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The present Treaty of Friendship and General Relations shall remain in full force and vigor for the term of ten years from the day of the exchange of ratifications. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if neither Party notifies to the other its intention of reforming any of, or all, the articles of this Treaty, or of terminating it twelve months before the expiration of the ten years stipulated above, the said Treaty shall continue binding on both Parties beyond the said ten years, until twelve months from the time that one of the Parties notifies its intention of proceeding to its reform or of terminating it.
The present Convention shall be ratified and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged at the City of Madrid as soon as possible.
In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same and have affixed thereto the seal of their arms.
Done in duplicate at Madrid this third day of July in the year of Our Lord one thousand nine hundred and two. (SEAL.]
BELLAMY STORER SEAL.
EL DUQUE DE ALMODÓVAR DEL RIO.
AGREEMENT BY INTERCHANGE OF NOTES WITH SPAIN AS TO RESTO
RATION OF INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT.
Concluded November 26, 1902.
MADRID, January 29, 1902. EXCELLENCY:- I have the honor to lay before you fully, the views of my Government regarding what it deems advisable and necessary in restoring to effect and operation the Arrangement for Reciprocal Privileges of Copyright between the United States and the Spanish Dominions, which led to the Proclamation on this subject of the President of the United States, of July 10, 1895.
I am instructed to bring before Your Excellency and the Government of His Majesty, which you so worthily represent, the information that although for a period of time prior to the Treaty of Paris, reciprocal registration of Copyrights between the two countries was suspended, yet the Proclamation of the President has not been revoked or modified in any particular.
I am further instructed to lay before your attention the fact that, under the authority and with the advice and consent of the Attorney General of the United States, registration of titles of works of citizens of Spain has been resumed at Washington since April 11, 1899, before the competent authority to that end, namely, the Librarian of Congress.
From this view, it follows that, in the opinion of my Government, nothing is needed to restore fully and completely the effect, and again reciprocally to put into operation the Arrangement regarding Reciprocal Copyright Registration as it existed from July 10, 1895, down to April 21, 1898, between the two countries, other than an exchange of notes, and a Declaration on the part of IIis Majesty's Government, similar to that of July 6, 1895.
If this view is in accord with that of Your Excellency, I shall be authorized on the part of my Government to carry the same into effect, in the manner above indicated.
I take this occasion to renew to Your Excellency the assurance of my highest consideration.
BELLAMY STORER. His Excellency, The MINISTER OF STATE
MADRID), November 18, 1902.
MINISTRY OF STATE.
MY DEAR SIR:—- I received in due course Your Excellency's courteous Note of the 29th. January last, in which you express to me the desire to your Government to re-establish the Agreement between Spain and the United States, signed at Washington the 6th. and 15th. of July 1895, which granted reciprocal privileges of Copyright, and which led to the Proclamation of the President of the said Republic of the 10th. of the same month and year, extending to Spain the dispositions of Section XIII of the Act of Congress of the 3rd. March 1891, relating to this subject.
I have noted at the same time, froin the contents of the said Note, that although for a period of time prior to the Treaty of Paris, reciprocal registration of Copyrights between the two countries was suspended, the said Proclamation of the President of the Republic has not been revoked or modified; and furthermore, with the consent of the Attorney General, registration before the competent authority at Washington has been resumed since the 11th. April 1899.
In view of these statements, I have the honor to bring to the knowledge of Your Excellency that His Majesty the King, my August Sovereign, has graciously decreed that the said Agreement between Spain and the United States, signed at Washington the 6th. and 15th. of July 1895, granting reciprocal privileges of Copyright, be re-established and put into renewed operation, so soon as Your Excellency, in acknowledging receipt of the present Note, declares in the name of your Government, that your Government is reciprocally in agreement with its contents.
I take this opportunity to renew to Your Excellency the assurances of my highest consideration.
THE DUKE OF ALMODÓVAR DEL RIO, His Excellency, BELLAMY STORER,
Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of North-Ameriru.
MADRID, Vovember 26, 1902. EXCELLENCY:-I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of Your Excellency's esteemed Note of the 18th. November 1902, by which I am informed that His Majesty the King has ordered that the Agreement between Spain and the United States, signed at Washington the
6th. and 15th. of July 1895, granting reciprocal privileges of Copyright, be re-established and put into renewed operation, so soon as I am authorized to declare that the Government of the United States is in accord with this intention.
