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NATIONAL ELECTION REPRODUCED IN SCHOOL. of Kenosha, located in the basement of our school house, it

was not possible to conduct our election on Tuesday, the In many schools in the country the boys and girls on

regular election day. On this day, our chosen City Clerk election day, November 7, reproduced in school the principal

swore in the inspector of election with all solemnity. The methods of balloting pursued in their community. An ac supplies were taken to the voting place, the ballots marked count of such a school election is given below, describing with the initials of the ballot clerks, every voter was queswhat was done in the two junior high schools of Kenosha,

tioned whether he had registered and no ballot was given

to a voter not registered unless that voter could produce Wis., a description of which appears in the “ Educational

an affidavit, substantiated by two other voters from his News Bulletin” (Wisconsin) for December 1, 1916.

own section. It was most strictly managed by the class "A broad swath was recently cut in the important field members. of training for citizenship by the holding of an election in

“ After the votes had all been cast, the election board

gathered to count the ballots. With the air of experienced the two Kenosha Junior High Schools. These two schools

men and women, these boys and girls of the board went of about 250 boys and girls each are housed according to a

through the counting, sorting into different groups the sort of modified Gary plan in one building known as the straights' and the ‘scratches,' then further dividing the Frank School.

'straights' into their respective piles. The plans for the election experiment were made by the

“ The tally was made, blanks furnished for general elec

tion returns filled out, and these were filed with the County teachers in civics of these two schools, Matilda Hansen and

Clerk of our school. Winifred Farley. Here is their report.

“ Too much credit cannot be given to the teachers who “ About two weeks before the election Russell H. Jones, directed this impressive lesson on citizenship in its broadthe county clerk, visited the school, and described the man est and most practical aspect—that of voting for national,

state and municipal officers.” agement of an election and the process of voting. He also furnished regular polling lists and tally sheets for tabulat

A HISTORY GAME. ing returns. A room in the basement of the Frank School is used as a polling place for the fourth ward of Kenosha, I find the following game very interesting and and this enabled the children to carry out the voting in the profitable when used in connection with history. regular way by using the room the day before election. The One student is sent from the room and while out the whole program was carried out even to the swearing in of teacher, or one of the pupils, decides what historical one of the election clerks.

character he or she is to be. When the student re'The campaign situation had been studied in connection

enters the room the others ask him questions as though

he were the historical character selected; and from the with current events in the civics classes in anticipation of the election. An outline of the necessary material was

questions asked the pupil guesses who he is.

For example, the teacher sends John Smith from made, and the following subjects were fully discussed in the

the room and they decide to make him Cyrus the civics classes.

Great. The pupils prepare their questions and give "1. The legal qualifications of candidates for the several them as called on by the teacher. John is admitted offices.

and questions are asked. The following are a few “ 2. Personal qualities necessary to the ideal man for good questions if “ Cyrus the Great” is the character each oflice.

chosen: 1. “Were you a vassal to the Median “ 3. The method of procedure in the nomination of can King?" 2. “Were you really so great as history tells *didates: a. for the presidential ballot; b. for the state, leg. us you were?” 3. Why did you wish to capture islative, congressional, and county ballot.

the Median King?” 4. “Did you expand the Per" 4. Manner of registration and the necessity of register

sian Empire very much during your reign?” etc. ing.

The pupil guesses who he is as soon as possible and 5. Methods of voting-straight ticket-scratch' ticket.

the one who “gives it away is sent out the next time. “ 6. Method of counting votes: a. By the election board;

In case the pupil cannot guess who he is and “gives b. By the county board of convassers; c. By the state

up,” he is sent from the room again and another name board.

is chosen. “ The plan of conducting the election was as follows:

This game is very interesting and at the same time “1. The school represented the city.

is a splendid incentive to study, for the pupils must " 2. Each section of the Junior High School was a ward,

be thoroughly familiar with the character in order to viz.: There were the Frank school ward and the Lincoln

ask good questions, and in order to guess who they school ward of the Junior High School City. " 3. The count was made in each ward independent of the

In my ancient history class we play the game for other.

at least half of the period every Friday, provided the “4. The results were totaled as for an entire city. Each

average daily gade for the week is good. And the ward had its own officials for election.

pupils usually bring up good lessons, for it is a dread“We set aside Wednesday, November 1, as registration

ful punishment if they are not permitted to play. day. On this occasion, the board of registry, previously

This game is just as effective when used in English selected from the class, took full charge and performed the

or American history as it is when used in ancient. required duties.

