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DEN ficulty in an action ; for, in every ac

The denial of landing, and hasty warning i tion, the controversy consists either in away, troubled us much.


He, at every fresh attempt, is repelld the fact, or in the law : if in the fact,

With faint denials, weaker than before. Dryden, that is tried by the jury; if in law, then

4. Abjuration ; contrary to acknowledgis the case plain to the judge, or so

ment of adherence. hard and rare as it breedeth just doubt.

We may deny God in all those acts that are I call that plain to the judge, wherein capable of being morally good or evil: chase are he is assured of the law; and in such the proper scenes, in which we act our confes

sions or denials of him.

South, case the judge, with his associates, proceeds to judgment without farther work. DENI'ER. n. s. [from deny. ] But when it is doubtful to him and his

I. A contradicter ; an opponent ; one

that holds the negative of a propoassociates, then is there stay made, and

sition. 'a time taken, either for the court to think farther upon it, and to agree, if

By the word Virtue the 'affirmer intends Our

whole duty to God and man; and the denier by they can; or else for all the justices to the word Virtue means only courage, or, at mect together in the Chequer-chamber, most, our duty towards our neighbour, without and, upon hearing that which the ser- including the idea of the duty which we owe to


Watts. jeants can say of both parts, to advise, and set down as law, whatsoever they 2. A disowner ; one that does not own or conclude firm, without farther remedy.

acknowledge. Cowell.

If it was so fearful when Christ looked his A prchibition was granted, and hereunto

denier into repentance, what will it be when he there was a demurrer. Aylife's Parergon.

shall look him into destruction? Soub. DEN. 1. s. (den, Saxon.]

3. A refuser; one that refuses.

It may be I am esteemed by my denier suf1. A cavern or hollow running horizon.

ficient of myself to discharge my duty to God as tally, or with a small obliquity, under a priest, though not to men as a prince. King Clie ground ; distinct from a hole which

DENI'ER. n. s. [from denarius, Lat. It is runs down perpendicularly. They here dispersed, some in the air, some

pronounced as deneer, in two syllables.] on the earth, some in the waters, some amongst

A small denomination of French moncy; the minerals, dens, and caves, under the earth. the twelfth part of a sous.

Hooker. You will not pay for the glasses you have 2. The cave of a wild beast.

burst? What! shail they co k the lion in his den,

-No, not a denier.

Shakspeare. And shall not find him there?

To DENIGRATE. v. a. (denigro, Lat.} The tyrant's der, whose use, though lost to To blacken ; to make black. fame,

By suffering some impression from fire, bodies Was now th' apartment of the royal dame; are casually or artificially denigrateż in their naThe cavern, only to her father known,

tural complexion: thus are charcoals made black By him was to his darling daughter shown. by an infection of their own suffitus. Brotuna

Dryden. Hartshorn, and other white bodies, will be "T is then the shapeless bear his den forsakes; denigrated by heat; yet camphire would not at In woods and ficlds a wild destruction makes. all lose its whiteness.

Boyle. Dryden. DENIGRATION: n. s. (denigratio, Lai.) 3. Den, the termination of a local name,

A blackening, or making black. may signify either a valley or a woody These are the advenient and artificial ways of place; for the Saxon den imports both. derigration, answerable whereto may be the naGibson's Cainden. tural progress.

Brown, DENA'Y. n. s. [a word formed between

In several instances of denigration, the metals

are worn off, or otherwise reduced into very deny and nay. ] Denial; refusal.

minute parts. To her in haste: give her this jewel; say,


DENIZA’TION. 1. s. [from denizen.] The My love can give no place, bide no demay.


act of enfranchising, or making free. DENDROLOGY. n. s. [δένδρον and λόγος.]

That the mere Irish were reputed liens, apThe natural history of trees.

pears by the charters of denization, which in all DENIABLE. acij. [from dins.] That may DENIZEN. I n. s. [from dineseldyn; a

ages were purchased by them.

Daviesa be denied ; that to which one may re- DENISON. I man of the city ; or difuse belief.

nesydd, free of the city, Welsh.] A The negative authority is also deniable by rea


freeman; one enfranchised.