It is my profound pleasure, in the name of the Government of the United States, to assure Your Excellency that the contents of Your Excellency's Note above referred to, taken in connection with and referring to as it does to my previous Note of the 29th. January 1902, on this subject, in the view of the Government of the United States, restores completely and puts again into full reciprocal force the Agreement of Washington herein before described.
I take this occasion to renew to Your Excellency the assurances of my highest consideration.
BELLAMY STORER. His Excellency, The MINISTER OF STATE.
NOTE: The Proclamation, in reference to copyrights, referred to in the foregoing correspondence, is dated July 10, 1895 (U. S. Stats., Vol. 29, page 871).
Concluded April 3, 1783; ratified by the Continental Congress July 29,
1783; proclaimed by Congress September 25, 1783. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 1042.)
(This treaty terminated by its own limitations in 1796; the articles revived by the Treaty of 1816, p. 753, and by Article XVII of the Treaty of 1827, p. 754, are printed below.)
ARTICLES. I. (Peace and friendship.)
XIV. Goods on enemy's ships. II. Most favored nation privileges. XV. Instructions to naval vessels. III. (Privileges to Swedish subjects in XVI. Bond from privateers. United States.)
XVII. Recaptured ships; embargoes. IV. (Privileges to United States citi- XVIII. Regulations for war with comzens in Sweden.)
mon enemy. V. Religious freedom.
XIX. Prizes. VI. Effects of deceased persons.
XX. (Shipwrecks.) VII. Commerce in case of war.
XXI. Asylum for ships in distress. VIII. Extent of freedom of commerce. XXII. Property rights in case of war. IX. Contraband goods.
XXIII. Letters of marque. X. Goods not contraband.
XXIV. (Shipping privileges.)
XXV. Visit of war vessels.
Separate article. Duration.
I. Defense of ships in Sweden.
IV. Right to trade.
[Translation.] The King of Sweden, of the Goths and Vandals &c &c &c and the thirteen United States of North America, to wit, New Hampshire Massachusetts bay, Rhode island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey Pennsylvania, the counties of New Castle, Kent, and Sussex on Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, desiring to establish, in a stable and permanent manner, the rules which ought to be observed relative to the correspondence and commerce which the two parties have judged necessary to establish
a Federal case: Weiberg v. The St. Oloff., 2 Pet. Adm., 498.
between their respective countries, states and subjects His Majesty and the United States have thought that they could not better accomplish that end than by taking for a basis of their arrangements the mutual interest and advantage of both nations thereby avoiding all those burthensome preferences, which are usually sources of debate, embarrassment and discontent, and by leaving each party at liberty to make respecting navigation & commerce, those interior regulations which shall be most convenient to itself.
With this view, his Majesty the King of Sweden has nominated and appointed for his plenipotentiary Count Gustavus Philip de Creutz, his ambassador extraordinary to His Most Christian Majesty, & Knight Commander of his orders; and the United States on their part have fully empowered Benjamin Franklin, their Minister plenipotentiary to his Most Christian Majesty.
The said plenipotentiaries after exchanging their full powers and after mature deliberation in consequence thereof have agreed upon, concluded and signed the following articles :
The King and the United States engage mutually not to grant hereafter any particular favour to other nations in respect to Commerce & navigation, which shall not immediately become common to the other party, who shall enjoy the same favour freely, if the concession was freely made, or on allowing the same compensation, if the concession was conditional.
ART 3 [Obsolete.]
ART 1 [Obsolete.]
There shall be granted a full perfect and entire liberty of Conscience to the inhabitants and subjects of each party; and no person shall be molested on account of his worship, provided he submits so far as regards the public demonstration of it, to the laws of the country. Moreover liberty shall be granted, when any of the subjects or inhabitants of either party die in the territory of the other to bury them in convenient & decent places which shall be assigned for the purpose; and the two contracting parties will provide each in its jurisdiction that the subjects and inhabitants respectively may obtain certificates of the death in case the delivery of them is required.
The subjects of the contracting parties in the respective States may freely dispose of their goods and effects, either by testament donation or otherwise in favour of such persons as they think proper; and their heirs in whatever place they shall reside, shall receive the succession even ab intestato either in person or by their attorney without having occasion to take out letters of naturalization. These inheritances as well as the capitals and effects, which the subjects of the