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necessary directions to facilitate his journey and give him necessary protection and respect on his way. "On his arrival at the capital, he shall be furnished with a suitable residence prepared for him and he sball defray his own expenses and his entire suite shall not exceed twenty persons, exclusive of his Chinese attendants, none of whom shall be engaged in trade.
ARTICLE VI. If at any time His Majesty the Emperor of China shall by Treaty voluntarily made, or for any other reason, permit the Representative of any friendly nation to reside at his Capital for a long or short time, then without any further consultation or express permission, the Representative of the United States in China shall have the same privilege.
ARTICLE VII. The superior authorities of the United States and of China in corresponding together, shall do so on terms of equality, and in form of mutual communication (chau hwui). The Consuls and the local officers, civil and military, in corresponding together, shall likewise employ the style and form of mutual communication (chau-hwui). When inferior officers of the one government address superior officers of the other, they shall do so in the style and form of memorial (shinchin). Private individuals in addressing superior officers, shall employ the style of petition (pin ching). In no case shall any terms or style be used or suffered which shall be offensive or disrespectful to either party. And it is agreed that no presents, under any pretext or form whatever shall ever be demanded of the United States by China, or of China by the United States.
In all future personal intercourse between the Representative of the United States of America and the Governors General or Governors the interviews shall be had at the official residence of the said officers or at their temporary residence or at the residence of the Representative of the United States of America, whichever may be agreed upon between them nor shall they make any pretext for declining these interviews. Current matters shall be discussed by correspondence so as not to give the trouble of a personal meeting.
Whenever national vessels of the United States of America in cruising along the coast and among the ports opened for trade, for the protection of the commerce of their country, or for the advancement of science, shall arrive at or near any of the ports of China, Commanders of said ships and the superior local authorities of Government shall, if it be necessary, hold intercourse on terms of equality and courtesy in token of the friendly relations of their respective nations, and the said vessels sball enjoy all suitable facilities on the part of the Chinese Government in procuring provisions or other supplies and making necessary repairs. And the United States of America agree that in case of the shipwreck of any American vessel and its being pillaged by pirates or in case any Americ tured by pirates on the seas adjac wrecked, the national vessels of th pirates, and if captured deliver t
The United States of Americ Consuls and other commercial age reside at such places in the dom to be opened, who shall hold offi with the local officers of the Chine Consul in charge taking rank with either personally or in writing as equality and reciprocal respect. shall employ the style of mutual either nation are disrespectfully the other anthorities they have th the same to the Superior Officers shall see that full inquiry and stri ises; and the said Consuls and age offense to the officers and people sul duly accredited at any port in Minister of the United States to General of the province where such nize the said Consul and grant him
All citizens of the United State attending to their affairs, being pla and good will with the subjects of themselves and everything appertai local authorities of government, wh or injury of any sort. If their dwel attacked by mobs, incendiaries, or the local officers, on requisition of patch a military force to disperse individuals and punish them with th jects of China guilty of any crimina States shall be punished by the Ch laws of China. “And citizens of the in any merchant vessel, who may ins or injure the property of Chinese in China, shall be punished only by tionary thereto authorized according Arrests in order to trial may be m United States authorities.
Citizens of the United States resi ports open to foreign commerce shall
places of business or hire sites on houses or hospitals, churches and cer
papers. The duties shall be paid to the shroffs Chinese Government to receive the same. Duties received either in srcee silver or in foreign money lay. If the Consul permits a ship to leave the port nd tonnage dues are paid, he shall be held responsible
board any merchant ressel of the United States in transshipped to another vessel, application shall be
who shall certify what is the occasion therefor to t of customs, who may appoint officers to examine
permit the transshipment. And if any goods be out written permits, they shall be subject to be forse Government.
debts due by subjects of China to citizens of the
latter may seek redress in law; and on suitable ing made to the local authorities through the con
due examination in the premises, and take proper tisfaction. And if citizens of the United States be its of China, the latter may seek redress by reprethe consul, or by suit in the Consular Court. But it will hold itself responsible for such debts.
for the officers or citizens of the United States to d people of any part of China without distinction
any of the languages of the Empire, and to assist and the persons so employed shall not for that
any injury on the part either of the Government and it shall in like manner be lawful for citizens of o purchase all manner of books in China.
ce and amity between the l'nited States and China by this treaty, and the vessels of the United States trade, freely to and from the ports of China open ice, it is further agreed, that in case at any time would be at war with any foreign nation whatever, cause exclude such nation from entering her ports,
the United States shall not the less continue to nerce in freedom and security, and to transport
the ports of the belligerent powers, full respect eutrality of the flag of the United States: provided hall not protect vessels engaged in the transportaoldiers in the enemy's service, nor shall said flag d to enable the enemy's ships, with their cargoes f China: but all such vessels so offending shall be e and confiscation to the Chinese Government.
by pirates or in case any American vessel shall be pillaged or captured by pirates on the seas adjacent to the coast, without being shipwrecked, the national vessels of the United States shall pursue the said pirates, and if captured deliver them over for trial and punishment.
