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me to his house ; and seemed rather the king speaks only the language of desirous of persuading me to abandon this island; but I have a servant whose my design of visiting the king ; but I name is Tumuni, a sensible and wore. affured him, that if the prince would thy man, who understands English, not supply me with proper attendants, and is much esteemed by the king : I would walk to Domoni with my he is known and valued all over Hin. own servants and a guide,

This man shall attend you ; • Shaikh Salim, he said, was and you will soon be sensible of his miserably avaricions; that he was worth.' alhamed of a kinsman with such a dis- Tumuni desired to carry my basket, position ; but that he was no less ob- and we set out with a prospect of fine Itinate than covetcus, and that with- weather, but some hours later than I out ten dllars paid in hand it would had intended. I walked by the garbe imposible to procure bearers.' I dens of the two princes to the skirts of then gave him three guineas, which the town, and came to a little village he carried, or pretended to carry to confilling of several very neat huts Salim, but returned without the made chiefly with the leaves of the change, alleging that he had no fil- cocoa-tree; but the road a little farver, and promising to give me on ther was fo ftony, that I sat in the my return the few dollars that re- palanquin, and was borne with permained. In about an hour the ridicu- fect safety over fome rocks. I then dous vehicle was brought by nine sturdy desired my guide to assure the men, blacks, who could not speak a word that I would pay them liberally; but of Arabic; so that I expected no in- the poor peasants, who had been formation concerning the country brought from their farms on the hills, through which I was to travel ; but were not perfectly acquainted with Alwi affifted me in a point of the ut- the use of money, and treated my moit consequence. You cannot go,' promise with indifference. Faid he, without an interpreter ; for [To be concluded in our next.)



KING LEAR. sign; but he quickly kindles into rage,
Continued from Page 111.

and resolving to depart immediately,

bursts into the above exclamation. Parental Anguish and Distraction. This is followed by a severe reflection Lear. Darkness and devils !

on his own folly in resigning his Saddle my horses ; call my train together. crown, and a folemn invocation to Degenerate bastard ! I'll not trouble thee. Nature, to heap the most horrible Our poet's representation of the ori curses on the head of Goneril, that

her own offspring may prove equally gin and progress of the distraction of

cruel and unnatural. But this we Lear, exhibits the greatest judgment have already noticed (See page 110). and skill. It is well contrived, that

-When the duke of Albany, who the first affront that is offered to the

to be a good character, enaged monarch, fhould be a proposal quires the cause of this rage, his fafrom Goneril, his elder daughter, to ther-in-law answers, ' • I'll tell thee!' Jeffen the number of his knights; --but immediately cries out to Gowhich musi naturally affect and irri.

neril : tate a person so jealous of his rank and the respect due to it. He is at

Life and death! I am ashamed firft ftruck with the complicated im- That thou hast power to thake my manpudence and ingratitude of this de.

hood thus.


Blasts and fogs upon thee ! No, but not yet :-may be, he is not well : Th' untented woundings of a father's Infirmity doth still neglect all office, curie

Whereto our health is bound; we are Pierce every sense about thee.

not ourselves, Ha! is it come to this? When Nature, being oppress’d, commands Let it be fo: yet have I left a daughter,

the mind Who, I am ture, is kind and comfort. To suffer with the body : I'll forbear ; able.

And am' fallen out with my more headier When she shall hear this of thee, with her will, nails

To take the indisposed and sickly fit She'll fay thy wolfish visage.

For the found man. But he was mistaken: for the first If the surprise and resentment exobject he beholds in the castle of the pressed in the first part of this speech earl of Glofter, whither he had come be just and natural, the pause of reto meet his other daughter, was his collection above mentioned is not less fuppofed fervant, the earl of Kent, in worthy of observation, as extremely the stocks; from which, he might fine, both in the reasonableness of the easily conjecture what reception he reflection, and the humanity of the himself was to meet with. When he sentiment. Indeed, this beautiful palfends to desire an interview with Corn- fage, and many others of the same wall, the evasive refusal he receives tender kind, which follow in the course excites the most violent emotions : of developing the old king's characLear. Deny to speak with me? They only of compassion but of esteem, not

ter, render him a real object, not They have travell'd hard to-night? Mere withstanding the weakness, passion, fetches;

and injustice, he had so fully disclosed The images of revolt and flying off! in the beginning of the play. But,? Fetch me a better answer.

as Mrs. Griffith has justly observed,

(no writer that ever lived was capaWhen Glofter, as an apology for

ble of drawing a mixed character not pressing Cornwall, a second time, to an interview, urges the fiery quality dived fo deep into Nature, as he.

equal to Shakspeare; for no one ever of the duke, the rage of the unhappy king is scarce to be restrained; and Frequent instances of this admirable yet, in a pause of recollection, it fub- talent in him may be selected from his

works. Most other authors, in their fides into the most humane and con

descriptions of men, prefent us either diderate reflections.

with a flowery mead or a favage defert; Lear. Vengeance ! plague ! death! but the demesne of human nature, confusion !

which includes both the fruitful field Fiery? What quality? Why, Gloster, and the barren walte, within one in

Glofter, I'd speak with the duke of Cornwall and closure, is rarely delineated by comhis wife.

mon writers.' Glofter. Well, my good lord, I have

But Lear again kindles into rage : inform'd them fo. Lear. Informod them! Doit thou un

Death on my state : Wherefore derstand me, man?

