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COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SEVENTIETH CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION
WILLIS C. HAWLEY, Oregon, Chairman ALLEN T. TREADWAY, Massachusetts. JOHN N. GARNER, Texas. ISAAC BACHARACH, New Jersey.
JAMES W. COLLIER, Mississippi. LINDLEY H, HADLEY, Washington.
CHARLES R. CRISP, Georgia. CHARLES B. TIMBERLAKE, Colorado. JOHN F. CAREW, New York. HENRY W. WATSON, Pennsylvania.
WHITMELL P. MARTIN, Louisiana. JAMES C. MCLAUGHLIN, Michigan.
HENRY T. RAINEY, Ilinois. CHARLES C. KEARNS, Ohio.
CORDELL HULL, Tennessee. CARL R. CHINDBLOM, Illinois.
C. C. DICKINSON, Missouri. FRANK CROWTHER, New York.
ROBERT L. DOUGHTON, North Carolina
CLAYTON F. MOORE, Clerk
For the purpose of examining the effects of the operation of the Tariff Act of 1922 with a view to making readjustments where found necessary, general tariff hearings were commenced on January 7, 1929, pursuant to the following public notice authorized by the Committee on Ways and Means on December 5, 1928:
Preliminary to general tariff revision, the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives announces to all concerned that it will hold hearings at Washington, D. C., beginning January 7, 1929.
The distribution of time among the various schedules will be as follows:
January 7, 8, 9.
January 17, 18.
January 30, 31, February 1.
February 6, 7, 8. 12. Silk and Silk Goods
February 11, 12. 13. Papers and Books
February 13, 14. 14. Sundries
February 15, 18, 19. 15. Free List.
February 20, 21, 22. Administrative and Miscellaneous..
February 25. Hearings will be conducted in the hearing room of the committee, room 321, House of Representatives Office Building. Sessions will begin at 10 a. m. and 2 p. m., unless otherwise ordered.
Oral testimony.—Those desiring to testify should apply to the clerk of the committee at least one day prior to the date of the hearing in order to be assigned time on the program for that day. The following information should accompany the application: Name; permanent address; temporary address in Washington; person, firm, corporation, or association represented; paragraphs of the act concerning which testimony is to be given; and the amount of time desired.
So far as practicable, the committee will seek to recognize witnesses who are qualified to give first-hand information. In order to avoid duplication of arguments and to conserve the time of the committee and witnesses, it is suggested that those interested in the same items, and having the same problem to present, agree, if possible, upon one representative to present their views.
Briefs.-Witnesses are requested to file two copies of their briefs with the clerk in advance of the date of hearing. It is suggested that briefs should follow the outline given below:
1. Items and paragraphs in which interested; changes in duties recommended; reasons for such recommendations.
2. Importance of industry; development of industry and future prospects; number of employees affected.
3. Domestic production costs and wages and comparable costs and wages in foreign countries; also, if available, information concerning dumping, unfair competition, or other practices aimed to impair or destroy domestic industries.
4. Source of imports, volume, and prices at which offered. 5. Suggestions as to changes of phraseology or classification in the existing law.
6. Suggestions as to administrative features of the existing law with a view to their betterment.
All briefs and other papers filed with the committee should have indorsed thereon the name and address of the persons submitting them and the numbers of the paragraphs of the present tariff law to which they relate.
More than 1,100 persons sought a hearing as a result of this notice, and instead of the 35 days indicated in the notice the committee was compelled to sit 43 days and 5 nights in order that all might be heard, concluding its labors on February 27, 1929. Stenographic reports of the hearings were printed and distributed daily, which reports in addition to the oral statements contained briefs, resolutions, and other data pertinent to the subject under discussion. Copies of the daily prints were furnished to all witnesses who were requested to revise and correct their statements for this edition.
The subject matter of the testimony presented, together with the papers and other data submitted, have been grouped together, as far as practical, and arranged in the numerical order of the paragraphs of the Tariff Act of 1922 to which they apply. The sequence of the statements and the order of appearance were thereby necessarily abandoned in the compilation of this edition.
CLAYTON F. MOORE, Clerk.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Monday, February 25, 1929.
The committee met at 10 o'clock a. m., Hon. Willis C. Hawley (chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will be in order.
We begin this morning the hearings on the administrative provisions of the existing tariff law. The purpose of the committee will be better served, and I think that of those gentlemen who propose to submit suggestions, if you have prepared proposed amendments, to have copies of them ready to incorporate in your remarks. It is not necessary to read them, but have the provision incorporated in the remarks for the consideration of the committee. I suppose that most of the gentlemen will present briefs.
We must conclude these hearings by Thursday night at the outside Wednesday night, if possible, and the time of the committee will be best served if witnesses do not attempt to read briefs, but make an oral presentation in the time allotted, touching on the principal facts. The briefs will be carefully studied by he subcommittee that will be appointed on the matter of administrative provisions.
I think that it will be necessary to begin under the 10-minute rule. If & witness does not complete his statement in that time, and the committee wishes to extend his time, the time may be extended by unanimous consent of the committee.
STATEMENT OF HON. OGDEN L. MILLS, UNDERSECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, AND HON. E. W. CAMP, COMMISSIONER OF CUSTOMS, TREASURY DEPARTMENT
Mr. MILLS. Taken as a whole, the administrative sections of the tariff act of 1922 have presented relatively few difficulties in interpretation and enforcement. It is inevitable, however, in the administration of a law of such broad application as the tariff act for a period of several years, that some difficulties should develop and in addition that some amendments suggest themselves due to changing conditions.