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HANOVER. Hanover was conquered and merged into Prussia in 1866, and is now included in the German Empire (p. 279).

1840. TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION. Concluded May 20, 1840; ratification advised by the Senate July 15, 1840; ratified by the President July 28, 1840; ratifications exchanged November 14, 1840; proclaimed January 2, 1841. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 528.)

This treaty, consisting of ten articles, was superseded by the Treaty of 1846.

1846. TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION.a Concluded June 10, 1846; ratification advised by the Senate January

6, 1847; ratified by the President July 28, 1847; ratifications exchanged March 15, 1847; proclaimed April 24, *1847. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 523.)

This treaty of thirteen articles terminated on the merging of the country into the Kingdom of Prussia.

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1855.

EXTRADITION TREATY. Concluded January 18, 1855; ratification advised by the Senate March

13, 1855; ratified by the President March 18, 1855; ratifications exchanged April 17, 1855; proclaimed May 5, 1855. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 528.)

This treaty of six articles terminated in 1866, when Hanover was merged into the Kingdom of Prussia.

1861. CONVENTION ABOLISHING STADE OR BRUNSHAUSEN DUES. Concluded November 6, 1861; ratification advised by the Senate Felruary 3, 1862; ratified by the President February 7, 1862; ratifications exchanged April 29, 1862; proclaimed June 17, 1862.

(freaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 530.)

This treaty, consisting of seven articles, terminated on the incorporation of the Kingdom into Prussia.

a Federal case: Valk v. U. S. et al., 29 Ct. Cl., 62.

HANSEATIC REPUBLICS.

(BREMEN, HAMBURG. AND LUBECK.) The Hanseatic Republies were incorporated into the North German l'nion July 1, 1867. (Page 592.)

1827.

CONVENTION OF FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION.

Concluded December 20, 1827; ratification advised by the Senate Jan

uary 7, 1828; ratified by the President; ratifications exchanged June 2, 1828; proclaimed June 2, 1828. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, D. 533.)

ARTICLES. I. Equality of duties.

VII. Property rights. II. Import and export duties.

VIII. Special protection to persons and III. Government purchases.

property. IV. Proof of Hanseatic vessels.

IX. Most favored nation privileges. V. Rights to trade.

X. Duration. VI. Commercial privileges.

XI. Ratification. The United States of America, on the one part, and the Republic and free Hanseatic City of Lubeck, the Republic and free Hanseatic City of Bremen, and the Republic and free Hanseatic City of Hamburg, (each State foritself separately,) on the other part, being desirous to give greater facility to their commercial intercourse, and to place the privileges of their navigation on a basis of the most extended liberality, have resolved to fix in a manner clear, distinct and positive, the rules which shall be observed between the one and the other, by means of a Convention of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation.

For the attainment of this most desirable object, the President of the United States of America has conferred Full Powers on Henry Clay, their Secretary of State; and the Senate of the Republic and free Hanseatic City of Lubeck, the Senate of the Republic and free Hanseatic City of Bremen, and the Senate of the Republic and free Hanseatic City of Hamburg, have conferred Full Powers on Vincent Rumpif, their Minister Plenipotentiary near the United States of America; who, after having exchanged their said Full Powers, found in due and proper form, have agreed to the following articles:

ARTICLE I.

The Contracting Parties agree, That whatever kind of produce, manufacture, or merchandise of any foreign country can be from time to time, lawfully imported into the United States, in their own vessels, may be also imported in vessels of the said free Hanseatic Republics of Lubeck, Bremen and Hamburg; and that no higher, or other duties,

a Federal case: North German Lloyd S. S. Co. v. Hedden, 43 Fed. Rep., 17

their judicial recourse, on the same terins which are usual and customary with the natives or citizens of the country in which they may be; for which they may employ, in defence of their rights, such advocates, solicitors, notaries, agents, and factors, as they may judge proper, in all their trials at law; and such citizens or agents shall have as free opportunity as native citizens to be present at the decisions and sentences of the tribunals, in all cases which may concern them; and, likewise, at the taking of all examinations and evidence which may be exhibited in the said trials.