[Locking on Kent.

Should he fit here ? &c. Glofler. Ay, my good lord. Lear. The king would speak with He adds immediately afterward:

Cornwall; the dear father 'Would with his daughter speak, com- O me, my heart, my rising heart! but, mands her service :

down. Are they inform'd of this ? My breath and blood !

It is observed by Dr. Joseph WarFiery ? the fiery duke ? Tell the hot duke ton, that, by this lingle line, the inthat

expreffible anguith of his mind, and

and groans,

the dreadful confli&t of opposite paf- received, and breaking off thus abLions with which it is agitated, are ruptly, as if his voice was choaked by more forcibly expressed, than by the tenderness and resentment. long and laboured speech, enumerat- • When Regan counsels him to ask ing the causes of his anguish, that her fifter forgivenefs, he falls on his Rowe, and other modern tragic writ- knees with a very striking kind of ers, would certainly have put into his irony, and asks her how such fupmouth. But, he proceeds, Na- plicating language as tris becometh tare, Sophocles, and Shakspeare, re- him: present the feelings of the heart in a Ask her forgiveness ? different manner; by a broken hint, Do you but mark how this becomes the a fhort exclamation, a word, or a

house t : look :

Dear daughter, I confess that I am old;

Age is unnecessary I: on my knees I beg, • They mingle not, mid deep-felt fighs That you'll vouchsafe me raiment, bed, and

food. Descriptions gay, or quaint comparisons. No flowery far-fetch'd ughts their scenes admit;

• But being again exhorted to fue Ill suits conceit with passion, woe with for reconciliation, the advice wounds wit.

him to the quick, and forces him into Here paffion prompts each short expressive execrations against Goneril, which, speech,

though they chill the soul with horror, Or filence paints what words can never are yet well suited to the impetuosity reach.

of his temper: • When Jocasta, in Sophocles, has

Never, Regan : discovered that Edipus was the mur- She hath abated me of half my train; derer of her husband, she immediately Look'd black upon me; Itruck me with leaves the stage; but in Corneille and Dryden she continues on it during a Moft ferpent-like, upon the very heart : whole scene, to bewail her destiny On her ungrateful top! Strike her young

All the itor’d vengeance of heaven fall in fet speeches.

bones, • In the next scene, the old king You taking airs, with lameness ! appears in a very distressful situation. You nimble lightnings, dart your blindHe informs Regan, whom he believes

ing flames to be ftill aciuated by filial tenderness, Into her scornful eyes ! of the cruelties he has suffered from her fifter Goneril, in very pathetic • The wretched king, little imaterms:

gining that he is to be outcast from

Regan also, adds very movingly : Beloved Regan, Thy fifter's naught: 0 Regan, the hath

'Tis not in thee

To grudge my pleasures, to cut off my Sharp-tooth'd Unkindness, like a vulture, frain, here *.

To bandy hasty words, to scant my fizes, i scarce can speak to thee; thou'lt not And, in conclusion, to oppose the bolo believe,

Against my coming in: thou better know'st Of how deprav'd a quality - O Regan! The offices of nature, bond of childhood,

Effects of courtesy, dues of gratitude; " It is a froke of wonderful art in Thy half o' the kingdom thou hast not the poet, to render him incapable of

forgot, specifying the particular ill usage he has Wherein 1 thee endow'd,

her tongue,

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Alluding to the fable of Prometheus. + That is, the order of families, the duties of relation. 1. Age is unnecessary,' says Mr. Şteevens, may mean old people are useless.' But Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks it means in want of necessaries, unable to procura

them. Аа

• That

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That the hopes he had conceived • Nothing occurs to his mind fevere of tender usage from Regan should be enough for them to suffer, or him to deceived, heightens his distress to a inflict. His passion rises to a height great degree. Yet it is still aggra- that deprives him of articulation. He vated and increased by the sudden ap- tel.s them that he will subdue his forpearance of Goneril; upon the un- row, though almost irresistible, and expected sight of whom he exclaims, that they ihall not triumph over his

weakness : Who comes here? O heavens, If you do love old men, if your sweet sway

You think,


weep; Allow obedience, if yourselves are old,

No, I'll not weep; Make it your caule ; fend down, and take I have fuil cause of weeping: but this my part !

heart - This address is surely pathetic Or ere I'll weep.

