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Average daily wages of all employees....
Average daily wages of adult male employees...
Average value per ton.....
Cost of labor per ton..

$2. 13 $2. 15 $36. 29 $6.33

TIN PLATE (BLACK-PLATE WORKS). Capital invested (16 plants)...

$8, 301, 716 Pounds of production of black plate (tinned, not tinned, and terne)..... 684, 405, 527 Value of production of black plate......

$23, 722, 553 Pounds of production of sheets and plates other than black.

88, 798, 954 Value of production of sheets and plates other than black.

$2, 228, 555 Total employees....

8, 685 Adult male employees...

8, 373 Aggregate wages paid all employees.

$6, 180, 265 Aggregate wages paid adult male employees..

$6, 073, 758 Average days in operation.....

274 Average yearly earnings of all employees.

$711. 60 Average yearly earnings of adult male employees.

$725. 40 Average daily wages of all employees......

$2.60 Average daily wages of adult male employees..

$2. 65 TIN PLATE (DIPPING WORKS). Capital invested (4 plants)....

$1, 404, OSO Pounds of production of tin and terne plate.

26, 071, 835 Value of product....

$1, 504, 672 Total employees..

220 Male employees..

187 Aggregate wages paid all employees..

$112, 594 Aggregate wages paid male employees.

$103, 080 Average days in operation......

285 Average yearly earnings of all employees..

$511.79 Average yearly earnings of male employees.

$551. 23 Average daily wages of all employees...

$1.80 Average daily wages of male employees..

$1.93 Returns from 51 pig-iron companies showed that 672 wage-earners owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $78, that the average hours the furnaces were in blast were 124 per week, and that of the 10,991 persons for whom nationality was reported 5,269 were Americans. During the year there were 18 fatal and 103 nonfatal accidents in the industry. Returns from 131 iron and steel companies showed that 5,540 wage-earners owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $135, that the average hours of work per week were 69, and that of the 59,018 employees for whom nationality was reported 28,050 were Americans. In the industry during the year there were 58 fatal and 2,609 nonfatal accidents. Returns from 11 companies in the tin-plate industry showed that 42 wage-earners owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $209, that the average hours of work per week were 51, and that of the 2,035 employees for whom nationality was reported 1,315 were Americans.

STATISTICS OF COAL MINING.–The following statement presents a summary of the operations of the anthracite and of the bituminous coal mines in the State during 1906, the coke workers not being included:

ANTIIRACITE AND BITUMINOUS COAL-MINE OPERATIONS, 1906.

Items.

Anthracite

coal.

Bituminous

coal.

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Nurnber of mines in operation..
Miners...
Inside workmen.
Outside workinen.
Aggregate wages paid to miners.
Aggregate wages paid to inside workmen.
Aggregate wages paid to outside workmen.
Average days in operation...
Average yearly earnings (all employees).
Average yearly earnings (miners only).
Average daily wages (all employees).
Average daily wages (miners only).
Number of tons mined and marketed.
Market value of product on board cars.
Market value of product at mines..
Average tons mined per miner per year.
Average tons mined per miner per day.

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& Value on board cars of 5,754,408 tons.

• Not reported.

c Value at mines of 122,493,923 tons.

In addition to the above coal-mining operations there were 33 plants, employing 1,796 persons, engaged in washing anthracite coal from culm banks at the mines. The plants washed 3,744,194 tons of coal, which had a market value of $2,929,076. Wages were paid aggregating $723,484, or an average yearly earning per employee of $102.83. Also there were 46 plants engaged in dredging coal from the Susquehanna and Schuylkill rivers, giving an average employment of 110 days to 194 men, to whom wages amounting to $44,642 were paid. There were 86,373 tons of coal raised, having a market value of $86,327.

Of the 1,239 bituminous coal mines there were 354 from which coal was coked. During the year there were 40,576 coke ovens in service, producing 30,865,481 tons of coke, of a value at plant of $48,970,714. There were 12,330 coke workers, to whom were paid wages amounting to $6,936,913, or an average yearly wage of $562.60.

Returns from 124 anthracite coal companies showed that 4,700 wage-earners owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $73, that the average hours of work per week were 53, and that of the 91,057 employees for whom nationality was reported 26,905 were Americans. There were reported for the industry 541 fatal and 1,723 nonfatal accidents. Returns from 483 bituminous coal companies (that do not coke coal) showed that 6,942 wage-earners owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $63, and that of the 67,274 employees for whom nationality was reported 20,939 were Americans. Returns from 66 bituminous coal companies (that coke coal) showed that 2,356 wage-earners owned their homes, that the average annual rental for those paying rent was $73, that the average hours of work per week were 54, and that of the 34,132 employees for whom nationality was reported 5,664 were Americans. During the year for the bituminous coal industry there were reported 303 fatal and 700 nonfatal accidents.

TEXTILE INDUSTRIES.-Returns made in 1906 by 668 establishments engaged in the textile industries in Philadelphia showed an invested capital of $73,362,158, and for the year a product of the market value of $128,058,603. The establishments were in operation during the year an average of 292 days, employing 66,377 wage-earners (28,041 men, 32,783 women, and 5,553 children), to whom were paid wages amounting to $29,363,863 ($16,346,080 to the men, $11,901,033 to the women, and $1,116,750 to the children). The average yearly earnings per employee in the industry were $442.38—the average for the men being $582.93, for the women $363.02, and for the children $201.11; the average daily wages per employee were $1.52—the average for the men being $2.00, for the women $1.24, and for the children $0.69. The average value of product per employee was $1,929.26.

