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ferent Characters of Celestial, Spiritual, Rational, Natural, and Sensual ; that by a Lamb, a Sheep, a Goal, a Calf, and an Ox, are meant Innocence, Charity, and natural Affection that by Mountains, Hills, and Valleys, are meant the higher, the lower, and the lowest Things relating to the Church; also, that by Egypt is signified what is Scientific, by Ashur what is Rational, by Edom, what is Natural, by Moab the Adulteration of Good, by the Children of Ammon the Adulteration of Truth, by the Philistines Faith without Charity, by Tyre and Sidon, the Knowledges of Goodness and Truth, by Gog external Worship without internal ; in generalby JAcob in the Word is understood the Church-natural, by ISRAEL the Church-fpiritual, and by JUDAH the Church-celestial, When the Mind is opened to this Knowledge, it may then be able to conceive that the Word treateth solely of celestial Things, and that the earthly Things mentioned in it are only the Subjects wherein those Celestials are contained. But let us take another instance from the Word, for the Illustration of this Truth. We read in Isaiah, “ In that Day shall there be a Highway out of Egypt to Asyria, and the Asyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian injo Asyria, and the Egyptians Shall serve with the Asyrians. In that Day shall Israel be the third with Egypt, and with Asyria, even a Blesing in the Mids of the Land; whom Jehovah of Hofts shall bless, Jaying, Blessed be Egypt my People, and Asyria the Work of my Hands, and"Ifrael my Inheritance," Chap. xix. 23, 24, 25,
By there Words, in their spiritual Sense, is signified that at the Time of the Lord's Coming, the Scientific, the Rational, and the Spiritual should make One, and that then the Scientific should serve the Rational, and both the Spiritual, for as was said above, by Egypt is signified the Scientific, by Ashur or Assyria the Rational, and by Israel the Spiritual; by the Repetition of the Words, in that Day, is meant the first and fecond Coming of the Lord.
201. IV. THAT THE SPIRITUAL SENSE OF THE WORD HATH HERETOFORÉ REMAINED UNKNOWN.
That all Things in Nature, both in general and in particular, correspond to Things fpiritual, and in like Manner all and every Thing in the human Body, wa fhewn in a Treatise coneerning HEAVEN AND HELL, No. 87 to 105. But what
is meant by Correspondence, hath to this Day remained unknown, notwithstanding it was a Subject mott familiar to the Men of the most ancient Times, who esteemed it the Science of Sciences,
and cultivated it fo universally, that all their Books and Tracts were written by Correfpondencies. The Book of Joh, which was a Book of the ancient Church, is full of Correspondencies. The Hieroglyphics of the Egyptians, and the fabulous Stories of Antiquity, were founded on the fame Science; all the ancient Churches were Churches representative of fpiritual Things; their Ceremonics, and eren their Statutes, which were Rules for the Institution of their Worship, confisted of mere Correspondencies; in like Manner, every Thing in the Israelitish Church, their Burnt-Offerings, Sacrifices, Meat-Offerings, and Drink-Offerings, with all the Particulars belonging to each, were Correspondencies; fo also was the Tabernacle, with all Things contained in it; and likewise their Festivals, as the Feast of the unleavened Bread, the Feast of Tabernacles, the Feast of the First-Fruits ; alto, the Priesthood of Aaron and the Levites, and the Garinents of their Holiness; but what where the particular spiritual Things with which each corresponded, is shewn in the ARCANA Coelestia, published at London; and besides the Things above-mentioned; all their Statutes and Judgments, relating to Worship and Life, were Correspondencies. Now, forasmuch as Divine Things fix their Existence in outward Nature in Correspondencies, therefore the Word was written by mere Correspondencies : and for the same Reason, the Lord, in Consequence of speaking from the Divinity, fpake by Correfpondencies ; for whatever proceedeth from the Divinity, when it comes into outward Nature, manifefts itself in such outward Things as correspond with what is Divine, which outward Things become then the Repositories of Divine Things, otherwise called celestial and spiritual, that lie contained within thein in a hidden and mysterious Manner.
