« ПретходнаНастави »
The UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE for SEPTEMBER, 1792: 161
An Account of KEDDLESTONE HALL, in Derbyshire, the Seat of
Lord SCARSDALE: With a Perspective View of that magnificent Mansion.
ser lord Scarsdale, is one of the with riches and honour, in basso-refinest houses in the kingdom. The lievo. Among the paintings in this principal front is beautiful; it extends room are Olympia and Orlando, by three hundred and fixty feet, consist- Annibal Caracci ; there is great exing of a centre, and two wings of pression in these figures, the attitudes pavilions. The portico is light, and are strong, and the colouring fine ; consists of fix very fine pillars,' which the death of the Virgin, by Raphael ; support the tympanum, at the points Jupiter and Io, by Andrea Sacchi; a of which are ftatues. The garden Magdalen, by Annibal Caracci; a front is a very uncommon one, but holy family, by Raphael ; another by light; the centre has no window in Guido. it, but four pillars project from the The library is thirty-fix-feet long wall, and support as many ftatues; by twenty-four broad, and twentybetween them are niches with statues two high. The ceiling is Mofaic ; in them also.
the chimney-piece of ftatuary marble, The Egyptian hall is a very noble Doric columns, with bases to support room; and has in it a very magnifi- the cornice. Among the paintings cent range of Corinthian columns -of here are Adam and Eve, by Carlo Derbyshire marble. Here are two Lotti; Lot and his daughter, by the Itatues, one of Apollo, and the other fame 'mafter ; Daniel interpreting to of Meleager. The chimney-pieces Nebuchadnezzar, by Rembrandt; are of statuary marble, one of which Rinaldo and Armida, by Nicholas represents the rape of the Sabines, by Poussin; and Andromeda chained to Michael Angelo, and the other the the rock, by Guido. continence of Scipio, by the same The saloon is a very elegant room, master.
a circle, forty-two feet diameter, in The north music room is thirty-six which are some good paintings and feet long, by twenty-four wide, and very fine ftatues. twenty-two feet high, finished with
The dining-room is finished with stucco, an Ionic entablature, antique stucco ; the ceiling painted, and very ceiling, compartments and ornaments. elegant. In the circles are Europe, The chimney-piece is of statuary Asia, Africa, and America; in the marble. Among the paintings here middle circle Love embracing Forare Bacchus and Ariadne, a very tune; in the oblong square, the four capital piece; by Guido ; the temple seasons, expressed by the Triumphs of of Flora, by Viviano; an old man's Venus, Apollo, Bacchus, and folus : head, the expression of which is re- the whole executed in a very neat and markably fine, by Rembrandt; and elegant manner. The chimney-piece the Roman charity, by signora Pozzi. is of ftatuary marble. The glasses are
The drawing-room is hung with elegant, and the slabs of Sienna marblue damalk, antique ceiling, coved, ble. Among the paintings in this and very elegant. A Venetian win- room are, Hagar and Ishmael, ky dow, and the door-cases, are finely Ciro Ferri ; a landscape by Claude finished with Corinthian columns in Lorrain ; and two landscapes from alabaster. The chimney-piece is of Milton's Allegro, by Zuccarelli. ftatuary marble. The cornice is sup In the family pavilion are an antia ported by two whole length female room and a breakfait room, finished figures, very neatly executed. The with fresco paintings and antique ore VOL. XCI.
naments, after the baths of Dio. picturesque views of the lake and the clesian.
adjoining woods. It rises to the fumThere are several landscapes in lady mit, and there commands a very noScarsdale's dreling-room, and good ble prospect of all the adjacent counpaintings in some of the other rooms. try: You look down into the park
The architecture of Keddlestone is vale, with a large river winding light and pleasing, and it is, upon the through it, accompanied with spreadwhole, a very noble house. The en- ing lawns, and bounded by very novirons are finished in a manner equal ble woods of oak. Around the whole to the buildings. In the front of the is a vast range of waving hills, broken house, for a considerable extent, is a into inclosures of a good verdure, and fine winding river. The lawns hang hanging to the eye in various very well to the water, and are bound- sweeps. ed by woods of noble oaks, in a most This magnificent feat, which is pleasing manner. The approach from situated about four miles from Derby, Derby is through one of these woods, was built by the present lord Scarsdale, and the road leaving it, you gain an from a design by the ingenious Mr. oblique view of the house; but enter- Adams, and will long remain a moing another very fine wood, it is loft; nument of the skill of the architect and on coming out of the dark grove, and the munificence of his lordship. you break at once on the house, backed Very few buildings excel this in point with spreading plantations, which have of fituation, magnificence, and cona noble effect. The water. winds be- veniences of every kind. This spot fore it through the vale in the most has been, for ages, the residence of agreeable manner. You command the Curzon family; and the church, both the reaches that form the island, which nearly touches the house, affords and move up to the house over a fine some ancient, and many modern mobridge of three large arches.
