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“ Good

away; here what had been a field of the Kaiser ever holds his hand on the plenty, ugly now with the pockmarks of war pulse. One hears of him in France, the shells. For over this land whereon then in Russia, then in Serbia. the Kaiser slept his legions had rushed At one time during the early fighting of a day in August two years before, and against Russia he barely retreated with their imprint lay still upon the earth. a division across the River Niemen in

Six o'clock. A commotion at the door. time to escape capture by a Cossack paThe guard stiffened into statues, trans trol--an event, this, little known in fixed in the imperial salute. A man Germany. Again, riding in an automodressed in gray-green like theirs, a gray bile with von Hindenburg in front of the military cape, lined with red, hanging fortress of Kovno, the Kaiser's car was from his square shoulders, the short picked up by Russian artillery observers, baton of a Field Marshal protruding and there was a race for life against the from his left hand, appeared in the door shells. Again with his staff, and against way. With a quick gesture his right

their wishes, the Kaiser ventured upon a hand returned their salutes:

“ Good

hilltop opposite Soissons in France and morning, soldiers!” Another day for brought the crash of shrapnel down the Kaiser has begun.

about his ears. Under the trees purred the imperial

Yes, the Kaiser has seen this war. He motor; behind it a second, gay with the

has seen it at the front. He has seen gold and black of the imperial standard. regiments surge into action for him and The Dragoons cantered up from the field die. Under his eyes—he deeming that near by, slashing the air into twinkling his presence would stir the men to greatshreds as their sabres swished to the er efforts—the Germans charged again salute. Good morning, soldiers!” cried and again to break the British lines at the Kaiser, the silver-knobbed baton Ypres. And the Kaiser saw the flower flashing a salute in return.

of his army, the Prussian Guards, blastmorning, your Majesty!” roared five ed away. And later he saw the funeral hundred horsemen.

pyres of their dead lighting one of those The Kaiser stepped into the car. His Ypres nights made greenish with the tall Pomeranian grenadier footman rocket flares, one of those nights when tucked a rug around the imperial legs.

mad colors seethe up from No Man's The Dragoons divided, half riding out in

Land and the trenches slowly turn to, front of the car, half galloping behind.

great long graves. The Kaiser has seen “ To General Bülow's headquarters,” or

these horrors by night, those unearthly dered the Kaiser, and, to a trumpeting nights by the Ypres Canal that always of motor honrs, the imperial cavalcade seem to come out of the pages of a Maslipped through the park, and, leaving eterlinck play. the château behind, moved toward the

Yes, war has made its imprint on the front.

Kaiser's mind. One can

see it today. So began one day for the Kaiser; so

The rebellious lock of hair over the temhas begun many a day for him during ple is more gray. A deep furrow bethis war. For the German Emperor is

tween the brows where there was none more often at the front than he is at the before, a shadowing in his gray-blue castle in Berlin.

eyes that used always to be clear. At The Kaiser Takes Risks

times on the imperial face the gambler's

expression is discernibles the Monte Carlo For, whatever else may be said of the face intensified illimitably. The Kaiser Kaiser, he is a man, and, considering this seems then like a man who has thrown war a man's job, he is ever on the job. everything on the wheel-people, counNo occasional trips to the front for Wil try, dynasty—and the uncertainty, the helm II. No remaining quite comfort stress of waiting and waiting for a reable in a palace and every so often, at in sult is portrayed there. Correspondingly tervals of months, going on a royal sort the Kaiser's reactions of expression are of Cook's tour to visit his army. Rather violent today. After the victory at War



saw in 1915 he looked extravagantly joy VII. of England was a peacemaker, that ous. It was as if one had been trying to he was a Janus-faced diplomat, who bred tell one's self that everything was coming

Conceptions of the Kaiser have out all right-although subconsciously been written, presenting him as an archone often feared not-and that then hypocrite, the greatest actor in the world, something happened, a victory! And for

and as

a madman, The conception I a moment the tension of doubt was bro have is neither of these. He is dangerken. These changes of emotion show on ously sincere. He believes in himself and the Kaiser today. But generally his face in the destiny of the German people. He is grave. As he whirls from one point to believes strongly in Nietzschean will another on the front, indeed, as he rushes to power ”-in his speeches to his solfrom one of his far-flung battle fronts to diers during this war he has called it the another, the Kaiser's expression is al “ will to victory.”. ways the same, gravity.

