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ARRANGEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN,
BETWEEN RICHARD RUSH, ACTING AS SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE, AND CHARLES BAGOT, His BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S Envoy EXTRAORDINARY,
&c. Concluded in April, 1817; advised and consented to by the Senate
April 16, 1818; proclaimed April 28, 1818. (Vol. 8, Statutes at Large, p. 231.) The naval force to be maintained upon the American lakes, by His Majesty and the Government of the United States, shall henceforth be confined to the following vessels on each side; that is
On lake Ontario, to one vessel not exceeding one hundred tons burden, and armed with one eighteen-pound cannon.
On the upper lakes, to two vessels, not exceeding like burden each, and armed with like force.
On the waters of Lake Champlain, to one vessel not exceeding like burden, and armed with like forcé.
All other armed vessels on these lakes shall be forthwith dismantled, and no other vessels of war shall be there built or armed.
If either party should hereafter be desirous of annulling this stipulation, and should give notice to that effect to the other party, it shall cease to be binding after the expiration of six months from the date of such notice.
The naval force so to be limited shall be restricted to such services as will, in no respect, interfere with the proper duties of the armed vessels of the other party.
CONVENTION RESPECTING FISHERIES, BOUNDARY AND THE RESTORA
TION OF SLAVES.
Concluded October 20, 1818; ratification advised by the Senate
January 25, 1819; ratified by the President January 28, 1819; ratifications exchanged January 30, 1819; proclaimed January 30, 1819. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 415.)
Woods to the Stony Mountains.
IV. Commercial convention extended.
V. Claims for restitution of slaves.
The United States of America, and His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, desirous to cement the good Understanding which happily subsists between them, have, for that purpose, named their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: The President of the United States, on his part, has appointed, Albert
a Federal case: McKay v. Campbell, 2 Sawy, 118.
Gallatin, Their Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of France; and Richard Rush, Their Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of His Britannic Majesty: And His Majesty has appointed The Right Honorable Frederick John Robinson, Treasurer of His Majesty's Navy, and President of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade and Plantations; and Henry Goulburn Esquire, one of His Majesty's Under Secretaries of State:- Who, after having exchanged their respective Full Powers, found to be in due and proper Form, have agreed to and concluded the following Articles. —
Whereas differences have arisen respecting the Liberty claimed by the United States for the Inhabitants thereof, to take, dry, and cure Fish on certain Coasts, Bays, Harbours, and Creeks of His Britannic Majesty's Dominions in America, it is agreed between The High Contracting Parties, that the Inhabitants of the said United States shall have forever, in common with the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, the Liberty to take Fish of every kind on that part of the Southern Coast of Newfoundland which extends from Cape Ray to the Rameau Islands, on the Western and Northern Coast of Newfoundland, from the said Cape Ray to the Quirpon Islands on the Shores of the Magdalen Islands, and also on the Coasts, Bays, Harbours, and Creeks from Mount Joly on the Southern Coast of Labrador, to and through the Streights of Belleisle and thence Northwardly indefinitely along the Coast, without prejudice however, to any of the exclusive Rights of the Hudson Bay Company: and that the American Fishermen shall also have liberty forever, to dry and cure Fish in any of the unsettled Bays, Harbours, and Creeks of the Southern part of the Coast of Newfoundland hereabove described, and of the Coast of Labrador; but so soon as the same, or any Portion thereof, shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said Fishermen to dry or cure Fish at such Portion so settled, without previous agreement for such purpose with the Inhabitants, Proprietors, or Possessors of the Ground. And the United States hereby renounce forever, any Liberty heretofore enjoyed or claimed by the Inhabitants thereof, to take, dry, or cure Fish on, or within three marine Miles of any of the Coasts, Bays, Creeks, or Harbours of His Britannic Majesty's Dominions in America not included within the above mentioned limits; provided however, that the American Fishermen shall be admitted to enter such Bays or Harbours for the purpose of Shelter and of repairing Damages therein, or purchasing Wood, and of obtaining Water, and for no other purpose whatever. But they shall be under such Restrictions as may be necessary to prevent their taking, drying or curing Fish therein, or in any other manner whatever abusing the Privileges hereby reserved to them.
It is agreed that a Line drawn from the most North Western Point of the Lake of the Woods, along the forty Ninth Parallel of North Latitude, or, if the said Point shall not be in the Forty Ninth Parallel of North Latitude, then that a Line drawn from the said Point due North or South as the Case may be, until the said Line shall intersect the said Parallel of North Latitude, and from the Point of such Intersection due West along and with the said Parallel shall be the Line of Demarcation between the Territories of the United States, and those of His Britannic Majesty, and that the said Line shall form the Northern Boundary of the said Territories of the United States, and the Southern Boundary of the Territories of His Britannic Majesty, from the Lake of the Woods to the Stony Mountains.
It is agreed, that any Country that may be claimed by either Party on the North West Coast of America, Westward of the Stony Mountains, shall, together with it's Harbours, Bays, and Creeks, and the Navigation of all Rivers within the same, be free and open, for the term of ten years from the date of the Signature of the Present Convention, to the Vessels, Citizens, and Subjects of the Two Powers: it being well understood that this Agreement is not to be construed to the Prejudice of any Claim, which either of the Two High Contracting Parties may have to any part of the said Country, nor shall it be taken to affect the Claims of any other Power or State to any part of the said Country; the only object of the High Contracting Parties, in that respect, being to prevent disputes and differences amongst Themselves.
