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Erewhile, in sportive circles round
way, And on the fearful margin play.
Pleas'd on his various freaks to dwell,
She tells with what delight he stood To trace his features in the flood; Then skipp'd aloof with quaint amaze, And then drew near again to gaze.
She tells me how with eager speed
Perhaps I was void of all thought:
Perhaps it was plain to foresee, That a nymph so complete would be sought
By a swain more engaging than me.
It banishes wisdom the while ;
Seems for ever adorn'd with a smile.
Ye that witness the woes I endure, Let reason instruct you to shun
What it cannot instruct you to cure. Beware how you loiter in vain
Amid nymphs of a higher degree : It is not for me to explain
How fair, and how fickle, they be. Alas! from the day that we met,
What hope of an end to my woes? When I cannot endure to forget
The glance that undid my repose. Yet time may diminish the pain :
The flower, and the shrub, and the tree, Which I rear'd for her pleasure in vain,
In time may have comfort for me. The sweets of a dew-sprinkled rose,
The sound of a murmuring stream, The peace which from solitude flows,
Henceforth shall be Corydon's theme. High transports are shown to the sight,
But we're not to find them our own;
As I with my Phyllis had known.
To your deepest recesses I fly;
I would vanish from every eye.
With the same sad complaint it begun; How she smil'd-and I could not but love;
Was faithless—and I am undone!
His every frolic, light as air,
But knows my Delia, timely wise, How soon this blameless era fies? While violence and craft succeed ; Unfair design, and ruthless deed!
Soon would the vine his wounds deplore,
No more those bowers might Strephon see,
Each wayward passion soon would tear
Then mourn not the decrees of Fate, That gave his life so short a date ; And I will join thy tenderest sighs, To think that youth so swiftly flies!
THE Rev. CHARLES CHURCHILL
THE Rev. CHARLES CHURCHILL, a poet, once of name. Churchill was now at once raised from ob great repute, was the son of a curate of St. John's, scurity to eminence; and the Rosciad, which wo Westminster, in which parish he was born in 1731. have selected as his best work, is, in fact, the only He received his early education at the celebrated one of his numerous publications on which he bepublic school in the vicinity, whence he was sent to slowed due labor. The delineations are drawn Oxford ; but to this university he was refused ad- with equal energy and vivacity; the language and mission on account of deficient classical knowledge. versification, though not without inequalities, are Returning to school, he soon closed his further superior to the ordinary strain of current poetry, and education by an early and imprudent marriage. many of the observations are stamped with sound Receiving holy orders from the indulgence of Dr. judgment and correct taste. Sherlock, he went down to a curacy in Wales, The remainder of his life, though concurring where he attempted to remedy the scanliness of his with the period of his principal fame, is liule worthy income, by the sale of cider; but this expedient of notice. He became a party writer, joining with only plunged him deeper in debt. Returning to Wilkes and other oppositionists, and employed his London, he was chosen, on his father's death, to pen assiduously in their cause. With this was succeed him as curate and lecturer of St. John's. joined a lamentable defect of moral feeling, exHis finances still falling short, he took various hibited by loose and irregular manners. Throwing methods to improve them; at the same time he dis- off his black suit, he decorated his large and clumsy played an immoderate fondness for theatrical ex- person with gold lace; and dismissing his wife, he hibitions. This latter passion caused him to think debauched from her parents the daughter of a of exercising those talents which he was conscious tradesman in Westminster. His writings at length of possessing ; and in March, 1761, he published, became mere rhapsodies; and taking a journey to though anonymously, a view of the excellencies and France for the purpose of visiting Mr. Wilkes, defects of the actors in both houses, which he en- then an exile in that country, he was seized with a titled “The Rosciad.” It was much admired, fever, which put a period to his life on November 4, and a second edition appeared with the author's 1764, at the age of 34.
They can't, like candidate for other seat,
Pour seas of wine, and mountains raise of meat.