numents, all to the memory of the From the garden front lady Scars- Curzons. Two of the latter deserve dale has traced with great taste a plea- particular examination, both for the fure ground -a winding lawn deco- beauty of the designs and elegance of rated with trees, fhrubs, and great the sculptor. The outside of this knots of wood, and a gravel walk church attracts the attention of trathrough it: it winds up the vale be- vellers, from the circumstance of its tween two hills to the right; is parted being totally covered with ivy; it from the park on each lide by a sunk really makes a very singular appearfence; and as the scattered trees and ance; and even the windows of the clumps are prettily varied, they let tower are closed up by it; but this in, as the walk rises on the hill, very ivy will, in time, destroy its support.
SELICO; an AFRICAN TALE: From "New Tales from the
French of M. Florian.' I
F, as the Persians assert, we might and venomous reptiles. The little jection to two principles, of which one rocco, of the negroes of Ardra, of does the little good which is conspi- Jaggas, the native inhabitants of the cuous, and the other the evil every coasts, as far as the country of the where so abundant, we should be in- Hottentots, bears a remarkable reclined to believe that Africa is the femblance to the natural history of place where the evil principle, in a lions, panthers, and serpents, which particular manner, exercises his power, are so worthy of partaking this parchNo portion of the globe produces such ing region with the cannibal princes variety of poiions, so many wild beasts which fell and eat the fleih of their
prisoners. In the midst of these dif Selico, the youngest of the brethren, gufting and horrible fcenes, where went often to the town to carry the some fell their children, and others first fruits of the harvest, the offering eat their captives, we sometimes may of this poor family, to the temple of discover traces of natural justice, of the great divinity of their country. genuine virtue, of conftancy in suffer. This god, it is weli known, is a huge ing, and a generous contempt of serpent of that species which are not death. These examples, rare as they venomous, and do no injury; on the may be, are sufficient to intereft us in contrary, they destroy those serpents this degraded part of the human spe- which are venomous ; and they are cies, to ipake us remember that they so venerated at Juida, that it is constill are men : just as in a barren de- fidered as a horrible crime to put one fart, a few solitary blades of verdure, to death. Thus the number of these which the traveller is from time to facred serpents has multiplied without time delighted to discover, fuffice to end : in the midit of their towns and convince him that he still treads upon villages, and, even within houses, one the earth.
meets, at every step, these deities, In the kingdom of Juida, situated who come familiarly to feed at the on the coast of Guinea, beyond the tables of their worshippers, sleeping Cape of three points, and not far near their fires, and producing their from Sabi, its capital, there lived, in young upon their beds; which last is the year 1727, a poor widow, named considered by them as the happiest of Darina ; she was the mother of three omens. sons, whom she had brought up with Of all the negroes of Juida, Selico a tenderness fortunately common in was the blackest, the best made, and human nature, but very uncommon the most amiable. In the temple of in the climates where children are their great deity he had seen the young considered as an article of trade, and Beriffa, daughter to the chief priest, sold for slaves by their unfeeling pa- who, by her figure, her beauty, and
The eldest of these was called her grace, was far superior to all her Guberi; the second Teloa ; and the companions, Selico conceived a palyoungest Selico. All of these were fion for her, and was beloved in reamiable and sensible ; they adored turn. Every Friday, the day sacred their good mother, who, now grown among the negroes to repose and reold and infirm, lived only by their ligion, the young lover appeared at industry. The wealth of this family the temple, passed the day in the soconfitted only of a hut, in which they ciety of his dear Beriffa, told her of lived together, with a little field con- his mother, his tender passion, and of tiguous, the maize of which was their the happiness they should enjoy when support. Every morning, taking it united in marriage. Beriffa did not by turns, one of the three brothers appear to conceal that she equally dewent to the chace, another worked in fired this moment to arrive; and the the field, the third remained at home venerable Farulho, her father, who with their mother : in the evening approved of the connection, promised, they met; the huntsman produced his with embraces, soon to reward their partridges, parrot, or perhaps a little tenderness. honey; the husbandman brought fuel, At length this period, fo anxiously while he who stayed at home provided expected, drew nigh. The day was their common meat. They fupped fixed; the mother of Selico and the affectionately together, contending two brothers had made ready the huts who should be most attentive to their for the young couple, when the famother : they received her bleiling, mous Truro Audati, king of Dahoand reclining upon straw, by the side mai, whose rapid victories have been of each other, they went to sleep, ex- celebrated even in Europe, invading pecting the morrow.