Original by “The following Monday, November 6, was named as elec

HENRIETTA Ayre. tion day. As we used the polling place of the fourth ward Church Hill, Tenn.

.

are.

BOOK REVIEWS

mans ... is formidable, and is constantly increasing"

(page 500). America should proclaim our absolute and EDITED BY PROFESSOR WAYLAND J. CHASE,

unreserved belief in the right and justice of the cause of UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN.

the Allies, and our determination, should the worst come

to them, that they shall have our material support to our AUBNER, CLARENCE RAY. History of Education in Iowa. last dollar, our last bushel of corn, our last drop of blood ”

Volumes I, II, III, IV. Iowa City, Iowa: State His (page 503).
torical Society, 1916. Pp. xiv, 436; lx, 469; xii, 464; The above summary renders unnecessary any comment on
xi, 471. $2.00 each.

the character of the work. Military events receive no atIt is gratifying to note that a State Historical Society

tention. The volume is supplied with two illustrations, an has considered this aspect of State history worthy of in

unscholarly bibliography, and an incomplete general index. clusion in its archives. The State Historical Society of

It also contains a useful “Index of Names,” giving a brief Iowa is to be congratulated upon its successful venture into identification of each person listed. The placing of foota field of history which has been lamentably neglected by

notes at the end of the volume is a nuisance. On page 28 similar institutions. Its commission to Doctor Aurner has

the author uses "Arabia” for “Bessarabia.” While the been creditably discharged; he has contributed a valuable

work cannot be regarded as an impartial or scholarly treatchapter to the history of Iowa.

ment of the Great War, readers will find it entertaining and In reviewing a work so comprehensive in scope, it will

useful as a collection of material upholding the causes of serve no commendable purpose to magnify relatively in

the Allies.

HOWARD C. HILL. significant errors. The author has examined a huge amount State Normal School, Milwaukee, Wis. of source material, and has treated it well. Undoubtedly opinions will differ on the matter of relative values and proportion, but it will be generally admitted that the work MACE, WILLIAM H. Washington: A Virginia Cavalier. is authentic, and that, within its limitations, it is fairly Little Lives of Great Men. Chicago: Rand, McNally & complete. ROBERT FRANCIS SEYBOLT.

Co., 1916. Pp. 180. 35 cents. The University of Wisconsin.

The story of Washington's life is told in a straightfor. ward, interesting way that should hold the attention of

grammar school pupils. The hero's boyhood is particularly WHITE, J. WILLIAM. A Text-book of the War for Ameri. well described. In the treatment of his adult life the ac

cans. Fourth edition of "A Primer of the War for count follows closely, with a few exceptions, the events in Americans.” Revised and enlarged. Philadelphia : which Washington directly participated. The little book, John C. Winston Co., 1915. Pp. 551. $1.00.

which is only four by six inches in size, has no maps, but This volume is a compilation of extracts from documents, the illustrations are abundant; some of these are reproducessays, editorials, and books relating to the war.

tions of paintings, some are fanciful pictures, and there are The author has adopted the Socratic method of presenta- many sketches drawn from objects at Mount Vernon and tion, each chapter having for its title a question, the an elsewhere, associated with the Washington family. swer to which lies in the chapter itself. The scope of the

