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INVASION OF FRANCE. AFTER the capture of the strong towns as to promise success. M. de Seramond,
of Longwy in French Luxemburghi, major general of artillery, had, as well as and of Verdun in Lor:a'n, the combined mylelt, his horse struck by a cannon shot., army of Pruflians, Auftrians, Hellians, In the embarrassinent that must attend parand Einigrants, under the command of the ticular mention, I shall felest only M. de : duke of Brunfwick, entered the province Chartres and M. Montpersier, for the of Champ gne, and seemed at fint to carry praile of good concut and courage in the all before them. Maithal Luckner, on midit of danger, from a very hot fire. whose fidelity lit le dependence seemed to [These are the sons of the ci-devant duke be placed, was removed from the frontiers, of Orleans.] The French nation, after where he commanded the army of the what I faw yesterday, may be assured, North, and stationed at the new camp at that the best disciplined Goldiers cannot exChalons on-the-Marne, about 95 miles cel those who have devoted themlélves to from Paris, with the title of Generalissimo.. the cause of liberty. General Demourier had succeeded M. la
Great preparations were making in Paris, Fayette in the command of the centre ar- against the approach of the invading army; my; and the southern army was under the and fo confident were the enemies of the conduct of general Montesquieu. The revolution of its success, that a report firit, of which general Kellerman had ta- which had been circulated in the Auitrian ken the command, was defined to cover Netherlands of the entire capture of the the frontiers toward the Aufrian Nether, French army under Demourier, was almost lands; the second, were to ricfend the univerfally believed both in that country countries bord-ring on the Rhine; and the and in England. But it soon appeared, third was stationed in Dauphiny, to pro- that on entering France, the duke of Brunttect that country against any at:ack of the wick had expected, according to the reking of Sard nia. The duke of Brunf. peated assurances of the Emigrants, to be wick, at first, seemed to carry all before joined by the inhabitants of the country as him. On the 14th of Sep ember, 10,000 he pared, and even by great numbers of men, a detachment of the army under De- the French soldiery: at least, that the latmourier, ftruck with a panic, fed before ter, from the unskilfulness of their gene1500 Prussians; and the French general rals, and their own want of discipline, acknowledged, that had the latter pur[ued would be unable to make head againut him, their advantage, initead of stopping to col. In all these refpects, however, he was dislest the arms, &c. of the fugitives, his appointed. The weather, moreover, was whole army might have been destroyed. extremely unfavourable ; sickness prevailed General Kellerman having advanced, with in his camp; his convoys of provifions the army of the north, to the assitance of were frequently cut off, and he found: Demcurier, his advanced guard was at himself in the desert plains of Champagne tacked, on the 20th, by the duke of Brunf- exposed to all the miferies of famine. · This, wick's whole army.
The French soldier's sunation produced the trnce and negotiation defended themselves with great fkill and' mentioned in our account of the proceede, bravery, and fell back to the main body ings of the Convention. In fine, this forunder Kellerman, who kept an admirable midable army, on the 29th of September, polition, during a severe cannonade of four-, began a retreat, in which they were harteen hours.
This general, in bis letter to raised by the French general Bournonville, the national affeinbly, thus expresses him- who took from them, at different times, a felf: “I cannot do sufficient juftice tą great number of prisoners, waggons, &c. the valour and zeal of the officers and men. The Pruffians, at latt, effe&ted their reI faw whole ranks swept away by the ex treat to Verdun; and, it was supposed, piofion of three ammunition waggons, fet would there make a stand. On the orth on fire by a howitzer, without the line be- of October, however, general Dillon fent ing broken. A part of the cavalry, and the following fummons to the Prussian particularly the carabineers, were for a' commandant : long time exposed to a very galling fire, and Mewed themselves models of courage
“ Camp of Regret, 06. 12. and firmness.- I had entertained a hope a General Dillon, commander of a that their cavalry would engage mine, French army now encamped under Verwhich was disposed of in such a manner dun, proposes to the conimandant of his 6
Pruffian Majesty in the town and citadel of general of the arinies of tlie republic, and Verdun, to deliver up that place to him, count de Kalkréuth, lientenant-general of and to evacuate it immediately, or in the his inajesty the king of Prussia, fully aucourfe of a day. On these conditions the thorised for that purpose. general assures him, that he will not im Article I. The gate called Port de pede the retreat of the Prussian troops, and France, of the fortreis of Longwy, shall ibat he will even protect the removal of be put into poffetlion of the French troops fuch fick as are in a condition to be tranf. on the 22d inft. and the town hall be to. ported. He informs the commandant, tally evacuated in 24 hours after. That if be accepts this proposal, which II. All the artillery and magazines shall tends to prevent the ufeless shedding of be put in the same itate in which they were blood, he will avoid a close fiege, which when the town surrendered, and delivered will otherwise be commenced this day. I to an officer appointed by general Kellersend this to you by lieutenant-colonel man to receive them. Chenetz, my aid-de-camp, whom I have III. The fame regulations shall be obordered to bring back your answer. served respecting the sick, as were agreed (Signed) DILLON."
upon at the evacuation of Vedun.
