it Spaniards had not retired whilst there remainwas divided into three corps. No immediate ed even a faint hope that its ctforts could af. benefit seemed likely to result from any for ford any aid, or cause a diversion wbich might ward movement, and the safety of the British relieve them from immediate pressure Tlie army, and the defence of Portugal, became the prospects were otherwise discouraging, and most importaut objects of his attention. Un. he was well aware that'iu taking so decided a der every appearance and every calculation step, he must risk the safety of his arniy, by which then occurred, these conld only be in eventually exposing it to the attack of very sored by an early retreat of his own corps, superior numbers, and to a retreat under cir. #hen joined by Lieut-General Hope's divi- cumstances far more unfavourable than those siou, to the frontiers of Portugal, by the route which theu prevailed. His first operations of Ciudad Rodrigo (however ineligible other. might indeed prove successful, as the mass of wise for cavalry and artillery) and by the re. the French force had been collected towards trograde motion of Sir David Baird's corps Madrid, and was directed southward; but turards Corunna or Vigo, there to he embark. there was nothing to prevent its speedy return ed, and thence to proceed to the Tagus. worthward; and while he endeavoured to avail

That such was : ir J. Moore's in eutron is himselfof the dispersion and the distant situawell kn wn, á dwa evident from the return tion of the French corps, he was equally bound of a part of Sir David Baird's corps towards

not to neglect any precaution which could Lugo; and had the safety of the British army ensure lig retreat and re embarkation. A rebeen the only motive by which he was actuated, treat to Portugal must henceforth be given up that intention would have been at once execut

as too precari, us and uncertain: his view's must ed. Lieut. General Hope's division reached be directed to Galicia; and while be moved from Alba de Tormes on the 4th, after a march Salamanca, and deprived himself ofa retreat in which had been conducted with great skill and that direction, be could upou no account risk prudence, and Sir J. Moore might bave com any movement which would leave equally unmenced his retreat from Salamanca about covered the passes into Galicia. the 6th.

His first object bad been Valladolid, thence In the interval, however, be war informed, ' to move as circumstances might direct; but that the inbabitants of Madrid had taken up, information received of the situation of Soult's arms, and bad expressed a determination to corps at Sallanhia, and the expected arrival of defend themselves to the utmost; that a that under Juot at Burgos, induced bin to Spanish corps maintained the pass of Somo- li direct his attention to that quarter. The sierra; and that great exertions would be situation of Soult's corps upon his left, and made in other quarters, and he was strongly the subsequent union of butli, would have en. urged to suspend his march, in order by his' abied the enemy to penetrate by Mansilla and stay to afford countenance to those efforts. Leon to the parses in bis rear, while he might Upon this he determined to order the cavalry, be pressed in front by the force advancing from onder Lord Paget, from Astorga, to join bim, Madrid. As his subsequent operations bave and as far as be could, tu favour the operations, becs detailed and made public in the official of the Spaniards by some movement upon the reports, it would be superfluous to describe con:munications of the enemy, which might them here. distract his attention.

It bas. however, been insinuated, that the The execution of this intention was followed British army would have been much more by a determination to unite the whole armiy : able effectually to cope with the enemy at this between Turo and Benavente, bence to make a , early period, than after it had suffered materimouvement upon Valladolid, &c. He was indeed ally in numbers and equipment of every de. then aware that the resistance at Madrid bad scription, from a most arduous and harassing been as short as it was unavailing, but much retreat. The proposition is self evident, and stress was laid upon the exertions making in || from the gallant exertions made by less than No. XLII.-- Vol. VI.