ALBERT H. SANFORD. work is revealed by some of the questions so considered: State Normal School, La Crosse, Wis. “ What evidence exists as to the fundamental cause of this war?” “What is the evidence as to the events immediately leading up to the war in their relation to the culpability of MACDONALD, J. R. MORETON. A History of France. In Germany?” “Has there been reason to modify or to miti.

three volumes. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1915. gate the almost universal condemnation of Germany's

Pp. 366, 399, 551. $6.00. treatment of Belgium felt and expressed at the outset in For many years no general history of France of medium this country?” “What are the principles represented by size has been written in English. Since Kitchin wrote, ex. the opposing forces in this war?” “What are the extent tensive research has gone on, and so a new work embody. and the aims of the organized German propaganda in ing its results is welcome. America ?” “How much reliance is to be placed upon state.

Mr. Macdonald has devoted his first volume to the medie. ments emanating from Germany at this time? " " What are val period, the second to the years 1515-1789, and the third the duties of America at this time ” “What can America to modern France up to 1871. It is a pity that he did not do to bring about peace ?”

bring it up to date. His literary style is good and the book The author believes the war was made in Germany; its is readable. Perhaps it is somewhat open to criticism for fundamental cause was “the determination of Germany to emphasis on political, military and diplomatic history; but attain 'world power (page 17); this determination has that does not mean that the economic side has been wholly been expressed for over forty years in the writings and neglected. The book seems to be based on sound scholar. teachings of prominent and representative Germans; the ship, and should prove to be useful to the general reader. struggle was precipitated by an ambitious autocratic mili For high school pupils the language is perhaps a little diffitary caste headed by a neurotic—" in all probability a cult, but it may be helpful to the advanced students. neuropsychopathic” (nage 52)-over-lord, “with medieval Ohio State University.

CLARENCE PERKINS. views of his relation to his country and the world, and supported by a subservient corps of learned men,' the major. ity of whom are paid servants of the State” (page 499). MCCARTHY, CHARLES; SWAN, FLORA, AND MCMULLIN, JENGermany's conduct of the war has been the logical outcome

Elementary Civics. New

York: Thompson, of her philosophy that “necessity knows no law;" for

Brown & Co., 1916. Pp. viii, 232. 75 cents. “she has disregarded, . .. or broken ... many interna In the nature of its contents, and especially in the aptional laws and customs. . . . In each instance the infrac. portionment of space to topics, this book follows no model tion has been accompanied or followed by quibbling, ... known to the reviewer. Of its 224 pages preceding the in. or untruthful attempts to explain, ... or vindicate the dex, 50 pages are given to appendices, most of which are action. The evidence as to atrocities committed by Ger quite usable. The amount of space devoted to the ques.

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tions that follow each chapter is large, one-ninth that of the reading matter proper. The subject of city government is given two-sevenths of the entire space. A chapter on “ Efficiency" comprises one-sixth of the book preceding the appendices, and treats of industrial, as well as political efficiency.

· The book represents in a very marked way the reaction against the old style of civics text which was devoted mainly to descriptions of governmental organization and constitutional functions. The questions, and sometimes the text, suggest that facts should be gathered about forms and organization. For example, the text says (page 98) that Congress is so well described in the Constitution that “you can study it out for yourselves.” Criticisms of our government and comparisons with forms and activities of government elsewhere are frequent-an excellent feature of the work.

Probably on account of its co-operative authorship, the subject matter varies considerably in its adaptability to pupils of the eighth grade. In places the style is simple, clear, and attractive; in other passages unwarranted as sumptions are made, severe condensation renders the subject matter difficult, and complex topics are introduced

Surely, as the preface says, “ the chapters are for reading and discussion. A teacher of strength and originality, by the aid of the stimulating text and questions of this book, may have a class of boys and girls who are learning facts instead of words, who are thinking as they learn, who are in touch with actualities, and who are getting real training for citizenship.

defeated people ever since—and that at hand is, and must resolutely be carried out, her complete crushing as a fighting force." The authors believe that “the arrogant publication of high Prussian officers of scores of books ” laying bare their elaborate plans for the conquest of France was intended to blind public opinion and lead the French to do what the German leaders wished and expected. The authors are sure that Joffre gained by the first offensive in Upper Alsace, though lesser officers made mistakes, that he wisely avoided a hasty advance into Belgium which would have made a defeat likely, and that he kept the initiative all along and won the campaign by superior brains. They give high praise also to generals like Sarrail and Foch, who did so much to help.