the kingdom of Ardra, exterminating X 2
the inhabitants, and advancing at the blood ! Every where did Selico rush head of his formidable army, was amid the horrid scenes, seeking Bechecked only by the great river which rissa and Farulho, pronouncing their bounded the realms of the fovereign names forrowfully aloud, and unable of Juida. This last, a weak and ti- to recognize their bodies among fo mid prince, governed by his women many inutilated trunks ! and his minilters, did not think even After dedicating five days to this of collecting a few troops to oppose terrible scarch, doubting not but that the conqueror. He believed that the Berissa and her father had become the deities of the country knew well victims of the ferocious Dahomians, enough how to defend the entrance, Selico determined to return to his and carried to the banks of the river mother. He found her in the wood all the sacred serpents that could be where he had left her with his brogot together. The prince of Daho- thers. The fixed sorrow of Selico, mai, surprised and indignant at hav- his manner, and his wild looks, tering only reptiles to combat, threw rified this unhappy family! Darina himself into the Atream with his troops, lamented his misfortune, and tried and gained the opposite bank; and various consolations; to all of which very soon these gods, from whom her son was insensible. He refused all miracles were expected, were cut to nourishment, and seemed determined pieces, roasted on the fire, and de- to expire by famine. Guberi and voured by the conquerors. Then the Teloa did not attempt to diffuade him king of juida, thinking that nothing by argument and reason, but they else could save him, abandoned his pointed to their venerable parent, who capital, and hastened to conceal him- had neither house nor bread, nor any self in a remote island. The warriors thing left but her children, They of Audati spread themselves every demanded of him, whether at that where, carrying with them fire and fight he had not the courage to live? sword. They burned the crops, towns,
Selico promised that he would, and and villages, and massacred without forced himself to think of nothing but mercy all that they could find. of dividing with his two brothers the
Terror dispersed the few inhabi- tender attentions which they paid their tants who escaped the carnage. The parent. They plunged into the woods, three brothers, on the approach of went fill farther from Sabi, built the conquerors, had taken their mo- themselves a hut in a remote valley, ther on their shoulders and haftened and thought of supplying by the chace, to conceal themselves in the woods. the maize and the vegetables which Selico would not leave Darina while they were without. Mhe was exposed to the smallest dan Deprived of their bows and arrows, ger; but the moment he saw her in and of all their other necessaries, which Jafety, trembling for the fate of Be- they had no time to carry away, they riffa, he flew to Sabi, to save or soon began to feel the extreme of perish with her. Sabi was taken by misery. Fruits were in these forests the Dahomians. The streets flowed rarely to be found, where the prodiwith blood ! the houses were plunder- gious number of apes were always ed and destroyed : the palace of the prepared to dispute them with the king and the temple of the serpent three brothers. The earth produced were nothing but smoaking ruins, co- nothing but grass. They had no invered with dead bodies, whose heads, ftrument to turn, nor grain to plant according to cultom, the barbarians it. The rainy season came on, and had carried away. The wretched Se- the horrors of famine attacked them. lico in despair, and wishing for death, The poor mother, still in misery, reventured many times among the fol- clining upon a bed of dry leaves, was diers intoxicated with brandy and ready to expire, but without a com