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ceeding stages of modish life, would artificial mode of life with that of na. carry us far beyond our present in- ture, would probably afford a very tention. Suffice it to observe, that striking contraft; and at the fame they prevail more particularly among time tupply an additional reason why, people who are the most highly po- in the very large cities, instances of lined and refined. To compare their longevity are so very rare.
An Account of HERTFORD S'HI RE: With a neat and accurate
MAP of that County. THE county of Herts
is bounded, and Ware, from the laft of which it is on the north, by Cambridge- navigable to the Thames. It collects shire ; on the east, by Eflex, from in its course all the streams of the which county it is separated, partly by northern and eaftern parts. Pope thus the river Lea, and partly by the mentions this river: smaller river Stort; on the north-west, by Bedfordshire; on the west, by
The gulfy Lea his sedgy treffes rears.
WINDSOR FOREST. Bucks; and, on the south, by Middlesex. It is thirty-six miles in length The Stort rises near Clavering in from north to south, and twenty-eight Essex, and leaving that county at in breadth from east to west. It is Birchanger, flows to Bishop Stortford, divided into eight hundreds, which where it has been made navigable to contain nineteen market-towns, and the river Lea, which it joins near 174 parishes. It sends fix members · Roydon. to parliament; namely, two for On the south-western fide the Coln the county, and two cach for the unites various streams, and conveys borough-towns of Hertford and St. them out of the county near RickmansAlban's.
worth. The northern skirt of this county is
The wholesome air and pleasant hilly, forming a scattered part of the fituations of Hertfordshire, together chalky ridge which extends across the with its vicinity to the metropolis, kingdom in this direction. A num- have rendered it a favourite reiidence ber of streams take their rise from this both in ancient and modern times; side, which, by their clearness, shew and it possesses many country seats the general nature of the soil to be in- and remains of antiquity. Its towns, clined to hardness, and not abundantly however, are of small account; and rich. Flintstones are scattered in it is without manufactures. great profusion over the face of this The great business of the county is county; and beds of chalk are fre- the traffic of corn and the malting quently to be met with. It is found, trade; which laft is carried on to a however, with the aid of proper cul- very large extent in the towns of ture, to be extremely favourable to Hitchin, Boldock, Royston-and Ware. corn, both wheat and barley, which The latter town sends a greater supply come to as great perfection here as in of malt to London than any other any part of the kingdom. The western market. The Hertfordshire 'malt is part is in general a tolerably rich foil, not, however, all grown in the counand under excellent cultivation. ty; but large quantities of barley are
The principal river of Hertford- purchased in all the surrounding ones, fire is the Lea, which, rising out of which, after being malted in these Leagrave marih in the south of Bed- towns, is sent to London chiefly by fordihire, flows obliquely to the eastern the navigation of the Lea. fide, wailing the towns of Hertford
METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, August 1792.
D. H. Baro. fT.ourj T. in Hyg.,C. Wind.
7 30,23 60
30,32|62 165 11,55 SSE 1. fine
E 2. clear night
1 47 30,02 63 68,5 10,5 1 30,0876
72 517 30,19 60 68 10,5 ENE I. fine 30,14 74 71
ENE 2. clear night 67 139,12 59
5 ENE il fine 30,0873 69,51 951
ENE I 77 30,08 60
5 2 30,08 73 70,5 9,513 8
E 1 drizzling fog
Eil. fine night 97 30,2259 66
fine 30,2075 71
4 107 30,20 64,5168,5 10,5 3 SI
30,16 73 71 10,513 137 30,1670
NNW i 73 10,513
NNW 1 1217 30,13 66,5 71,5 10,5 3 WI 30,05 79,5175
WSWI 1317 30,0465,5171,5 10,5 2
NWI 1417 30,01 63,5169
NNW z 2 29,98173
72,5 15 30,03160 163 1ο NNW I fine
30,04 69,5 71,51 9 NWI..cloudy eve: little rain 167 29,37 62 67 10,55
SSW 2 less cioudy 2 29,82 72,570,5
II WSW 2. more cloudy night I? 7. 29,82 61 68
NWI N 2 29,82 71 70
W1l. more cloudy eve, much rain 187 29,5361 68 II
NE I continual rain
N 1 much rain, fair night, fine 197 29,77 54,563,5
66 11,53 NW 1. little wet at eve, clear night 207 129,9253
WNW i 2 29,92 65 65 II 5
SW1 shower. fine. much rain at night 2117 29,63 59,563,5 12 SSW , rain, fair : fine
29,57 67,5 66,5 12,5 2 SW 3. lefs wind. cloudy night : little raik 22 7 29,51 60,564,5 12,5 5 S
little rain. fine 2 29,43 67,5 67,5 12,5 3 SW 21. showers. clear night 23/7 29,4258,564,5 12
fhowers 2 129,51 67 66
3 2417 29,85 58,5 66 II 3
W 2 2 29,97 67,5 67 11 4 Wz. more cloudy. rain at times 1257 29,93 59,5 64,5 11,515 | WSW 2 little rain. chiefly fine 2 29,91 68
5. SSW 31. little wer at times. tine night 267 29,76163,5 67
Sil: much rain (29,68 67,569
S 2 little rain, showers: fine 1277 29,62 57,5 65 12,5
2 29,82 67 66,512 3 WSW 3. less wind 2817 129,93 53
SW I hazy
The HISTORY of Mr. BETHEL; an interesting and instructive