Wine! they could bribe you with the world as soon,
And of roast beef, they only know the tune : Roscius deceas'd, each high aspiring play's But what they have they give; could Clive do more. Push'd all his int'rest for the vacant chair. Though for each million he had brought home four? The buskin'd heroes of the mimic stage
Shuter keeps open house at Southwark fair, No longer whine in love, and rant in rage; And hopes the friends of humor will be there ; The monarch quits his throne, and condescends In Smithfield, Yates prepares the rival treat Humbly to court the favor of his friends; For those who laughter love, instead of meat; For pity's sake tells undeserv'd mishaps,
Foote, at Old House, for even Foote will be, And, their applause to gain, recounts his claps. In self-conceit, an actor, bribes with tea; Thus the victorious chiefs of ancient Rome, Which Wilkinson at second-hand receives, To win the mob, a suppliant's form assume, And at the New, pours water on the leaves. In pompous strain fight o'er th' extinguish'd war, The town divided, each runs sev'ral ways, And show where honor bled in ev'ry scar. As passion, humor, int'rest, party sways.
But though bare merit might in Rome appear Things of no moment, color of the hair,
A dress well chosen, or a patch misplac'd,
Embor'd, the ladies must have something smart,
Looks up, and vows that Barry's out of sizo ;
Whilst to six feet the vig'rous stripling grown, Who can-But Woodward came,-Hill slipp'd Declares that Garrick is another Coan.*
away, When place of judgment is by whim supplied, Melting like ghosts, before the rising day. And our opinions have their rise in pride;
+ With that low cunning, which in fools supplies When, in discoursing on each mimic elf,
And amply too, the place of being wise,
Which Nature, kind, indulgent parent, gave
With that smooth falsehood, whose appearance At length agreed, all squabbles to decide,
charms, By some one judge the cause was to be tried ; And reason of each wholesome doubt disarms, But this their squabbles did afresh renew, Which to the lowest depths of guile descends, Who should be judge in such a trial ?—Who? By vilest mcans pursues the vilest ends,
For Johnson some, but Johnson, it was fear'd, Wears Friendship’s mask for purposes of spite, Would be too grave; and Sterne too gay appear'd: Fawns in the day, and butchers in the night; Others for Francklin voted ; but 'twas known, With that malignant envy, which turns pale, He sicken'd at all triumphs but his own :
And sickens, even if a friend prevail, For Colman many, but the peevish tongue Which merit and success pursues with hate, Of prudent Age found out that he was young : And damns the worth it cannot imitate ; For Murphy some few pilf’ring wils declar'd, With the cold caution of a coward's spleen, Whilst Folly clapp'd her hands, and Wisdom star'd. Which fears not guilt, but always seeks a skreen,
To mischief irain'd, e'en from his mother's womb, Which keeps this maxim ever in her viewGrown old in fraud, though yet in manhood's bloom, What's basely done, should be done safely too ; Adopting arts, by which gay villains rise,
With that dull, rooted, callous impudence, And reach the heights which honest men despise ; Which, dead 10 shame, and ev'ry nicer sense, Mute at the bar, and in the senate loud,
Ne'er blush'd, unless, in spreading Vice's snares, Dull 'mongst the dullest, proudest of the proud; She blunder'd on some virtue unawares ; A pert, prim prater of the northern race,
With all these blessings, which we seldom find Guilt in his heart, and famine in his face,
Lavish'd by Nature on one happy mind, Stood forth and thrice he wav'd his lily hand-A motley figure, of the Fribble tribe, And thrice he twirld his tye—thrice strok'd his Which heart can scarce conceive, or pen describe, band
Came simp'ring on; to ascertain whose sex “At Friendship's call," (thus oft with trait'rous aim Twelve sage, impanneld matrons would perplex. Men, void of faith, usurp Faith's sacred name) Nor male, nor female ; neither, and yet both; “ At Friendship's call I come, by Murphy sent, Of neuter gender, though of Irish growih; Who thus by me develops his intent.