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half the army in the battle of Corumna a judg. idea of giving way to an enemy whom although ment may be formed of wbat it would have they did not despise, they feared not to meet, achieved before it commenced its retreat. Sir and in opposition to his owu gallant disposiJ. Moore had full confidence in luis army; lietion, which woullat alitines prompt him to knew its spirit, its perfection in discipline, and face the utmost danger. There was no hesita. in every requisite. The actions in Portugal tion in the adoption or execution of what be had proved tbe excellence of the artillery and conceived to be necessary, and it may be fairly infantry, and the several affairs in which the presumed, that by his decision, and by the cavalry had been engaged recently, had shewn. skilful arrangement of his retrogade movethat they were not inferior to the infantry; ments, Sir J. Moore occasioned a serious disand that both bad a marked superiority in appointment to Bonaparte, who had marched everything, except uumbers, over the French.

in person, and who probably imagined that he De had every reason to bope that the first had entrapped bim, and would intercept his efforts of his gallant army would prove success retreat. ful even against very superior numbers; but Sir J. Moore's woject was to reach the coast he would not have been justified in the expec as expeditiously as possible. Be might or tation that it would be able in the long run to might not be followed; but as only a part of resist attacks constantly renered, and which the French force bad come up, he might hope, could no longer have been avoided by a retreat; }; by a rapid retreat, to gain the point of embarkwhile any check, or eventually a defeat, ex ation before they could materially interrupt perienced in an immense plain, which offered his purpose. The country about Astorga such advantages to the enemy from bis offered no advantage to an inferior army; and superiority of cavalry, must have proved de- , the position at Villa Franca, however eligible structive of the whole army. Sir J. Moore bad in other respects, became useless, from the determined to attack Marshal Souli's corps, circumstance of the enemy baving a shorter and his columns were actually in motion to route to ligo hy Neuse than that which he assail that part of it which occupied Carrion, i would follow by Lugo; his retreat was made when he learnt that the enemy bad drawn under every possible difficulty. The weather great reinforcements to Palencia, and was was dreadfui, the roads in a wretched state, the marching strong corps in the direction of Sala- country exbausted, the inhabitants denying all manca and Benavente. He might have perse- ' assistance; Romana's corps crossing his line vered, might have defeated Soult's corps, and of march, and adding to his embarrassments; have faced about, and met the corps advancing the enemy pressing upon his rear. Coder upon his right and rear; his army was equal these circumstances iis firmness never forsook to every exertion that could possibly be ex him for a moment; his personal exertions pected from soldiers- they were full of spirits, were conspicuous during the whole of the eager to engage, and they calculated upon the harrassing march. He covered the retreat of number they would meet. Had Sir J. Moore the army with the reserve, and encouraged consulted only their inclination; had he been officers and men by his example. misled by the immediate prospect of some At Lugo he had ordered the different divisi. brilliant but temporary advantages, he would ons to halt and collect, and here he thought persevered; but he had to consider that Mar proper to give the troops some repose. His shal Soult might not await his attack; might, rear-guard was attacked without success two by retiring before him, lead him to a greater successive days; avd having learnt from the distance from the passes by vhich he felt that prisoners made, that Marshal Soult was close he most eventually retreat, while the corps | up with three divisions, he indulged a hope marching from Madrid, &c. would have reach that he would be able to bring bim to action, ed those passes, and intercepted his march. for which he eagerly prepared bimself, not The chief olject he had in view had been at doubting that lie should be able to give the tained; the diversion was made--it must have enemy such a check as would secure bis army proved efiectual towards the relief of the from further molestation during the retreat Spaniards, as it was evident that it has drawn and the subsequent einbarkation. The troops upon him ncarly the whole of the French army. were drawn out for battle on the 8th ; but this In executing it he had already risked the safety was not Marshal Sonlt's object; and as Sir J. of his army, and by persevering in his forward Moore could not attack bin with any advanmovement, he would have exposed it to deltage in the position which he occupied in his struction. He yielded to the dictates of pru front, nor remain where he was from want of dence, and be dared to retreat amidst the mur provisions, he determined to prosecute his IRUIS of officers and soldiers, indignant at the march.

stion ;