The second volume covers the period from the Battle of the Marne to the close of the first battle of Ypres in October, 1914. Both volumes are very well written. They give clear explanations of the main movements, and make the motives plain to the civilian readers. They give a fine analysis of the moves in the great chess game of war. Nat. urally many will disagree with the views expressed by the authors. The complete truth will not be beyond dispute for many years. It is obvious of course that the author's point of view is decidedly French and English.

The books are provided with very many excellent maps and plans to illustrate the various movements. The mature high school boys will be much interested in these books. Ohio State University.

CLARENCE PERKINS.

S.

STEPHENS, KATE. The Mastering of Mexico. New York:

The Macmillan Co., 1916. Pp. xi, 335. $1.50. Channing, in Volume I of his “ History of the United States," page 60, footnote, says: “ The student of United States history will gain a sufficient knowledge of the conquest of Mexico from Prescott's brilliant work, or better from Bernal Diaz del Castillo's Historia Verdadera,' of which there are several translations." The task Miss Stephens set for herself was the boiling down of the three vol. umes of Maudslay's translation of this narrative of Diaz (Hakluyt Society Publications), and combining the product with excerpts from Lockhart's “Memoirs” of this con. quistador. This companion of Cortes and participant in one of the greatest expeditions known to mankind, wrote with exceptional vividness and power, and these elements of strength have been carried over in good degree into this condensation of the chronicle. For scholars the fuller form of the narrative must continue to be essential, but in the briefer there is good source material for the high school pupil and stirring narrative for the general reader inter: ested either in tales of adventure or in the earliest history of suffering Mexico.

HOWARD, DANIEL American History, Government and In

stitutions. Boston: The Palmer Co., 1908 and 1914.

Pp. 233. $1.00. Under the above title and in the compass of 233 pages the author discusses a little of almost everything concerning America, including history, geography, government, biography, citizenship and American life. The book was written primarily for classes of foreigners in public evening schools. It has no value for anything else, and should have been much better even for that. The part dealing with American history is particularly objectionable. Some 90 pages in all are given to American history, of which 51 pages are given to the colonial period, and 10 of these 51 pages are given to the military events of the Revolutionary War. Only 12 pages are given to the period from 1783 to 1860, followed by 14 pages given to the Civil War-chiefly military history of the old type. Only two pages are given to the period 1865 to 1898, and three pages to the SpanishAmerican War. The author showed little care for proper perspective. Likewise, it has evidently been some time since the author has studied his history. The following quotation will indicate the type of untruthful history-if there can be any such thing—which the author would have our new immigrants learn. Speaking of the effects of the French and Indian War, he says: “The Americans had to pay twice as much money as the English for the expenses of the army, but when the war was over the English tried to make the Americans pay them larger taxes so that they could get back what they had spent in all the wars that had been fought in America."

Some other parts of the book contain some valuable information which might be used as reading lessons for foreigners in the evening schools, and made the basis of conversation in English. The author has attempted too much, however, in a book of this size, with the inevitable result that none is entirely satisfactory. The book would be more satisfactory if the part on American history had been left out entirely.

WILSON P. SHORTRIDGE. North High School, Minneapolis.

DE SOUZA, CHARLES, AND MACFALL, HALDANE. Germany in

Defeat. A Strategic History of the War. First Phase.
London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd. New

York: E. P. Dutton & Co. Pp. 207. $2.00, net.
DE SOUZA, CHARLES. Germany in Defeat. A Strategic

History of the War. London: Kegan Paul, Trench,
Trübner & Co., Ltd. New York: E. P. Dutton & Co.