Denizen is a British law term; which the SaxDENI'AL. Nes. [from deny. ]

ons and Angles found here, and retained. Div. 1. Nogation; the contrary to affirmation. Thus the Almighty Sire began: Ye gods, 2. Negation; the contrary to confession. Natives, or denizins, of blest abodes,

No min more impudent todeny, where proofs From whence these murmurs? Dryden. were not manifest; no man more ready to con- A great many plants will hardly, with nursing, fess, with a repenting manner of aggravating his be made to produce their seed out of their 112own evil, where denial would but make the fault tive soil; but corn, so necessary for all people, is fouler.

Sidney. fitted to grow, and to seed as a free denison ofte Refusal ; the contrary to grant, allow- world. ance, or concession.

He summons straight his denizens of air; Here comes your father: never make denial;

The lucid squadrons round the sails repair. Pope
I muss and we have marine to my wife.

T. DE'NTZEN. v. a. (from the noun.] To

enfranchise; to make free.


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Pride, lust, covetize, being several

Denominator of any proportion is the quotient To these three places; yet are all in all;

arising from the division of the antecedent by the Mingled thus, their issue is incestuous;

consequent: thus 6 is the denominator of the Falshood is denizen'd, virtue is barbarous. proportion that 50 hath to 5, because 5) 30 (.

Donne. This is also called the exponent of the proporDENO'MINABLE. adj. (denomino, Latin.]

tion, or ratio.

Harris. That may be named or denoted.

DENOT A'TION. R. So [denotatio, Latin.] An inflammation consists of a sanguineous

The act of denoting. affluxion; or else is denominable from other hu- To DENOʻTE. v. a. (denoto, Latin.] mours, according to the predominancy of me- To mark; to be a sign of; to betoken; lancholy, phlegm, or choler.


to show by signs : as, a quick pulse deTO DENOʻMINATE. v. a. (denomino,

notes a fever. Latin.] To name ; to give a name to.

The commendable purposes of consecration be- To DENOU'NCE. v. a. (denuncio, Lat. ing not of every one understood, they have been

denoncer, French.] construed as though they had superstitiously

1. To threaten by proclamation. meant either that those places which are de- I denounce unto you this day, that ye shall raminated of angels and saints, should serve for surely perish.

Dess. the worship of so glorious creatures; or else

He of their wicked ways those glorious creatures for defence, protection,

Shall them admonish, denouncing wrath to come and patronag: , of such places.

On their impenitence.

Milters. Predestination is destructive to all that is esta- They impose their wild conjectures for laws blished among men, to all that is mose precious upon others, and denounce war against all a to human nature, to the two faculties that deng- receive them not.

Decay of Piety. brinete us men, understanding and will; tor what 2. To threaten by some outward sign or use can we have of our understandinys, if we expression. cannot do what we know to be our duty? and, He ended frowning; and his look denouni'd if we act not voluntarily, what exercise have we

Desperate revenge, and battle dangerous of our wills?

Hammond. To less than gods. DENOMINATION. ». s. [derominatio, The sea grew white; the rolling waves from Latin.) A name given to a thing,

far, which commonly marks some principal

Like heralds, first denounce the wat'ry war. Dryde quality of it.

5. To give information against; to de But is there any token, denonrination, or mo

late; to accuse publickly. nument of the Gauls, yet remaining in Ireland,

Archdeacons ought to propose parts of the as there is of the Scythians ?


New Testament to be learned by heart by inThe liking or disliking of the people gives

ferior clergymen, and denounce such as are nego the play the denomination of good or bad;

but ligent.

Aylife's Parerga, does not really make or constitute it such. Dry. DENOU'NCEMENT. n. s. [from denounce]

Philosophy, the great idol of the learned part The act of proclaiming any menace; of the heathen world, has divided it into many

the proclamation of intended evil; de sects and denominations; as Stoicks, Peripare


nunciation. ticks, Epicureans, and the like. All men are sinners; the most righteous among

False is the reply of Cain upon the desse us must confess ourselves to come under that

ment of his curse, My iniquity is greater than


can be forgiven. denomination.

Rogers, DENOʻMIN ATIV E. adj. [from denominate.) DENOU'NCER. n. s. [from denource.]

One that declares some menace. 1. That gives a name ; that confers a dis

Here comes the sad denouncer of my fate, tinct appellation.