Vigo bad been originally the pojut fixed opon glorious to the brave officers and men engaged, for the embarkation, and the transports and and so creditable to the exertions of the army ebips of war were principally collected there; ' and wavy, although clouderily the death of a but when Sir J. Moore reached Logo, le jug- / bero, whose loss can never be sufficiently reed Vigo too distant to proceed to with troops gretted by a country which he honoured by 60 barrassed, and that it atforded no advan every virtue wbich distinguishes the soldier tages for embarkation, in face of a superior | and the man, in public and private life. enemy. He, therefore, sent notice to the ! It only remains to observe, that the posi. Admiral to prepare the transports, and to tion which the army occupied, and which Sir bring them to Corunoa. Sir John then was to J. Moore himselfadmitted to be bad, was taken retire into the peninsula of Bestangos, aud be from necessity, and not from choice. The hoped to find a position to cover the embark- occupation of the more clevated ground in

but the report of the officer's sent to front of it, from which the enemy maile their inspect the ground proved unsatisfactory, and attack, would have required too great an excrinduced bim to prefer Corunna. He continued

tion of the troops, wbich, consisting wholly liis retreat on the night of the 8th, and in two

of infantry, did not exceed sixteen thousand forced marches he reached Bestangos on the five hundred effective rauk and file, a division potb. These inarches were long and severe, | of infantry having been detached to Vigo – the weatber bad, the roads deep, and many From the observations made, from the reports nen, unable to bear the exertion, remained of prisoners, &c. it was ascertained that the behind, or straggled. --On the 13th the enemy enemy had not brought forward less than forty had come up: the position of the British arnıy thousand men; yet so severe was the chastisewas bad, and the town of Corunna (if forced to ment wlich they received, that daring fuurteen

retire into it) commanded within musquet. || hours they remained motionless, and suffered 1 gbut; the barbour commanded by cannon the British army and navy to execute un

from the coast. Under these circumstances, li molested, an operation which, in point of exit is suggested to him to make proposals to ertion and of difficulty, may be said to be Marshal Soult, to allow the army to embark | unexampled. quietly, but he would not listen to the sugges In the intcrval between the arrival of the

army at Coruna and the embarkation, a great The subsequent events have been most proportion of the stragglers had come in, or clearly and ably detailed in Lient. General had been sent in boats from Ferrol. Hope's dispatches, which produced a result so

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TOCLATIMUR, Chan of the Tartars, was !! which signifies the man who speaks the one day informed that there was in his do truth. blaivos a mau, who had such a strict regard Ofall Saddig's enemies, Wangriburdi, the far treth that he had never told a lie in all his vizir was most solicitous to effect his ruin. life. The Prince knowing how rare it is to The vexation which he felt on secting him in see such persons about monarchs, congratu- ! such high favour with the Prince, preyed upon lated himself ou the posstssion of so valuable him night and day; and so excessive was his a treasure, which he resolved to appropriate to mortification that it was soon hetrayed by his bis own use, and accordingly gave him the looks. His daughter, Hoskendan, perceived post of master of the horse, for which he was it, and enquired i he cause. “You kuow Sad. peculiarly well qualified.

dig," said Wangriburdı; “he indeed possesses A coortier of such an extraordinary charac numirerless virtues, but they are not fit for the ter could not fail to have enemies, who em. court; vevertheless he is the instrumentofthe ployed all the means they could devise to pre Prince, and every thing is done through hing cipitate bin from his newly acquired eleva. alone; even my post, which is the highest in tion. The King, who was not easily duped, the kingdom, has ceased to confer any influand who had often put the virtue and integrity We have tried every possible expedient of his master of the horse to the test, only to deprive him of the credit lic enjoys, ont became so much the more strongly attached they have invariably covered ourselves with ta him; and gave him the surname of Saddik, shame. If he continues to possess su coin


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pletely the favour of the sovereign, perhaps , wishes,” replied Hoskendan; “it would be the public affairs will be the more prosperous, difficult to refuse you any tbing, and indeed but my interest will be ruined, and perhaps a love forbids me; but I veuture to Matter my, fatal cord will be the recompence of my ser self that in return for the sacrifice which I vices.”