The United States of America shall have the right to appoint Consuls and other commercial agents for the protection of trade to reside at such places in the dominions of China as shall be agreed to be opened, who shall hold official intercourse and correspondence with the local officers of the Chinese Government (a Consul or a Vice. Consul in charge taking rank with an intendant of circuit or a prefect) either personally or in writing as occasions may require, on terms of equality and reciprocal respect. And the Consuls and local officers shall employ the style of mutual communication. It the officers of either nation are disrespectfully treated or aggrieved in any way by the other anthorities they have the right to make representation of the same to the Superior Officers of the respective Governments who shall see that full inquiry and strict justice shall be had in the premises; and the said Consuls and agents shall carefully avoid all acts of offense to the officers and people of China. On the arrival of a Consul duly accredited at any port in China, it shall be the duty of the Minister of the United States to notify the same to the Governor General of the province where such port is, who shall forthwith recognize the said Consul and grant him authority to act.
All citizens of the United States of America in China, peaceably attending to their affairs, being placed on a common footing of amity and good will with the subjects of China, shall receive and enjoy for themselves and everything appertaining to them the protection of the local authorities of government, who shall defend them from all insult or injury of any sort. If their dwellings or property be threatened or attacked by mobs, incendiaries, or other violent or lawless persons, the local officers, on requisition of the consul, shall immediately despatch a military force to disperse the rioters, apprehend the guilty individuals and punish them with the utmost rigor of the law. Subjects of China guilty of any criminal act towards citizens of the United States shall be punished by the Chinese authorities according to the laws of China. And citizens of the United States, either on shore or in any
merchant vessel, who may insult, trouble or wound the persons or injure the property of Chinese or commit any other improper aet in China, shall be punished only by the Consul or other public functionary thereto authorized according to the laws of the United States. Arrests in order to trial may be made by either the Chinese or the United States authorities.
ARTICLE XII. Citizens of the United States residing or sojourning at any of the ports open to foreign commerce shall be permitted to rent houses and places of business or hire sites on which they can themselves build houses or hospitals, churches and cemeteries. The parties interested can fix the rent by mutual and equitable agreement, the proprietors shall not demand an exorbitant price, nor shall the local authorities interfere unless there be some objections offered on the part of the inhabitants respecting the place. The legal fees to the officers for applying their seals shall be paid. The citizens of the United States shall not unreasonably insist on particular spots but each party shall conduct with justice and moderation. Any desecration of the cemeteries by natives of China shall be severely punished according to law. At the places where the ships of the United States anchor or their citizens reside, the merchants seamen or others can freely pass and repass in the immediate neighborhood, but in order to the preservation of the public peace, they shall not go into the country to the villages and marts to sell their goods unlawfully in fraud of the
If any vessel of the United States be wrecked or stranded on the coast of China, and be subjected to plunder or other damage, the proper officers of Government, on receiving information of the fact, shall immediately adopt measures for its relief and security: the persons on board shall receive friendly treatment and be enabled to repair at once to the nearest port, and shall enjoy all facilities for obtaining supplies of provisions and water. If the merchant vessels of the United States, while within the waters over which the Chinese Government exercises jurisdiction, be plundered by robbers or pirates, then the Chinese local authorities civil and military, on receiving information thereof, shall arrest the said robbers or pirates, and punish them according to law, and shall cause all the property which can be recovered, to be restored to the owners or placed in the hands of the Consul. If by reason of the extent of territory and numerous population of China, it shall in any case happen that the robbers cannot be apprehended, and the property only in part recovered, the Chinese Government shall not make indemnity for the goods lost. But if it shall be proved that the local authorities have been in collusion with the robbers, the same shall be communicated to the superior authorities for memorializing the Throne, and these officers shall be severely punished and their property be confiscated to repay the losses.
ARTICLE XIV. The citizens of the United States are permitted to frequent the ports and cities of Canton and Chau-chau or Swatau, in the Province of Kwang-tung: Amoy, Fuh-chau, and Tai-wan in Formosa, in the Province of Fuh-Kien: Ningpo in the Province of Cheh-Kiang and Shanghai in the Province of Kiang-su, and any other port or place hereafter by treaty with other powers or with the United States opened to commerce, and to reside with their families and trade there: and to proceed at pleasure with their vessels and merchandise from any of these ports to any other of them. But said vessels shall not carry on a clandestine and fraudulent trade at other ports of China not declared to be legal or along the coasts thereof; and any vessel under the American flag violating this provision shall, with her cargo, be subject to confiscation to the Chinese Government; and any citizen of the United States who shall trade in any contraband article of merchandise, shall be subject to be dealt with by the Chinese Government,