A six-foot suckling, mincing in its gait;
Lest brutal breezes should 100 roughly shake
Ils tender form, and savage motion spread, “Thanks to my friends.—But to vile fortunes born, O'er its pale checks, the horrid manly red. No robes of fur these shoulders must adorn.
Much did it talk, in its own pretty phrase, Vain your applause, no aid from thence I draw; Of genius and of taste, of play'rs and plays; Vain all my wit, for what is wit in law ?
Much too of writings, which itself had wrote, Twice (curs'd remembrance !) twice I strove to gain of special merit, though of little note; Admittance 'mongst the law-instructed train, For Fate, in a strange humor, had decreed Who, in the Temple and Gray's Inn, prepare That what it wrote, none but itself should read ; For clients' wretched feet the legal snare ; Much too it chatter'd of dramatic laws, Dead to those arts, which polish and refine, Misjudging critics, and misplac'd applause ; Deaf to all worth, because that worth was mine, Then, with a self-complacent jutting air, Twice did those blockheads startle at my name, It smild, it smirk’d, it wriggled to the chair ; And, foul rejection, gave me up to shame.
And, with an awkward briskness not its own, To laws and lawyers then I bad adieu,
Looking around, and perking on the throne, And plans of far more lib'ral note pursue. Triumphant seem'd, when that strange savage dame Who will may be a judge—my kindling breast Known but to few, or only known by name, Burns for that chair which Roscius once possess'd. Plain Common-Sense appear’d, by Nature there Here give your votes, your intrest here exert, Appointed, with plain Truth, to guard the chair. And let success for once attend desert."
The pageant saw, and, blasted with her frown, With sleek appearance, and with ambling pace, To its first state of nothing melted down. And, type of vacant head, with vacant face, Nor shall the Muse (for even there the pride The Proteus Hill put in his modest piea,
of this vain nothing shall be mortified) “ Let Favor speak for others, Worth for me." Nor shall the Muse (should Fate ordain her rhymes For who, like him, his various powers could call Fond, pleasing thought! to live in after-times) Into so many shapes, and shine in all ?
With such a trifler's name her pages blot;
† This severe character was intended for Mr. FitzAt once to play, prescribe, compound, compose ? patrick, a person who had rendered himself remarkable
by his activity in the playhouse riots of 1763, relative to
the taking half prices. He was the hero of Garrick's * John Coan, a dwarf, who died in 1764. C. Fribbleriad. E.
Let it, to disappoint each future aim,
The morning came, nor find I that the Sun, Live without sex, and die without a name !
As he on other great events hath done, Cold-blooded critics, by enervate sires
Put on a brighter robe than what he wore Scarce hammer'd out, when Nature's feeble fires To go his journey in the way before. Glimmer'd their last; whose sluggish blood, half Full in the centre of a spacious plain, froze,
On plan entirely new, where nothing vain, Creeps lab’ring through the veins; whose heart Nothing magnificent appear’d, but Art ne'er glows
With decent modesty perform’d her part, With fancy-kindled heat;—a servile race, Rose a tribunal : from no other court Who in mere want of fault, all merit place; It borrow'd ornament, or sought support: Who blind obedience pay to ancient schools, No juries here were pack'd to kill or clear, Bigots to Greece, and slaves to musty rules; No bribes were taken, nor oaths broken here ; With solemn consequence declar'd that none No gownmen, partial to a client's cause, Could judge that cause but Sophocles alone. To their own purpose tun'd the pliant laws, Dupes to their fancied excellence, the crowd, Each judge was true and steady to his trust, Obsequious to the sacred dictate, bow'd.
As Mansfield wise, and as old Foster* just. When, from amidst the throng, a youth stood forth, In the first seat, in robe of various dyes, Unknown his person, not unknown his worth; A noble wildness flashing from his eyes, His look bespoke applause; alone he stood, Sat Shakspeare.—In one hand a wand he bore, Alone he stemm'd the mighty critic flood.
