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European History.

Giordani, Paolo. The German colonial empire. N. Y.: Macmillan. 156 pp. $1.00, net.

Hazen, Charles D. Modern European History. N. Y.: Holt. 650 pp. $1.75.

Jordan; David Starr. Alsace-Lorraine: a study in conquest. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co. 113 pp. §1.00, nét.

Leslie, Shane. The Celt and the world; a study of the relation of Celt and Teuton in history. N. Y.: Scribner. 224 pp. $1.25, net.

The Great War.

Bryce, James, Viscount, and others. The war of democracy; the Allies' statement. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday Page. 440 pp. $2.00, net. Currie, Col. J. A. “The Red Watch; ” with the first Canadian division in Flanders. N. Y.; Dutton. 294 pp. $1.50, net. Gibbs, Philip. The battles of the Somme. N. Y.: Doran. 377 pp. $2.00, net. Hurgronje, Christian S. The revolt in Arabia. nam. 150 pp. 75 cents, net. I accuse; by a German. N. Y.: Grosset & Dunlap. 445 pp. 75 cents. Palmer, Frederick. My second year of the war. N. Y.: Dodd, Mead. 404 pp. $1.50, net. Spiegel, von und zu Peckelsheim, Edgar Baron. The ad. ventures of U-202, an actual narrative [by her commander]. N. Y.: Century Co. 202 pp. $1.00, net. Visscher, Charles de. Belgium's case. N. Y.: Doran. pp. (3% pp. bibls.). $1.00, net. Wells, Herbert G. Italy, France and Britain at War. NY.: Macmillan. 285 pp. $1.50, net.

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Roberts, Peter. Civics for coming Americans. N. Y.: Association Press 118 pp. 50 cents.

Shambaugh, B. F., editor. Statute law making in Iowa. Iowa City, Ia.: State Hist. Soc. 718 pp. $3.00.

Simpson, Alex., Jr. A treatise on federal impeachments. Phila.: Law Assn. of Phila. 230 pp.

U. S. President [Wilson]. Address . . . delivered at a joint session of the two houses of Congress, Dec. 5, 1916. Wash., D. C.: Gov. Pr. Off. 7 pp.

A league for peace, address . . . delivered be

fore the U. S. Senate on Jan. 22, 1917. Wash., D. C.: Gov. Pr. Off. 8 pp.

University of Colorado

BOULDER, COLORADO Fourteenth Summer Session, June 25 to August 4, 1917

In the foothills of the Rockies. Ideal conditions for summer study and recreation. Courses, in thirty departments, including Medicine, Ophthalmology and Engineering. , Able faculty. , Eminent lecturers. Attractive course, for teachers. Tuition low. Living expenses reasonable. Catalogue on application to Registrar.

DARTMOUTH COLLEGE HANOVER, N. H. The Summer Session July 9 to August 18 Expenses Moderate

A FACULTY of 40 offering 65 COURSES in 21 DEPARTMENTS.

HISTORY COURSES: European, United States, English, Teaching of History.

HISTORY FACULTY: Professors Ferguson (Harvard), Lingley (Dartmouth), Lawrence (Middlebury).

detailed announcement, address, For de JAMES L. McCONAUGHY, Director.

The History Teacher's Magazine

Published monthly, except July and August, at 1619-1621 Ranstead Street, Philadelphia, Pa., by

McKINLEY PUBLISHING CO.

EDITED UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF A COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION, composed of:

Peof. HENRY Johnson, Teachers’ College, Columbia University, Chairman.

PROF. FRED. M. FLING, University of Nebraska.

MIss ANNA. B. THoMPson, Thayer Academy, South Braintree, Mass.

PROF. FREDERIC DUNCALF, University of Texas.
PROF. O. H. WILLIAMs, University of Indiana.

DR. JAMEs SULLIVAN, Director of Archives and History, New
York State Department of Education.

ALBERT E. McKINLEY, Ph.D., Managing Editor

subscortion PRICE, two dollars a year; single copies, twenty cents each.

REDUCED RATE of one dollar a year is granted to members of the American Historical Association, and to members of local and regional associations of history teachers. Such subscriptions must be sent direct to the publishers or through the secretaries of associations (but not through subscription agencies).

POSTAGE PREPAID in United States and Mexico; for Canada, twenty cents additional should be added to the subscription price, and for other foreign countries in the Postal Union, thirty cents additional.

CHANGE OF ADDRESS. Both the old and the new address must be given when a change of address is ordered.

ADVERTISING RATES furnished upon application.

University of Wisconsin

SUMMER SESSION, 1917

June 25 to August 3

. History Made Attractive New Wall Maps

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350 COURSES. 200 INSTRUCTORS. Graduate and undergraduate work in all departments leading to all academic degrees. Letters and Science, Medicine, Engineering, Law, and Agriculture (including Home Economics).

TEACHERS' COURSES in high-school subjects. Strong programs in all academic departments. Exceptional research facilities.

NEWER FEATURES. Art, Agricultural Extension, Athletic Coaching, Aesthetic and Folk Dancing, College Administration for Women, Community and Public School Music, Farm Credits, Festivals, Geology and Geography, German House, Journalism, Library Organization, Manual Arts, Moral Education, Norse, Physical Education and Play, Psychology of Public Speaking, Rural Sociology, School Administration, Speech Clinic, Zoology Field Course.

Favorable Climate. Lakeside Advantages. One fee for all courses, $15, except Law (10 wks.), $25

Lithographed in discernible colors. Mounted on durable muslin. Furnished also in all styles of spring roller mountings.