Pp. 232. $2.00, net. These two books have apparently been written for two reasons: First, to explain the strategy of the war so the civilian can understand what happened, and why, and not be misled by the reports and comments of badly informed journalists; and second, to make the public “realize that Germany was defeated at the Marne-that she has been a

BREASTED, JAMES H. Ancient Times: A History of the Beca maintains, was the chief tactical cause of the defeat

Early World. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1916. Pp. 742. of the Austrians by the French in 1859, of the French by $1.60.

the Prussians in 1870, and of the Russians by the Japanese Professor Breasted's book is divided into five parts, as

in 1905. Will history report a similar failure by the Allies follows: “ The Earliest Europeans,” 34 pages;

The

in the present struggle? Many will learn with surprise that Orient," 186 pages; , “ The Greeks,” 224 pages; “The

Mohammedanism was “the re-establishment of the reMediterranean World in the Hellenistic Age and the Roman

ligion of Abraham” (p. 24). “Martel” contains but one Empire,” 156 pages, and “ The Roman Empire,” 116 pages.

“1” (p. 24). The defeat of the French when using the The outstanding feature of this book's arrangement is the

linear tactics of Frederick II and the victory of the Prusemphasis placed on pre-Greek civilization. The arrange

sians by their employment of Napoleonic methods in the ment will provoke some grumbling, no doubt, but the au

Franco-Prussian war form one of the ironies of history (p. thor justifies it because so much Oriental history has been

46). recovered in the past generation that it is impossible to ex

Students interested in military matters—and what stuplain the rise of civilization in the usual limit of pages.

dent is not nowadays ?—will find this little volume worth Therefore “A text-book which devotes a brief fifty: or sixty

reading. It contains a number of drawings illustrating the page 'introduction to the Orient, and begins . real history' modern disposition of troops en route and in battle formawith the Greeks is not proportioned in accordance with

tion. It has no index.

HOWARD C. HILL. modern knowledge of the ancient world” (p. 5).

State Normal School, Milwaukee. In each part, only “a sufficient framework of political organization and historical events has been laid down; but the bulk of the space has been devoted to the life of man in all its manifestations-society, industry, commerce, re

CORWIN, EDWARD S. French Policy and the American Al

liance of 1778. Princeton: University Press, 1916. ligion, art, literature (p. iii). This method of treatment is

Pp. ix, 430. $2.00. highly commendable, and, with its charming and entertaining style, will captivate the attention of high school boys

The Franco-American alliance has been analyzed and inand girls.

terpreted from a variety of points of view. Students of This book has other points which recommend is as a text

the event agree that it was an important episode in the book. It is profusely illustrated, and it is generously sup

century-old conflict between France and England for world plied with maps; the chapters are broken into sections, and

power; that it was a determining factor in the disruption the magazines contain topic headings; each chapter is fol

of the British Empire and the attainment of American inlowed with a list of questions designed to provoke thought,

dependence. They have, however, differed widely on the and the last chapter is followed with a well organized

problems of motive which actuated France in giving subbibliography, in which the books referred to usually have

stantial aid to the revolting English colonies. Each one estimates placed on them. On the whole, the book repre

has sought to make a single key to open the door to the sents the last word in text-book construction.

mystery of motive. The alliance has been explained by

the desire of France to recover a lost empire; to protect her HENRY NOBLE SHERWOOD.

over-seas possessions against English aggression; or to seState Normal School, La Crosse, Wisconsin.

cure the advantages of commerce with a new nation. It is held that France succored America out of a spirit of re

venge against her traditional and dominant rival; or that BECA, COLONEL. A Study of the Development of Infantry

French liberalism heard and responded to the call of AmeriTactics. Translated by Major A. F. Custance. With a can freedom in distress. Preface by Brigadier-General G. W. Hacket Pain. New

