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local, or to any imposts or conditions of any kind other or more onerous than those which are or may be imposed upon natives or upon the subjects of the most favoured nation.
In like manner in all that relates to local taxes, customs formalities, brokerage, patterns or samples introduced by commercial travellers, and all other matters connected with trade, citizens of the United States in Serbia and Serbian subjects in the United States shall enjoy the treatment of the most favoured nation, and all the rights, privileges, exemptions and immunities of any kind enjoyed with respect to commerce and industry by the citizens or subjects of the High Contracting Parties, or which are or may be hereafter conceded to the subjects of any third power, shall be extended to the citizens or subjects of the other.
In all that concerns the right of acquiring, possessing, or disposing of every kind of property, real or personal, citizens of the United States in Serbia and Serbian subjects in the United States, shall enjoy the rights which the respective laws grant or shall grant in each of these states to the subjects of the most favoured nation.
Within these limits, and under the same conditions as the subjects of the most favoured nation, they shall be at liberty to acquire and dispose of such property, whether by purchase, sale, donation, exchange, marriage contract, testament, inheritance, or in any other manner whatever, without being subject to any taxes, imposts, or charges whatever other or higher than those which are or shall be levied on natives or on the subjects of the most favoured state.
They shall likewise be at liberty to export freely the proceeds of the sale of their property, and their goods in general, without being subjected to pay any other or higher duties than those payable under similar circumstances by natives or by the subjects of the most favoured state.
Merchants, manufacturers, and trades people in general of one of the two contracting countries travelling in the other, or sending thither their clerks and agents,– whether with or without samples—in the exclusive interest of the commerce or industry that they carry on, and for the purpose of making purchases or sales, or receiving commissions, shall be treated with regard to their licenses, as the merchants, manufacturers and trades people of the most favoured nation.
It is understood, however, that the preceding stipulations do not affect in any way the laws and regulations in force in each of the two countries applicable to all foreigners as respects peddling and hawking.
The citizens and subjects of the Contracting Parties shall be reciprocally treated as the natives of the country, or as the subjects of the most favoured nation, when they shall go from one country to the other to visit fairs and inarkets for the purpose of exercising their commerce and selling their products.
No obstacle shall be placed in the way of the free movements of travellers, and the administrative formalities relative to travelling passports shall be restricted to the strict necessities of the public service on passing the frontiers.
ARTICLE IV. Citizens of the United States in Serbia and Serbian subjects in the United States shall be reciprocally exempted from all personal service, whether in the army by land or by sea, whether in the national guard or militia, from billeting, from all contributions, whether pecuniary or in kind, destined as a compensation for personal service, from all forced loans, and from all military exactions or requisitions.
The liabilities, however, arising out of the possession of real property and for military loans and requisitions to which all the natives might be called upon to contribute as proprietors of real property or as farmers, shall be excepted.
They shall be equally exempted from all obligatory official, judicial, administrative or municipal fuuctions whatever.
They shall have reciprocally free access to the courts of justice on conforming to the laws of the country, both for the prosecution and for the defence of their rights in all the degrees of jurisdiction established by the laws. They can employ in every case advocates, law
. yers and agents of all classes authorized by the law of the country, and shall enjoy in this respect, and as concerns domiciliary visits to their houses, manufactories, warehouses, or shops, the same rights and advantages as are or shall be granted to the natives of the country, or to the subjects of the most favoured nation.
It is understood that every favour or exemption which shall be subsequently granted in this matter to the subjects of a foreign country by one of the two Contracting Powers shall be immediately and by right extended to the citizens or subjects of the other Party.
Neither of the Contracting Parties shall establish a prohibition of importation, exportation, or transit against the other which shall not be applicable at the same time to all other nations, except the special measures that the two countries reserve to themselves the right of establishing for a sanitary purpose, or in event of a war.
ARTICLE VI. As to the amount, the guarantee and the collection of duties on imports and exports, as well as regards transit, re-exportation, warehousing, local dues, and custom-house formalities, each of the two Iligh Contracting Parties binds itself to give to the other the advantage of every favour, privilege or diminution in the tariffs on the import or export of the articles mentioned or not in the present convention, that it shall have granted to a third power. Also every favour or immunity which shall be later granted to a third power shall be immediately extended and without condition, and by this very fact to the other Contracting Party.
ARTICLE VII. The products of the soil or of the industry of Serbia which shall be imported into the United States of America, and the products of the soil or of the industry of the United States which shall be imported into Serbia, and which shall be destined for consumption in the country, for warehousing, for re-exportation, or for transit, shall be subjected to the same treatment, and shall not be liable to other or higher duties than the products of the most favoured nation.
Merchandize of every kind coming from one of the two territories or going thither shall be reciprocally exempted in the other from every transit duty, whether it pass directly through the country, or whether during the transit it shall be unloaded, stored, and reloaded, without prejudice to the special regulations which, conformably to Article V, may be established concerning gunpowder and arms of war.
As concerns the custom-house laws and regulations on goods subjected to ad valorem duty, the importers and the products of one of the two countries shall be in all respects treated in the other as the importers and products of the most favoured country.
The provisions of the preceding articles relative to the treatment in all respects like the subjects of the most favoured state shall not affect the special facilities which have been or may be hereafter conceded on the part of one of the two states to neighboring states with respect to the local traffic between the conterminous frontier districts.