IV, General Kalkreuth fhall send an Answer by the Pruffian General, Coubire. officer to be present when the troops quit
the place, in crder to prevent any accident Verdun, Oft. 11.
after they have passed the gate de Borgogne. " I am ordered by the king to inform V. Should any unforeseen event acciyou, in answer to your fummons, that to- dentally happen, it hall make no change morrow morning the 12th current, you in the preceding articles of this capitulation will be put in poffeflion of the gate of Se. the guilty Mall be punished, and the cours, which mall be occupied jointly by capitulation thall be executed. troops
of the king and the French VI. To give more authenticity to the troops ; that Verdun shall be completely present capitulation, it shall be sealed witlu evacuated on the 14th; and that the fick the feal of the French people, and that of who are in a condition to be removed shall his majesty the king of Pruffia. follow in carriages of the country, which (Signed) C. VALENCE, General of hall be paid for. On these articles I am the Armies of the French Republic. authoriled to agree to a capitulation,” &c. COUNT DE KALKREUTH, Lieutenanta
The evacuation of Verdun accordingly general of the Armies of the King of took place on the time agreed. On the Pruffia. 17th of October, general Valence, who commanded a division of Kellerman's ar. In consequence of this capitulation, the my, forced the post of Pillon. The same surrender of Longwy took place, and, by day she duke of Brunswick and general almost immediate consequence, the entire Kalkreuth sent a trumpet, with an aid-de. evacuation of France, by the combined in. camp, to request an interview with general vading armres. Kellerman, as they were delirous of an Success attended the French arms in accommodation. That officer answered, many other quarters. Thionville, in Luxthat he would not enter into any confe- emburgh, and Lifle, the capital of French rence, while the Pruffian army was in the Flanders, were belieged; but, in spite of territories of the republic, and that the repeated bombardments, the firges were surrender of Longwy was a preliminary raised. In the fouth, the invasion Eted article, without which he would form no from the king of Sardinia was anticipated engageinent. The duke of Brunswick by the French general Montesquieu, who then offered to evacuate Longwy on the made a successful jrruption into Savoy, 26th ; but the French general insisting up. and received the submislion of the inhabion the lumender of that place on the 22d, tants; for the Pedmontese troops retired it was agreed to, according to the follow before him, and left the whole country in ing capitulation :
bis position. In the Mediterranean, ge
neral Antilm and admial Truget, tailed Camp at Martin Fontaine, O&t. 18,1792. from Toulon, and made a fuccelstul at
“ His majesty the king of Prushia being tack on Nice, Villa Franca, and on oilier resolved to evacuate the town and fortress of places belonging to the king of Sardinia; Longwy, the present capitulation has been while general Cut ine penetrated into the agreed upon between the underfigned citi- empire, took the ciry of Spire, with 3000 zen François Cyrus Valence, lieutenants Austrians, removed, or dettroyed their
vast magazines ; and laid the bishop, the Spire ; but the French general made a tere chapter, and other great bodies, under con- rible example of them; they were all intributions. The city of Worms was like. Atantly hot. During the campaign in wife laid under contribution; the elector of Champagne, four Pruffian deserters were Treves fled from Coblentz to Bonn in the torn to pieces by two battalions of the Paelectorate of Cologne; his example was risan federates. These two battalions followed by many other petty princes; were surrounded, difarmed, conveyed to and universál conftei nation pervaded all the a strong citadel, and ordered to be tried by higher orders, in the different itates of the a court-martial. It was at first intended empire on the French side of the Rhine. to break them with igirominy; but on their The French generals every where declared; delivering up the miscreants more immedia that they made war against despots, not ately guilty of this horrible massacre, and againīt the people *, whom they wilhed, expressing their forrow for the stain they on the contrary, to consider as brethren had brought upon the French name, they and friends. Their foldiers, in general, were to be afforded an opportunity of reobserved the strictelt discipline. Some ex- trieving their own reputation, while the ceptions, however, occurred : a captain most guilty only were to be punished. and thirty men began to pillage a house at
THE THE A T R E..
