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10. Every file cutter shall when at work wear a long apron reaching from the shoulders and neck to below the knees. The apron shall be kept in a cleanly state.
11. A copy of these regulations and an abstract of the provisions of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1901, shall be kept affixed in the factory or workshop in a conspicuous place.
12. It shall be the duty of the occupier to carry out Regulations 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, and 11; except that, in any room in a tenement factory or tenement workshop which is let to more than one occupier, it shall be the duty of the owner to carry out these regulations, except the last clause of Regulation 6, which shall be carried out by the occupiers.
It shall be the duty of the occupier or occupiers to carry out Regulation 8.
It shall be the duty of the occupier or occupiers and of every workman to observe Regulations 5, 9, and 10. These regulations shall come into force on the 1st day of September, 1903.
One of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State. HOME OFFICE, Whitehall, 19th June, 1903.
SPECIAL RULES FOR THE BOTTLING OF AERATED WATER.
(Form 273--A 1/3/01.)
Duties of occupiers. 1. They shall provide all bottlers with face guards, masks, or veils of wire gauze.
They shall provide all wirers, sighters, and labelers with face guards, masks, or veils of wire gauze, or goggles.
2. They shall provide all bottlers with full-length gauntlets for both arms.
They shall provide all wirers, sighters, and labelers with gauntlets for both arms, protecting at least half of the palm and the space between the thumb and forefinger.
3. They shall cause all machines for bottling to be so constructed, so placed, or so fen as to prevent as far as possible, during the operation of filling or corking, a fragment of a bursting bottle from striking any bottler, wirer, sighter, labeler, or washer.
Dulies of persons employed. 4. All bottlers shall, while at work, wear face guards, masks, or veils of wire gauze.
All wirers, sighters, and labelers shall, while at work, wear face guards, masks, or veils of wire gauze, or goggles; except labelers when labeling bottles standing in cases,
5. All bottlers shall, while at work, wear on both arms, full-length gauntlets. All wirers, sighters, and labelers shall, while at work, wear on both arms gauntlets protecting at least half of the palm and the space between the thumb and forefinger; except labelers when labeling bottles standing in cases.
H. M. Chief Inspector of Factories. AUGUST, 1897.
These rules are required to be posted up in conspicuous places in the factory or workshop to which they apply, where they may be conveniently read by the persons employed. Any person who willfully injures or defaces them is liable to a penalty of five pounds ($24.33). Occupiers of factories and workshops, and persons employed therein, who are bound to observe any special rules, are liable to penalties for noncompliance (Factory and Workshop Act, 1891, sections 9 and 11).
The employer is required to provide the articles mentioned in the rules, and to take all reasonable precautions to the best of his power to enforce their use, but the responsibility for the actual wearing of them rests with the person employed.
SPINNING BY SELF-ACTING MULES. Whereas certain machinery used in the process of spinning in textile factories, and known as self-acting mules, has been certified, in pursuance of section 79 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1901, to be dangerous to life and limb;
I hereby, in pursuance of the powers conferred on me bythat act, make the following regulations, and direct that they shall apply to all factories or parts thereof in which the process of spinning by means of self-acting mules is carried on:
1. In these regulations the term “minder? means the person in charge of a selfacting mule for the time being.
2. Save as hereinafter provided it shall be the duty of the occupier of a factory to observe Part I of these regulations: provided that it shall be the duty of the owner (whether or not he is one of the occupiers) of a tenement factory to observe Part I of these regulations, except so far as relates to such parts of the machinery as are supplied by the occupier.
It shall be the duty of the persons employed to observe Part II of these regulations, but it shall be the duty of the occupier, for the purpose of enforcing their observance, to keep a copy of the regulations in legible characters affixed in every mule room, in a conspicuous position where they may be conveniently read.
Part I.-Duties of occupiers. 3. After January 1st, 1906, the following parts of every self-acting mule shall be securely fenced as far as is reasonably practicable, unless it can be shown that by their position or construction they are equally safe to every person employed as they would be if securely fenced.
(a) Back shaft scrolls and carrier pulleys and draw band pulleys.