wake, you will confer op me the favour I ask. “Give yourself oo farther concern,” replied I have an invincible desire to eat the heart of Hoskendan; “I know the way to bring Sad your King's beautiful nag; hasten to the dig into disgrace with the king; you may stable, order bim to be killed, and we will give rely on the success of my endeavours. Let his the rest of the night to love."--" Enchanting Virtue be ever so great, I promise to bring big Houri," replied Saddig starting, “ rather de. juto such a dilemma, that it will be impossible mand my death. I love my master; he has for him to avoid telling a lie ” The vizir, ll loaded me with favours; how could I give blinded by envy, gave his daughter liberty to him such just callse of displeasure! Besides, do whatever she pleased. He would have he would certainly punish me and the pleasures heen satisfied to plunge himself into ruins, bad of a inoment would infallibiy cost nic my life." he been sure to involve his enemy at the same “ Need he, then, know it?" rejoined Hose time in destruction.

kendan. “Be it as it will, supposing he should Hoskendan tuok care to dress and adoro ask for the nag, can you not say that be was berself in her most costly attire. Her eye suddenly taken ill, and as there were no hopes brows were stained with the porest resme, her of his recovery, you ordered him to be killed. whole person was perfumed with the most He knows that you are a friend to truth, and fragrant cua; and her dress, combined with the will never conceive tbe slightest suspicion that desire to please, gave a new and powerfuleflect you have told bim a falsehood.”—“To what a to her charms, which was infinitely heightened severe trial you expose my love," replied Sadby the air of modesty w bich slie assumed. Judis; “this pag is the only one that the king this state, which was so well calculated !o ex

likes to ride. Wait till morning, and I will cite love, she hastened to the apartment of buy for you the finest horse in the whole couoSaddig. He was sitting on a sopha, reflecting try; our joy will then be unmixed with fear." on the artful wiles and inquietudes of the

“King of my heart," replied Hoskendan, court, and enjoying the transcendent delight throwing herself into his arms, “ how difficult proceeding from a pure conscience. Hosken

it is for a woman to renounce what she desires. dan, without speaking, sented herself beside Gratify me in this instance, and I promise that him. Saddig, who had never belield such a

for this favour I will love you as long as I display of beauty, was thrown into the uimust live.”-At these words Saddig still hesitated; embarrassment; a thousand emotions to which but in a moment he formed his resolution. he had before been a stranger, suduenly ai ose He flew to the stables, ordered the nag to le in his heart'; but taking ber for one of those killed, and bis heart to be taken out, and immortal females w bo are destined to enliance passed the remainder of the vight with the the joys of the true believers in heaven, bis vizir's daughter. The return of day separated ardeot impetuosity was restrained by respect. them; Huskendan hurried home to acquaint The siglis of the crafty Hoskendan completely her father with the success of her guilty aiti. subdued him. When she saw that bis passions fice. The overjoyed vizir lost no time iu rewere sufficiently inflamed for the accomplish- pairing to the monarch and acquainting bim meut of her purpose, she addressed him in with the circumstance; but he took good care these words ;-"Be not surprized, virtuous not to state that his daughter was the calise of Saddig, to see a woman who loves you. I bave the fault committed by the master of the long withstood the passion which reigns with borse. despotic sway in my bosom, bot my virtue is While Wangriburdi and the other courtiers incapable of farther resistance.


weré secretly exulting that dig lad at through all the restraints that decency imposes length fallen a victim to their palice, the upon my sex, the night wbich I have chosen latter was overwhelmed with the most cutting for my visit, is mer ly a cloak with which I reflections. “How weak are men,” said he, endeavour to conceal my rauk."-"Dearest “ that they are unable to resist the allureobject of my life," cried Saddig; “O that I ments of a transient pleasure? What shall I could express to you what is passing in my say tu the good toglatimur, if he asks me for heart; let me know what you would have; bis nag? If I conceal the truth, I shall perthere is nothing that I will not do to convince haps save my life for a few days; but my you of the ardour -f the faine which consumes enemies will discover the falsehood of my me."_" It is not my intention to oppose yoar li excuse, and a shameful death will be the code

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