Always religious, the war has made The war lord on parade, the Kaiser of him more so, until it approaches almost the manoeuvre fields of peace times, the mysticism. His constant calling upon Kaiser who would order a cavalry God is sincere. His belief that God is on charge of huge proportions, and who, as his side is sincere. Whenever he goes his horsemen thundered by, would turn to the front the imperial banner, orange, to his military guests with a look of su black embroidered with a cross, and bearpreme pride and confidence—that Kaiser ing the legend " God with us," goes with is no more. Instead one sees a harassed him. He has caused that motto of his to expression that shows the mind behind be inscribed on the buckles of his solto be thinking: “ Will the terms of peace diers. He has caused every soldier in the satisfy my people for the sacrifices they army to receive a little pocket Bible. He have made? Will my people hold loyal is accompanied by a Chaplain wherever and true to the end? I believe we are in he goes-accompanied by a surgeon, too. God's hands, and he will not desert us."

The Kaiser's Health Uncertain His Religion Appallingly Sincere

For during this the imperial For the religion of the Kaiser has been health has more than once been the his cornerstone or his poison in this war. cause of great worry to the German NaCalling upon the Almighty for aid in tion. In December of 1914 a throat afeverything he undertakes, the Kaiser has fection, the curse of the Hohenzollerns, come to approach the fanatically relig which laid low his father and his grandious sovereigns of centuries gone by. In father, confined the Kaiser to the Schloss religion and his belief that God is on his in Berlin. No one knew exactly what side the Kaiser is appallingly sincere. was the matter with him; only those at Better were it a pose; he would have the top knew. An operation was permade peace long ago.

formed, the Kaiser lived. For a year the What of the Kaiser today? Always malady left him alone, and he rushed dignified, the war has grown about him from battlefront to battlefront, then in a grave, almost reverential mood, light- December of 1916 it overtook him again. ened only by the smiles of victory. That The aged Franz Josef, Emperor of Austhe war weighs heavily upon his heart

tria, died. The Kaiser's physicians perevery American who has talked with him mitted him to attend a mass for his ally, affirms. That he feels deeply at the but refused to let him go to the funeral. sight of the dead and wounded is also Now, the absence of the Kaiser from true. Conceptions of the human charac Franz Josef's funeral was a most conter always differ. It has been written spicuous thing, and it is certain that in that Joan of Arc was a saint; that she

no circumstances would he have tolerated a madwoman; Molière scoffed at it had not the danger to his health been her. It has been written that Catherine great. of Russia was a great Empress; that she Will the Kaiser survive the war? No was a mere sexual pervert; that Edward one can tell. Wilhelm I, was a all, pow.


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erful man.

One day he was taken down to a resort on the Riviera. The curse of the Hohenzollerns had caught him, and there he died quickly. The Kaiser has had a battle with himself from the day he was born. His left arm crippled, his figure drooping and sickly, as a boy Prince he worked against fate until he developed himself into a broad, muscular man. But he was not able to strengthen his throat, he was not able to ward off that disease, be it cancer or what, which took off his Hohenzollern ancestors.

Active at the Front Physically strong the Kaiser is today. At the front he does not pamper himself. He has gone without meals. He has scorned the course luncheons of château headquarters for plates of stew at field kitchens. He has been in the saddle for hours at a time, always leaving the imperial motor when the zone of military fire, with its alert enemy observers, drew near. At Lille he stood in the rain for hours and watched the Bavarians, who were to drive on Arras, go marching by. Day after day, during the height of the Verdun offensive, he went to bed after midnight, and was up at daybreak, consulting with his Generals throughout the night.

Visiting points on the front by day, ever haranguing the soldiers with speeches, it is not an uncommon thing for the Kaiser to make twelve speeches a day at the front. It has been said of him that he believes his presence is worth more in a battle than two army corps. Let a column of infantry be overtaken by the imperial motor. “ Halt!” cries the Kaiser—to the distant drumming of the guns he almost seems to beat time with the little Field Marshal's baton generally to be found clasped in the imperial hand. “ Soldiers, you have given the Fatherland many glorious victories, you will continue to win victories until, with God's help, peace comes.” Such is the pith of the typical Kaiser speech at the front,acknowledgment, instilling of will, reminder of God. It is his inevitable construction.

