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ground that only scholars may detect them. Yet every de sary research of Dr. Chapman among the archives of tail is “ documented.” There are no marginal references, Spain. The historical collections of Hubert Howe Banand only two footnotes, one on the theatre, and the one croft, now located at the University of California, are also on the arrangement of oars in a trireme where a some the result of the same spirit. With such opportunities at what novel explanation is given.
hand, in a field comparatively little worked, there is no The translation of Greek public life into terms of Eng. wonder that not only this present study but others along lish public life may not always be a help to American similar lines are making their appearance. That the study pupils. There are some sixteen pictures to illustrate the of this period of California history leads to a broader context. The foreword by Professor C. W. Oman, though cov ception of its importance from the point of view of Spanish ering only four pages, is one of the assets of the book, and civilization hardly needs to be emphasized, especially after a notable one for the teacher.
the appearance of “The Pacific Ocean in History; the
VICTORIA A. ADAMS. Papers and Addresses Presented at the Panama-Pacific Calumet High School, Chicago.
The peculiar arrangement of the text is due to the desire
to present the story in extenso; thus each chapter opens CHAPMAN, CHARLES EDWARD. The Founding of Spanish with a summary of from one to three pages in length ex
California, the Northwestward Expansion of New plaining the nature of the contents of that chapter. Then Spain, 1687-1783. New York: The Macmillan Co.,
comes the narrative minutely following the accounts of 1916. Pp. xxxii, 485. $3.50.
the documents. There are some excellent appendices and The careful appreciation of Dr. Chapman's work, ap full bibliographical notes. pearing in the January number of “The American His.
HENRY L. CANNON. torical Review," renders unnecessary the critical appraisal Stanford University. which such an important volume would otherwise demand. We may limit our attention, therefore, to the aim of the work, the material upon which it is founded, and the “National Independence and Internationalism," by Bermethod according to which the results are presented. trand Russell, a study of the matters in which the interests
As Professor Henry Morse Stephens explains in the in of nations are supposed to clash; "Japan and the United troduction (pp. xix-xxxii), this is an effort both to meet States,” by K. K. Kawakami, a frank statement of the the local demand for researches in California history, and causes of the estrangement between Japan and the United to make a contribution to the general history of civiliza States; “ Nicaragua and the United States," by Cyrus F. tion. It was owing to the interest evinced by Californians Wicker, charge d'affaire at Nicaragua, rather a criticism in the early history of the Pacific Coast that the Native of our policy toward the smaller republics, and Catherine Sons of the Golden West offered a subsidy of $3,000 a year Breshkovsky's “Letters from Siberia,” make the May issue for traveling fellowships, thus making possible the neces of the "Atlantic" of especial interest to historians.
Prepare for the School Year, 1917-1918
HE HISTORY TEACHER will have greater opportunity for service during the coming year ΤΙ
than ever before in the life of our nation. Not only will there be abundant cccasion for enlightenwa) ment upon the history of Europe and the principles of American government and institutions, but also there will be great need of trained historical minds to combat vague rumors, hasty generalizations and dangerous innovations.
The History Teacher's Magazine will aim, during the War, to encourage all proper activities of history teachers. It will welcome suggestions as to how far the war should influence history teaching. It will co-operate with the National Board for Historical Service in presenting monthly a series of topics for each of the fields of secondary school history.
If you are interested in the War and in History Teaching, you cannot
afford to be without “The History Teacher's Magazine " next year.
trol of the government to the superior ability of the trained
and exceptionally gifted few?” and answers it by saying, EDITED BY GERTRUDE BRAMLETTE RICHARDS, PH.D.
* No theoretical answer to the question as to whether
democracy can be efficient, could have a value comparable The March number of the “National Geographic Maga to that which will be given by the outcome of the struggle zine " has an article on Russia—“Russia's Democrats "_by which is subjecting democracy in England and the British Montgomery Schuyler, which gives a brief historical back
Empire to the supreme test.” ground of recent affairs. In the same issue is David Jayne Hill's “ Republics—The Ladder to Liberty,” while the unusually splendid illustrations of Spanish and Algerian
BOOKS ON HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT PUBLISHED scenes should not be overlooked.