Narrative. [From · Desmond, a Novel, in 3 vol. by Mrs. Charlotte Smith.'] Told
you in a former letter, that career, conceived an affection, or, acI would endeavour to give you a cording to your phrase, an ardent little of my dearly-bought experience. attachment to a married woman of You know that I have been unhappy; high rank; but I had, at the same but you are probably quite unac- time, feen enough of them all, to dequainted with the fources whence that termine never to marry any
of them unhappiness originates. In relating myself. them, I may perhaps convince you, Two years experience confirmed me that ignorance and simplicity are no in this resolution; but, by the end of fecurities against the evils which you that time, I was relieved from the feem to apprehend in domestic 1.fe ; embarrassments of a large property. and that the woman, who is suddenly in the course of the firit year, the raised from humble mediocrity to the turf and the hazard-table had disburgay scenes of fashionable fplendour, is thened me of all my ready money, much more likely to be giddily in- and, at the conclufion of the second, toxicated, than one who has from her my eftate was reduced to something infancy been accustomed to them. less than one half. I then found thar
At one-and-twenty, and at the close I was not, by above one half, fo great of a long minority, which had been an object to my kind friends as I had passed under the care of very excellent been, and when, soon afterward, I guardians, I became master of a very was compelled to pay five thousand large sum of ready money, and an pounds for my sentimental attachment; estate the largest and belt-conditioned when the obliging world represented that any gentleman possessed in the my affairs infinitely worse than they county where it lay. I was at that were, and I became afraid of looking ţime very unlike the f ber fellow I into them myself; I found the period now appear; and the moment I was rapidly approaching, when to this cirfree from the restraint of those friends, cle I should become no object at all. to whose guardianship my father had My pride now affected that, which left me, I rushed into all the disipa- common sense had attempted in vain; tion that was going forward, and be- and I determined to quit a fociety came one of the gayeft men at that into which I should never have entime about town.
tered. I went down to my house in With such a fortune it was not dif- the county where almost all my estate ficult to be introduced into the very lay; fent for the attorney who had first world.' The illustrious adven- the care of my property, and, with a turers and titled gamblers, of whom fort of desperate resolution, resolved that world is composed, found me an to know the worst, admirable subject for them ; while the This lawyer, whose father had been women, who were then either the steward to mine, and to whom at his most celebrated ornaments of the cir- death the stewardship had been given cle where I moved, or were endea- by my guardians, was a clear-headed, vouring to become fø, were equally active and intelligent man; and, when solicitous to obtain my notice; and the he saw himself entrusted with fuller unmarried part of them seemed gene- powers to act in my business than he rously willing to forget my want of had till then possessed, he fet about it title in favour of my twelve or thir. so earnestly and affiduously, that he teen thousand a year. I had, how- very foon got successfully through two ever, at a very early period of my law-suits of great importance; raised
my rents without oppressing my te- coquetry. They were pretty enough, nants; disposed of luch timber as and not without sense ; but they had could be sold without prejudice to the both been very much in London ; principal estate ; fold off part of what and, I thought, too deeply initiated, was mortgaged to redeem and clear if not into very falhionable societies, the rest ; and so regulated my affairs, yet into the style of those which catch, that, in a few months from the time with imitative emulation, the man, of his entirely undertaking them, I ners and ideas those societies give. found myself relieved from
every em- Mr. Stamford seemed desirous of givbarrassment, and fill possessed of an ing both these ladies a chance of lucestate of more than five thousand cels with me, for they were alternately pounds a year. The seven that I had brought forward for about twelvethrown away gave me, however, some months ; at the end of which time, of the severe pangs that are inflicted they were both, perhaps, convinced, by mortified pride. Nabobs and rich that they had neither of them any citizens became the oftentatious pof- great prospect of it; for then the fasesfors of manors and royalties in the mily of a widow fifter was invited, same county, which were once mine; none of whom I had ever seen, or and some of my estates--eftates that hardly heard mentioned before. had been in my family since the con The father of this family, a lieutequest, now ļent their names to barons nant in the army, had married the by recent purchase, and indignified eldest of Stamford's fifters, when he mulhroom nobility.