Write for detailed announcement

DENOYER-GEPPERT CO.

School Map Publishers

Better Maps at Lower Prices" 460 East Ohio Street

Chicago (Mention this magazine please)

For detailed announcements, address Registrar, University, Madison, Wisconsin

A Century of Map

Supremacy

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Cornell University

SUMMER SESSION July 9 to August 17, 1917

In addition to courses of instruction covering nearly all branches taught in the high school, and arranged with special reference to the needs of teachers, the following courses will be given:

“ American Government and Politics; ” “ American History, 1750-1848; ” PROFESSOR J. P. BRETZ.

“ Greek and Roman History; ” “ The Near Eastern Question; ” PROFESSOR A. T. OLMSTEAD.

“ English History to 1485; ” “English History Since 1815; ” “ Seminary in English History; ” PROFESSOR W. E. LUNT.

"Latin America, Social, Political, Economic; ” DR. CUNNINGHAM,

“ Methods of Teaching History and Civics in the High School; ” “ Studies in Teaching Local History; " DR. JAMES SULLIVAN.

“ Principles of Economics; ” PROFESSOR DAVENPORT.

"Money and Banking; " PROFESSOR REED.

“ Elements of Accounting; ” “ Interpretation of Accounts; ” PROFESSOR ENGLISH.

Full program will be sent on application to Director of Summer Session, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.

Magazine

EDITED UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF A COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION.

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Published monthly, except July and August, by McKinley Publishing Co., Philadelphia, Pa. Copyright, 1917, McKinley Publishing Co. Entered as second-class matter, Oct. 26, 1909, at Post-office at Phila, Pa., under Act of March 3, 1879

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Volume VIII. Number 5.

PHILADELPHIA, MAY, 1917.

$2.00 a year. 20 cents a copy.

The War amd History Teaching in Europe

BY ALBERT E. McKINLEY.

It is a commonplace to say that the war has had a great influence upon the schools of Europe. We are all familiar with the destruction of school and university property in the actual field of battle; we know, too, that school property has frequently been put to military uses, and that university laboratories have been turned over to semi-military experimentation. There has been a withholding of funds from many educational enterprises; London's educational budget was reduced by four and a half million dollars, and Mr. Carnegie's United States Steel bonds given to Scottish foundations, have been exchanged for British national bonds.

The student body has been drawn upon heavily for war purposes. The universities throughout Europe have lost by far the greater part of their students, in some cases those in attendance equalling only onefifth or one-tenth of the normal attendance. The great English public schools, the French lycées, the German gymnasia, and secondary schools throughout Europe have in some cases given all their upper class students to the war. Even in the elementary schools, laws for compulsory school attendance and prohibiting child labor, have been almost universally ignored; in England alone between 150,000 and 200,000 children, who should by law be in attendance at school, have been released for war purposes. Boys and girls are receiving four or five times the wages before the war, they are spending freely, and succumbing to the temptations of their new freedom. Statistics of juvenile crime from Germany and England show an alarming increase in the number of young culprits.

School and college faculties have been depleted even more than the student body. Able English and French scholars of Greek, have been sent around to Salonica to act as interpreters. Educational journals print long lists of the names of teachers and professors who have fallen in the war, one number of a German periodical containing over six hundred names of educational workers who had met the “Heldentod.” Perhaps a more serious loss than that from actual death among teachers, has come about by the withdrawal of thousands of teachers from their life-occupation to fill administrative, clerical and military positions. As a result of these drafts upon the teaching force, the schools and higher institutions are poorly and inadequately manned.

Not only have the educational systems of Europe suffered in material equipment, and in the numbers and character of the students and teachers, but these

systems also have been subjected to a severe popular and administrative criticism. In England the loudest attack has been made upon the so-called impractical purely cultural character of the educational system. The German methods of teaching science and encouraging research have been held up as models. Objection has been made, too, to the disjointed character of the educational system of England. Many suggestions have appeared looking to securing greater co-operation between the elementary schools, the public schools, the private institutions, the universities and governmental training schools. Proposals for changes and reconstruction of school curricula have been common in all the countries at war. Such changes almost always look toward the strengthening of the work in science and technical training; while the classical languages, ancient history and liberal branches are called upon to surrender part or all of the time previously given to them. The English universities accept six months military service in lieu of compulsory Greek; the same language has lost its position in the Russian higher institutions; and a strong demand exists in Germany for its curtailment. Teachers of the classics and of cultural branches have been compelled to take united action to protect the position of their subjects. European school systems, especially in England and Germany, are becoming more democratic under the influence of the reformers. The education of girls receives more attention, and children from poor families will have more opportunity to enter institutions of higher learning.

History has occupied a large place both in the changed education of war times, and in the plans for reconstruction after the war. Looking now at the actual effects of the war on history teaching in foreign schools, we may note three principal influences: First, the teaching of the war itself; second, the emphasis in schools upon patriotism and national sentiment; and third, the shifting of interest from ancient to modern, particularly, nineteenth century, history. A most interesting account of the study of the war, its causes, incidents, and possible results, is to be found in the report of a French educational inspector who writes in the Revue Pédagogique (June, 1915).

The writer of this article had abundant opportunity while on his journeys of inspection in the Department of Finistère and from reports made directly to him, to learn the actual facts. He arranges these facts under the several subjects of instruction showing how the war is being made use of a educational ma

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