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if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be ne

ary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

(ARTICLE XIII.) SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

SECTION 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

(ARTICLE XIV.) SECTION 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

SECTION 2. Representatives shall be appointed among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed; but when the right to vote at any election for the choice of Electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State (being twenty-one years of age and citizens of the United States), or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in said State.

SECTION 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or Elector, or President, or Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof; but Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

SECTION 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties, for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned: but neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave. But all such debts, obligations, and claims, shall be held illegal and void.

SECTION 6. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this Article.



A. D.

On the throne

of England


1492. Oct. 12th, Columbus discovers America (St. Salvador).
1497. June 24th, main-land of America (Newfoundland) discov-

ered by John and Sebastian Cabot, under a commission

from Henry VII., of England.
1498. Columbus discovers the main-land of South America.
1499. Voyage of Amerigo Vespucci.
1501, Coast of N. A. explored by Cortereal, a Portuguese.

1507. The New World first called AMERICA, after Amerigo Ves1509

pucci, by Waldseemüller, of Fribourg.
1512. March 27th, Florida discovered by Ponce de Leon.
1513. Sept. 26th, Pacific Ocean discovered by Balboa.
1517. Mexico discovered by Francisco Fernandez.
1619. April, Cortez lands where Vera Cruz now stands.
1520. Magellan enters the Pacific, by the Strait of Magellan.
1621. August 13th, Cortez takes the city of Mexico.
1624. Verazzani, a Florentine in the service of France, explores

the coast from N. C. to Nova Scotia.
1628. Unsuccessful invasion of Florida by De Narvaez.
1534. Cartier discovers the River St. Lawrence.
1539. De Soto commences his invasion at Tampa Bay.

1840. Attempt of Roberval to colonize New France. 1547 1541. The Mississippi River discovered by De Soto. ED.VI. 1642. May 21st, De Soto dies ; is buried in the Mississippi. 1653 1562. Huguenots attempt a settlement at Port Royal. MARY. 1564. Settlement of Huguenots on the St. John's, Fla. 1558 1666. Spaniards found St. Augustine, and destroy the French

colony. 1576. Frobisher, an Englishman, seeks a N. W. passage. 1879. First voyage of Sir Humphrey Gilbert; second, in 1583.

Sir Francis Drake explores the coast of New Albion

1584. First expedition sent out by Sir Walter Raleigh reaches

Roanoke Island; country called Virginia.
1685. Raleigh's second expedition sent out under Grenville.
1687. Raleigh sends out a colony under White.
1689. Raleigh assigns his rights to the London Co.








On the | 1602. May 14th, Gosnold discovers Cape Cod.

1606. Patent issued to London and Plymouth Companies. England 1607. Plymouth Co. attempt to plant a colony at the mouth of the

Kennebec. First permanent English settlement made,

at Jamestown, by London Co. 1608. Quebec founded by French under Champlain. Capt. John

Smith explores Chesapeake Bay. 1609. Lord Delaware appointed governor of Virginia. Hendrik

Hudson discovers the Hudson River. 1611. Cattle and hogs brought to Va. from Europe. 1613. Marriage of Pocahontas to John Rolfe. 1614. Dutch build a fort on Manhattan Island. Capt. Smith ex

plores the coast of New England. 1615. Dutch settle at Fort Orange (Albany). 1618. Dutch settle in New Jersey, near the Hudson. 1619. “House of Burgesses,” the first representative body in

America, convenes at Jamestown. 1620. Dec. 11th (22d, N. S.), Pilgrims land at Plymouth. 1621. March, Pilgrims make a treaty with Massasoit. Cotton

first cultivated at Jamestown. 1622. Indian massacre ; 347 Virginia colonists killed. Grant

made to Gorges and Mason of land from the St. Law

rence to the Merrimac. 1624. James I. dissolves the London Company. 1625 1627. Swedes settle near the Delaware. 1628. Massachusetts Bay Colony founded. John Endicott settles

at Salem. Charlestown founded. 1630. Boston, Dorchester, Roxbury, Cambridge, founded. 1631. De Vries plants a colony of Dutch in Delaware. 1632. Trading-posts established in Maryland. 1633. Connecticut settled. Dutch build a fort at Hartford; Ply

mouth settlers erect a trading-post at Windsor. 1634. Leonard Calvert colonizes Maryland. 1635. Emigration from Massachusetts to Connecticut. 1636. Rhode Island first settled, at Providence, by Roger Wil

liams. 1637. The Pequod War. 1638. Delaware colonized by Swedes and Finns. Anne Hutchin

son's followers settle on Rhode Island. Colony of New

Haven founded.
1641. New Hampshire united with Massachusetts.
1643. Indian War in New Netherlands.