I have been informed, that the Men of the most Ana cient Church, which was before the Flood, were of a Nature and Genius so heavenly, that they conversed with Angels, and that they had the Power of holding such Converse by Means of Correspondencies ; confequently, the State af their Wifdom was such, that the vibble Objects of this World fug
gested, not only natural, but also fpiritual Thoughts and Ideas,
To fhew that the Science of Correspondencies was long preserved amongst the Afiatic Nations, but chiefly amongst thote who were called Diviners and Wife Men, and by fome Magi, I shall adduce a remarkable Instance from 1 Sam. Chap. v. and vi. We are there informed, that the Ark, containing the two Tables, whereon were written the
Ten Commandments, was taken by the Philistines, and placed in the House of Dagon, in Ashdod, and that Dagon fell to the Ground before it, and afterwards, that his Head and both the Palms of his Hands' were separated from his Body, and lay on the Threshold, and that the People of Ashdod and Ekron, to the Number of several Thousands, were smitten with Einerods, and that the Land was devoured with Mice; and that the Philistines, on this Occasion, called together their Priests and Diviners, and that to put a Stop to the Destruction which threatened them, they came to this Determination, viz. that they would make five golden Emerods, and five golden Mice, and a new Cart, and would set the Ark on the Cart, and thus would send back the Cart unto the Children of Israel, by whom the Kine and the Cart were offered up
in Sacrifice, and the God of Israel was appeased. That all these Devices of the Philistine Diviners were Correspondencies, is evident from their Signification, which is this; the Philistines themfelves fignified those who are influenced by Faith separate from Charity ; Dagon represented their Religious Worship; the Emerods, wherewith they were smitten, fignified the natural Loves, which, if separated from fpiritual Love, are unclean ;
and Mice fignified the Devastation of the Church, by Falsifications of Truth; a new Cart fignified natural Doctrine of the Church; for Chariot, in the Word signifieth Doctrine derived from fpiritual Truths; the Milch Kine signified good natural Affections; the golden Emerods signified the natural Loves purified and made good; the golden Mice signified the Dee valtation of the Church removed by Means of Goodness ; for
in the Word, fignifieth Goodness; the Lowing of the Kine in the Way signified the Difficult Conversion of the Concupiscences of Evil in the natural Man into good Affections; the Offering up of the Kine and the Cart as a Burpte Offering, signified that thus the God of Ifrael was rendered propitious. All these Things then, which the Philistines did by the Advice of their Diviners, were Correspondencies; frum which it appears, that the Science was long preferved amongst the Gentiles.
204. Forasinuch as the Representative Rites of the Church, which were Correspondencies, in Process of Time, began to be corrupted by idolatrous and likewise magical Applications of them; therefore, the Science of Correfpondencies was, by the Divine Providence of the Lord, fucceffively darkened, and, amongst the Ifraelitish and Jewish People, entirely obliterated. Indeed, the Divine Worship of that People confifta ed of mere Correspondencies, and confequently was reprefentative of heavenly Things, but still they had no Knwledge of a single Thing represented; for they were altogether Natural Men, and therefore had neither Inclination nor Ability to gain any Understanding of Spiritual and Celestial Subjects; for the Name Reason they were necessarily Ignorant of Correspondencies, these being Representations of Things spiritual and celescial in Things natural.
203 The Reason why the Idolatries of the Gentiles of old took their Rise from the Science of Correspondenceies, was because all Things that appear on the Face of the Earth have Correspondence, consequently, not only Trees and Vegetables, but also Beafts, Birds, and Fishes ef erery Kind, and all other Animals. ' The Ancients, who were versed in the. Scienceof Correspondencies, made themselves Images, which Corresponded with Things celeftial; and were greatly delight
ed therewith, by Reafon of their Signification, and that they could difcern in them what related to Heaven and the Church; and therefore they placed those Images both in their Temples, and also in their Houses, not with any Intention to worship them, but to serve as a Means of recollecting the celestial Things fignified by them. Hence, in Egypt and in other places they made Images of Calves, Oxen, Serpents, and also of Children, old Men, and Virging; because Calves and Oxen signified the Affections and Powers of the natural Man; Serpents, the Prudence and likewise Cunning of the sensual Man; Children, Innocence and Charity ; old Men, Wisdom; and Virgins, the Affections of Truth, &c. Succeeding Ages, when the Science of Correspondencies was obliterated, began to adore as holy, and at length to worship as Deities, the Images and Pictures set up by their Forefathers, because they found them iir and about their Temples. For the fame Reason, the Ancients performed their Worship in Gardens and Groves, according to the different kinds of Trees growing therein ; and also on Mountains and Hills; for Gardens and Groves fignified Wisdom and Intelligence, and every particular Tree, Something that had Relation thereto, as the Olive, the Good of Love; the Vine, Truth derived from that Good; the Cedar, Goodness and Truth rational; a Mountain, the highest Heaven; a Hill, the Heaven beneath. That the Science of Correspondencies remained amongst many Eastern antient Nations, even till the Coining of the Lord, may appear also from the Wise Men of the East, who visited the Lord at his Nativity; wherefore
Star went before them, and they brought with them Gifts, Gold, Frankincense, and Myrh, Matt. ii. 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, for the Star which went before them fignified Knowledge from Heaven ; Gold fignified celestial Good; Frankincense fpiritual Good; and Myrh natural Good, which are the three Conftituents of all Worship. But still the Science of Correspondencies was annihilated amongst the Ifraelitish and Jewish People, although all parts of tlieir Worlhip, and all the Statutes and Judgments given them by Moses, and all Things contained in the Word, were Correspondencies; the Reason was, becaufe they were Idolaters at Heart, and consequently of such a Nature and Genius, that they were not willing to allow that any Part of their Worship had a celestial and fpiritual Significations før they believed that all the Parts thereof were Holy of them