It is agreed that, as regards freight and all other facilities, goods of the United States conveyed over Serbian railways, and Serbian goods conveyed over railways of the United States, shall be treated in exactly the same manner as the goods of any other nation the most favoured in that respect.
The High Contracting Parties, desiring to secure complete and efficient protection to the manufacturing industry of their respective citizens and subjects, agree that any counterfeiting in one of the two countries of the trade-marks affixed in the other on merchandize to show its origin and quality shall be strictly prohibited and repressed and shall give ground for an action of damages in favour of the injured parties to be prosecuted in the Courts of the country in which the counterfeit shall be proven.
The trademarks in which the citizens or subjects of one of the two countries may wish to secure the right of property in the other, must be registered exclusively, to wit: the marks of citizens of the United States in the Tribunal of Commerce at Belgrade, and the marks of Serbian subjects in the Patent Office at Washington, subject to the conditions and restrictions prescribed by the laws and regulations of the country in which the trademarks are registered.
Ships of the United States and their cargoes shall in Serbia, and Serbian ships and their cargoes shall in the United States, from whatsoever place arriving, and whatever may be the place of origin or destination of their cargoes, be treated in every respect as the ships and cargoes of the most favoured state.
The preceding stipulation applies to local treatment, dues and charges in the ports, basins, docks, roadsteads, harbours and rivers of the two countries, pilotage, and generally to all matters connected with navigation.
Every favour or exemption in these respects, or any other privilege in matters of navigation which either of the Contracting Parties shall grant to a third power shall be extended immediately and unconditionally to the other party.
The present treaty shall remain in force for ten years from the day of the exchange of ratifications, and if twelve months before the expiration of that period neither of the High Contracting Parties shall have announced to the other its intention to terminate the said treaty, it shall remain obligatory until the expiration of one year from the day when either of the High Contracting Parties shall have denounced it.
The preceding stipulations shall come into force in the two countries one month after the exchange of ratifications.
ARTICLE XV. The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by His Highness the Prince of Serbia, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Belgrade as soon as possible.
In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries of the two High Contracting Parties have signed the present treaty in duplicate in the English and Serbian languages, and thereto affixed their respective seals. Done in duplicate at Belgrade this is day of October, 1881.
CONSULAR CONVENTION. Concluded October 14, 1881; ratification advised by the Senate July 5,
1882; ratified by the President July 14, 1882; ratifications exchanger November 15, 1882; proclaimed December 27, 1882. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 988.)
ARTICLES. I. Consular officers.
VII. Acting officers. II. Exequaturs.
VIII. Vice-consuls and agents. III. Exemptions.
IX. Correspondence with anthorities IV. Testimony by consular officers. X. Notarial services. V. Arms and flag.
XI. Estates of deceased persons. VI. Inviolability of archives and of- XII. Surrender of certain privileges, fices.
XIII. Duration; ratification. The President of the United States of America and His Highness the Prince of Serbia, being mutually desirous of defining the rights, privileges and immunities of consular officers in the two countries, as well as their functions and obligations, have resolved to conclude a consular convention, and have accordingly named as their plenipotentiaries:
The President of the United States, Eugene Schuyler, Chargé d'Affaires and Consul General of the United States at Bucarest;
His Highness the Prince of Serbia, Monsieur Ched. Mijatovitch, His Minister of Foreign Affairs, Grand Officer of His Order of Takova, &c. &c. &c.
Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in good and proper form have agreed upon the following articles:
Each of the High Contracting Parties agrees to receive from the other, consuls-general, consuls, vice-consuls and consular agents, in all its ports, cities and places, except those where it may not be convenient to recognize such officers. This reservation, however, shall not apply to one of the High Contracting Parties without also applying to every other power.
The, consuls-general, consuls, vice-consuls and consular agents of the two High Contracting Parties shall enjoy reciprocally, in the states of the other, all the privileges, exemptions, and immunities that are enjoyed by officers of the same rank and quality of the most favoured nation. The said officers, before being admitted to the exercise of their functions and the enjoyment of the immunities thereto pertaining, shall present their commissions in the forms established in their respective countries. The Government of each of the two High Contracting Powers shall furnish them the necessary exequatur free of charge, and, on the exhibition of this instrument, they shall be permitted to enjoy the rights, privileges and immunities granted by this convention.
Consuls-general, consuls, vice-consuls and consular agents, citizens of the State by which they are appointed, shall be exempt from preliminary arrest except in the case of offences which the local legislation qualifies as crimes and punishes as such; they shall be exempt from military billetings, from service in the regular army or navy, in the militia, or in the national guard; they shall likewise be exempt from all direct taxes, national, State or municipal, imposed upon persons, either in the nature of capitation tax or in respect to their property, unless such taxes become due on account of the possession of real estate, or for interest on capital invested in the country where the said officers exercise their functions. This exemption shall not, however, apply to consuls-general, consuls, vice-consuls or consular agents engaged in any profession, business, or trade; but said officers shall in such case be subject to the payment of the same taxes that would be paid by any other foreigner under the like circumstances.
When a court of one of the two countries shall desire to receive the judicial declaration or deposition of a consul-general, consul, viceconsul or consular agent, who is a citizen of the State which appointed him, and who is engaged in no commercial business, it shall request him, in writing, to appear before it, and in case of his inability to do