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though this be given to God, yet it is To DEPA'RT. v. a. To quit; to leate; forfeited to the king by law, as execu- to retire from. Not in use. tor in this case, to see the price of these You've had dispatch in private by the com distributed to the poor.


You are willd by him this evening
To depart Rome.

Bren TO DEOʻPPILATE. v.a. (de and oppilo, T. DEPA'RT. v. a. [partir, French ; p*

Latin.] To deobstruct; to clear a tior, Latin.] To divide ; to sparate :

passage; to free from obstructions. DEOPPILA'TION. 1. s. [from deoppilate.] DEPA'RT. n. s. (depart, French.)

a chymical term. The act of clearing obstructions; the

1. The act of going away: now departare. removal of whatever obstructs the vital

I had in charge, at my depart from France, passages.

To marry princess Margaret.. Sister Though the grosser parts be excluded again, 2. Death: yet are the dissoluble parts extracted, whereby When your brave father breath'd his less it becomes effectual in deoppilations. Brown.

gasp, DEO'PPILATIVE. adj. [from deoppilate.]

Tidings, as swiftly as the post could run, Deobstruent.

Were brought me of your loss and his part. A physician prescribed him a deoppilative and

Stałspeare's Heary? purgative apozem.

Harvey. 3. [With chymists.] An operation so

named, because the particles of siva DEOSCULA’TION. n. s. [deosculatio, Lat.]

are departed or divided from gold, er The act of kissing.

other metal, when they were before We have an enumeration of the several acts of worship required to be performed to images,

melted together in the same mass, and viz. processions, genuflections, thurifications, and

could not be separated any other way. de asculations.

Stillingficet. 7. DEPA'INT. v.a. [depeint, French.]

The chymists have a liquor called Fatare part.

Bers 1. To picture; to describe by colours ; DEPARTER. n. s. [from depart.] Om

to paint; to show by a painted resem- that refines metals by separation. blance.

DEPARTMENT. n. s[di partement, Fr. He did unwilling worship to the saint That on his shield depainted he did see. Spenser.

Separate allotment; province or taxi 2. To describe.

ness assigned to a particular person : : Such ladies fair would I depaint

French term. In roundelay, or sonnet quaint.


The Roman ficets, during ther ond:

sea, had their several stations and more T. DEPART. v. n. [depart, French.] the most considerable was the Alexander 1. To go away from a place : with from and the second was the African. before the thing left.

DEPA'R TURE. 1. s. [from départ.] When the people departed away, Susannah 1. A going away: went into her garden.


For thee, felos, He said unto him, Goin peace; so he departed Who needs must know of her departure, an! from him a little way


Dost seem so ignorant, we 'll force it fiu: They departed quickly from the sepulchre,

By a sharp torture.

Sbai with fear and great joy, and did run to bring his

What besides disciples word.


Of sorrow, and dejection, and de: piir, He, u bich hath no stomach to this fight,

Our frailty can sustain, thy tidiaza bize; Let bim depart; his passport shall be made.

Departure from this happy place.

Shakspeare. They were seen not only all the shik Barbarossa, appeased with presents, departed viour was upon earth, but survived alerts out of that bay.


pariure out of this world. And couldst thou leave me, cruel, thus alone?

2. Death; decease; the act of leavingt: Not one kind kiss from a departing son! No look, no last adieu!


present state of existence. 2. To desist from a practice.

Happy was their good prince in his time He cleaved unto the sins of Jeroboam, he den

departure, which barred him from the back in 2

of his son's miseries. parted not therefrom.

2 Kings.

3. A forsaking; an abandonnig: 3. To be lost ; to perish.

from. The good departed away, and the evil abode still.

2 Esdras,

The fear of the Lord, and departure from

are phrases of like importance. 4. To desert; to revolt; to fall away ; to apostatize.

DEPA'SCENT, adj. (depascen!, La In transgressing and lying against the Lord, Feeding. and departing away from our God. Isaiub. To DEPA'STURE. v. a. [from dengan s. To desist from a resolution or opinion, Latin.) To eat up; to consum d His majesty prevailed not with any of them

feeding upon it. to depart from the most unreasonable of all their

They keep their cattle, and live thens 5* demands.


bodies pasturing upon the mountains, I 6. To die; to decease; to leave the

moving still to fresh land as they have *world.

ed the former. As her soul was in departing ; for she died.