To toll the mournful knell of separation. Des That obtains a distinct appellation. DENSE. adj. [densus, Latin.] Close ; This would be more analogically deno

compact ; approaching to solidity; har. minable.

ing small interstices between the col'The least denominative part of time is a minute,

stituent particles. the greatest integer being a year. Cocker. DENOMINA'IOR. n. s. (from denominate.]

The cause of cold is the densiry of the body:

for all dense bedies are colder than most other The giver of a name; the person or bodies, as metal, stone, glass; and they are thing that causes an appellation.

longer in heating than softer bodies.

Bare, Both the seas of one name should have one In the air the higher you go, the less it is com: common denominator.

Brown. pressed, and consequently the less dense it is; and DENOMINATOR of a Fraction, is the num

so the upper part is exceedingly thinner than ber below the line, showing the nature

the lower part which we breathe.

TO DE'NSHIRE.' v. a. A barbarous term and quality of the parts which any in

of husbandry teger is supposed to be divided into :

Burning of land, or burn-bating, is conimonly thus in , 8 the denominator shews you, called densbiring, that is, Devousbiring or De that the integer is supposed to be di- biglsbiring, because most used or firs' invented vided into 8 parts, or half quarters; and


Martinet, the numerator 6 shew's, that you take 6 DE'NSITY. n. s. (densitas, Latin.) Closeof such parts, i. e. three quarters of the

ness; compactness; close adhesion, or whole.

Harris. near approach, of parts. When a single broken number or fraction hath Whilst the densest of metals, gold, if foliated, for its denominator a number consisting of an unit, is transparent, and all metals. become trante in the first place towards the left hand, and no- rent if dissolved in menstruuins or vitrified, ce thing but cyphers from the unit towards the right opacity of white metals ariseth nor from the hand, it is then more aptly and rightly called a density alone. decimal fraction.

Cocker's Aritbmctick. The air within the vessels being of a lesito sity, the outward air would press their sides to- DenuncIA'TOR. ni s. '[from denuncis, gether; and, being of a greater density, would Latin.] expand them so as to endanger the life of the animal. Arbuthnot on Aliments,

1. He that proclaims any threat. DE'NTAL. adj. (dentalis, Latin.]

2. He that lays an information against

another. 1. Belonging or relating to the teeth.

The denunciator does not make himself a party 2. (In grammar.] Pronounced principally

in judgment, as the accuser does. Aylife. by the agency of the teeth.

To DENY'. v. a.(denier, French; denego, The Hebrews' have assigned which letters are labial, which dental, and which guttural. Bacon.

Latin.] The dental consonants are easy, therefore let

1. To contradict : opposed to affirm. them be next; first the labia-dentals, as also the

2. To contradict an accusation; not to lingua-dentals.

Holder. confess, DE'NTAL. n. S. A small shellfish.

Sarahı denied, saying, I laughed not; for she Two small black and shining pieces, seem, by

was afraid.

Genesis, the shape, to have been formed in the shell of a 3. To refuse ; not to grant. dental. Woodward.

My young boy DENTE'LLI. n. s. [Italian. ] Modillons. Hath an aspect of intercession, which

The modillons, or dentelli, make a noble show Great nature cries-deny not. Sbakspeare, by graceful projections.


Ah, charming fair! said I, DENTICULATION. 1. s. [denticulatus,

How long can you my bliss and yours dery?? Latin.] The state of being set with

Drydenta small teeth, or prominencies resembling 4. To abnegate ; to disown.

Ic shall be tberefore a witness unto you, lest teeth, like those of a saw. He omits the denticulation of the edges of the

you deny your God.

Joshua. bill, or those small oblique incisions, made for

s. To renounce; to disregard ; to treat as the better retention of the prey.


foreign or not belonging to one. DENTI'CULATED.adj. (denticulatus, Lat.)

The best sign and fruit of denying ourselves, is Set with small teeth.

mercy to others.


When St. Paul sars, If in this life only we DE'NTIFRICE. n. s. (dens and frico, Lat.] have hope in Christ, we are of all men most A powder made to scour the tecth. miserable; he considers christians as denging Is this grey powder a good dentifrice?

themselves in the pleasures of this world, for the Ben Jonsor. sake of Christ.