Shall break into a hundred thoufand flaws, beyond expression; it is scarce enough to speak of it in the cold terms of cri- He,concludes: ticism. I here follows a question to

O, fool, I shall go mad ! Goneril that I have never read without tears :

• Which is an artful anticipation Art not alham'd to look upon this beard ? dreadful event that is to follow in the

that judiciously prepares us for the • This scene abounds with many fucceeding acts.” ' noble turns of passion, or rather conficts of very different pafsions. The

Parafites. inhuman daughters urge him in vain, Kent. That such a Nave as this should by all the sophistical and unfilial ar- wear a sword, guments they were mistresses of, to Who wears no honesty! Such smiling diminish the number of his train : he

rogues as these, answers them only by four poignant Which are too intriniet unloose : smooth

Like rats, oft bite the holy cords in twain words:

every passion
gave you all!

That in the natures of their lords rebels;

Bring oil to fire, fnow to their colder When Regan at last consents to

moods; receive him, but without any attend- Renege, affirm, and turn their halcyon ants, for that he might be served by beaks her own domestics, he can no longer With every gale anı vary of their masters ; contain his disappointment and rage. Knowing nought, like dags, but follows First he appeals to the heavens, and

ing points out to them a spectacle that is

This passage, like many others in indeed inimitably affecting :

Shakspeare, wil appear very fine and You see me here, you gods, a poor old noble, when the allusions are under: man,

stood. By the holy cords, the poet Asfuli of grief as age; wretched in both! means the natural union between paIf it be you that ftir these daughters hearts rents and children. The allusion is Against their father, fool me not so much to the cords of the fanciuary; and the To bear it tamely.

fomenters of family differences are Then suddenly he addresses Go. cornpared to thefe facrilegious rats. neril and Regan in the severek terins, The halcyon is the bird otherwise called and with the bitterest threats : the king-fiber. The vulgar opinion No, you unnatural bags,

was, that this bird, if hung up, would I will have such revenges on you both,

vary with the wind, and thus few That all the world thall. I will do such from what point it blew. thrings

Our bard has some fine passages What they are, yet I know not. elsewhere, in which he expresses an 5


equal deteftation of the character of a to what is more intolerable fill--an parasite :

affected profigacy of manners. He is a flatterer,

Profcription, A parasite, a keeper back of death,

Edgar. I herd'mydelf proclaimed; Who gently would dissolve the bands of

And, by the happy hollow of a tree, life, Which falle hopes linger,

Elcap'd the hunt. No port is free; no

place, Again:

That guard, and most unusual vigilance, Most smiling, smooth, detested parasites, Does not attend my taking. Courteous destroyers, atfable wolves, meek

In the dreadful scenes of political bears.

agitation exhibited in a neighbouring Affected Bluntness.

country, in which the slightest cir

cumstance may engender fufpicion, Kent. Sir, 'tis my occupation to be and that suspicion produse instantaneplain;

ous proscription-how many an unI have seen better faces in my time,

happy wretch is there, who, with all Than (tands on any Moulder that I see Before me at this instant.

the exquisite feeling of hopeless safety, Cornwall. This is fome fellow,

and almost certain destruction, may Who, having been prais d for bluntness, utter this foliloquy of Edgar! doth affect

A Madman, A faucy roughness; and constrains the garb

Edgar. While I may scape, Quite from his nature : He cannot flatter, I wil preserve myself: and am bethought he!

To take the baseit and most poorest shape, An honelt mind and plain; he must speak That ever penury, in contempt of man, truth :

Brought near to beast: my face I'll grime An they will take it, so; if not, he's plain. with filth; These kind of knaves I know, which in Blanket my loins į elf all my hair in this plainness

knots * ; Harbour more craft, and more corrupter And with presented nakedness outface en is,

The winds and perfecutions of the sky. Than twenty filly ducking observants The country giveś me proof and precedent That stretch their duties nicely.

Of Bedlam beggars, who, with roaring There is a wide difference between

voices, a true manly sincerity and frankness Strike in their numb'd and mortify'd bare and that bluntness and roughness of Pins, wooden pricks t, nails, sprigs of speech and manners, which have been

rosemary ; too often affected for the molt finister And with this horrible object, from low purposes. Cornwall's observation was farms, extremely juit; although not at all Poor pelting I villages, sheep-cotes, and applicable to the real character of the mills, honest Kent in disguise. Even in a Sometime with lunatic bans , sometime

with very elevated rank of life, and in one Inforce their charity.

Poor Turlygood 5!

prayers, of the highest stations, some of our Poor Tam! readers may have observed this af. That's something yet ; Edgar I nothing fected bluntness and roughness, added am :

* Hair, thus knotted, was vulgarly supposed to be the work of elves and fairies in + Skewers. I Pelting is a corruption of petty, little. 1. To ban, is to curse.. $ This is a corruption of the word Turlupin ; for in the fourteenth century, it feems, there was a new species of gipsies, called Turlupins, a fiaternity of naked beggars, which ran up and down Europe.

The church of Rome, however, condelcended to dignify them by the name of' Heretics, was actually fo good as to burn some of them at Paris.

That is, .as Edgar I am outlawed, dead in law ; I have no longer any political existence.' Os the meaning may be, As poor Tom, I may exist; appearing as Edgar, I am loft,'

A a 2



the night.

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