To DEPAU'PERATE, 1. a. (* Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in

Latin.) To make poor; to ippuc

Luke, peace, according to thy word.

ish; to consume. As you wish christian peace to souls departed, Liming does not depsuferste; the Stand these poor people's friend. Sbakspeare. last long, and bear large gain



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Great evacuations, which carry off the nutri

de pendance of ideas should be followed, till the end tious humours, depauperate the blood. Arbuthnot. mind is brought to the source on which it bore DEPE'CTIBLE. adj. [from depecto, Lat.] toms.

Laiks Tough; clammy; tenacious; capabic 4. State of being at the disposal or under of being extended.

the sovereignty of another: with upon It may be also that some bodies have a kind Every moment we feel our dependence upon of lentor, and are of a more depectible nature God; and find that we can neithér be happy than oil: as we see it evident in coloration; for a without him, nor think ourselves so. Tillotso. small quantity of saffron will tinct more than a 5. The things or persons of which any very great quantity of brasil or wine. Bason.

man has the dominion or disposal. TO DEPE'INCT. v. a. [depeindre, French.] Never was there a prince bereaved of his is

To depaint; to paint ; to describe in pendancies by his council, except where there colours. A word of Spenser.

hath been either an over-greatness in one counThe red rose medlied with the white yfere,

sellor, or an over-strict combination in divers. In either cheek depeincten lively here. Spenser.

Вас за.

The second natural division of power, is of. T, DEPE'ND. v. n. [dependeo, Latin.]

such men who have acquired large possessions, 1. To hang from.

and consequently dependancies; or descend from From the frozen beard

ancestors who have left them great inheritances Long isicles depend, and crackling sounds are heard. Dryden.


6. Reliance ; trust; confidence. From gilded roofs depending lamps display Nocturnal beams, that emulate the day. Dryd.

Their dependencies on him were drovrned is

this conceit. There is a chain let down from Jove,


They slept in peace by night,
So strong, that from the lower end,
They say, all human things depend. Swift.

Secure of bread, as of returning light;

And with such firm depe::dance on the day, The direful monster was afar descry'd,

That need grew pamper'd, and forgot to pray. Two bleeding babes depending at her side. Pepe.

Drzane 2. To be in a state influenced by some

7. Accident; that of which the existence external cause ; to live subject to the will of others : with upon.

presupposes the existence of something

else. We work by wit, and not by witchcraft; And wit depends on dilatory time. Sbakspeere.

Modes I call such complex ideas, which, hosNever be without money; nor depend upon the

ever compounded, contain not in them the


position of stubsisting by themselves, but are curtesy of others, which may fail at a pinch.


considered as dependencies on, or affections

'substances; such are the ideas signitied by the 3. To be in a state of dependance; to re

words triangle, gratitude, murder.

Loche. tain to others.

DEP.E'NDANT. adj. [from depend.]
Be then desir'd
Of fifty to disquantity your train;

1. Hanging down. And the remainders that shall still deperd,

2. Relating to something previous. To be such men as may besort your age. Shaks. 3. In the power of another. 4. To be connected with any thing, as

On God, as the most high, all inferior causes in the world are dependlant.,

Hocker. with its cause, or something previous. The peace and happiness of a society depend on

DEPE'NDANT. n. s. [from depend.] One the justice and fidelity, the temperance and cha- who lives in subjection, or at the disrity, of its members.

Rogers. cretion of another; a retainer. s. To be in suspense; to be yet undeter., A great abatement of kindness appears as mined.

well in the general dependants, as in the duke By no means be you persuaded to interpose

himself also, and your daughter.

For a six-clerk a person recommended a deyourself in any cause depending, or like to be

Bacon. depending, in any court of justice.

pendunt upon him, who paid six thousand pounds The judge corrupt, the long depending cause, ready money,

Clarendon. And doubtful issue of misconstrued laws. Prior. His dependants shall quickly become his pro

selytes. 6. TO DEFEND upon. To rely on; to

Seutis. trust to; to rest upon with confidence; DEPE'NDENCE. / n.

s. [from dependeo, to be certain of.

