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THE

MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

XXVII.]

FOR JANUARY, 1798.

[VOL. IV.

A few days fince was published (price One Shilling) the SUPPLEMENTARY NUMBER, completing the FOURTH VOLUME of this Work. The Articles contained in it are conceived to be highly valuable and interesting, among them are the following:---1. The half yearly Retrofpet of the State and Progress of Domeftic Literature.-e.---2. A curious Tranflation from Plato, by Mr. TAYLOR, on the Atlantic Hiftory and on the State of Athens, nine thousand Years prior to Solon, which has never before appeared in any modern Language ;---3. Experiments on Pruffian Blue, by M. PROUST;---4. Mr. RICHTER on neceffary Connection :---5. On Exchanges ;---6. Proportion of Light from Combustible Bodies, by J.H.HASSENFRATZ;---7. LALANDE's Hiftory of Aftronomy for 1796; ---8.The Medals of the French Revolution, &c.--9. Defcription of the Marine School at Amfterdam;---10. Lives of Vandermonde and Flandrin;---11. Account of the Perfon who committed Suicide at Briftol;---12. Conclufion of Mathematical Queflions, &c.&c. With the Title and Indexes to the Volume.

The four Volumes may now therefore be had complete, af every Bookfeller, price One Pound Nine Shillings, neatly half bound.

THE

For the Monthly Magazine.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER
IN LONDON IN 1797.
HE thermometer, hung out of the
window of a room in the first floor,
with a north-west exposure, gave the fol-
lowing averages at nine in the morning :
January 384
July 66
February 351
August 631
March 39
September 56%
April 48
October 48
May 523
November 41
June 59
December 424
49

Average of the year, That of the year 1796 was 492: fo that the difference of heat in the two years confifted almost folely in the diftribution, not in the fun. In 1796, the first months were warmer, the middle of fummer cooler, and the end of the year more frofty, than in 1797. With refpect to heat, the year 1797 offers little remarkable, except that February was colder than March, almoft as cold as January; and that December was warmer than November. The excefs of July above June is alfo fomewhat uncommo.. The wetness of 1797 has been the most obfervable circumftance attending it, in which it has furpaffed all the years for a confiderable period. As no actual measurement of rain has been taken by the prefent writer, he can only give the loofe refult of his daily obfervations on the state of the weather. From these it appears, that the four first months of the year were by no means unufually wet. February, on the contrary, was uncommonly dry; but fog was confiderably prevalent in it and the other cold months. MONTHLY MAG. No. XXV.

May began with much rain; but be came fine, with a high degree of heat, in its advance; and ftrong lightning was an earlier occurrence than ufual in it. June was very variable: it had a fufficient number of fine days to engage the farmer in cutting down all the grafs, which the preceding month had brought to unusual rankness of growth, but had alfo fuch alterations of heavy rain, that hay-making was a very difficult and uncertain bufinefs. July had great heats and fome tremendous thunder: it was, on the whole, a tolerably fair month; but was liable to occafional ftorms of wind and rain, which did much damage in beating down the corn, which from the length and thicknefs of its stalk, was generally unable to recover itfelf. Auguft afforded very unfavourable weather for getting in the harveft. Its nights were for the moft part rainy, and prevented the benefit of many drying days. September began pretty fair, but ended rainy. One perfectly fair week in the beginning of October was the whole of the ufual Michaelmas fummer. The reft of the month was warm, and variable. Cold and wet, and warm and wet, were the refpective characters of November and December, with occafional tempeftuous weather, fog, and an uncom mon moisture in the atmosphere, even when it did not rain. The prevalent winds in the whole latter part of the year were from the fouth and weft quarters. If a northerly wind one day gave an appearance of the fetting in of winter, a change on the next, railed the temperature of the air to autumnal warinth, and coB vered

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2 Dr.Rennell on the Purfaits of Literature......Mr. Blair on Nitrous Acid,&e.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

SIR,
T

J. A. is well known that many medical

men have been lately engaged in making experiments to afcertain whether, or not, the venereal difeafe, in all its complicated forms, can be radically cured by medicines containing a large proportion of oxygen, or vital air; and particularly by means of the nitrous acid and oxygenated muriate of pot-afh.