Back of headstocks, including rim pulleys and taking-in scrolls.
Rim band tightening pulleys, other than plate wheels, connected with a selfacting mule erected after January 1st, 1906.
Part II.--Duties of persons employed.
4. It shall be the duty of the minder of every self-acting mule to take all reasonable care to ensure:
(a) That no child cleans any part or under any part thereof whilst the mule is in motion by the aid of mechanical power.
(b) That no woman, young person, or child works between the fixed and traversing parts thereof whilst the mule is in motion by the aid of mechanical power.
(c) That no person is in the space between the fixed and traversing parts thereof unless the mule is stopped on the outward run.
5. No self-acting mule shall be started or restarted except by the minder or at his express order, nor until he has ascertained that no person is in the space between the fixed and traversing parts thereof.
One of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State. HOME OFFICE, Whitehall, 17th October, 1905.
LOADING GOODS ON DOCKS AND WHARVES.
Whereas the processes of loading, unloading, moving, and handling goods in, on, or at any dock, wharf, or quay, and the processes of loading, unloading, and coaling any ship in any dock, harbor, or canal have been certified in pursuance of section 79 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1901, to be dangerous:
I hereby, in pursuance of the powers conferred on me by that act, make the following regulations for the protection of persons employed in the processes or in any of them, and direct that they shall apply to all docks, wharves, quays, and ships as aforesaid.
These regulations shall come into force on the 1st of January, 1905, except that 80 much of Regulations 6 and 8 as require structural alterations shall come into force on the 1st of January, 1908.
Nothing in Parts II to VI, inclusive, of these regulations shall apply to the unloading of fish from a vessel employed in the catching of fish.
The secretary of state may by order in writing exempt from all or any of the regulations and for such time and subject to such conditions as he may prescribe any docks, wharves, or quays in respect of which application for such exemption shall have been made to him by the department of agriculture and technical instruction for Ireland or by the congested districts board for Ireland.
Definitions. In these regulations: "Processes" means the processes above mentioned; or any of them.
“Person employed” means a person employed in the above processes or any of them.
“Shallow canal” includes any of the following parts of a canal, canalized river, nontidal river, or inland navigation:
(a) Any part having no means of access to tidal waters except through a lock not exceeding ninety feet in length;
(6) Any part not in frequent use for the processes; and
(c) Any part at which the depth of water within fifteen feet of the edge does not ordinarily exceed five feet.
It shall be the duty of the person having the general management and control of a dock, wharf, or quay to comply with Part I of these regulations; provided that if any other person has the exclusive right to occupation of any part of the dock, whart, or quay, and has the general management and control of such part the duty in respect of that part shall devolve upon that other person; and further provided that this part of these regulations shall not apply to any shallow canal.
It shall be the duty of the owner, master, or officer in charge of a ship to comply with Part II of these regulations.
It shall be the duty of the owner of machinery or plant used in the processes, and in the case of machinery or plant carried on board a ship not being a ship registered in the United Kingdom it shall also be the duty of the master of such ship, to comply with Part III of these regulations.
It shall be the duty of every person who by himself, his agents, or workmen carries on the processes, and of all agents, workmen, and persons employed by him in the processes, to comply with Part IV of these regulations.
It shall be the duty of all persons, whether owners, occupiers, or persons employed, to comply with Part V of these regulations.
Part VI of these regulations shall be complied with by the persons on whom the duty is placed in that part.
1. The following parts of every dock, wharf, or quay shall, as far as is practicable, having regard to the traffic and working, be securely fenced so that the height of the fence shall be in no place less than two feet six inches, and the fencing shall be maintained in good condition ready for use.
(a) All breaks, dangerous corners, and other dangerous parts of edges of a dock, wharf, or quay:
(b) Both sides of such footways over bridges, caissons, and dock gates as are in general use by persons employed, and each side of the entrance at each end of such fjotway for a sufficient distance not exceeding five yards.
2. Provision for the rescue from drowning of persons employed shall be made and maintained, and shall include:
(a) A supply of life-saving appliances, kept in readiness on the wharf or quay, which shall be reasonably adequate having regard to all the circumstances.