was recruiting in the town where she I fled, therefore, from public meet- then lived; by which he fo greatly ings, where I only found subjects of disobliged the friends on whom he deself-reproach, and made acquaintance pended, that, though he had a very with another set of people, among large family, they never afforded him whom I was still considered as a man afterward the least assistance; and, of great fortune ; and where I found about two years before the period I more attention, and, as I believed,' now speak of, he had died at Jamaica, more friendship than I had ever ex- leaving his widow and seven children, perienced in superior societies.
with very little more than the pension More general information and more allowed by government to subsilt upon. understanding I certainly found ; and Of these children, the two eldest were none of my new friends possessed a daughters; who, from the obscure greater share of both than my solici- village their mother was compelled to tor, Mr. Stamford. He had de- inhabit in Wales, were now come servedly obtained my confidence, and to pass the winter, at the house of I was now often at his house, which their uncle, in a large provincial his family seemed to vie in trying to town. On entering one morning render agreeable to me.
Stamford's parlour, in my usual faHis wife was pleasing and good- miliar way, I was ftruck with the humoured; he had several fisters, some fight of two very young women who married, and two single, who occa were at work there; the elder of fionally visited at his house; and it whom was, I thought, the most perwas not difficult to fee, that in the feet beauty I had ever seen. When eyes of the latter, Mr. Bethel, with I met Stamford, I expressed my ad. his reduced fortune, was a man of miration of the young person I had greater consequence than he had ever just parted from, and enquired who appeared to the high-born damsels she was; he told me she was his niece, among whom he had lived in the and briefly related the history of his meridian of his prosperity.
filter's family. I was not, however, flattered by At dinner, as Stamford invited me their attention, or attracted by their to stay, I could not kçep my eyes
from the contemplation of Louisa's abilities, who has a seat in parliament. beauty, which, the longer I beheld Take a seat in the house of commons, it, became more and more fascinating. and a session or two will open to you The unaffected innocence and timidity prospects greater than thote
sacriof her manners rendered her yet more ficed in the early part of your life.'interesting. She knew merely how I took his advice, and the following to read and write, and had, till now, year, instead of telling, at a general never been out of the village, whither election, the two seats for a borough her mother had retired when she was which belonged to me, I filled one only fix or seven years old; and her myself, and gave the other to Stamtotal unconsciousness of the beauty the ford, who, conscious as he was of so eminently possessed, rivetted the possessing those powers, which, in a fetters which that beauty, even at the corrupt government, are always eafirst interview, imposed.
gerly bought, had long been solicitous Her uncle was nat, however, fo to quit the narrow walk of a country blind to the impression I had received; attorney, and mount a stage where yet he managed so well, that, with- those abilities would have scope. out any appearance of artifice on his In consequence of this arrangepart, I was every day at the house: ment, I took a large house in town; and, in a week, I was gone a whole where Stamford and his family had age in love. I loon made proposals, apartments for the first four or five which were accepted with transport. months. At the end of that time, he I married the beautiful Louisa-and had managed so well, that he hired was for some time happy.
one for himself. Artful, active, and Mr. Stamford had immediately the indefatigable, with a tongue very whole management of my fortune, in plausible, and a conscience very plithe improvement of which he had now ant, he soon became a very useful so much interest; and, in his hands, man to the party who had purchased it recovered itself so fast, that though him. Preferments and fortune crowdI made a very good figure in the ed rapidly upon him; and Stamford, country, I did not expend more than the country attorney, was soon forhalf my
income. The money thus gotton, in Stamford the confident of saved, Stamford put out to the best minifters, and the companions of advantage, and I saw myself likely to peers. regain the lost consequence I so much I was not, however, entirely with regretted: a foolish vanity, to which out acquiring some of the advantages l lacrificed my real felicity.
he had tanght me to expect. I obStamford, who had all the latent tained, by what I now blush to think ambition that attends conscious abili- of (giving my voice in dircct oppoties, as a man of business, had, till fition to my opinion and my princi. now, felt that ambition repressed by ples) a place of lix hundred pounds a the little probability there was of his year; which, though it did little more ever reaching a more elevated fitua- than pay the rent of my house in tion. But he saw and irritated the town, was, as Mr. Stamford assured mortified pride which I very ill con me, the foretaste of superior advancealed ; and, by degrees, he com- tages. But, long before the close of municated to me, and taught me to this fellion of parliament, I discovered, adopt those projects, by which he told that far from being likely to recover me I should not only be relieved from the fortune I had dissipated, I was, this uneasy sensation, but rise to greater in fact, a considerable" loser in peconsequence than I had ever possessed. cuniary matters.
Alas! I was yet You have talents,' said he, and endeavouring to shut my eyes against ought to exert them. In these times, the sad conviction, that I had sustainany thing may be done by a man of ed, a yet heavier, and more irrepa