The very refpectable teftimonies which have already appeared in favour of these remedies, and the mild as well as expedi tious manner in which they are faid to operate, have induced me to give them a fair and unprejudiced trial, in a great variety of cafes; and alfo to folicit the communications of other gentlemen in London, who have had opportunities of exhibiting them: but I am forry to obferve, that our experience obliges me to differ in opinion from thofe phyficians and furgeons who have raised our expectations on this fubject.

tered the fky with clouds. The year
clofed with remarkable mildnefs, and
winter could not be faid yet to have com-
menced its reign.

For the Monthly Magazine.
AVERAGE OF THE GREATEST HEAT
OF THE YEAR 1797. THE OBSER-

VATIONS BEING TAKEN AT TWO
O'CLOCK IN THE AFTERNOON, AT
NORWICH. The Thermometer fitu-

ated the fame as laft Year.

51

71

56

1ft

67

43 ft to 5th

59

Month. Average. Coldeft Days. Hottest Days.
Jan. 41플 9th
at 320 20th at 49
Feb. 43 8th
35 20
March 45-Some obfervations being loft,
not exactly known.
April 49 6th
May 57 10th
June 592 તુ
July 681 34
Auguft 645 & 23
Septem. 59 26th
October 51 26th
Novem. 45 24th. 35 6, 7, 8 53
Decem. 433 11th 37 17 & 19 51
Average of the year, 524
Hottek day, July 17, at 81° wind S. W.
Coldeft day, Jan. 9
From a comparifon of the above with
the obfervations inferted in the Monthly
Magazine for Jan. 1797, it appears, that,
notwithstanding a great variation in parti-
cular months, the average of the whole year
1797 differs but from that of 1796,
which was 524. The months, January,
April, June, Auguft, September, were
colder in 1797 than in the year preceding;
the other months were hotter in a greater
or lefs degree. July 17th, 1797, was 6°.
higher than July 15th, 1796, but the
thermometer never funk fo low as in fome
of the days preceding the Christmas of
3796.

32

N. E.

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42 25th 60
45 25th
50 19&28
58 17th
60 8th

701

65

81

DR

For the Monthly Magazine.
R. RENNELL having feen in the
Monthly Magazine, a public men-
tion of a report of his being concerned in
the Purjuits of Literature, is perfectly con-
vinced that the Editors will have the juf-
tice to contradict, from him, in the moft
diftinct pointed manner, fo groundless and
injurious a report. In no part of that
production had Dr. Rennell the moft
diftant co-operation. Satirical writing of
every kind, particularly of an anonymous
nature, is perfectly alien to his habits and
-occupations.

Dr. RENNELL will confider the infettion of this declaration in their next Magazine as a confiderable obligation conferred upon him by the Editors.

London, Dec. 15, 1797,

This diverfity of opinion being found. ed on actual obfervation, and not on any preconceived notions, has emboldened me to ufe the freedom of circulating a printed letter, to recommend the trial of the new medicines in advanced ftages of the difease; where well marked blotches, nodes, ulcerated fauces, ozana, and other characteristic symptoms of a genuine hyphilis appear: fince, in thefe cafes only can we be fully allured that the fyphilitic poifon exifts in the conftitution, and indubitably requires the administration of an anti-venereal medicine.

The mott judicious practitioners, and thofe of the largest experience, are ready to confefs, that although it be ufually advileable to give mercury in recent stages of the venereal difeafe, with a view to prevent the farther progress of the fymptoms, or the occurrence of a confirmed lues venerea, yet, in very many fuch inftances, the patients would escape and recover their health, by a proper plan of treatment, without the ufe of mercury: and, notwithstanding this fact may be denied by fome fpeculative perfons, it is too well authenticated for us to reft the proof of an anti-venereal remedy folely, or even chiefly, on its efficacy to remove the primary fymptoms. All deductions from fuch premifes muft, therefore, be extremely fallacious and questionable.

I have taken the liberty to trouble you with thefe curfory hints, for the attention of medical men in the country, in hopes that you will favour me by inferting them

1798] Mistatements of Profeffor Robifon detected....Site of Paradife.

tatements contained in the book before-
mentioned, may obtain the requifite in-
formation, by applying to me.