VIRGINIA.

Tenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics for the State of Virginia. 1907. James B. Doherty, Commissioner. 332 pp.

The subjects presented in this report are industrial statistics, 226 pages; child labor, 91 pages, and labor organizations, 6 pages.

6 INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS.--A series of tables is given for 41 industries, showing for each industry for 1906 the number of establishments reporting for the year, the value of product, capital invested, amount paid for wages, rent, taxes, and insurance, number of wageearners by sex and occupation with average daily pay, number and average monthly pay of persons employed on salary, number of hours of work per day and days in operation for each establishment, wage changes, and also totals and averages for each industry. For each industry comparisons with 1905 are presented. Statistics are also given of coal mining, of the operations of 7 gas works, of average daily wages of employees of 40 steam and 22 electric railways, and of accidents on steam and electric roads.

The following table shows for 1905 and 1906, for each of the 21 industries in the State which reported an output in 1906 exceeding $1,000,000, the number of establishments reporting, capital invested, value of product, and aggregate wages paid:

CAPITAL INVESTED, VALUE OF PRODUCT, AND WAGES PAID IN 21 INDUSTRIES, 1905

AND 1906.

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6 $583,000 $417,000 $1, 520,277 $1,899, 574 $263, 301 $302, 976 72, 419,337 2,667, 344 1,346, 956 1,522, 183 168, 798 196,072 53 (a)

(a) 1,347, 508 1, 402, 414 (a) (a) 35 653, 053 992, 339 1,504, 505 1,565, 260

270, 652 310, 652 46 967, 255 1, 206, 935 5, 527,000 7, 445, 337' 1,022,217 1,265, 645

9 7,382, 580 8,211, 329 4,792, 511 5,852, 039 974, 588 1,091, 587 197 2, 490, 338 3,043, 826 8,863, 711 9, 201, 414

251, 944

304, 829 53 10,799, 477 12, 129, 844 16,714, 126 16,869, 086 5, 644, 508 5, 492, 905 11 362, 061 296, 233 2,359, 965 2,050, 275 449, 000 432, 024 15 1,334, 784 1, 249, 223 1,210,718 1,398,500 377, 138 386, 581 15 239, 677 347, 341

946, 606 1, 322, 517 170, 155 221, 407 9 2,998, 306 3, 174, 256 3,310, 594 3,356, 595 430, 223 448, 040 80 1,217,094 1,294, 347 1,834, 025 2,102,821 541, 167 595, 288 24 608, 835 880,970

1,311, 083 1,923, 568| 279, 884 326, 578 357 (a)

(a) 6,672,903 10,815, 839 2,067, 407 3, 202, 763 4 736,811 750, 923 2,095, 661 1,913,000 210, 209 182, 919 52 711, 722 850, 374 1,121, 925 1,088, 419 334, 253

276, 611 22 2, 679, 901 2, 451, 160 5,334, 423 6, 398, 064 387, 1821 443, 450 32 2, 212, 282 2,561,011 7, 226, 295 10, 133, 237 774, 176 1,059, 368 7 908, 205

1,089, 220 1,828,816 2,179, 226| 222, 990 475, 150 24 1,600, 760 1,845, 476 3,388, 251 4,200, 108 727, 157 807,894

81

22 323

4

561
22
30
6

19

Not reported. In 1906 there were 229 general contracting firms in the building trades, which reported the value of the work constructed during the year as amounting to $7,852,000, and 108 firms of plumbers, gas fitters, and tinners, which reported the value of work done during the year as amounting to $1,525,410.

The statistics for the 7 gas works show ownership (private or municipal), capacity, private and municipal consumption, price to consumers, etc., and number and daily wages of employees.

The reports on steam and on electric railways operating in the State show for 1906 the average daily wages paid by each road in each occupation and the average daily wages paid by all roads. The following is a summary of the data presented: AVERAGE DAILY WAGES OF STEAM AND OF ELECTRIC RAILWAY EMPLOYEES, 1906,

AND INCREASE IN WAGES OVER 1905.

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a Decrease.

b No change.

On the steam railroads in Virginia during 1906 there resulted from the movement of trains the accidental killing of 81 employees, 15 passengers, and 119 others, and the injury of 774 employees, 151 passengers, and 212 others; from causes other than the movement of trains there resulted the accidental killing of 3 employees and 1 other person, and the injury of 917 employees and 4 passengers.

In 1906 from 42 mines employing 5,131 persons there were produced 4,254,879 tons of coal, valued at $4,183,991, the mines being in operation an average of 250 days during the year. In 31 mines working 4,294 men the hours of labor were 10 per day, in 5 mines working 727 men the hours of labor were 9 per day, and in the remaining 6 mines (small ones) the hours of labor were 8 per day.

Child LABOR.—Under this caption is presented the report of the special agent of the State labor bureau on inspection of factories and investigations touching child labor, and a compilation of the laws of the various States relating to the employment of children.

LABOR ORGANIZATIONS.—This section of the report consists of returns from the various labor organizations of the State, together with recommendations as to legislation and comments on existing conditions. In 29 trades, unions reported an increase of wages during the year, and a decrease in working hours in 10 of the trades. The number of members unemployed during the year amounted to scarcely 1 per cent.

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