(6) Means at or near the surface of the water at reasonable intervals, for enabling a person immersed to support himself or escape from the water, which shall be reasonably adequate having regard to all the circumstances.
3. All places in which persons employed are employed at night, and any dangerous parts of the regular road or way over a dock, wharf, or quay, forming the approach to any such place from the nearest highway, shall be efficiently lighted.
Provided that the towing path of a canal or canalized river shall not be deemed to be “an approach,” for the purpose of this regulation.
4. If a ship is lying at a wharf or quay for the purpose of loading or unloading or coaling there shall be means of access for the use of persons employed at such times as they have to pass from the ship to the shore or from the shore to the ship as follows:
(a) Where a gangway is reasonably practicable a gangway not less than 22 inches wide, properly secured, and fenced throughout on each side to a clear height of two feet nine inches by means of upper and lower rails, taut ropes or chains, or by other equally safe means. (b) In other cases a secure ladder of adequate length.
Provided that nothing in this regulation shall be held to apply to cargo stages or cargo gangways, if other proper means of access is provided in conformity with these regulations.
Provided that as regards any sailing vessel rot exceeding 250 tons net registered tonnage and any steam vessel not exceeding 150 tons gross registered tonnage this regulation shall not apply if and while the conditions are such that it is possible without undue risk to pass to and from the ship without the aid of any special appliances.
5. If a ship is alongside any other ship, vessel, or boat, and persons employed have to pass from one to the other, safe means of access shall be provided for their use, unless the conditions are such that it is possible to pass from one to the other without undue risk without the aid of any special appliance.
If one of such ships, vessels, or boats is a sailing barge, fiat, keel, lighter or other similar vessel of relatively low free board the means of access shall be provided by the ship which has the higher free board.
6. If the depth from the top of the coamings to the bottom of the hold exceeds six feet there shall be maintained safe means of access by ladder or steps from the deck to the hold in which work is being carried on, with secure hand-hold and foothold continued to the top of the coamings.
In particular such access shall not be deemed to be safe:
(a) Unless the ladders between the lower decks are in the same line as the ladder from the main deck, if the same is practicable having regard to the position of the lower hatchway or hatchways.
(b) Unless the cargo is stowed sufficiently far from the ladder to leave at each rung of the ladder sufficient room for a man's feet.
(c) If there is not room to pass between a winch and the coamings at the place where the ladder leaves the deck.
(d) If the ladder is recessed under the deck more than is reasonably necessary to keep the ladder clear of the hatchway.
7. When the processes are being carried on between one hour after sunset and one hour before sunrise (a) the places in the hold and on the decks where work is being carried on, and (b) the means of access provided in pursuance of Regulations 4 and 5, shall be efficiently lighted, due regard being had to the safety of the ship and cargo, of all persons employed and of the navigation of other vessels and to the duly approved by-laws or regulations of any authority having power by statute to make by-laws or regulations subject to approval by some other authority.
8. All iron fore and ait beams and thwart ship beams used for hatchway covering shall have suitable gear for listing them on and off without it being necessary for any person to go upon them to adjust such gear.
9. All machinery and chains and other gear used in hoisting or lowering in connection with the processes shall have been tested, and shall be periodically examined. All such chains shall be effectually softened by annealing or firing when necessary, and all half-inch or smaller chains in general use shall be so annealed or fired once in every six months.
If the chains are part of the outfit carried by a seagoing ship it shall be a sufficient compliance with this regulation as regards softening by annealing or firing of halfinch or smaller chains, that no such chains shall be used unless they have been so annealed or fired within six months preceding.
As regards chains, the safe-loasis indicated by the test, the date of last annealing, and any other particulars prescribed by the secretary of state, shall be entered in a register which shall be kept on the premises, unless some other place has been approved in writing by the chief inspector.
10. All motors, cog-wheels, chain and friction-gearing, shafting and live electric conductors used in the processes shall (unless it can be shown that by their position and construction they are equally sale to every person employed as they would be if securely fenced) be securely fenced so far as is practicable without impeding the safe working of the ship and without infringing any requirement of the board of trade.