On Friday, O&ober 19, was performed The fable of the piece is as follows: Don
at Drury-lane Haymarket Theatre, for Bernardo being enamoured of Clara, dethe first time, a new musical after piece, mands her of her brother Don Marcos, who, called The PRISONER.
from a family pique, haughtily refuses, and This petit pitce is the production of a sends her into a distant province. Marcos, gentleman, who has before written success- accidentally separated from a hunting party, fully for the stage, but who wishes to re- is seized by Bernardo and thrown into primain concealed. He has taken Mr. At- fon; this circumstance gives name to the wood to his aid as a compiler and com- piece; but it is not till two years afterposer, whose coup d'esai in musicals we are ward that the scene commences, with an to consider it, and a powerful aide-de- account of fome disturbances among the camp he has proved himself, fince the mu- llaves, which Bernardo relates to his friend fic is the chief recommendation of the per- Pasqual, together with his fears that Clara forinance.
has been destroyed; on which account he The French, who make more of every is deterinined to wreak his vengeance on thing, than any other people, have, of late the prisoner, by immediate execution. The years, dropped their long dialogues, and second scene discovers Clara as a soldier, taken up the mode of engrafting good with Nina, who has enlisted as a drumfongs and pleasing spectacle upon Night mer; they assume this disguise, the better fables, by which an effect is produced much to learn what has become of Marcos, and better than such writing as is now to be (Clara acknowlenges with no little anxiety) had for the stage could have by the ordi- to know the situation of her lover. In the nary assistance of the actors. This is a third scene, Theresa, (Bernardo's sister,) in thing of that fort. Its best scene, where a soliloquy, betrays her affection for the the Prisoner is shewn in an iron cage, has prisoner, on having been witness to the scarcely any dialogue; yet this is interest. heroic spirit hre shewed on being seized and ing, and the others are entertaining, while dragged to a dungeon, lamenting her in. the whole is a pleasant Palticcio.
ability to extricate him. At this time the The Characters were thus represented :
when the thought Marcos, Mr. Kelly; Bernardo, Mr. Itrikes her to obtain his release through their Dignum; Pasqual, Mr. Sedgwick; Ro- means, by working upon their feelings. berto, Mr. Suett; Gaoler, Mr. Wewit- She got the promise that they would use zer; Narcisso, Malter Walth; Clara, their endeavour; and, after an arch device Mrs. Crouch; Th-resa, Miss De Camp; of the girl to nt the discovery of a Nina, Mrs. Bland; Juliana, Miss Me- letter, a trio closes the scene. The fourth nage.
discovers to Clara, through the mistake of * In Savoy, general Montesquien published the following fingular proclamation :“ In the name of the French nation : War against despots ; peace and liberty to the people,"
Nina, that her lover has a mistress in his AIR.-Mr. SedGWICK. tent, beautiful and beloved. This enrages her to a sort of distraction, and the Where the banners of glory are streaming, determines on vengeance.
Her image still lingers above; The second act is one complete scene of And her eyes seem all terribly gleaming, a prison, the stage being divided ; on one! Which glow'd but with transport of love, fide exhibiting the dungeon, on the other
Deeds of arms my soul inspire the keeper's lodge. The gaoler's children
As the battling thunders roll, introduce Roberto (Marcos' (trvant) with
She and fame my bofom fire, wine for their father. He gets this introduction, to learn whether his master is con- And 'mid slaughter madly wounding,
And to conquest light my soul. fined there; and when, from some circum- Heroes dying, groans resounding, stances, he collects it to be him, retires in
Armour clashing, order to apprize his friends of it, who are
Lig.itening flashing, supposed to be among the mutinous flaves. Angel pinion’d o'er her lover, The gaoler then enters, through the pera with protecting wing she'll hover; suasion of his children; he tipples not a Valour's genius --Memory's pleasure, little, but places himself in such a manner, Guardian of life's sacred treasure. that when alleep they still seem effectually precluded from getting into the dungeon; What can check the foldier's course, but having taken the keys out of their Who, where war delights to rove, father's pocket, at length, by ingeni. Strikes with mote than mortal force, ous and perilous management, they get Urg'd by fame, impellid by love. into the cell, when a new obstacle ariles,
AIR.-Mrs. BLAND. for they find Marcos chained down, and fastened by a padlock they have no key of. How charming a camp, where soldiers late This obliges them cautiously, and almost
and early, hopelessly, to return for it; they procure it With hair so tightly trimm'd
and at latt, and effect his release; but just as he powder'd so fine, is in the attitude of stepping over the gaol. March, shoulder, present; while the serer's head, he rises, but it is only to yawn jeant fo surly, and fall asleep again, which gives Marcos Drills the young recruits in the rear of the opportunity of a complete escape. Paf
the line., qual and Bernardo then appear to demand To a dub a-dub-while fo merry the Prisoner, learn his escape, and on an Beats the drummer--dub-a-dub. alarm being sounded, the act concludes with a chorus of the soldiery.
