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Pinckney is worth remembering in this muster roll of buglers for freedom and democracy. He was a South Carolina man, and though a slave owner, he did much for freedom. When the Constitution of the United States was being considered, it was due to him that the clause was inserted “No religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the authority of the United States.” That clause put religious liberty into the government of the country, and religious liberty is one of the greatest things that a nation can have.

THE WAR-SHIP OF 1812 She was no armored cruiser of twice six thousand

tons, With the thirty foot of metal that make your

modern guns; She didn't have a freeboard of thirty foot in

clear, An’ she didn't need a million repairin' fund each

year. She had no rackin' engines to ramp an' stamp an'

strain, To work her steel-clad turrets an' break her hull

in twain; She did not have electric lights, — the battle

lantern's glare Was all the light the 'tween decks had, — an'

God's own good fresh air.

She had no gapin' air-flumes to throw us down our

breath, An' we didn't batten hatches to smother men to

death;

bre

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She didn't have five hundred smiths — two hun

dred men would do — In the old-time Yankee frigate for an old-time

Yankee crew, An' a fightin' Yankee captain, with his old-time

Yankee clothes, A-cursin' Yankee sailors with his old-time Yankee

oaths.

She was built of Yankee timber and manned by

Yankee men, An' fought by Yankee sailors — Lord send their

like again! With the wind abaft the quarter and the sea-foam

flyin' free, An' every tack and sheet housed taut and braces

eased to lee, You could hear the deep sea thunder from the

knight-heads where it broke, As she trailed her lee guns under the blindin'

whirl o'smoke.

She didn't run at twenty knots, — she wasn't

built to run, — An' we didn't need a half a watch to handle every

gun. Our captain didn't fight his ship from a little pen

o'steel; He fought her from his quarter-deck, with two

hands at the wheel, An' we fought in Yankee fashion, half-naked,

stripped to board, — An' when they hauled their red flag down we

praised the Yankee Lord; We fought like Yankee sailors, an' we'll do it, too,

again, You've changed the ships an’ methods, but you

can't change Yankee men! Philadelphia Record

AMERICA AT WAR FOR THE FREEDOM

OF THE SEAS

THE BUGLE CALL OF 1812

In the first years of the nineteenth century, England was at war with France. Both the English and the French were seizing American ships, and the English were taking American sailors by force and compelling them to serve in the British navy.

No attention was paid to the protests of our government, and finally in 1812, we were forced to go to war with England for the freedom of the seas and the right to sail the ocean. The call to arms on behalf of liberty was sounded by a committee of the American Congress. This committee told the people of the United States, “We must now tamely and quietly submit, or we must resist by those means which God has placed within our reach.”

We had almost no army, and the war on land went badly. We had almost no ships, and were fighting against England's great navy — the greatest in the world. Nevertheless the little American navy was victorious in many thrilling battles. This taught England a second time that Americans were dangerous foes. When peace was declared England acknowledged our right to sail the ocean undisturbed. And it was not until the European War of 1914 that any nation again dared interfere with the American right to the freedom of the seas.

THE FREEDOM OF THE SEAS REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

November, 1811 ALTHOUGH the groans of those victims of barbarity for the loss of their liberty — although the cries of their wives and children, in the privation of protectors and parents, have of late been drowned in the louder clamors of the loss of property, yet is the practice of forcing our mariners into the British navy, in violation of the rights of our flag, carried on with unabated rigor and severity.

If it be our duty to encourage the fair and legitimate commerce of this country by protecting the property of the merchant, then, indeed, by as much as life and liberty are more estimable than ships and goods, so much more impressive is the duty to shield the persons of our seamen, whose hard and honest services are employed, equally with those of the merchants, in advancing, under the mantle of its laws, the interests of their country.

To sum up, in a word, the great cause of complaint against Great Britain, your committee need only say, that the United States, as a sovereign and independent power, claim the right

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