11. The lever controlling the link motion reversing gear of a crane or winch used in the processes shall be provided with a suitable spring or other locking arrangement.
12. Every shore crane used in the processes shall have the safe-load plainly marked upon it, and if so constructed that the jib may be raised or lowered, either shall have attached to it an automatic indicator of sa se-loads or shall have marked upon it a table showing the sale-loads at the corresponding inclinations of the jib.
13. The driver's platform on every crane or tip driven by mechanical power and used in the processes shall be securely fenced, and shall be provided with safe means of access.
14. Adequate measures shall be taken to prevent exhaust steam from any crane or winch obscuring any part of the decks, gangways, stages, wharf, or quay, where any person is employed.
15. No machinery or gear used in the processes, other than a crane, shall be loaded beyond the safe-load; nor a crane, unless secured with the written permission of the owner hy plates or chains or otherwise.
No load shall be lest suspended from a crane, winch, or other machine unless there is a competent person actually in charge of the machine while the load is so left.
16. A boy under 16 shall not be employed as driver of a crane or winch, or to give signals to a driver, or to attend to cargo falls on winch-ends or winch-bodies.
17. Where in connection with the processes goods are placed on a wharf or quay other than a wharf or quay on a shallow canal:
(a) A clear passage leading to the means of access to the ship required by Regulation 4 shall be maintained on the wharf or quay; and
(6) If any space is left along the edge of the wharf or quay, it shall be at least three feet wide and clear of all obstructions other than fixed structures, plant and appliances
18. No deck-stage or cargo-stage shall be used in the processes unless it is substantially and firmly constructed, and adequately supported, and, where necessary, securely fastened.
No truck shall be used for carrying cargo between ship and shore on a stage so steep as to be unsafe.
Any stage which is slippery shall be made safe by the use of sand or otherwise.
19. Where there is more than one hatchway, if the hatchway of a hold exceeding seven feet six inches in depth measured from the top of the coamings to the bottom of the hold is not in use and the coamings are less than two feet six inches in height, it shall either be fenced to a height of three feet, or be securely covered.
Provided that this regulation shall not apply during meal-times or other temporary interruptions of work during the period of employment.
And provided that until the 1st of January, 1908, the fencing may be the best the circumstances will allow without making structural alteration.
Hatch coverings shall not be used in connection with the processes in the construction of deck or cargo stages, or for any other purpose which may expose them to damage.
20. No cargo shall be loaded by a fall or sling at any intermediate deck unless a secure landing platform has been placed across the hatch way at that deck.
21. No person shall, unless duly authorized, or in case of necessity, remove or interfere with any fencing, gangway, gear, ladder, life-saving means or appliances, lights, marks, stages, or other things whatsoever, required by these regulations to be provided.
92. The fencing required by Regulation 1 shall not be removed except to the extent and for the period reasonably necessary for carrying on the work of the dock or ship, or for repairing any fencing. If removed it shall be restored forthwith at the end of that period by the persons engaged in the work that necessitated its removal.
23. Vo employer of persons in the processes shall allow machinery or gear to be used by such persons in the processes that does not comply with Part III of these regulations.
24. If the persons whose duty it is to comply with Regulations 4, 5, and 7 fail so to do, then it shall also be the duty of the employers of the persons employed for whose use the means of access and the lights are required to comply with the said regulation within the shortest time reasonably practicable after such failure.
25. The certificate of the ship's register and any other certificate or register referred to in these regulations shall be procluced by the person in charge therevi on the application of any of II. M. inspectors of factories.
One of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State. HOME OFFICE, Whitehall, 2.1th October, 190.
FACTORY ENGINES AND CARS.
Whereas the use of locomotives, wagons, and other rolling stock on lines of rail or sidings in any factory or workshop or any place to which the provisions of section 79 of the Factory and Workshop Act, 1901, are applied by that act or on lines of rail or sidings used in connection with any factory, or workshop or any place as aforesaid, and not being part of "il y within the meaning of the Railway Employment