Dr. Corwin presents the thesis that the focus of the York: The Macmillan Co., 1911. Pp. xvi, 131. 75

French foreign oflice was adjusted to the continent of Eucents.

rope, not America, as the first consideration. He seeks to Only a military historian can properly evaluate this prove that by linking herself to America, France was moved brochure on the development of infantry tactics. But by an intense desire to restore her classical role of leaderthough published just before the war, the amateur student ship in the European world. The power of France had been of military history can see that in some respects it is al tarnished by the triumph of English arms in the Seven ready out-of-date. The author, a colonel in the Portuguese Years' War. The source of England's controlling position in army, perceived but dimly the astonishing changes which world polities lay in her colonies; sever these from her and would be brought about by the aeroplane. While realizing thereby undermine her economic and naval power as the. the tendency towards more extensive battle frontages, he instruments of her dominance. So ran the French argualso apparently deemed the present extensive battle lines

ment. The enfeeblement of England in America as the and intricate trench systems impossible, “ for thin lines of stepping-stone to French prestige in Europe was the imgreat extent would rarely be able to bring about decisive pelling motive in French diplomacy. The author does not results (p. 102).

set aside as negligible the various factors advanced by The one point emphasized repeatedly is the all-im others to explain French motive in making the alliance. portance of the human factor in modern as in ancient war What he does is to show to what extent they are tenable fare. “ Tactical science ... possesses two indispensable as leading motives and what part they played in the efforts bases, the science of arms, and the science of human nature. to reassert French control in Europe. And so questions of ... The result of sound reasoning is this, that the study of commerce, territory, sea-power and foreign relations all man, of the psychical factors of battle-strength of will, take their place in the scheme, not to rehabilitate the courage and cowardice, discipline, coolness and excitability French empire in the new world, but to promote French in. ... should in the intellectual education of officers take pre fluence in the old by shearing England's strength in colocedence of the study of arms and of the merely material nies. factors” (p. 33).

Dr. Corwin's study is not unique in the sense that it is To students of history, the sketch of infantry tactics based upon a wide examination of unpublished sources. The from ancient to modern times (chapter II) will possess high staple of source material is Doniol's great collection of interest. Fighting systematically on the defensive, Colonel documents from the archives of the French foreign office,

which Dr. Corwin has subjected to thorough examination and scholarly analysis. This has been supplemented by a careful use of memoirs, newspapers, writings of public men, Wharton, and the journals of Continental Congress. A critical bibliographical note is a worthy and instructive part of the volume. The study is not new because it assumes points of view and presents factors hitherto left out of account. What is distinctive, and which alone entitles it to a high place in the literature of the subject, is the author's conception and treatment of the whole matter. He recog. nizes the fact that historical treatment involves the adjusting and balancing of numerous factors and inter-relationships. Such was the Franco-American alliance; a sort of chess-problem difficulty demanding the power to comprehend and evaluate a good number of interacting forces. Herein lies the value of the work before us, that is, the analysis of all items, a careful apportionment of various forces and motives, and a nice synthesis of all in a general history of the alliance. Under his careful workmanship and broad view, the Franco-Spanish alliance, the attempts of France to adjust the antagonistic interests of Spain and the United States over western lands, the French influence upon Continental Congress, the final aloofness of France from America, and the separate negotiations of America for peace with England assume a fuller and deeper meaning in a period of episodes. It is altogether a fine and serious piece of work.

W. T. Root. University of Wisconsin.

single taxers, their program, the present status of the movement, and its influence upon economic thought and upon fiscal and social reform..

“A brief introductory survey of the chief anticipations of Henry George's doctrines is presented in order to show the place of the movement in the history of economic thought. Then is traced the formulation of George's economic ideas in the light of the economic environment amid which he spent the formative years of his life, the California of the two decades following the gold discovery of 1848. Next follows a description of the reception of ‘Progress and Poverty’in the eighties and of Henry George's activities in the spreading of his gospel. Succeeding chapters describe the development of the single tax movement through the recent political campaigns undertaken with the aid of the Joseph Fels endowment. Finally there is a consideration of some general aspects of the movement, and an appraisal of its significance.”

