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down towards the American fleet with his vessels arrayed in order of battle. Perry had longed for that hour. His flag-ship, the Lawrence, engaged the two largest vessels of the enemy and promptly returned their fire for more than two hours, till every man on board was killed or wounded except eight, who could manage but one gun and fired it the last time only with the aid of Perry himself. Finding he could no nothing more in the Lawrence, the American commander leaped into a boat and transferred to the Niagara his flag, which bore the immortal words of the dying Lawrence, Don't give up the ship! In performing this manoeuvre, he had to pass within pistol-shot of the British line; and, though he stood proudly erect in his boat, a conspicuous mark for the sharp-shooters of the enemy, he escaped uninjured. The few survivors on the Lawrence gave three cheers as they saw him mount the deck of the Niagara, and the battle was renewed more fiercely than ever.

Taking advantage of a fresh breeze, Perry now plunged through the enemy's line, giving a raking fire right and left, a masterly manoeuvre which turned the fortunes of the day. The smaller vessels came up and seconded the movement. Numerous acts of heroism were performed, which will be long remembered by a grateful nation. From one of the vessels the last remaining sponge of the longest cannon fell over into the lake. A gunner, seeing that without it the best piece on board would become useless, coolly plunged into the waves, recovered the important sponge, was drawn up by his comrades, and was soon loading and firing as calmly as if nothing had happened. A seaman on board of the Lawrence was struck by a cannon-ball in the shoulder, but refused to be carried below, and with his remaining hand rendered all the assistance in his

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by Commodore Barclay on the 10th of September? [See Map, p. 345.-Where did the fleets meet? A few miles from what islands ?] Describe the engagement of Perry's Lawrence with the two largest vessels of the enemy. After two hours' hard fighting, what did Perry find it necessary to do? In performing this manæuvre, where did he have to pass ? After reaching the Niagara, what masterly movement did Perry execute? How was this maneuvre seconded ? What heroic act was performed by an American gunner? What is said of a brave seaman on the Lawrence? How long after Perry reached the Niagara was the issue of the

1813]

PERRY'S GLORIOUS VICTORY.

365

Within fifteen minutes after Perry reached the Niagara, the issue of the battle was decided. Commodore Barclay, wounded and fainting from loss of blood, felt that there was no alternative but surrender. His colors were hauled down; and 600 men, more than the whole number of surviving Americans, fell into the hands of their victors. They were treated with a kindness which was in marked contrast with the barbarity of Proctor. Barclay always characterized his conqueror as “a gallant and generous enemy", and declared that his conduct to his prisoners was alone sufficient to immortalize him. About four hours after the action commenced, Perry sent the following expressive despatch to Gen. Harrison :-“We have met the enemy, and they are ours—two ships, two brigs, one schooner, and a sloop."

When the Americans took possession of Barclay's flagvessel, they found three Indians skulking in the cabin. Before the engagement commenced, these sharp-shooters, who were eager to distinguish themselves in naval conflict, had been placed in the round-tops, to pick off the American officers with their rifles. Before they had a chance to display their skill, however, the cannon-balls came whistling through the rigging too close to be pleasant, and the heroes of the round-top made the best of their way to the deck. As the vessels closed, the deck became still more uncomfortable; and, leaving the American officers to take care of themselves, they got as far below as they could, and there remained till the vessel was taken. A pet bear, more courageous than the savages, was found enjoying itself on deck, lapping up the blood of the fallen.

490. Gen. Harrison immediately followed up Perry's glorious victory with an invasion of Canada. He landed near Malden, and started in pursuit of Proctor and Tecumseh, who had dismantled the. fort and were in full retreat. the 28th of September, the American army reached Sand

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battle decided? What was Commodore Barclay obliged to do? How many British prisoners were taken ? How were they treated? What was Barclay's testimony on this point? Repeat Perry's despatch to Gen. Harrison. Relate the story about three Indians on Barclay's flag-vessel. What was found on deck ? 490. How did Gen. Harrison follow up Perry's victory! Where did he land ?

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wich, and a detachment was sent over to take possession of Detroit. On the 5th of October, the British were overtaken on the bank of the Thames. Proctor had chosen a favorable position on a narrow strip of land, between the river and an extensive swamp, which was held by a strong body of Indians under Tecumseh. The Shawnee king shrank not from the encounter, though he felt a presentiment that it would be his last. “My body,” said he,“ will remain on the field of battle;” and with the words he handed his sword to one of his followers, bidding him give it to the son of Tecumseh, when he should become a great warrior.

