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Under reserve of the declaration made at the plenary sitting of the

Conference on the 25th of July, 1899. For the United Mexican States: For Montenegro: (L. S.) A. DE MIER.

(L. S.) STAAL. (L. S.) J. ZEXIL.

For the Netherlands: For France:

(L. S.) v. KARNEBEEK. (L. S.) LÉON BOURGEOIS.

(L. S.) DEN BEER POORTUL. S.) G. BIHOURD.

GAEL, (L. S.) D’ESTOURNELLES DE (L. S.) T. M. C. ASSER. CONSTANT.

(L. S.) E. N. RAHUSEN. For Great Britain and Ireland: For Persia: (L. S.) PAUNCEFOTE.

(L. S.) MIRZA RIZA KHAN, Ar(L. S.) HENRY HOWARD.

fa-ud-Dovleh. For Greece:

For Portugal: (L. S.) N. DELYANNI.

(L. S.) Conde DE MACEDO. For Italy:

(L. S.) AGOSTINHO D'ORNELLAS (L. S.) NIGRA.

DE VASCONCELLOS. (L. S.) A. ZANNINI.

(L. S.) Conde DE SELIR. (L. S.) G. POMPILJ.

For Roumania: For Japan:

(L. S.) A. BELDIMAN. (L. S.) I. MOTONO.

(L. S.) J. N. PAPINIU. For Luxemburg:

(L. S.) EYSCHEN. l'nder the reserves formulated in Articles 16, 17 and 19 of the pres

ent Convention (15, 16 and 18 of the project presented by the Committee on Examination) and recorded in the procès-verbal of the

sitting of the Third Commission of July 20, 1899. For Russia:

For Servia: (L. S.) STAAL.

(L. S.) CHEDO MIYATOVITCH. (L. S.) MARTENS.

(L. S.) A. BASILY. Under the reserves recorded in the procès-verbal of the Third Com

mission of July 20, 1899. For Siam:

For Switzerland: (L. S.) PHYA SURIYA NUVATR. (L. S.) Roth. (L. S.) VISUDDHA.

For Turkey: For the United Kingdoms of Swe- (L. S.) TURKHAN. den and Norway:

(L. S.) MEHEMED NOURY. (L. S.) BILDT. l'nder reserve of the declaration made in the plenary sitting of the

Conference of July 25, 1899. For Bulgaria: (L. S.) D. STANCIOFF.

(L. S.) Major HESSAPTCHIEFF. Certified as a true copy, The Secretary General of the Department of Foreign Affairs,

(L. S.) L. H. RUYSSENAERS. THE HAGUE, January 31, 1900.

The said Convention was signed by the Plenipotentiaries of the United States of America under reservation of the following declaration:

“Nothing contained in this convention shall be so construed as to require the United States of America to depart from its traditional policy of not intruding upon, interfering with, or entangling itself in the political questions of policy or internal administration of any foreign state; nor shall anything contained in the said convention be construed to imply a relinquishment by the United States of America of its traditional attitude toward purely American questions; "

In pursuance of the stipulations of Article LVIII of the said Convention the ratifications of the said Convention were deposited at The Ilague on the 4th day of September, 1900, by the Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the United States of America, Germany, AustriaHungary, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Persia, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Siam, Sweden and Norway and Bulgaria; on the 6th day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Japan; on the 16th. day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Montenegro; on the 29th. day of December, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Switzerland; on the 4th. day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Greece; on the 17th. day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Mexico; on the 11th. day of May, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Servia; and on the 12th. day of July, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Luxembourg.

1899. DECLARATION AS TO LAUNCHING OF PROJECTILES AND EXPLOSIVES. Concluded July 29, 1899; ratification advised by Senate February 5,

1900; ratified by President April 7, 1900; ratifications deposited with Netherlands Government September 4, 1900; proclaimed November 1, 1901. (U. S. Stats., vol. 32, p. 1839.) (Note: This declaration expires July 29, 1904.)

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[Translation.]

DECLARATION.

The Undersigned, Plenipotentiaries of the Powers represented at the International Peace Conference at The Hague, duly authorized to that effect by their Governments, inspired by the sentiments which found expression in the Declaration of St. Petersburg of the 29th November (11th December) 1868,

Declare that:

The Contracting Powers agree to prohibit, for a term of five years, the launching of projectiles and explosives from balloons, or by other new methods of similar nature.