The work is admirably done, and the present reviewer knows of no other single volume likely to give to the reader a fairer or a more illuminating account of this important movement. It is the work of a careful student and an impartial critic, who has spared no pains to collect and digest all the best that has been written for and against George's thesis. Furthermore, mirabile dictu of a discussion of an economic problem, much of the discussion is so interesting that when one begins a chapter one is very likely to finish it before putting down the book.

EDGAR DAWSON. Hunter College of the City of New York.

YOUNG, ARTHUR NICHOLS. The Single Tax Movement in

the United States. Princeton: University Press, 1916.

Pp. x, 336. $1.50. The single tax doctrine is almost a religious tenet with many people, some would call it a superstition. Its advocates have in some cases become fanatics, and its opponents have fought it with the zeal of those who fight a thing which they fear may be right after all, but which they feel is against their interests or class creed. No one who is interested in the development of economic thought can afford to ignore the movement which, ignoring writings of the Physiocrats, may be called the evolution of the doctrines of Henry George.

The opponents of this doctrine insist that George's followers are dishonest since they would take from those who hold a particular kind of property their accumulations, and give these accumulations to those holding other sorts of property. On the other hand, the devotees of the doctrine claim that it will solve all the ills of man arising from economic causes, and therefore they at once, by making ridiculous claims, alienate the confidence of the intelligent student. The single tax is generally discussed with heat rather than with light; and those who argue it generally do so for the purpose of winning a debate rather than to discover the truth.

“In the present volume the writer has undertaken to give a complete historical account of the single tax movement in the United States, together with a discussion of the

HALL, JENNIE. Our Ancestors in Europe. New York: Sil

ver, Burdett & Co., 1916. Pp. XX, 428. 76 cents. Among the numerous books that have appeared recently to meet the requirement of the sixth grade work in history, as outlined by the Committee of Eight, this is one of the most successful. Its text is more extended than that of some of its rivals. The story is everywhere well told and is thoroughly enjoyable. The maps and illustrations are very numerous and appropriate. Notes under the pictures call attention to their prominent features, and the “List of Illustrations” states the origin of each one.

The questions that follow the chapters are excellent, suggesting constructive endeavor and plans for dramatization, and calling for comparisons of the topics discussed with similar features of our present civilization.

ALBERT H. SAXFORD. State Normal School, La Crosse, Wis.

BOOKS ON HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT PUBLISHED IN THE UNITED STATES FROM NOVEMBER

25 TO DECEMBER 30, 1916. LISTED BY CHARLES A. COULOMB, Ph.D.

American History. Burton, Annie C. The Ku Klux Klan. Los Angeles, Cal.:

W. T. Potter. 38 pp. 35 cents. Camden, N. J., City Council, Publicity and Welfare Com

mittee. Camden, N. J., its past and present. Camden,

N. J.: The Council. 42 pp. Dexter, Franklin B., editor. Documentary history of Yale

University. New Haven: Yale Univ. 390 pp. $4.00,

net. Emery, M. G., and Emery, R. J. The story of Minnesota.

Rochester, Minn.; Hack and Wegner Pr. 174 pp. 75

cents. Nelson, William. Biographical and genealogical notes

from the volumes of the New Jersey Archives, with additions and supplements. Newark, N. J.: N. J. Hist. Soc. 222 pp. $2.00, net.

THE COLORADO TEACHERS' AGENCY

FRED DICK, Manager 504-505 Kettredge Building, Denver, Col. Early registration brings hest results. We operate in all Western States. We fill positions in all lines of teaching. Our calls are increasing vearly for supervisors

and teachers of special subjects.
Co-operating Agencies – Harrisburg, Pa. Atlanta, Ga.

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