ARTICLE IX.

The Contracting Parties, desiring to live in peace and harmony with all the other nations of the earth, by means of a policy frank and equally friendly with all, engage mutually not to grant any particular favor io other nations, in respect of Commerce and navigation, which shall not immediately become common to the other Party, who shall enjoy the same freely, if the concession was freely made, or on allowing the same compensation, if the concession was conditional.

ARTICLE X. The present Convention shall be in force for the term of twelve years from the date hereof, and further, until the end of twelve months after the Government of the United States, on the one part, or the free Hanseatic Republics of Lubeck, Bremen or Hamburg, or either of them, on the other part, shall have given notice of their intention to terminate the same; each of the said Contracting Parties reserving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other, at the end of said term of twelve years; and it is hereby agreed between them, that, at the expiration of twelve months after such notice shall have been received by either of the Parties from the other, this Convention, and all the provisions thereof, shall, altogether, cease and determine, as far as regards the States giving and receiving such notice; it being always understood and agreed, that, if one, or more of the lanseatic Republies aforesaid, shall, at the expiration of twelve years, from the date hereof, give or receive notice of the proposed termination of this Convention, it shall nevertheless remain in full force and operation, as far as regards the remaining Hanseatic Republics, or Republic which may not have given or received such notice.

ARTICLE XI. The present convention being approved and ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the Senates of the Hanseatic Republics of Lubeck, Bremen and Hamburg, the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington within nine months from the date hereof, or sooner if possible.

In faith whereof, We, the Plenipotentiaries of the Contracting Parties, have signed the present Convention; and have thereto affixed our seals.

Done in quadruplicates, at the City of Washington, on the twentieth day of December, in the year of our Lord, one thousand, eight hundred and twenty seven, in the fifty second year of the Independence of the l'nited States of America. SEAL

H. CLAY. (SEAL.

V. RUMPFF.

1828.

ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TO CONVENTION OF 1827.

Concluded June 4, 1828; ratification advised by the Senate December

29, 1828; ratified by the President; ratifications exchanged January 14, 1829; proclaimed July 29, 1829. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889,

p. 537.)

This article, relating to the arrest of deserters at the request of consuls, was superseded by the consular convention with the German Empire, 1871. (See page 279.)

1852.

CONSULAR CONVENTION.

Concluded April 30, 1852; ratification advised by the Senate August

30, 1852; ratified by the President September 24, 1852; ratifications e.cchanged February 25, 1853; proclaimed June 6, 1853. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 538.)

This conyention of three articles was superseded by the general consular convention of the German Empire, 1871, page 279.

S. Doc. 318, 58–2-28

HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.

The cession of the Hawaiian Islands to the United States having. been accepted by the resolution approved by the President July 7, 1898, (U. S. Stats. Vol. 30, p. 75.), the treaties with that country terminated upon the formation of the government for the islands.

1849.

TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION AND

EXTRADITION.

Concluded December 20, 1849; ratification advised by the Senate Janu

ary 14, 1850; ratified by the President February 4, 1850; ratifications exchanged August 24, 1850; proclaimed November 9, 1850. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 510.)

1875.

TREATY OF RECIPROCITY.a

Concluded January 30, 1875; ratification advised by the Senate March

18, 1875; ratified by the President May 31, 1875; ratifications erchanged June 3, 1875; proclaimed June 3, 1875.

(Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 546.)

By this treaty of six articles certain specified articles were admitted free of duty into the United States and the Hawaiian Islands respectively.

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1884.

TREATY OF RECIPROCITY.

Concluded December 6, 1884; ratification advised by the Senate with

amendments January 20, 1887; ratified by the President November 7, 1887; ratifications exchanged November 9, 1887; proclaimed November 9, 1887. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 1187.)

By this treaty the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 was extended for a further term of seven years and there was granted to the United States the exclusive right to establish a coaling station at Pearl River Harbor.

a Federal case: Netherclift v. Robertson, 23 Blatch., 548.

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