Latin. This word, He resolved no more to depend upon the one, with many others of the same terminaor to provoke the other.


tion, are indifferently written with ance But if you 're rough, and use him like a dos,

or ence, ancy or ency, as the authors inDepend upon it--he'll remain incog. Addisor.

tended to derive them from the Latin I am a stranger to your characters, further than as common fame reports them, which is not to or French.) be depended upon.

Swift. 1. A thing or person at the disposal or

discretion of another. DEPE'NDANCE.)

11. s. [from depend.] We invade the rights of our neighbours, not DEPE'NDANCY.S

upon account of covetousness, but of dominion, 1. The state of hanging down from a

that we may create dependencies. Ccliier. supporter.

2. State of being subordinate, or subject 2. Something hanging upon another.

in some degree to the discretion of anOn a acighb'ring tree descending light,

other; the contrary to sovereignty. Like a large cluster of black grapes they show,

Let me repori to him
And make a long dapondance froin the bough.

Your sweet dependency; and you shall find

A conqueror that will pray in aid for kindness, 3. Concatenation ; connexion ; relation of

Where he for grace is kneeld to.

Shakspeare. one thing to another.

At their setting out they must have their comla all sorts of reasoning, the connexion and mission, or letters patent, from the kiug, that so

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they may acknowledge their dependency upon the. To Depi'ct. V. Q. (depingo, defictum, crown of England.


Latin.] 3. That which is not principals that which 1. To paint ; to portray; to represent in is subordinate.

colours. We speak of the sublunary worlds, this earth The cowards of Lacedemon depicted upon and its dependencies, which rose out of a chaos about six thousand years ago.

their shields the most terrible beasts they could Burnet. imagine.

Tagler. 4. Concatenation ; connexion; rise of 2. To describe ; to represent an action to consequents from premises.

the mind. Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense; When the distractions of a tumul are sensibly Such a dependency of thing on thing, As ne'er I heard in madness. Skakspeare.

depicted, every object and every occurrence are

so presented to your view, that while you read s. Relation of any thing to another, as of

you seem indeed to see them. an effect to its cause.

Depi'l ATORY. n. s. [de and pilus, Lat.] I took pleasure to trace out the cause of effects, and the dependence of one thing upon

An application used to take away hair. another in the visible creation.

DE'PILOUS. adj. [de and pilus, Latin.]

Burnet. 6. Trust; reliance ; confidence.

Without hair. The expectation of the performance of our

This animal is a kind of lizard, or quadruped desire, is that we call dependence upon him for

corticated and depiloiss, that is, without wool, help and assistance.

Broer. Stilling fleet.

fur, or hair. De PE'NDENT. adj. [dependens, Látin. DEPLANTA’TION. n. s. [deplants, Lat] This, as many other words of like ter

The act of taking plants up from the

bed. mination, are written with ent or ant, as they are supposed to how from the DEPLE'TION. n. s. [depleo, depletus, Lat.) Latin or French.] Hanging down.

The act of emptying.

Abstinence and a slender diet attenuates, be In the time of Charles the Great, and long since, the whole furs in the tails were dependent ;

cause depletion of the vessels gives room to the but now that fashion is left, and the spots only DEPLO'RABLE. adj. [from deploro, Lat.)

fluid to expand itseif.

Arbutbest. worn, without the tails.

, DEPE'NDENT.n.s. [from dependens, Lat.]

1. Lamentable ; that demands or causes One subordinate ; one at the discretion - lamentation; dismal; sad; calamitous ; or disposal of another.

miserable ; hopeless. We are indigent, defenceless beings; the crea

This was the deplorable condition to which the güres of his power, and the dependents of his

king was reduced.

Clarende. providence.


The bill, of all weapons, gives the most DEPE'NDER. n. s. [from depend.) A de

ghastiy and deplorable wounds. T:spbs.

It will be considered in how deplerable a sate pendent; one that reposes on the kind- learning lies in that kingdom. Secift. ness or power of another.

2. It is sometimes, in a more lax and joWhat shalt thou expect,

cular sense, used for contemptible; de To be depender on a thing that leans? Shaks.

spicable: as,deplorablenonsense; deplerDIPERDI'TION. n. s. [from deperditus, able stupidity. Latin.] Loss; destruction.