Atterbury: The shells of all sorts of shell-fish, being To DEOBSTRU'CT. v. a: [deobstrus, burnt, obtain a causcick nature: most of them, Latin.) To clear from impediments; so ordered and powdered, make excellent dentia frices.

Grew's Museum.

to free from such things as hinder a To DENTI'S E. V. a. [denteler, French.) passage.

It is a singular good wound-herb, useful for To have the teeth renewed. Not in

de obstructing the pores of the body. More use:

Such as carry off the fæces and mucus, reos The old countess of Desmond, who lived till

struct the mouth of the lacteals, so as the chyle she was seven score, did dentise twice or thrice;

may have a free passage into the blood. casting her old teeth, and others coming in their

Arbuthnot on Dieta place.

Bacon. DEO'BSTRUENT. n. s. [deobstruens, Lat.] DENTITION, n. s. (dentitio, Latin.]

A medicine that has the power to resolve 1. The act of breeding the teeth.

viscidities, or to open by any means the 2. The time at which children's teeth are

animal passages. bred.

All sopes are attenuating and deobstruent, reTo DENU'DATE. v. a. (denudo, Latin.] solving viscid substances.

Arbuturor. To divest ; to strip; to lay naked. DE'ODAND, n. s. [Deo dandum,' Latin. ) Till he has denuated himself of all incum

A thing given or forfeited to God for brances, he is unqualified. Decay of Piety, DENUDA'Tion. n. s. [from denudate. ]

the pacifying his wrath, in case of any The act of stripping, or making naked.

misfortune by which any christian

comes to a violent end without the TO DENU'DE. v. a. (denudo, Latin.] To

fault of any reasonable creature: as, if strip ; to make naked; to divest.

a horse should strike his keeper, and so Not a treaty can be obtained, unless we would denude ourseltof all force to defend us. Clarendon.

kill him; if a man, in driving a cart; If in summer time you denude a vine-branch and endeavouring to rectify something of its leaves, the grapes will never come to ma- about it, should fall, so as the cart. turity.

Ray on the Creation,

wheels, by running over him, should The eye, with the skin of the eye-lid, is de nuded, to show the muscle.


press him to death; if one should be DENUNCIATION. n. s. (denunciatio, Lat.)

felling a tree, and giving warning to

company by, when the tree was near The act of denouncing ; the proclamation of a threat ; a publick menace.

falling, to look to themselves, and any In a denunciation or indiction of a war, the

of them should nevertheless be slain by war is not contined to the place of the quarrel,

the fall of the tree : in these cases the but is left at large.

Bacon. horse, the cart-wheel, cart and horsee, Christ cells the Jews, that, if they believe not, and the tree, are to be given to God; they shall die in their sins: did they never read

that is, sold and distributed to the poor, those denunciations?

Ward. Midst of these denunciations, and notwithstand

for an expiation of this dreadful event, ing the warning before me, i commit myself to though occasioned by unreasonable, lasting durance,

Congreve. senseless, and dead creatures, and


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though this be given to God, yet it is T. DEPART. v. a. To quit ; to leave, forfeited to the king by law, as execu- to retire from. Not in use. tor in this case, to see the price of these You've had dispatch in private by the consul; distributed to the poor.


You are willid by him this evening TO DEOPPILATE. v. a. [de and oppilo, To DEPA'RT. v. a. (partir, French ; par.

To depart Rome. Latin.] To deobstruct ; to clear a

tior, Latin.] To divide; to separate : passage; to free from obstructions. DEOPPILA'TION. 1. s. (from deoppilate.] DEPA'RT. n. s. [depart, French.)

a chymical term. The act of clearing obstructions; the

1. The act of going away: now departure. removal of whatever obstructs the vital I had in charge, at my depar: from France, passages.

To marry princess Margaret. Sbakar, 'Though the grosser parts be excluded again, 2. Death, yet are the dissoluble parts extracted, whereby When your brave father breath'd his latest

it becomes effectual in deoppilations. Brown. DEO'PPILATIVE, adj. [from deoppilate.]

Tidings, as swiftly as the post could run, Deobstruent.

Were brought me of your loss and his depart.

Sbakspeare's Heary V1. A physician prescribed him a deoppilative and purgative apozem.