On the throne



1643. Confederacy formed, under the name of “the United Col

opies of New England”. Swedes from Delaware settle England

in Pennsylvania. 1644. Indian War in Virginia. 1649

1653. North Carolina first colonized, by Virginians.
1655. Dutch conquer the Swedes of Delaware.

1659. Quakers executed in Massachusetts. 1660 1663. Carolina granted to Clarendon and others. 1664. Charles II. grants the whole country from the Connecticut

to the Delaware to his brother, the Duke of York. New
Amsterdam is taken, and its name changed to New York.
All the Dutch possessions pass into the hands of the
English. New Jersey granted to Berkeley and Car-

1665. Allouez explores Lake Superior.
1670. Locke's Grand Model signed. S. Carolina colonized.
1675. King Philip's War. Indian War in Virginia.
1676. King Philip killed; his tribe destroyed. Bacon's Rebellion.

Jamestown burned.
1679. New Hampshire made a royal province.
1680. Founding of Charleston.
1681. William Penn obtains a grant from Charles II.

1682. Pennsylvania settled. Philadelphia founded in 1683. 1685

1685. Andros made governor of all New England. Jas. II.

1687. Andros tries to take away the charter of Conn. 1688

1689. King William's War; lasts till 1697.
1690. Schenectady burned by French and Indians.
1692. Witch delusion in Salem, now Danvers.
1696. Rice first raised in Carolina.

1701. Detroit founded by the French. 1702 1702. Queen Anne's War; lasts till 1713. Mobile founded by

French under D'Iberville.
1704. Deerfield, Mass., destroyed by French and Indians.

1715. Tuscaroras driven out of N. C., after three years' war.
1717. Law's Mississippi Scheme; exploded 1720.
1718. New Orleans founded by the French.
1724. Vermont first settled, by emigrants from Mass.

1729. N. and S. Carolina made separate governments. Massacre 1727

of French at Fort Rosalie (Natchez). Baltimore

1730. The Natchez exterminated by the French.
1732. George Washington born, Pope's Creek, Va.

William and Mary.








On the 1733. Georgia settled by Oglethorpe, at Savannah.

1740. Unsuccessful invasion of Fla. by Oglethorpe. England 1742. Unsuccessful invasion of Ga. by the Spanish.

1744. King George's War; lasts till 1748.
1745. Colonists under Sir Wm. Pepperell take Louisburg.
1749. Ohio Company obtain a grant of 500,000 acres.
1753. Washington's mission to the French forts.
1754. Fort Du Quesne begun by the English; taken and finished

by the French. Washington defeats Jumonville.
1755. Braddock's defeat. Dieskau's defeat.
1756. War formally declared between France and England.
1757. Montcalm takes Ft. William Henry; massacre.
1758. Montcalm repulses Abercrombie at Ticonderoga. English

take Louisburg and Fort Du Quesne. 1759. English take Quebec. Wolfe and Montcalm fall. 1760 1760. All Canada surrenders to the English. 1763. Peace of Paris ends the French and Indian War. Pontiac's

War; Mackinaw taken ; Detroit besieged. 1765. Stamp Act passed ; repealed, March, 1766. 1767. Duty laid on tea, glass, paper, and painters' colors. 1768. Sept. 27th, British troops arrive at Boston. 1770. Boston Massacre. Duties removed, except on tea. 1773. Tea thrown overboard at Boston. 1774. Sept. 5th, Continental Congress meet at Philadelphia. 1775. Revolutionary War commences April 19th, with Battle of

Lexington. May 10th, Ethan Allen takes Ticonderoga. May 12th, Warner takes Crown Point. May 21st, Independence declared in N. C. June 15th, Washington elected commander-in-chief. June 17th, Battle of Bunker Hill. Dec. 31st, unsuccessful attack on Quebec; Mont


gomery slain.

1776. March 17th, British evacuate Boston; June 28th, are re

pulsed at Charleston. July 4th, Declaration of Independence. Aug. 27th, Battle of Long Island. Sept. 15th, British land on N. Y. Island. Oct. 28th, Battle of White Plains. Nov. 16th, British take Fort Washington. Dec.

26th, Battle of Trenton.
1777. Jan. 3d, Battle of Princeton. La Fayette arrives in Amer-

ica. July 6th, Burgoyne takes Ticonderoga. Aug. 3d,
St. Leger besieges Fort Stanwix. Aug. 6th, Battle of
Oriskany. Aug. 16th, Battle of Bennington, Sept. 11th,
Battle of Brandywine. Sept. 19th, first Battle of Still-

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