DEPLO'RABLENESS. n. s. [from deplora. It may be unjust to place all efficacy of gold in the non-omission of weights, or deperdition

ble.] The state of being depiorable ; of any ponderous particles.


misery; hopelessness. DE PHLEGMATION.n. s. [from depblegm.]

DEPLO'RABLY. adv. (from deplorable.] - An operation which takes away from

Lamentably; miserably; hopelessly:

often in a sense of contempt. the phlegm any spirituous fluid by re

Notwithstanding all their talk of reason an: peated distillation, till it is at length left

philosophy, God knows, they are deplorable ail behind.


strangers to them. In divers cases it is not enough to separate the DEPLO'R ATE. adj. [de pioratus, Latin.) aqueous parts by dephlegmation; for some liquors

Lamentable ; hopeless. cúntain also an unsuspected quantity of small corpuscles, of somewhat an earthy nature, which,

The case is then most deplorate, when reward being associated with the saline ones, do clog

goes over to the wrong side. L'Estrange and blunt them, and thereby weaken their acti


. n. s. [from deplore.] The vity.

Bayle. act of deploring, or of lamenting, TO DEPHLEGM.


TO DEPLORE. 9. a. [deploro, Latin.) T. DEPHLE'GMATE. S phlegmo, low

To lament; to bewail; to wail; to Latin.] To clear from phlegm, or

mourn ; to bemoan; to express sorror

But chaste Diana, who his death depler'd, aqueous insipid matter.

With Assculapian herbs luis life restor'd. Dryd. We have sometimes taken spirit of salt, and carefully depblegmed it.


If Arcite thus depdere

His sufferings, yet Palemon sutters more. Dryd. DEPHLE'GMEDNESS. s. [from de- DEPL'ORE?. n. s. [from deplore.] A la phlegm.] The quality of being freed

menter; a mourner; one that lameets from phlegm or aqueous matter. DEPLUMATION. n. s. [depranatio, Lat.) The proportion betwixt the coralline solution

1. A pluming, or plucking off the feaand the spirit of wine, depends so much upon thers. the strength of the former liquor, and the depbleg medness of the latter, that it is scarce possi

2. (In surgery.] A swelling of the eye. ble to determine generally and exactly what lids, accompanied with the fall of the quantity of each ought to be taken. Boyle. bairs from the eyebrows. Poillis.

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in use.

TO DEPLU'ME. v. a. [de and pluma, La

The coldness of his temper, and the gravity tin.) To strip of its feathers.

of his soportment, carried him safe through many

difficuldies, and he lived and died in a great staa T. DEPOʻNE. v. a. [depono, Latin,


Swift, 1. To lay down as a pledge or security. To DEPOʻSE. v, a. (depono, Latin.] 2. To risk upon the success of air adven- 1. To lay down; to lodge; to let fall. ture.

Its shores are neither advanced one jot further On this I would depone

into the sea, nor its surface raised by additional As much as any cause I've known. Hudibras.

mud deposed upon it by thayearly inundations of DE PO'NENT. n. s. (from depono, Latin ]

the Nile.

Woodward. 1. One that deposes his testimony in a 2. To degrade from a throne or high stacourt of justice; an evidence; a wit


First of the king: what shall of him become? 2. [In grammar.] Such verbs as have no

-The duke yet lives that Henry shall depose. active voice are called deponents, and

May your sick fame still languish till it die; generally signify action only: as, fateor, Then, as the greatest curse that I can give,

I confess. Clarke's Latin Grammar. Unuitied be depos'd, and after live! Dryden. T. DEPOʻPULATE. v. a. [depopulor, Deposed consuls, and captive princes, might Latin.] To unpeople; to lay waste;

have preceded him.

Tatler. to destroy inhabited countries.,

3. To take away; to divest; to strip of Where is this viper,

Not in use. That would depopulate the city, and

You may my glory and my state depose: Be every man himselt?