That the army loves him there can be no doubt. The Kaiser's attitude is as if

Germany were the father; as if all the soldiers were children; as if he were the representative of the father, Germany, looking after them. He does look after his soldiers, too, as much as circumstances will allow-obviously impossible for the Kaiser to know his millions of soldiers personally. A visit to the groaning hospital cot, a word of kindness, a clasp of a day laborer's hand, a decoration bestowed, an unexpected visit to a company at meal time, a dish of stew with them from out of the field kitchen; an unheralded coming to the quarters where his soldiers rest behind the firing line, an imperial call-down for the officer because the men are not comfortable enough—such things the Kaiser is ever doing, and the stories of them are spread like wildfire throughout the army; and the men come to feel that he is an Emperor who is fighting with them, not lounging back in a palace, getting the reports.

Now, obviously it is good business for the Kaiser to create such sentiment among the soldiers; but to give that as a reason for the Kaiser being at the front is unfair and untrue; for the Kaiser is a man, and while he approaches war in the mood of utmost gravity and religiously inspired, still he loves the thrill of it all.

In a room of the General Staff in Berlin where the officers whose duty is railroad transportation keep track day and night of the movements of all passenger and military trains throughout the empire, there come nights when every man is unusually alert. Those are “ Kaiser nights." In the great headquarters of Charleville, Brussels, and in Lille, three staffs whose sole work is railroads sit.

The Imperial Special The Kaiser decides to leave the western battlefront for the east. His headquarters, during July, was a château behind Sedan. From Sedan the word is flashed to Lille that the Kaiser is coming. Lille flashes it on to Brussels. Brussels to the great railroad room in Berlin. From that building of yellowish brick on the Königsplatz, railroad chiefs at every point, from Aachen on the Belgian frontier to Alexandrovo on the Po

lish frontier, are notified that the Kai country has been captured, Serbia, Ruser's train is leaving Lille bound for mania, there goes the Kaiser to strike Warsaw, over Brussels, Berlin. There is awe into the hearts of the captive popua separate staff for the administration of lace, awe and respect for the Prussian the roads in Poland, to which headquar- eagle. Wherever an ally is becoming a ters in Warsaw comes the same message little uneasy, there goes the Kaiser—to from Berlin, and it in turn notifies the stiffen weak backs and bolster causes yard chiefs in Poland, at Lodz and Skier that seem lost. niewice, of the coming of the imperial

Methods of the War Lord train. All is ready. The yards know just how many military and passenger

One of the Kaiser's prerogatives is trains are scheduled to pass through

that he holds the supreme command of

the them in the next twenty-four hours. The

German Army and the German “Kaiser's schedule” is put in operation.

Navy. Incidentally, the German miliTracks are cleared for the imperial spe

tary title for the office is “Kriegs cial.

Herrn," a regular military title which Drawn by one of the powerful engines

caused the Kaiser to be known to the of the Heckle works, it pulls into Sedan,

world as the War Lord, for Kriegs a drawing-room car for the Kaiser and Herrn literally translates into that. his personal aids, a combination dining Holding this supreme command, the Kaiand study car, the imperial sleeper, and

ser uses it. Our President is Commanthree sleepers for the rest of the staff.

der in Chief of the American Army and As the big locomotive waits, there sounds

Navy, but as a rule our Presidents rarely above its panting the clatter of airplanes,

direct the campaign of our army and and overhead, in V formation, flying like

navy in time of war. Unlike our Presicrows, a big Fokker at the apex, the Kai

dents, the Kaiser has studied military ser's aerial guard, to keep off any possi

and naval science his whole life, and he ble enemy flier until the German fron

believes he knows something concerning tier is reached, circles and circles on

it-a point, by the way, upon which high.

writers on military science differ. The night after the Kaiser has stepped

Now the Kaiser's method with his into his special train at Sedan, he is de army is direct.

