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be punished according to the laws of the country. The commandants of ports and castles shall take care, that the captains and sailors shall not load prohibited articles; but if this should happen, those who shall not have contributed to the smuggling shall not be molested nor searched, no more than shall the vessel and cargo; but only the offender, who shall be demanded to be punished. No captain shall be obliged to receive merchandise on board his vessel, nor to unlade the same against his will, until the freight shall be paid.
The merchant-vessels of the United States which shall cast anchor in the road of the Gouletta, or any other port of the Kingdom of Tunis, shall be obliged to pay the same anchorage for entry and departure which French vessels pay, to wit: Seventeen piasters and a half, money of Tunis, for entry, if they import merchandise; and the same for departure, if they take away a cargo; but they shall not be obliged to pay anchorage if they arrive in ballast, and depart in the
Each of the contracting parties shall be at liberty to establisha Consul in the dependencies of the other; and if such Consul does not act in conformity with the usages of the country, like others, the Government of the place shall inform his Government of it, to the end that he may be changed and replaced; but he shall enjoy, as well for himself as his family and suite, the protection of the Government; and he may import for his own use all his provisions and furniture without paying any duty; and if he shall import merchandise, (which it shall be lawful for him to do,) he shall pay duty for it.
If the subjects or citizens of either of the contracting parties, being within the possessions of the other, contract debts, or enter into obligations, neither the Consul nor the nation, nor any subjects or citizens thereof shall be in any manner responsible, except they or the Consul shall have previously become bound in writing; and without this obligation in writing, they cannot be called upon for indemnity or satisfaction.
In case of a citizen or subject of either of the contracting parties dying within the possessions of the other, the Consul or the Vekil shall take possession of his effects, (if he does not leave a will,) of which he shall make an inventory; and the Government of the place shall have nothing to do therewith. And if there shall be no Consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of a confidential person of the place, taking an inventory of the whole, that they may eventually be delivered to those to whom they of right belong.
The Consul shall be the judge in all disputes between his fellowcitizens or subjects, as also between all other persons who may be
immediately under his protection; and in all cases wherein he shall require the assistance of the Government where he resides to sanction his decisions, it shall be granted to him.
If a citizen or subject of one of the parties shall kill, wound, or strike a citizen or subject of the other, justice shall be done according to the laws of the country where the offence shall be committed: The Consul shall be present at the trial; but if any offender shall escape, the Consul shall be in no manner responsible for it.
If a dispute or law-suit on commercial or other civil matters shall happen, the trial shall be had in the presence of the Consul, or of a confidential person of his choice, who shall represent him, and endeavor to accommodate the difference which may have happened between the citizens or subjects of the two nations.
If any difference or dispute shall take place concerning the infraction of any article of the present treaty on either side, peace and good harmony shall not be interrupted, until a friendly application shall have been made for satisfaction; and resort shall not be had to arms therefor, except where such application shall have been rejected; and if war be then declared, the term of one year shall be allowed to the citizens or subjects of the contracting parties to arrange their affairs, and to withdraw themselves with their property.
The agreements and terms above concluded by the two contracting parties shall be punctually observed with the will of the Most High. And for the maintenance and exact observance of the said agreements, we have caused their contents to be here transcribed, in the present month of Rebia Elul, of the Hegira one thousand two hundred and twelve, corresponding with the month of August of the Christian year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven.
Whereas the President of the United States of America, by his letters patent, under his signature and the seal of state, dated [SEAL.] the eighteenth day of December, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, vested Richard O'Brien, William Eaton, and James Leander Cathcart, or any two of them in the absence of the third, with full powers to confer, negotiate, and conclude with the Bey and Regency of Tunis, on certain alterations in the treaty between the United States and the Government of Tunis, concluded by the intervention of Joseph Etienne Famin, on behalf of the United States, in the month of August, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, we, the underwritten William Eaton and James Leander Cathcart, (Richard O'Brien being absent,) have concluded on and entered, in the foregoing treaty, certain alterations in the eleventh, twelfth, and fourteenth articles, and do agree to said treaty with said alterations,
reserving the same nevertheless for the final ratification of the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
In testimony whereof we annex our names and the consular seal of the United States. Done in Tunis, the twenty-sixth day of March, in the year of the Christian era one thousand seven hundred and ninetynine, and of American Independence the twenty-third.
JAMES LEANDER CATHCART.
CONVENTION AMENDING TREATY OF AUGUst, 1797.
Concluded February 24, 1824; ratification advised by the Senate January 13, 1825; ratified by the President January 21, 1825; proclaimed January 21, 1825. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 1096.) [This is reprinted from the proclamation of President Monroe]
VI. Search of ships; freedom of slaves. XIV. Most favored nation commercial
Whereas sundry Articles of the Treaty of peace and friendship concluded between the United-States of America and Hamuda Bash..W of happy memory in the month of Rebia Elul in the year of the Hegira 1212, corresponding with the month of August of the Christian year 1797; have by experience been found to require alteration and amendment: In order therefore that the United-States should be placed on the same footing with the most favoured Nations having Treaties with Tunis, as well as to manifest a respect for the American Government and a desire to continue unimpaired the friendly relations which have always existed between the two Nations, it is hereby agreed and concluded between His Highness Sidi Mahmoud Bashaw Bey of Tunis, and S. D. Heap, Esq' Chargé d'Affaires of the United-States of America, that alterations be made in the sixth, eleventh, twelfth and fourteenth Articles of said Treaty; and that the said Articles shall be altered and amended in the Treaty to read as follows:
ARTICLE the Sixth, as it now is.