Shakspeare. But not my grieis; still am I king of those. He turned his arms upon unarmed and unpro

Sbakspeare. vided people, to spoil only and depopulate, con- 4. To give testimony; to attest. trary to the laws both of war and peace. Bacon. 'T was he that made you to depose: A land exhausted to clou last remains,

Your oath, any lord, is vain and frivolous. Shiko Depopulated towns and driven plains. Dryden, It was usual for hina that dwelt in Southwark,

Grim death, in different shapes, or Tothill-street, to depose the yearly rent or v2Depopulates the nations; thousands fall

luation of lands lying in the north, or other reHis victims. Philips. mote part of the reaim.

B.210%. DE POPULA'TION. n. s. [from depopulate ] 5. To examine any one on his oath. Not

The act of unpeopling; havock; waste; destruction of mankind.

According to our law, How cidst thou grieve then, Adam! to behold Depose him in the justice of his cause. Sbalspa The end of all thy offspring, end so sad,

To DEPO'SE. V. n.

To bear witness. Depopulation! Thee another food,

Love straight stood up and deposed, a lye Of tears and sorrow a flood, thee also drown'd,

could not come from the inouth of Zolmane. And sunk thee as thy sons. Milton.

Remote thou hear'st the dire effect of war,


. 1. s. ( depositarius, Latin.] DE POPULA'TOR. n. s.'[from depopulate.]

One with whom any thing is lodged in A dispeopler; a destroyer of mankind; trust. a waster of inhabited countries.

I gave you all; T. DEPO'RT. v. a. (deporter, French.]

Made you my guardians, my depositaries;

Bur kept a reservation, to be follow'd To carry ; to demean; to behave: it

With such a number.

Shakespeare. is used only with the reciprocal pro

To DEPO'SITE. v. a. [depositum, Lat.) Let an ambassador deport himself in the most

1. To lay up; to lodge in any place. graceful manner before a prince. Pope.

The eagle got leave here to deposite her eggs.

L'Estrange. DEPO'RT. n. s. [from the verb.] De

Dryden wants a poor square foot of stone, to meanour; grace of attitude; behaviour ; shew shere the ashes of one of the greatest poets deportment.

on carth are deposited.

Gartha Soe Delia's self

Wien vessels were open, and the insects had In gait surpass'd, and goddess-like deport. Milt. free access to the aliment within them, Redidia Of middle age one rising, eminent

ligently observed, that no other species were In wise deport, spake much of right and wrong. produced, but of such as he saw ço in and feed,

Mriton, and deposite their eggs there, which they would DEPORTA'TION. 1. s. [deportario, Lat.]

readily do in all putrefaction

Bentity 1. Transportation ; exile into a remote 2. To lay up as a pledge, or security. part of the dominion, with prohibition 3. To place at interest.

God caimands us to return, as to him, to to change the place of residence. 2. Exile in general.

the poor, his gifts out of mere duty and thank.

fulness; not to deposite them with him in hopes An abjuration, which is a deportation for ever into a foreign land, was anciently with us a civil of meriting by them.

Sprati. death.

4. To lay aside.

The dificulty will be co persuade the deposite DEPO'RTMENT. N. s. (deportement, Fr.]

ing of those lusts which have, by I know not I. Conduct; management; manner of

what fascination, so endeared themselves. acting.

Deay of Picty. I will but sweep the way with a few notes

DEPO'SIT £. n. 5. (depositu'n, Latin.] touching the duke's own department in that island.

Wotton, I. Any thing committed to the trust and 1. Demeanour; be javio ir.

Care of another. VOL. I.


2. A pledge; a pawn; a thing given as 1. To beg off; to pray deliverance from; a security.

to avert by prayer. 3. The state of a thing pawned or pledged. In deprecating of cvil, we make an humble

They had since Marseilles, and fairly left it: acknowledgment of guilt; and of God's justice they had the other day the Valtoline, and now in chastising, as well as clemency in sparing, have put it in deposite.

the guilty.

DE P'osi'tion: n. s. (from depositio, Lat.]

Poverty indeed, in all its degrees, men are 1. The act of giving publick testimony:

easily persuaded to deprecate from themselves.

Rogers. If you will examine the veracity of the fa.

The judgments which we would depraat are thers by those circumstances usually considered

not removed.

Smalridge. in depositions, you will find them strong on their

The Italian entered them 'in his praver side.

Sir K. Digby.

amongst the three evils he petitioned to be dels A witness is obliged to swear, otherwise his

vered from: he might have deprecated greater deposition is not valid. Ayliffe's Parergoo.


