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AUSTRALIA

ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL
STUDIES

By Various Writers

Edited by
MEREDITH ATKINSON

Melbourne :

MAC MILLAN & CO. LTD.,
HEAD OFFICE . LONDON
I920

:

- -
S- * -
MACMILLAN & CO. LIMITED
LONDON - BOMBAY - CALCUTTA
MADRas - MELBou RNE
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
NEW YORK - BOST ON - CHICAGO
Atlas TA - sax Francisco
- DAL LAS
THE

MAC MILLAN CO. OF CANADA LTD. toRONTO

Dedicated to The Right Honourable Viscount Bryce, O.M.

468899

DREFACE

Probably no country in the world has been more forward in social experiment than Australia, and none so backward in contributing to the world stream of sociological thought. The reasons for this anomaly will, we hope, he found in the present volume. Many a young scholar, coming from Great Britain to take up an academic appointment in Australia, has dreamed of producing some comprehensive work of research into the sociology of this courageous and virile young nation. Hut, alas ! the majority of us have found our energies almost wholly absorbed by the excessive teaching demands which University conditions in Australia impose. The success of certain composite works published during the war suggested to the Editor of this hook the possibility of co-operation between experts, as a practical alternative to a sociological work by any single hand. With very slight exceptions, his original plan has been carried out, and we believe the result to be the first comprehensive and authoritative work on the sociological and economic conditions of Australia yet to be published.

The writers are representative of the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Leeds, Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide. Almost equal proportions of them were born in Australia and in the United Kingdom. All have had many years of intimate experience with life in the Commonwealth, and can claim to be regarded as experts in their several subjects.

Considerable delay in the publication of the book has been experienced, owing to a succession of serious industrial disputes, following the close of

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