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pectant forbearance which it has maintained for years in the face of machinations hatched in Belgrade, and thence propagated in the territories of the Monarchy. The results, on the contrary, impose upon it the duty of putting an end to the intrigues which form a perpetual menace to the tranquillity of the Monarchy.
To achieve this end, the Imperial and Royal Government finds itself compelled to demand from the Royal Serbian Government a formal assurance that it condemns this dangerous propaganda against the Monarchy-in other words, the whole series of tendencies, the ultimate aim of which is to detach from the Monarchy territories belonging to it—and that it undertakes to suppress by every means at its disposal this criminal and terrorist propaganda.
In order to give a solemn character to this undertaking the Royal Serbian Government shall publish on the front page of its “journal official,” of the 26th of July (13th July) the following declaration:
The Royal Government of Serbia condemns the propaganda directed against AustriaHungary, of which the final aim is to detach from the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy territories belonging to it, and it sincerely deplores the fatal consequences of these criminal proceedings.
The Royal Government regrets that Serbian officers and functionaries have participated in the above-mentioned propaganda and thus compromised the good neighborly relations to which the Royal Government was solemnly pledged by its declaration of the 31st of March, 1909.
The Royal Government, which disapproves and repudiates all idea of interfering or attempting to interfere with the destinies of the inhabitants of any part whatsoever of Austria-Hungary, considers it its duty for
mally to warn officers and functionaries, and
efforts to prevent and suppress. . This declaration shall simultaneously be communicated to the royal army as an order of the day by His Majesty the King, and published in the Official Bulletin of the army.
The Royal Serbian Government further undertakes :
1. To suppress any publication which incites to hatred and contempt of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and the general tendency of which is directed against its territorial integrity;
2. To dissolve immediately the society called Narodna Odbrana, to confiscate all its means of propaganda, and to proceed in the same manner against all other societies and their branches in Serbia which engage in propaganda against the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The Royal Government shall take the necessary measures to prevent the societies dissolved from continuing their activity under another name and form ;
3. To eliminate without delay from public instruction in Serbia, both as regards the teaching body and the methods of instruction, everything that serves, or might serve, to foment the propaganda against Austria-Hungary;
4. To remove from the military service, and from the administration in general, all officers and functionaries guilty of propaganda against the AustroHungarian Monarchy whose names and deeds the Austro-Hungarian Government reserves to itself the right of communicating to the Royal Government;
5. To accept the collaboration in Serbia of representatives of the Austro-Hungarian Government in the suppression of the subversive movement directed against the territorial integrity of the monarchy;
6. To take judicial proceedings against accessories to the plot of the 28th June who are on Serbian territory. Delegates of the Austro-Hungarian Government will take part in the investigation relating thereto;
7. To proceed without delay to the arrest of Major Voija Tankositch and of the individual named Milan Ciganovitch, a Serbian State employee, who have been compromised by the results of the magisterial inquiry at Sarajevo;
8. To prevent by effective measures the coöperation of the Serbian authorities in the illicit traffic in arms and explosives across the frontier, to dismiss and punish severely the officials of the frontier service at Schabatz and Loznica guilty of having assisted the perpetrators of the Sarajevo crime by facilitating their passage across the frontier;
9. To furnish the Imperial and Royal Government with explanations regarding the unjustifiable utterances of high Serbian officials, both in Serbia and abroad, who, notwithstanding their official position, did not hesitate after the crime of the 28th June to express themselves in interviews in terms of hostility to the Austro-Hungarian Government; and, finally,
10. To notify the Imperial and Royal Government without delay of the execution of the measures comprised under the preceding heads.
The Austro-Hungarian Government expects the reply of the Royal Government at the latest by 6 o'clock on Saturday evening, the 25th July.
A memorandum dealing with the results of the magisterial inquiry at Sarajevo with regard to the officials mentioned under heads (7) and (8) is attached to this note.*
On the same day on which this note was sent to Serbia, the Austro-Hungarian minister for
4 A. R. B., 7.
foreign affairs sent instructions to the AustroHungarian ambassadors at the various European capitals to bring the contents of the note to the Governments of the powers and at the same time present a statement, prepared by the foreign office, explaining why Austria-Hungary had felt compelled to take such action against Serbia. These ambassadors were also to say that the Austro-Hungarian Government held at the disposal of the powers a dossier “recording the Serbian machinations and showing the connection between these machinations and the murder on the 28th of June."5 This dossier was sent to the powers on July 25. The following is a summary of the document:
There has been going on in Serbia for a long time a propaganda looking to the detachment of the Southern Slav provinces of the Dual Monarchy in order to unite them with Serbia. This movement reached its climax at the time (1908) of the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary. The entire press at that time clamored for war with Austria and “associations were formed in preparation for a struggle.” The Narodna Odbrana was the most important of these associations. It was formed as a private organization, but it was dominated by the Government because of the state functionaries on its roll of membership. 8 A. R. B., 8.
6 Ibid., 19.
The object of the society was to recruit and equip “bodies of volunteers for the coming war with the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy." The activities of the society were open and were supported by the Government. In this way the “guerilla warfare against Austria-Hungary was organized.”
“This period of aggressiveness was terminated by the declaration" of March 31, 1909, when Serbia declared her willingness to acquiesce in the annexation. The movement against Austria now seemed to be at an end. But the "aspirations hostile to the Dual Monarchy remained in operation," and the propaganda against Austria-Hungary continued and grew more active. Secret intrigues were now carried on in the Southern Slav provinces of the Dual Monarchy and Austro-Hungarian subjects were “corrupted to betray their country.”
The newspapers were especially active in this work. “They habitually referred to the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina as an act of robbery committed against Serbia and requiring remedy." These sheets "were smuggled into the [Dual] Monarchy through well organized secret channels."
The Narodna Odbrana is the center of this agitation. It preaches to the people that Austria-Hungary is trying to crush Serbia, and is therefore Serbia's greatest enemy. It pledges