For mighty wonders fam'd in days of yore; He talk'd of ancients, as the man became The other held a globe, which to his will Who priz'd our own, but envied not their fame; Obedient turn'd, and own'd the master's skill : With noble rev'rence spoke of Greece and Rome, Things of the noblest kind his genius drew, And scorn'd to tear the laurel from the tomb. And look'd through Nature at a single view:
“But more than just to other countries grown, A loose he gave to his unbounded soul, Must we turn base a postates to our own?
And taught new lands to rise, new seas to roll; Where do these words of Greece and Rome excel, Call'd into being scenes unknown before, That England may not please the ear as well? And, passing Nature's bounds, was something more. What mighty magic's in the place or air,
Next Jonson sat, in ancient learning train’d, That all perfection needs must centre there? His rigid judgment Fancy's flights restrain'd, In states, let strangers blindly be preferr'd ; Correctly prun'd each wild luxuriant thought, In state of letters, merit should be heard. Mark'd out her course, nor spar'd a glorious fault Genius is of no country, her pure ray
The book of man he read with nicest art,
And ransack'd all the secrets of the heart;
And trac'd each passion to its proper source ;
Then strongly mark'd, in liveliest colors drew, And cheer a patriot heart with patriot hope) And brought each foible forth to public view. May not some great extensive genius raise The coxcomb felt a lash in ev'ry word, The name of Britain 'bove Athenian praise ; And fools, hung out, their brother fools deterr'd. And, whilst brave thirst of fame his bosom warms, His comic humor kept the world in awe, Make England great in letters as in arms? And Laughter frighten'd Folly more than Law. There may—there hath—and Shakspeare's Muse But, hark!—The trumpet sounds, the crowd gives aspires
way, Beyond the reach of Greece: with native fires And the procession comes in just array. Mounting aloft, he wings his daring flight,
Now should I, in some sweet poetic line,
Invoke the Muse to quit her calm abode,
Their titles, merits, or their names rehearse ?
He said, and conquer'd-Sense resum'd her sway, In measur'd time his feet were taught to go. And disappointed pedants stalk'd away.
Behind, from time to time, he cast his eye, Shakspeare and Jonson, with deserv'd applause, Lest this should quit his place, that step awry. Joint-judges were ordain’d to try the cause. Appearances to save his only care; Meantime the stranger ev'ry voice employ'd, So things seem right, no matter what they are. To ask or tell his name—Who is it?—Lloyd. In him his parents saw themselves renew'd,
Thus, when the aged friends of Job stood mute, Begotten by sir Critic on saint Prude. And, tamely prudent, gave up the dispute,
Then came drum, trumpet, hautboy, fiddle, flute: Elihu, with the decent warmth of youth,
Next snuffer, sweeper, shifter, soldier, mute : Boldly stood forth the advocate of Truth;
Legions of angels all in white advance ; Confuted Falsehood, and disabled Pride,
Furies, all fire, come forward in a dance; Whilst baffled Age stood snarling at his side. Pantomime figures then are brought to view, The day of trial's fix’d, nor any fear
Fools hand in hand with fools go two by two. Lest day of trial should be put off here. Causes but seldom for delay can call
* Sir Michael Foster, one of the judges of the King's In courts where forms are few, fees none at all. Bench.
Next came the treasurer of either house ; His walk of parts he fatally misplac'd,
Hence hath the town so often seen display'd
But when bold wits, not such as patch up plays,
Some comic character, strong featur'd, urge
Where modest Judgment her decree suspends,
Whether it is in Nature found or not, Statesman all over !-In plots famous grown!- There Woodward safely shall his pow'rs exert, He mouths a sentence, as curs mouth a bone. Nor fail of favor where he shows desert.