All the Provisions of the Convention to regulate the Commerce between the Territories of the United States and of His Britannic Majesty” concluded at London on the third day of July in the year of our Lord one Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifteen, with the exception of the Clause which limited its duration to Four years, & excepting also so far as the same was affected by the Declaration of His Majesty respecting the Island of St. Helena, are hereby extended and continued in force for the term of ten years from the date of the Signature of the present Convention, in the same manner, as if all the Provisions of the said Convention were herein specially recited. —
Whereas it was agreed by the first Article of the Treaty of Ghent, that “All Territory, Places, and Possessions whatsoever taken by “either Party from the other during the War, or which may be taken “after the signing of this Treaty, excepting only the Islands herein“after mentioned, shall be restored without delay, and without caus“ing any destruction, or carrying away any of the Artillery or other “public Property originally captured in the said Forts or Places “which shall remain therein upon the Exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty, or any Slaves or other private Property", and whereas under the aforesaid Article the United States claim for their Citizens, and as their private Property, the Restitution of, or full Compensation for all Slaves who, at the date of the Exchange of the Ratifications of the said Treaty, were in any Territory, Places, or Possessions whatsoever directed by the said 'Treaty to be restored to the United States, but then still occupied by the British Forces, whether such Slaves were, at the date aforesaid, on Shore, or on board any British Vessel lying in Waters within the Territory or Jurisdiction of the United States; and whereas differences have arisen, whether, by the true intent and meaning of the aforesaid Article of the Treaty of Ghent the United States are entitled to the Restitution of, or fuil Compensation for all or any Slaves as above described, the High Contracting Parties hereby agree to refer the said differences to some Friendly Sovereign or State to be named for that purpose; and the High Contracting Parties further engage to consider the decision of such Friendly Sovereign or State, to be final and conclusive on all the matters referred.
a See Convention of 1827, p. 316. v See Convention of 1815, p. 308. c Referred to Emperor of Russia. See Convention of 1822, p. 315.
This Convention, when the same shall have been duly ratified by The President of the United States, by and with the Advice and Consent of their Senate, and by His Britannic Majesty, and the respective Ratitications mutually exchanged, shall be binding and obligatory on the said United States and on His Majesty; and the Ratifications shall be exchanged in Six Months from this date, or sooner, if possible.
In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have thereunto affixed the Seal of their Arms.
Done at London this Twentieth day of October, in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eighteen.ALBERT GALLATIN
SEAL.] RICHARD Rush
SEAL. FREDERICK JOHN ROBINSON SEAL. HENRY GOULBURN
Concluded July 12, 1822; ratification advised by the Senate January 3, 1823; ratified by the President January, 1823; ratifications exchanged January 10, 1823; proclaimed January 11, 1823. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 418.) The Emperor of Russia having decided the United States to be entitled, under Article I of the Treaty of Ghent, to the restitution of slaves carried away by the British forces, this convention provided for a commission to ascertain the average value of the slaves and to decide upon the claims for indemnity. The commission met in Washington August 25, 1823, and having fixed the average value of the slaves, on September 13, 1824, met to consider the claims. Being unable to agree, a new convention was negotiated November 13, 1826, and the commission was dissolved March 26, 1827.
CONVENTION RELATIVE TO INDEMNITY FOR SLAVES.
Concluded November 13, 1826; ratification advised by the Senate
December 26, 1826; ratified by the President December 27, 1826; ratifications exchanged February 6, 1827; proclaimed March 19, 1827. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 424.)
By this conventior Great Britain agreed to pay $1,204,960 as indemnity for slaves carried away. By act of March 2, 1827 (U. S. Stats., Vol. 4, p. 219), a commission was authorized to settle the claims. The first meeting of the commission was held July 10, 1827, and the last August 31, 1828.
CONVENTION CONTINUING IN FORCE ARTICLE III, TREATY OF 1818. Concluded August 6, 1827; ratification advised by the Senate Febru
ary 5, 1828; ratified by the President February 21, 1828, ratifications exchanged April 2, 1828, proclaimed May 15, 1828. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 426.)
This convention provided for the joint temporary occupancy of the territory west of the line that had been established to the Rocky Mountains. The boundary from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean was agreed to by the Treaty of 1846, p. 231.
Concluded August 6, 1827; ratification advised by the Senate January
9, 1828; ratified by the President January 12, 1828; ratifications exchanged April 2, 1828; proclaimed May 15, 1828. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 428.)
This convention indefinitely extended in force the Commercial Convention of July 3, 1815.
I. Commercial convention continued. II. Duration.
The United States of America, and His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, being desirous of continuing in force the existing commercial regulations between the two Countries, which are contained in the Convention concluded between Them on the Third of July 1815, and further renewed by the Fourth Article of the Convention of the Twentieth of October 1818,-have, for that purpose, named Their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:
The President of the United States of America, Albert Gallatin,