Tho' bluff they look and fierce, that no
lions sure are bolder, The third act shews Marcos at the head
Yet the damsels don't fear 'em-nayone, of his party. In the third scene Clara stands centinel before the tent of her loverz
as I live,
heart and being agitated by jealousy on seeing
but I told her, him rush into his fifter's arms, whom the fupposes a mistress, attempts Theresa's life,
Says I, that's bespoke, and I've no:hing
else to give, but is prevented by Pasqual. Marcos be
But a dub-a-dub-ever merry, ing taken prisoner, he and Clara are brought to the General's tent.
Beats the drummer -dub-a-dub. claircissement succeeds through the confufion of Nina, and at the intercession of
AIR.-Malter WALSH. Theresa, a general pardon, when they ex- Tears that exhale from the springs of good change fifter for filter, and the curtain
Fall like the dew upon sympathy's breast;
Wishes reviving, bloom with fresh beauty, The following are the most approved Airs.
And in gay colours are gaudily drest. AIR.--Mr. DIGNUM.
Yet when I think on the danger that WHENE'ER The bade me cease to plead,
threatens, Her breatt would gently heave,
Fear blights my bosom with doubt and And prov'd her lip beguild a heart
dismay, Ill-practis'd to deceive:
Fond expectation all cheerless and languid, As swelling waves that seem inclin'd Droops, drops its blolloin, and withers To greet the hores they leave behind.
AIR,Mrs. CROUCH. He thought her happy, and he smird, Poor Carlos sued a beauteous maid,
Although his heart was breaking. On her his happiness Itaking;
On wealth alone few joys attend, She frown'd upon his love--he ligh'd She found with anguish aching : “ Ah me! my heart is breaking.”
He sunk, and gave her such a look, She took a swain of large domains,
Jult as his heart was breaking. His humble love fo. Taking;
Warsaw, September 19. sued by the General Confederation shall HE General Confederation instituted" have any force, unless sanctioned by the
of its deliberations in the finall town of Targowitz have hitherto treated with the Bresc, in Lithuania. The re-union be- utmost contempt. tween the Confederation of Poland and that
ITALY. of ihe Grand Duchy having taken place, that event, of which the court of Rusia Naples, Sept. 22. A lava is running will be informed by a solemn deputation, with some violence from an opening near was celebrated there by a Te Deum, and the crater of mount Vesuvius; but this a grand entertainment given by the mar- eruption does not seem to threaten the culmal of that Confederation, count Potocki. tivated parts of the mountain. The erupThe first health drunk was that of the em. tion of mount Etna, which has lasted three press of Ruslia, the liberatress of Poland; months, and fill continues, has done conand was succeeded, among others, by that fiderable damage to the cultivated lands beof the liberty and independence of the re tween Catania and Taormina.-Lond. Gaz. public. This foaft was drunk amid the
AUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS. discharge of cannon.
One very interesting circumstance, how Brussels, Oct. 23. The emperor has ever, has taken place; some of the chiefs just published a new proclamation at Brus. of this Confederation wished a criminal fels, of which the following is the fub process to be instituted against the mar- Atance : Thals of the late diet, and the principal de “ We command and enjoin all and fenders of the constitution of the 3d of every one not to bring, or introduce, into May, 1791: they, however, did not fuc- the provinces under our dominion in the ceed. On its being put to the vote, it was Netherlands, or to fell, spread, and circu. decided that no process should be instituted late, or to give to read, aný periodical against a marshal, or any other person works of France, such as journals, gawhatever; but that, on the contrary, a ge. zettes, or newspapers, under whatever deneral amnefty shall be published, as the nomination they may be, whether printed only means of restoring, if possible, una or written; as also all kinds of books, nimity and confidence in the country. tending to establish, fupport, or propagate,
This decision is not the only proof from the principles of the French Revolution, which we may conclude that the three under pevalty, besides confiscation of the magnates, authors of the Confederation of said papers.or works of a fine of a thouTargowitz, and their partisans, will not land forins for each offence; one half of Teap from their proceedings the advantage which fhall be paid to the officer who and influence they expected. Whatever feizes them, and the other tralf to the inthe motives were which have determined former. the three courts interested in our fate in “ Moreover, we enjoin, under the fame the coalition which they formed on the oc. penalty, all those into whole hands such cafions, these powers, it is pretty evident, papers or works may fall, in whatever employ their influence to keep within manner it may be, to transmit them with bounds the party which they have made out delay, in cities where the superior trito triumph. The court of Vienna has bunals sit, to all our fifcal officers; and, in interfered in favour of fome of our gran- other places, to the officers of justice, who dees, menaced with profcription and con- will convey them to the fiscal officers of fiscation ; and we are assured that the em. the district." press of Ruflia has declared that no act if