He appoints the man training at Warsaw and driving at mid

whom he believes to be best fitted for the night down the Jeruselamer Allee into work to the office of Chief of the Genthe Nowy Swiat and down to the palace

eral Staff. This man is surrounded by of the old Polish Kings, where he will hundreds of the most efficient and highly spend the night. A few days getting the specialized officers in the German Army. Polish sentiment, possibly sounding out

This General Staff, quartered in the the temper of the people, to see if shoul field at Charleville, France, works out der to shoulder they will fight with the department by department every phase Germans against Russia, and the Kaiser of the big military campaigns. These

From Warsaw he radiates campaigns, decided upon by the Chiefs north to watch the hammering at of Staff, are then put up to the Kaiser. Riga; east, beyond Brest-Litovsk, where After the success of the operations in Reincke holds the line of Barnovitch Serbia in the Autumn of 1915, Falkenagainst the Russian drive; or the impe- hayn formed a plan of campaign that rial train goes hammering southwest called for a spending of Germany's ofover Ivangorod toward Kovel, where fensive resources at that time against Litchowsky and his Cossacks drill the France. Hindenburg, then in supreme Austrian wall.

command of the German armies of the Wherever the situation seems to be East, (Falkenhayn not having jurisdiccritical, there goes the Kaiser-to in tion over him in any way,) violently opspire his troops. Wherever a great vic posed this plan against France. Hintory has been


the Kaiser denburg and his great strategist, Lu-to thank his troops. Whenever a new dendorff, told the Emperor that no of

moves on.

So on.

fensive movement should be made departments for every nation in the against France, but that a decision world. One official, with his subordishould be first reached in the East. The nates, is in charge of the United States Kaiser had the two propositions in front department, another of the English, and of him. Falkenhayn flatly promised the

It is the duty of these departKaiser Verdun. He had it all figured ment chiefs to be ready at the Kaiser's out convincingly. Hindenburg came out call to lay before him any diplomatic inagainst Falkenhayn's plan. The Kaiser formation which he desires in relation to told Hindenburg he was wrong; but half that particular country. As executive a year later Falkenhayn's head went into head of the Foreign Office-Secretary the basket, next to Moltke's. He had for Foreign Affairs—von Jagow, with a joined the lists of the Kaiser's Chiefs of mild, suave, tolerant, cosmopolitan type Staff who failed.

of mind, was quite all right for the rubNow that is the Kaiser's position in re

ber stamp work that a German Foreign lation to the army. He is the supreme

Minister under Wilhelm II. has to do. arbiter. His Chief of Staff and his Gen

Quite all right, until the brew of submaerals conceive the military moves. He rine frightfulness began boiling, and out studies their plans, suggests changes

went the mild Jagow for the vigorous here, and likes his Generals when they

Zimmermann. He is responsible to the openly disagree with him—that is, if it Chancellor for the efficiency of the Forturns out that they are right. If their eign Office, and the Chancellor is reopposition is shown to be wrong, they get sponsible to the Kaiser. on the imperial black list. The Kaiser As the army and navy chiefs bring up decides. That sums up his position with

their plans for a decision, so does Dr. the army.

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg. If the

Kaiser likes the Chancellor's plan, he His Control of Submarines

adopts it. If he doesn't, the imperial Similar is his relation to the navy. frown is put upon it. One colossal blunThat, too, has its General Staff. They der, and, like Moltke, Falkenhayn, and sit in a most modern building in Berlin, Tirpitz, off will go Bethmann Hollweg's a palace compared with the headquarters head into the imperial basket; for the of the army; and conceive their problems Kaiser's chieftains publicly assume the of naval strategy. In that white stone responsibility for the moves of Imperial building on the shores of one of Berlin's

Germany. If the moves fail, they and canals was born the idea of submarine

they alone are to blame, for, despite the frightfulness. For two

years they
fact that none of these moves

can be worked on the campaign which was an made without the Kaiser's indorsement nounced to the world on Jan. 31, 1917. of them, Wilhelm II., being the Kaiser, For two years they increased the build

can do no wrong." ing facilities of the German shipyards, We find today the German Emperor at biding their time, as week by week the

the pinnacle of his power, lusty in health, number of sea snakes" grew. Then, save for the shadow of that disease which when they had a certain number ready has cursed his family, and which at any one does not pretend to know how many; time may insidiously creep over him. credible information says that Germany The Kaiser has the vitality to keep can now build six submarines a week

continually active during this when they had raised the number of sub

Grave, bearing his responsibilities heavmarines so it would satisfy their plans, ily, rarely brightening except at the news the German Admiralty Staff laid them of a victory, he sternly and grimly goes again before the Kaiser, and he made

through the daily routine, knowing exhis momentous decision. Will it make actly what is going on in every departhim or break him?

ment of the German war machine. InLikewise with his Foreign Office does tensely religious, calling upon God in his the Kaiser decide. In that musty old hour of trial more even than he called building, Wilhelmstrasse 76, there are upon Him in peace, the Kaiser is relig


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