Baker's Reflections or Learning, 2. The act of degrading a prince from

2. To implore mercy of: this is not prosovereignty.

per. 3. (In canon law.] Deposition properly

At length he sets signifies a solemn depriving of a man of Those darts, whose points make gods adore

his clerical orders. Ayliffe's Parergon. His might, and deprecate his pow'r. Priss. DEPOʻSITORY.'n. s. [from deposite.] The DEPRECAPTION. n. s. (deprecatio, Latin.)

place where anything is lodged. Depo. 1. Prayer against evil. sitary is properly usad of persons, and

1, with leave of speech implor'd,

And humble deprecation, thus replied. Milter. depository of places; but in the following

Sternutation they generally conceived to be a example they are confounded.

good sign, or a bad one; and so, upon this moThe Jews themselves are the depositories of all

tion, they commonly used a gratulation for the the prophecies which tend to their own confu

one, and a deprecation for the other, Broot. sion.


2. Intreaty ; petitioning. DEPRAVA'Tion. n. s. [depravatio, Lat.] 1. The act of making any thing bad; the DE'PRECATIVE, adj. (from deprecate.]

3. An excusing; a begging pardon for. act of corrupting; corruption.

DE'PRECATORY.) That serves to depreThe three forms of government have their several perfections, and are subject to their several

cate; apologetick; tending to avert depravations: however, few states are ruined by evil hy supplication defect in their institution, but generally by cor- Bishop Fox understanding that the Scottish ruption of manners.


king was still discontent, being troubled that the 2. The state of being made bad; degene

occasion of breaking of the truce should grow

from his men, sent many hunble and depreca. racy depravity

tory letters to the Scottish king to appease him. We have a catalogue of the blackest sins that

Bares. human nature, in its highest depravation, is ca

DEPRECATOR. 11. s. (deprecator, Latin.]

South. pable of committing. 3. Defamation; censure: a sense not now

One that averts evil by petition.

TO DEPRECIATE. v. a. [depretiar's Stubborn criticks are apt, without a theme

Latin. For depravation, to square all the sex. Shaksp. 1. To bring a thing down to a lower To DEPRAVE. v. a. [depravo, Latin.]

price. To vitiate; to corrupt; to contaminate.

2. To undervalue. We admire the providence of God in the con

They presumed upon that mercy, which, ia tinuance of scripture, notwithstanding the en

all their conversations, they endeavour to deere

ciate and misrepresent. deavours of infidels to abolish, and the fraudu

As there are none more anbitious of fame, lence of hereticks to deprave, the same. Hooker.

than those who are coiners in poetry, it is very Who lives that's not depraved, or depraves?


natural for such as have not succeeded in it to But from me what can proceed

depreciate the works of those who have. But all corrupt, both mind and will depravid?

Spectate. "Milion. To DEPREDATE. v. a.


[depredari A taste which plenty does deprave,

Loaths lawful good, and lawless ill does crave. 1. To rob; to pillage.

Dryden, 2. To spoil ; to devour. DEPRAVEDNESS, 1. s. [from deprave.] It maketh the substance of the body more so Corruption; taint; contamination; vi- lid and compact, and so less apt to be consumed


and depredated by the spirits. tiated state.

What sins do you mean? Our original deprave DEPREDATION. n. s. (deprædatio, Lat.) odness, and proneness of our eternal part to all 1. A robbing; a spoiling. evil.


Commissioners were appointed to determine DEPRA'VEMENT, 1. s. [from ceprave.] all matters of piracy and depredatices between A vitiated state ; corruption.

the subjects of both kingdoms.

Haytard. He maketh men believe, that apparitions are

The land had never been before so free from either deceptions of sight, or melancholy deo robberies and depredations as through his reign.

Brown. pravcments of fancy. DEPRA'VER. n. s. [from deprave.] A cor.

Were there not one who had said, Hitherto

shalt thou come and no farther; we might kell rupter; he that causes depravity.

expect such vicissitudes, such clashing in nature, DEPRA'VITY. n. s. [from deprave.] Cor. and such depredations and changes of sea and ruption ; a vitiated state.


Weaturde DEPRECATE, v. a.

2. Voracity; waste.

in use.

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