The present Declaration is only binding on the Contracting Powers in case of war between two or more of them.

It shall cease to be binding from the time when, in a war between the Contracting Powers, one of the belligerents is joined by a nonContracting Power.

The present Declaration shall be ratified as soon as possible.
The ratifications shall be deposited at The Hague.

A procès-verbal shall be drawn up on the receipt of each ratification, of which a copy, duly certified, shall be sent through the diplomatic channel to all the Contracting Powers.

The non-Signatory Powers may adhere to the present Declaration. For this purpose they must make their adhesion known to the Contracting Powers by means of a written notification addressed to the Netherland Government, and communicated by it to all the other Contracting Powers.

In the event of one of the High Contracting Parties denouncing the present Declaration, such denunciation shall not take effect until a year after the notification made in writing to the Netherlands Government, and by it forthwith communicated to all the other Contracting Powers.

This denunciation shall only affect the notifying Power.

In faith of which the Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Declaration, and affixed their seals thereto.

Done at The Hague the 29th July, 1899, in a single copy, which shall be kept in the archives of the Netherlands Government, and of which copies, duly certified, shall be sent through the diplomatic channel to the Contracting Powers. For Germany:

For Montenegro: (L. S.) MUNSTER DERNEBURG. (L. S.) STAAL. For Austria-Hungary:

For the Netherlands: (L. S.) WELSERSHEIMB.

(L. S.) v. KARNEBEEK. (L. S.) OKOLICSANYI.

(L. S.) DEN

BEER POORTUFor Belgium:

GAEL. (L. S.) A. BEERNAERT.

(L. S.) T. M. C. ASSER. (L. S.) Cte. de GRELLE RO- (L. S.) E. N. RAHUSEN. GIER.

For Persia: (L. S.) Chr. DESCAMPS.

(L. S.) MIRZA RIZA KHAN, For China:

Arfa-ud-Dovleh. (L. S.) YANG YU.

For Portugal: For Denmark:

(L. S.) Conde de Macedo. (L. S.) F. BILLE.

(L. S.) AGOSTINHO D'ORNELFor Spain:

LAS DE VASCONCEL(L. S.) El Duque DE TETUAN.

LOS.
(L. S.) W.R. DE VILLA URRU- (L. S.) Conde de SELIR.
TIA.

For Roumania:
(L. S.) ARTURO DE BAGUER. (L. S.) A. BELDIMAN.
For the United States of America: (L. S.) J. N. PAPINIU.

(L. S.) ANDREW D. WHITE. For Russia:
(L. S.) SETH Low.

(L. S.) STAAL.
(L. S.) STANFORD NEWEL.

(L. S.) MARTENS. (L. S.) A. T. MAHAN.

(L. S.) A. BASILY. (L. S.) WILLIAM CROZIER: For Servia: For the United States of Mexico. (L. S.) CHEDO MIYATOVITCH. (L. S.) A. DE MIER.

For Siam : (L. S.) J. ZENIL.

(L. S.) PHYA SURIYA NUVATR. For France:

(L. S.) VISUDDHA. (L. S.) LEON BOURGEOIS. For the United Kingdom of Swe(L. S.) G. BIHOURD.

den and Norway: (L. S.) d’ESTOURNELLES DE (L. S.) BILDT. CONSTANT.

For Switzerland: For Greece:

(L. S.) Roth. (L. S.) N. DELYANNI.

For Turkey: For Italy:

(L. S.) TURKHAN. (L. S.) NIGRA.

(L. S.) M. NOURY. (L. S.) A. ZANNINI.

(L. S.) ABDULLAH. (L. S.) G. POMPILJ.

(L. S.) R. MEHEMMED. For Japan:

For Bulgaria: (L. S.) I. MOTONO.

(L. S.) D. STANCIOFF. For Luxemburg:

(L. S.) Major HESSAPTCHIEFF. (L. S.) EYSCHEN.