491. Hardly had Gen. Harrison viewed the field, when his

BRITISH experienced eye discovered that Proctor, in order to extend his line to the river, had so weakened it that it could be readily broken, and he ordered Col. Richard M. Johnson, with his Kentucky

BATTLE horsemen, to charge the enemy in front. This was done in the most spirited manner. Johnson's troop broke the line with irresistible force, and forming on the rear of the enemy prepared to pour in a deadly fire from their rifles. The British at once surrendered, Gen. Proctor escaping only by the swiftness of his horse. Col. Johnson now led his men, supported by a Kentucky regiment, to the swamp, where Te

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What had been done by Tecumseh and Proctor ? On reaching Sandwich, what did Harrison do? When were the British overtaken ? Where ? Describe Proctor's position. What presentiment had Tecumseh ? 491. What did Gen. Harrison soon discover? What order did he issue ? Describe Johnson's charge, and the result. What became of Proctor? Against whom did Johnson then lead his Kentuckians ? [See Map.-On which side of the British did the Indians lie ? What governor took part in this battle? What village on the opposite bank of the Thames ?] Give an account of Johnson's charge upon the Indians. What

1813]

BATTLE OF THE THAMES.

367

cumseh and the warriors he had so often led to victory silently awaited their appearance. Suddenly the fearless Shawnee sprang to his feet and sounded the shrill warwhoop. A hundred rifles were aimed at the undaunted Kentuckians as they rode swiftly down, and many a saddle was emptied. Col. Johnson, ever foremost in danger, was wounded, and borne from the field by his milk-white charger, which was itself bleeding profusely. “Leave me,” gasped the fainting hero to the comrades who supported him; “ don't return till you bring me tidings of victory."

Just at the critical moment when the Kentuckians reached their foes and the battle raged most fiercely, a bullet, said to have been fired by Col. Johnson himself, struck Tecumseh in the breast. He shouted his last word of command, stepped forward, and then calmly sunk at the foot of an oak and expired. A sudden terror seized the Red Men. The voice of their beloved leader was silent. The Great Spirit was angry. Ferocity gave way to despair, and the defeated warriors were soon flying through the wilderness. With the fall of Tecumseh terminated the battle of the Thames. Michigan was recovered; Upper Canada was conquered; the honor of the American arms was vindicated. General Harrison, after descending the lakes, proceeded to Washington, his countrymen vying with each other in doing him honor.

492. Tecumseh was the most formidable of all the Indian warriors that ever fought against the United States. He was nearly six feet high; his frame was muscular and capable of great endurance. A high forehead, piercing eyes, and gravity of expression, gave an air of command to his whole person. Strict morality and adherence to truth from his earliest years, added to talents of a high order and eloquence rarely equalled, made him not only a ruling spirit among the tribes of the wilderness, but also an object of respect to the nation whom he opposed with undying hatred.

befell the gallant Johnson? Give an account of the fall of Tecumseh. What effect had this event on the Red Men ? What was the consequence of the battle of the Thames! Where did Gen. Harrison proceed ? 492. Describe Tecumseh's

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493. The efforts made in 1811 by Tecumseh to enlist the Creeks in a war with the United States, resulted, in the summer of 1813, in the formation of a hostile league among the tribes of the region now known as Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida. Such signs of hostility were shown that the people in south-western Alabama flocked for safety to the military posts scattered through the country. In Fort Mimms, which was defended by a body of volunteers, several hundred had taken refuge. While the gates were standing open at noonday, 700 Creeks, under Wetherford, stealthily approached, and before the garrison were aware of their presence made a rush for the fort. An entrance was effected; the buildings were fired; and between three and four hundred men, women, and children, were massacred. The governors of Geor

KLAT/35 gia, Tennessee, and Mississippi Territory, immediately took measures for an effective invasion of the Creek country with 7,000 men. This force was to advance in four divisions from different points, and meet in the heart of the hostile

Ground Horseshoe region. The Tennesseeans were first in the field, and their command was intrusted to General Andrew Jackson (who had been for some years a resident of Nashville, and had served in the U. S. senate with distinction), already well known

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person and character. 493. In what did Tecumseh's efforts among the Creeks result? Where, in particular, were signs of hostility exhibited ? What is said of Fort Mimms? (See Map, p. 368.-Where is Fort Mimms ?] Give an account of the surprise of this fort. How many were massacred? What measures were immediately taken ? How many divisions were to advance into the Creek country?

Who were the first in the field ? To whom was their command given ?

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