Harvey. 3. [With chymists.] An operation so DEOSCULA'TION. 11. s. [deosculatio, Lat.]

named, because the particles of silver

are departed or divided from gold, or The act of kissing.

other metal, when they were before We have an enumeration of the several acts of worship required to be performed to images,

melted together in the same mass, and viz. processions, genuflections, thurifications, and could not be separated any other way. deosculations. Stilling firct.

Dict, 7. DEPA'Int. v.a. [depeint, French.]

The chymists have a liquor called water of doo part.

Bacana 1. To picture; to describe by colours; DEPARTER. n. s. [from depart.] One to paint; to show by a painted resem

that refines metals by separation. blance.

DEPARTMENT, n. s: [departement, Fr.] He did unwilling worship to the saint That on his shield depainied he did see. Spenser.

Separate allotment; province or busi%. To describe.

ness assigned to a particular person : 2 Such ladies fair would I depaint

French term. In roundelay, or sonnet quaint.

The Roman ficets, during their command:

sea, had their several stations and deparimat. T. DEPART. v. n. [depart, French.] the most considerable was the Alesandriaatteet, 1. To go away from a place : with from and the second was the African. Artxibats before the thing left.

DEPA'R'TURE. n. s. [from depart.] When the people departed away, Susannah 1. A going away. went into her garden.


For thee, fellos, He said unto him, Goin peace; so he departed Who needs must know of her departure, and from him a little way,

2 Kings.

Dost seem so ignorant, we 'll force it from time They departed quickly from the sepulchre,

By a sharp torture.

Saiapat. with fear and great joy, and did run to bring his

What besides disciples word.


Of sorrow, and dejection, and de:pair, He, which hath no stomach to this fight,

Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring; Let him depart; his passport shall be made.

Departure from this happy place.

Shakspeare. They were seen not only all the while itir SaBarbarossa, appeased with presents, departed viour was upon earth, but survived after his de out of that bay.


parture out of this world. And couldst thou leave me, cruel, thus alone? Not one kind kiss from a departing son!

2. Death ; decease; the act of leaving the No look, no last adieu!


present state of existence. 2. To desist from a practice.

Happy was their good prince in his timely He cleaved unto the sins of Jeroboam, he dea departure, which barred him from the knowledne

of his son's miseries. parted not therefrom.

2 Kings. 3. To be lost ; to perish.

3. A forsaking; an abandoning: with The good departed away, and the evil abode from. still

2 Esdras.
The fear of the Lord, and departure frie (3),

Tiki.As. 4. To desert ; to revolt; to fall away ;

are phrases of like importance. to apostatize.

DEPA'SCENT. adj. [ałepascens, Latin.] In transgressing and lying against the Lord, Feeding. and departing away from our God.

Isaiah. To DEPA'STURE. V. a. [from deparer, s. To desist from a resolution or opinion. Latin.) To eat up; to consume by His majesty prevailed not with any of them

feeding upon it. to depart from the most unreasonable of all their

They kcep their cattle, and live themseles, in demands.


bodies jasturing upon the mountains, and re6. To die; to decease; to leave the

moving still to fresh land as they have depasture world.

'ed the former.

Spes:.. As her soul was in departing ; for she died.

To DEPAU’PERATE. v. a. [depesfera

, Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in

Latin.) To make poor; to impovere peace, according to thy word.

Luke. ish; to consume. As you wish christian peace to souls departed, Liming does not deperate; the ground will Stand these poor people's friend. Sbakspeare, last long, and bear large grain.


Great evacuations, which carry off the nutri

de pendance of ideas should be followed, till the tious humours, depauperate the blood. Arbuthnot. mind is brought to the source on which it bare DEPE'CTIBLE. adj. [from depecto, Lat.] toms.

Tough; clammy ; tenacious; capable 4. State of being at the disposal or under of being extended.

the sovereignty of another: with uporn. It may be also that some bodies have a kind Every moment we feel our dependance upon of lentor, and are of a more depectible nature God; and find that we can neither be happy than oil: as we see it evident in coloration; for a without bim, nor think ourselves so. Tilloisen small quantity of saffron will tinct more than a 5. The things or persons of which any very great quantity of brasil or wine. Bason.

man has the dominion or disposal. To DEPE'INCT.V.a. (depeindre, French.] Never was there a prince bereaved of his de To depaint; to paint ; to describe in

pondancies by, his council, except where there colours. A word of Spenser.

hath been either an over-greatness in one coudThe red rose medlied with the white yfere, sellor, or an over-strict combination in divers. In either cheek depeincten lively here. Spenser.