AUGUSTUS BOETTIGER,
Counfellor of the Upper Confiftory,
and Provost of the College
Weimar, in Saxony, of Weimar,
Jan. 5, 1798.

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in your Magazine: and I beg leave, at the fame time, to fuggeft, that it is my intention to publifh the refult of my experiments and enquiries, (under the title of "Critical Remarks on the Veneral Difcafe," together with fuch obfervations and cafes as I may be honoured with from other practitioners. Great Ruffel-Street, Bloomsbury-Square. Jan. 22, 1798.

W. BLAIR

D

For the Monthly Magazine. 'ANVILLE, in his Geographical Memoir L'Euphrate & le Tigre, page 14, has indicated to the caft of Roha, or Edeffa, a tract of country, elevated and beautiful, which now bears the name of Eden. This diftrict lies in the center of

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

SIR,

LATE publication, entitled Proofs

a by the lands included between Tigris

ROBISON, has excited my great furprize; and I am at a lofs to conceive how circumftances, long ago buried in oblivion, could, without making any farther enquiry, be reprefented as ftill exifting, by the author of a book, which tends to ftigmatize fome of the most respectable characters in Germany. From the beginning of 1799, -EVERY CONCERN OF THE ILLUMINATI HAS CEASED, and no Lodge of Freemafons in Germany has, fince that period, taken the lealt notice of them. Evident proofs of this affertion are to be found among the papers of Mr. Bode, late Privy Counsellor at Weimar, who was at the head of that Order in this part of Germany, and who died in 1794. After his death, all thofe papers were delivered up to the prefent DUKE of SAXE-GOTHA, who, on application, would, doubtlefs, permit the infpection of them. The league of Dr. Barth, known to Mr. Robifon only from the Annals of Gieffen, a very obfeure periodical publication, was a phantom, which no fooner appeared, than it was laid and destroyed by Mr. Bode himfelf, who printed a pamphlet, entitled, More Remarks than Text, which foon opened the eyes of the public. This league, a poor financial fcheme, was planned by a man of more genius than principle, but never carried into execution. This appears from the papers, written during the whole of the tranfaction, which being bequeathed to me by *Mr. Bode, are now in my poffeffion, and true tranfcripts of them may be obtained by any one, who wishes to receive them. Although I was not a member of that fociety, yet I was intimate with Mr. Bode, and prefent at his death; confequently I am enabled to vouch folemnly for the truth of the aboye ; and to engage, that any perfon in Great Britain, who, being alarmed at the erroneous

the Euphrates. At its foot arifes, on the eaftern fide, the river Mygdonius, on which are fituate the towns of Nefibis and Sinjar; and on the western fide, the river Chaboras, on which are fituate the towns of Refain and Thallaba. These two rivers now unite, and fall into the Euphrates at Kerkifich; but neither of them appears to purfue its ancient course, the Mygdonius having originally flowed, amid the dry ravine called Tirtar, which meets the Tigris above Hatra; and the Chaboras amid the dry ravine called Sebaa, which meets the Euphrates below Ofara.

What forbids our fuppofing this Eden to have been in the contemplation of the author of the fecond chapter of Genefis?

Dr. GEDDES, in his note on the paffage (II. 14,) admits, that by Hiddekel is meant the Tigris, and by Perath the Euphrates: with the other two rivers only he is embarraffed, and at length fixes on the Araxes and the Oxus, which travel to the Caspian and Euxine feas.

The Phifon, however, is faid to bound the land of Havila, where there is gold. Now, a confiderable stretch of the Mygdonius is yet called Al Havali, and thus retains obvious traces of the name and contiguity of that province, which may well have extended as far fouth as the mouth of the Zab, a ftream celebrated for its gold.

Of the name Gihon, no traces are indeed to be detected along the banks of the Chaboras; but this river is faid to have bounded the land of Cufh. Now, the land of Cufh (Genefis X. 7,) comprehended the five fubdivifions or townfhips of Seba, Havilah, Sabtha, Raamah, and Sabthechah. Safa and Zabdicena, (or Gezirat) on the western bank of the Tigris, appear evidently to preferve the names of Sabthah and Sabthechah. Seba, with the prefix Esa

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