If a Tunisian Corsair shall meet with an American vessel and shall visit it with her boat, two men only shall be allowed to go on board peaceably to satisfy themselves of its being American, who, as well as any passengers of other Nations they may have on board, shall go free, both them and their goods; and the said two men shall not exact anything, on pain of being severely punished. In case a slave
ARTICLE 6th as it was.a
If a Tunisian Corsair shall meet with an American merchant vessel, and shall visit it with her boat, she shall not exact anything, under pain of being severely punished. And, in like manner, if a vessel of war of the United States shall meet with a Tunisian merchant vessel, she shall observe the same rule. In case a slave shall take refuge on board of an American vessel of war, the Consul shall
"This treaty was superseded by treaty between United States and France (for Bey of Tunis), proclaimed May 9, 1904. (See Appendix, page 949.)
escapes and takes refuge on board an American vessel of war, he shall be free, and no demand shall be made either for his restoration or for payment.
ARTICLE the Eleventh, as it now is.
When a vessel of war of the United-States shall enter the port of the Gouletta she shall be saluted with twenty-one guns, which salute, the vessel of war shall return gun for gun only, and no powder will be given, as mentioned in the ancient eleventh Article of this Treaty, which is hereby annulled.
ARTICLE the Twelfth, as it now is.
When Citizens of the UnitedStates shall come within the dependencies of Tunis to carry on commerce there, the same respect shall be paid to them which the Merchants of other Nations enjoy; and if they wish to establish themselves within our ports, no opposition shall be made thereto, and they shall be free to avail themselves of such interpreters as they may judge necessary without any obstruction in conformity with the usages of other Nations; and if a Tunisian subject shall go to establish himself within the dependencies of the United-States, he shall be treated in like manner. If any
be required to cause him to be restored; and if any of their prisoners shall escape on board of the Tunisian vessels, they shall be restored; but if any slave shall take refuge in any American merchant vessel, and it shall be proved that the vessel has departed with the said slave, then he shall be returned, or his ransom shall be paid.
ARTICLE 11th as it was.
When a vessel of war of the United-States of America shall enter the port of Tunis, and the Consul shall request that the Castle may salute her, the number of guns shall be fired which he may request; and if the said Consul does not want a salute, there shall be no question about it.
But in case he shall desire the salute, and the number of guns shall be fired which he may have requested, they shall be counted and returned by the vessel in as many barrels of cannon powder.
The same shall be done with respect to the Tunisian Corsairs, when they shall enter any port of the United State
ARTICLE 12th as it was.
When citizens of the United States shall come within the dependencies of Tunis to carry on commerce there, the same respect shall be paid to them which the Merchants of other Nations enjoy; and if they wish to establish themselves within our ports, no opposition shall be made thereto; and they shall be free to avail themselves of such interpreters as they may judge necessary, without any obstruction, in conformity with the usages of other nations; and if a Tunisian subject shall go to establish himself within the dependencies of the United-States, he shall be treated in like manner.
Tunisian subject shall freight an American vessel, and load her with merchandize, and shall afterwards want to unload, or ship them on board of another vessel, we shall not permit him until the matter is determined by a reference of merchants, who shall decide upon the case; and after the decision the determination shall be conformed to.
No Captain shall be detained in port against his consent, except when our ports are shut for the vessels of all other Nations, which may take place with respect to merchant vessels, but not to those of war.
The subjects and Citizens of the two nations respectively Tunisians and Americans, shall be protected in the places where they may be by the officers of the Government there existing; but on failure of such protection, and for redress of every injury, the party may resort to the chief authority in each country, by whom adequate protection and complete justice shall be rendered. In case the Government of Tunis shall have need of an American vessel for its service, such vessel being within the Regency, and not previously engaged, the Government shall have the preference on its paying the same freight as other merchants usually pay for the same service, or at the like rate, if the service be without a customary precedent.
ARTICLE the Fourteenth-as it now is.
All vessels belonging to the Citizens and inhabitants of the UnitedStates shall be permitted to enter the ports of the Kingdom of Tunis, and freely trade with the subjects and inhabitants thereof on paying the usual duties which are paid by other most favoured nations at peace with the Regency. In like In like manner, all vessels belonging to
If any Tunisian subject shall freight an American vessel, and load her with merchandize, and shall afterwards want to unlade or ship them on board of another vessel, we will not permit him, until the matter is determined by a reference of merchants, who shall decide upon the case; and after the decision, the determination shall be conformed to.
No Captain shall be detained in port against his consent, except when our ports are shut for the vessels of all other Nations; which may take place with respect to merchant vessels, but not to those of war.
The subjects of the two contracting powers shall be under the protection of the prince, and under the jurisdiction of the chief of the place where they may be, and no other person shall have authority over them. If the commandant of the place does not conduct himself agreeably to justice, a representation of it shall be made to us.
In case the Government shall have need of an American merchant vessel, it shall cause it to be freighted, and then a suitable freight shall be paid to the Captain agreeably to the intention of the Government, and the Captain shall not refuse it.
ARTICLE 14th-as it was.
A Tunisian merchant, who may go to America with a vessel of any nation soever, loaded with merchandize which is the production of the Kingdom of Tunis, shall pay duty (small as it is) like the merchants of other nations; and the American merchants shall equally pay for the merchandize of their country, which they may bring to Tunis, under their flag,