Certified as a true copy, Secretary General of the Department of Foreign Affairs,

L. II. RUYSSENAERS. THE HAGUE, January 31, 1900.

In pursuance of a stipulation of the said Declaration, the ratifications th eof were deposited at the Hague on the 4th. day of September, 1900, by the Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the United States of America, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Persia, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Siam, Sweden and Norway, and Bulgaria; on the 6th day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Japan; on the 16th. day of October, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Montenegro; on the 29th. day of December, 1900, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Switzerland; on the 4th. day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Greece; on the 17th. day of April, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Mexico; on the 11th. day of May, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Servia, and on the 12th. day of July, 1901, by the Plenipotentiary of the Government of Luxembourg.

1899. CONVENTION FOR THE ADAPTATION TO MARITIME WARFARE OF THE

PRINCIPLES OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF AUGUST 22, 1861.4 Concluded July 29, 1899; ratification advised by Senate May 4, 1900;

ratified by the President August 3, 1900; ratifications deposited with the Netherlands Government September 4, 1900; proclaimed Norember 1, 1901. (U. S. Stats., vol. 32, p. 1827.)

ARTICLES.

I. Military hospital ships.
II. Private hospital ships.
III. Hospital ships of neutral coun-

tries.
IV. Use hospital ships.

V. Color; flag.
VI. Neutral vessels.
VII. Relief staffs.

VIII. Disabled prisoners.
IX. Prisoners of war.

X. Excluded.
XI. Powers bound by rules.
XII. Ratification.
XIII. Non-signatory powers.
XIV. Denunciation.

[Translation.] CONVENTION FOR THE ADAPTATION TO MARITIME WARFARE OF THE PRINCI.

PLES OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF AUGUST 22, 1864.a

His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; His Majesty the Emperor of China; His Majesty the King of Denmark; His Majesty the King of Spain and in His Name Her Majesty the Queen Regent of the Kingdom; the President of the United States of America; the President of the United Mexican States; the President of the French Republic; Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India; His Majesty the King of the Hellenes; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the Emperor of Japan; His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxemburg, Duke of

a Adhered to by Guatemala, Korea. Par

il: ador.

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Nassau; His Highness the Prince of Montenegro; Her Majesty the
Queen of the Netherlands; His Imperial Majesty the Shah of Persia;
His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves etc.; His
Majesty the King of Roumania; His Majesty the Emperor of all the
Russias; His Majesty the King of Servia; His Majesty the King of
Siam; His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway; the Swiss Fed-
eral Council; Ilis Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans and his Royal
Highness the Prince of Bulgaria.

Alike animated by the desire to diminish, as far as depends on them the evils inseparable from warfare, and wishing with this object to adapt to maritime warfare the principles of the Geneva Convention of the 22nd August, 1864, have decided to conclude a convention to this effect:

They have, in consequence, appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, to wit:

His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia, His Excellency Count Munster, Prince of Derneburg, His Ambassador at Paris.

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary: His Excellency Count R. de Welsersheimb, His Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary; Mr. Alexander. Okolicsanyi d'Okolicsna, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His Majestey the King of the Belgians: His Excellency Mr. Auguste Beernaert, His Minister of State, President of the Chamber of Deputies; Count de Grelle Rogier, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Ilague; the Chevalier Descamps, Senator.

His Majesty the Emperor of China: Mr. Yang Yu, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at St. Petersburg.

His Majesty the King of Denmark: His Chainberlain Fr. E. de Bille, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at London.

His Majesty the King of Spain and in His Name, Her Majesty the Queen Regent of the Kingdom: His Excellency the Duke of Tetuan, formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs; M. W. Ramirez de Villa Urrutia, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Brussels; M. Arthur de Baguer, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

The President of the United States of America: Mr. Stanford Newel, Envoy Extraordinary and minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

The President of the United Mexican States: Mr. de Mier, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris; Mr. Zenil, Minister Resident at Brussels.

The President of the French Republic: M. Léon Bourgeois, formerly President of the Council, ex-Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of the Chamber of Deputies; M. Georges Bihourd, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague; Baron d'Estournelles de Constant, Minister Plenipotentiary, Member of the Chamber of Deputies.

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India: Sir Henry Howard, Her Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague.

His Majesty the King of the Hellenes: Mr. N. Delyanni, formerly President of the Council, ex-Minister for Foreign Affairs, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris.

His Majesty the King of Italy: His Excellency Count Nigra, His Ambassador at Vienna, Senator of the Kingdom; Count A. Žannini, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at The Hague; Commander Guido Pompilj, Deputy in the Italian Parliament.

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