The second natural division of power, is of, To DEPE'ND. v. n. (dependeo, Latin.]

such men who have acquired large possessions, 1. To hang from.

and consequently dependancies; or descend fram From the frozen beard

ancestors who have left them great inherita.ices Long isicles depend, and crackling sounds are heard. Dryden.


6. Reliance; trust; confidence. From gilded roofs depending lamps display Nocturnal beams, that emulate the day. Dryd.

Their dependan.ies on him were drowned is

this conceit. There is a chain let down from Jove,


They slept in peace by night, So strong, that from the lower end,

Swift. They say, all human things depend.

Secure of bread, as of returning light;

And with such tirm de pendance on the day, The direful monster was afar descry'd,

That need grew pamper'd, and forgot to pray. Two bleeding babes depending at her side. Pepe. 2. To be in a state influenced by some


7. Accident; that of which the existence external cause ; to live subject to the will of others : with upon.

presupposes the existence of something

else. We work by wit, and not by witchcraft; And wit depends on dilatory tire. Shudspeare.

Modes I call such complex ideas, which, horNever be without money; nor depend upon the

ever compounded, contain not in them the sur

position of subsisting by themselves, but are curtesy of others, which may fail at a pinch.


considered as dependircies on, or affections de

substances; such are the idcas sigaitied by the 3. To be in a state of dependance; to re

words triangle, gratitude, murder. Lockz. tain to others.

DEPE'NDANT. adj. [from depend.]
Be then desir'd
Of fifty to disquantity your train;

1. Hanging down?

2. Relating to something previous. And the remainders that shall still depend,

To be such men as may besort your age. Shaks. 3. In the power of another. 4. To be connected with any thing,' as

On God, as the most high, all inferior causes in the world are dependant.

Hooker. with its cause, or something previous. The peace and happiness of a society depend on

DEPE'NDANT. n. s. [from deperd.] One the justice and tidelity, the temperance and cha- who lives in subjection, or at the disrity, of its members.

Rogers. cretion of another; a retainer. 5. To be in suspense; to be yet undeter,

A great abatement of kindness

appears as mined.

well in the general dependants, as in the duke By no means be you persuaded to interpose himself also, and your daughter.

For a six-clerk a person recommended a deyourself in any cause depending, or like to be depending, in any court of justice. Bacon. pendant upon him, who paid six thousand pounds The judge corrupt, the long deperding cause,

ready money,

Clarendor. And doubtful issue of misconstrued laws. Prior. His defendants shall quickly become his pro6. TO DEPEND upon. To rely on; to


South. trust to; to rest upon with confidence; DEPE'NDENCE. ) n. s. [from dependeo, to be certain of.


This word, He resolved no more to depend upon the one, with many others of the same termina

Clarendon, or to provoke the other.

tion, are indifferently written with ance But if you 're rough, and use him like a dos,

Addison. Depend upon it-he'll remain incog.

or ence, ancy or ency, as the authors in

tended to derive them from the Latin I am a stranger to your characters, further than as common fame reports them, which is not to or French.] be depended upon.

Swift. I. A thing or person at the disposal or

discretion of another. DEPE'NDANCE.) 1. s. [from depend.] We invade the rights of our neighbours, not

upon account of covetousness, but of dominior, 1. The state of hanging down from a

that we may create deperdencies. Collier. supporter.

2. State of being subordinate, or subject 2. Something hanging upon another.

in some degree to the discretion of anOn a nсighb'ring tree descending light,

other; the contrary to sovereignty. Like a large cluster of black grapes they show,

Let me report to him And make a long dependance from the bough.

Your sweet dependen-y; and you shall find

Dryden. A conqueror that will pray in aid for kindness, 3. Concatenation ; connexion ; relation of Where he for grace is kneel’d to. Shakspeare. one thing to another,

At their setting out they must have their comIn all sorts of reasoning, the connexion and mission, or letters patent, from the king, that so




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