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escapes and takes refuge on board be required to cause him to be rean American vessel of war, he shall stored; and if any of their prisonbe free, and no demand shall be er's shall escape on board of the made either for his restoration or Tunisian vessels, they shall be for payment.

restored; but if any slave shall take refuge in any American merchant vessel, and it shall be proved that the vessel has departed with the said slave, then he shall be returned, or his ransom shall be paid.

ARTICLE the Eleventh, as it now is.

ARTICLE 11th as it was.

When a vessel of war of the When a vessel of war of the United-States shall enter the port United States of America shall of the Gouletta she shall be saluted enter the port of Tunis, and the with twenty-one guns, which sa- Consul shall request that the lute, the vessel of war shall return Castle may salute her, the number gun for gun only, and no powder of guns shall be fired which he will be given, as mentioned in the may request; and if the said Conancient eleventh Article of this sul does not want a salute, there Treaty, which is hereby annulledi. shall be no question about it.

But in case he shall desire the salute, and the number of guns shall be fired which he may have requested, they shall be counted and returned by the vessel in as many barrels of cannon powder.

The same shall be done with respect to the Tunisian Corsairs, when they shall enter any port of the t'nited State

ARTICLE the Twelfth, as it now is.

ARTICLE 12th as it was.

When Citizens of the United- When citizens of the United States shall come within the de- States shall come within the dependencies of Tunis to carry on pendencies of Tunis to carry on commerce there, the same respect commerce there, the same respect shall be paid to them which the shall be paid to them which the Merchants of other Nations enjoy; Merchants of other Nations enjoy; and if they wish to establish them- and if they wish to establish themselves within our ports, no oppo- selves within our ports, no opposisition shall be made thereto, and tion shall be made thereto; and they shall be free to avail them- they shall be free to avail themselves of such interpreters as they selves of such interpreters as they may judge necessary without any may judge necessary, without any obstruction in conformity with the obstruction, in conformity with usages of other Nations; and if a the usages of other nations; and Tunisian subject shall go to estab- if a Tunisian subject shall go to lish himself within the dependen- establish himself within the de. cies of the United-States, he shall pendencies of the United-States, be treated in like manner. If any he shall be treated in like manner.

of war.

Tunisian subject shall freight an If any Tunisian subject shall American vessel, and load her freight an American vessel, and with merchandize, and shall after load her with merchandize, and wards want to unload, or ship shall afterwards want to unlade them on board of another vessel, or ship them on board of another we shall not permit him until the vessel, we will not permit him, unmatter is determined by a refer- til the matter is determined by a ence of merchants, who shall de reference of merchants, who shall cide upon the case; and after the decide upon the case; and after decision the determination shall the decision, the determination be conformed to.

shall be conformed to. No Captain shall be detained in No Captain shall be detained in port against his consent, except port against his consent, except when our ports are shut for the when our ports are shut for the vessels of all other Nations, which vessels of all other Nations; which may take place with respect to may take place with respect to merchant vessels, but not to those merchant vessels, but not to those of war.

The subjects and Citizens of the The subjects of the two contwo nations respectively Tunisi- tracting powers shall be under ans and Americans, shall be pro- the protection of the prince, and tected in the places where they under the jurisdiction of the chief may be by the officers of the Gov- of the place where they may be, ernment there existing; but on and no other person shall have failure of such protection, and for authority over them. If the comredress of every injury, the party mandant of the place does not may resort to the chief authority conduct himself agreeably to jusin each country, by whom ade- tice, a representation of it shall quate protection and complete be made to us. justice shall be rendered. In case In case the Government shall the Government of Tunis shall have need of an American merhave need of an American vessel chant vessel, it shall cause it to be for its service, such vessel being freighted, and then a suitable within the Regency, and not pre- freight shall be paid to the Capviously engaged, the Government tain agreeably to the intention of shall have the preference on its the Government, and the Captain paying the same freight as other shall not refuse it. merchants usually pay for the same service, or at the like rate, if the service be without a customary precedent.

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ARTICLE the Fourteenth-as it ARTICLE 141-as it was. now is.

A Tunisian merchant, who may All vessels belonging to the Citi- go to America with a vessel of any zens and inhabitants of the United- nation soever, loaded with merStates shall be permitted to enter chandize which is the production the ports of the Kingdom of Tunis, of the Kingdom of Tunis, shall and freely trade with the subjects pay duty (small as it is) like the and inhabitants thereof on paying merchants of other nations; and the usual duties which are paid by the American merchants shall other most favoured nations at equally pay for the merchandize of peace with the Regency. In like their country, which they may manner, all vessels belonging to bring to Tunis, under their flag, the subjects and inhabitants of the the same duty as the Tunisians Kingdom of Tunis shall be permit- pay in America. ted to enter the different ports of But if an American merchant, the United States, and freely trade or a merchant of any other nation, with the citizens and inbabitants shall bring American merchanthereof on paying the usual du- dize under any other flag, he shall ties which are paid by other most pay six pe cent. duty: in like favoured nations at peace with manner, if a foreign merchant the United States.

shall bring the merchandize of his country under the American flag, he shall also pay six per cent.

Concluded, signed and sealed at the Palace of Bardo, near Tunis, the 24th day of the moon jumed-teni in the year of the Hegira 1239 corresponding the 24th of February 1824, of the Christian year, and the 48th year of the Independence of the United States; reserving the same nevertheless for the final ratification of the President of the United-States by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

HEAP, Chargé d'Affaires. [L. S. SIDI MAHMOUD's signature and L. S.

S.

TWO SICILIES.

(SEE ITALY.)

1832.

CLAIMS CONVENTION.

Concluded October 14, 1832; ratification advised by the Senate Janu

ary 19, 1833; ratified by the President; ratifications exchanged June 8, 1833; proclaimed August 27, 1833. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 1100.)

This convention of three articles provided for the payment of 2,115,000 Neapolitan ducats for the seizure, etc., of United States vessels by Murat in 1809, 1810, 1811, and 1812. The commission of three to decide on the distribution of the indemnity met in Washington September, 1833, and adjourned March 17, 1835. The awards of the commission amounted to $1,925,034.68.

18415.

TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION.

Concluded December 1, 1845; ratification advised by the Senate April

11, 1846; ratified by the President April 14, 1846; ratifications es changed June 1, 1846 ; proclaimed July 24, 1846. (Treaties and Conventionsp

This treaty of thirteen articles was superseded by the Convention of October 1, 1855.

1855.

CONVENTION AS TO RIGHTS OF NEUTRALS AT SEA.

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Concluded January 13, 1855; ratification advised by the Senate March

3, 1855; ratified by the President March 20, 1855; ratifications exchanged July 14, 1855; proclaimed July 16, 1855. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 1101.)

This convention of three articles was superseded by the Treaty of 1871 with Italy, page 449,

1855.

CONVENTION OF AMITY, COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION, AND

EXTRADITION.

Concluded October 1, 1855; ratification advised by the Senate with

amendments August 13, 1856; ratified by the President August 20, 1856; ratifications exchanged November 7, 1856; proclaimed Decenber 10, 1856. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 1109.)

This convention became obsolete by the consolidation of the Two Sicilies with the Kingdom of Italy, 1861. See Treaty of March 23, 1868, page 446, and Treaty of February 26, 1871, page 449.

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