IN THE UNITED STATES FROM MARCH · Why Alsace Lorraine Wants to be French," by Jules
31 TO APRIL 28, 1917. Bois in the May “Bookman,” is an interesting study of the will and conscience of Alsace. The same magazine pub
LISTED BY CHARLES H. COULOMB, Ph.D. lishes a good brief account of the March revolution under
American History. the title of “Russia Resurgent,” by Abraham Yarmolinsky: Alvord, Clarence W., and Carter, Clarence E., editors. The and the second installment-political considerations-of
new regime, 1765-1767. Springfield, nl.: Ill. State " The Revolution in Arabia,” by Ameen Ribani.
Hist. Lib. Lacy Amy's new series on " England in Arms” begins in
Benitez, Conrado, and Craig, Austin. The former Philip
pines through foreign eyes. N. Y.: Appleton. 552 pp. this month's issue of the “Canadian Magazine” with the
$3.00, net. article, Women and the War," in which he says, The
Bigelow, John. Breaches of Anglo-American treaties. amazing discovery of the war is the adaptability of woman N. Y.: Sturgis and Walton. 248 pp. (5 pp. bibls.). to tasks never before attempted by her.”
Borthwick, J. D. The gold hunters; a first hand picture of “The Rusisan Revolution," by Henry W. Nevinson, and life in the California mining camps in the early fifties. The Present Financial Position of Russia," by Professor N. Y.: Outing Pub. Co. 361 pp. $1.00. J. Y. Simpson, which appear in the April “ Contemporary Bushnell, C. C. Historical sketch of old Fair Haven. SyraReview,” are among the best articles which have yet ap cuse, N. Y.: The author. 24 pp. peared on this subject. Neither author doubts the ulti
Cotterill, Robert S. History of pioneer Kentucky. Cinmate success of the Revolution, despite certain unfortunate
cinnati: Johnson and Hardin. 254 pp. $2.00.
Fifth Ave. Bank of N. Y. Fifth Ave, events. N. Y.: The aspects of the early days.
author. 76 pp. “The Middle Schools in Japan,” by K. Sakamoto (“ Edu Golder, Frank A. Guide to materials for American history
177 cational Review” for May), gives a good idea of educa
in Russian archives. Wash., D. C.: Carnegie Inst. tional conditions in Japan and of their close connection with
Hammond, Otis G. Tories of New Hampshire in the War religious and State affairs.
of the Revolution. Concord. N. H.: N. H. Hist. Soc. J. A. R. Marriott, in his article on “ English History in Shakespeare," discusses the background of Richard II, and
Hill, Roscoe R. Descriptive catalogue of the documents re
lating to the history of the United States in the gives abundant proof of the historical accuracy of this play.
Papeles Procedentes de Cuba, deposited in the Archivo “The Sufferings of Poland,” by Countess de Turczynowicz
General de Indias at Seville. Wash., D. C.: Carnegie (May “Forum”), is an account of her personal experi
Inst. 594 pp. $4.00.
Indiana Hist. Commission. Celebration of the one hun. ences during the early months of the war, and it closes with
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Union, Dec. 11, 1916. Indianapolis: The Commission. " The Development of Christian Institutions and Beliefs,” by Alfred Fawkes, in the April number of the
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Morgan, James M. Recollections of a rebel reefer. [Block
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Niagara region and adjacent lakes under French con. are the democratic masses capable of intelligent self trol. 2 vols. N. Y.: Dodd Mead. 436, 485 pp. $7.50, direction, or must they, in self-defense, surrender the con net.
Scott, James B. The militia; extracts from the journals Lange, F. W., and Berry, W. T., compilers and editors.
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ial book. N. Y.: Doran. $2.50, net. history and political theory of the English great Civil War. Wash., D. C.: Am. Hist. Assn. 406 pp. (20 pp.
Levi, N. Jan Smuts: being a character sketch of Gen. the
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zation. 297 pp. (9 pp. bibls.). $2.00. Sarolea, Charles. The French Renascence. N. Y.: Pott. James, Herman G. Municipal functions. N. Y.: Appleton. 302 pp. $2.00, net.
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