Next Holland came.-With truly tragic stalk, Hence he in Bobadil such praises bore, He creeps,
he flies.-A hero should not walk. Such worthy praises, Kitely scarce had more. As if with Heav'n he warr'd, his eager eyes
By turns transform'd into all kind of shapes, Planted their batteries against the skies;
Constant to none, Foote laughs, cries, struts, and Attitude, action, air, pause, start, sigh, groan,
scrapes: He borrow'd, and made use of as his own.
Now in the centre, now in van or rear, By fortune thrown on any other stage,
The Proteus shifts, bawd, parson, auctioneer. He might, perhaps, have pleas'd an easy age;
His strokes of humor, and his bursts of sport, But now appears a copy, and no more,
Are all contain'd in this one word, Distort. Of something better we have seen before.
Doth a man slutter, look a-squint, or halt? The actor who would build a solid fame,
Mimics draw humor out of Nature's fault, Must Imitation's servile arts disclaim ;
With personal defects their mirth adorn, Act from himself, on his own bottom stand; And hang misfortunes out to public scorn. I hate e'en Garrick thus at second-hand.
E'en I, whom Nature cast in hideous mould, Behind came King.–Bred up in modest lore, Whom, having made, she trembled to behold, Bashful and young he sought Hibernia's shore; Beneath the load of mimicry may groan, Hibernia, fam'd, 'bove ev'ry other grace,
And find that Nature's errors are my own. For matchless intrepidity of face.
Shadows behind of Foote and Woodward came; From her his features caught the gen'rous flame,
Wilkinson this, Obrien was that name. And bid defiance to all sense of shame.
Strange to relate, but wonderfully true, Tutor'd by her all rivals to surpass,
That even shadows have their shadows too! 'Mongst Drury's sons he comes, and shines in Brass. With not a single comic pow'r endu’d,
Lo Yates ! -Without the least finesse of art The first a mere mere mimic's mimic stood ; He gets applause-I wish he'd get his part.
The last by Nature form’d to please, who shows, When hot Impatience is in full career,
In Jonson's Stephen, which way Genius grows; How vilely “Hark'e! Hark'e!" grates the ear. Self quite put off, affects, with too much art, When active Fancy from the brain is sent, To put on Woodward in each mangled part; And stands on tip-toe for some wish'd event, Adopts his shrug, his wink, his stare; nay, more, I hate those careless blunders which recall
His voice, and croaks ; for Woodward croak d be. Suspended sense, and prove it fiction all.
fore. In characters of low and vulgar mould,
When a dull copier simple grace neglects,
We readily forgive; but such vile arts
Which better speaks a puppet than å player : When, blindly thwarting Nature's stubborn plan, List to that voice-did ever Discord hear He treads the stage, by way of gentleman,
Sounds so well fitted to her untun'd car? The clown, who no one touch of breeding knows, When, to enforce some very tender part, Looks like Tom Errand dress'd in Clincher's clothes. The right-hand sleeps by instinct on the heart; Fond of his dress, fond of his person grown, His soul, of every other thought bereft, Laugh'd at by all, and to himself unknown, Is anxious only where to place the left; From side to side he struts, he smiles, he prates, He sobs and pants to soothe his weeping spouse, And seems to wonder what's become of Yates. To soothe his weeping mother, turns and bows.
Woodward, endow'd with various tricks of face, Awkward, embarrass'd, stiff, without the skill Great master in the science of grimace,
Of moving gracefully, or standing still, From Ireland ventures, fav’rite of the town, One leg, as if suspicious of his brother, Lur'd by the pleasing prospect of renown; Desirous seems to run away from t'other. A speaking Harlequin, made up of whim,
Some errors, handed down from age to age, He twists, he twines, he tortures ev'ry limb, Plead custom's force, and still possess the stage. Plays to the eye with a mere monkey's art, That's vile_Should we a parent's faults adore, And leaves to sense the conquest of the heart. And err, because our fathers err'd before : We laugh indeed, but on reflection's birth, If, inattentive to the author's mind, We wonder at ourselves, and curse our mirth. Some actors made the jest they could not find ;