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were part of a grand system; and be concentrated, in aid of the forthat the government proceeded to tifications. This system embraced fortify ports, as it was found to be all the most vulnerable points on necessary, and according to their re- the coast. New Orleans was to lative importance. That he would be defended, because of its vast cheerfully vote for the erection of importance to the commerce of the works on the coast of Georgia, west. Boston, because it is an whenever the board of engineers important port. The same reason should report in favor of such a applied to Newport and New-York. step. He regretted that sectional Delaware bay is an important infeelings had been indulged in, on let; and so is the Chesapeake, this subject.
which is, also, a rendezvous for our Mr. M'Lane reminded the house navy. These points were all to of the manner in which this policy be fortified. The fortifications, at was adopted. Shortly after the the adoption of the system, had been close of the late war, a distinguish- arranged into classes; the most imed foreigner was placed at the portant works being arranged under head of the board of engineers. the first class, and least important Examinations were made of the under the third class. coast; detailed reports were sent Those of the first class were ininto congress ; and the informa- tended to prevent an enemy from tion, required by the gentleman establishing himself, by means of a from Georgia, could be had by him navy, in any strong position, in the upon examining the records of the country. Those of the second class, house. These reports contain full were designed to protect towns of and minute information, on every the second class, which are already particular, to the smallest angle, partially defended ; and those of and all the points and bearings, the third class, were not to be reand even so far as to show, how commended until the others were the population of the country might completed.
The fortifications named in the bill, were of the first class, and the following sums were asked for :Fort Adams, at Benton's Point,
$100,000 Fort Hamilton, New Utrecht Point,
75,000 Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort,
115,000 Fort Calhoun, Rip Rap Shoal,
80,000 Fort at Mobile Point,
90,000 Fort at Chef Menfeur,
85,000 Fort Jackson, at Placquemine Bend,
Fort to be commenced at Bayou Benvenue,
90,000 There were other works enumerated in the first class, but it was not thought necessary to commence them at that time. These were the fortifications for the defence of Throg's Neck, and Tompkins' Point, in New-York, Dumpling's point, Rose Island, and the Dyke, over Narragansett passage, Boston harbor, and Portsmouth harbor.
Mr. M’Lane said, that there were also in the bill, appropriations for the continuance of a Fort at Bogue Point, viz :
$25,000 Do. at Oak Island,
30,000 For repairs and contingencies,
15,000 These two last forts were com- ment for 1826, came under conmenced by the department in con- sideration, a motion was made by sequence of appropriations made Mr. Floyd, to insert $18,000 for an for that purpose, by congress. outfit, and year's salary, for a minisThe works had been begun, and an ter, to Central America. This was increase of expense would be the objected to, on the ground, that it necessary consequence of any de- was the intention of the executive, lay in passing this bill. He hoped, to reduce all the diplomatic agents if no better reason existed for its at the new governments of Spanish postponement, than want of inform- America, to the rank of charge ation, that the house would not d'affaires. consent to it. The motion to post- Mr. Trimble observed, that, to pone, was lost by a vote 110 to 51. the governments of Mexico and
Amendments were made to the Colombia,ministers of the first rank, bill, adding $2,500 for repairing would, in all probability, be confort Constitution, in Portsmouth tinued : but, that, in consequence harbor ; and $17,000 for the pur- of the wish of the governments chase of a site, for a fortification, themselves, on financial accounts, on Throg's point.
ministers of inferior grades, would An amendment was also offered be sent. The amendment was by Mr. Forsyth, appropriating negatived. $10,000 for erecting a fort at Sa- An appropriation of $500 for vannah; but it was rejected as an certain buoys; one of $100,000 for improper departure from the ge- completing the public buildings ; neral system.
together with one of $1,000 to the The bill then passed both houses, reporter of the supreme court; and without farther amendment. one of $2,000 for extra clerk hire, in
When the bill making appropria- the office of the surveyor, in Illinois, tions for the support of the govern- Missouri, and Arkansas, were
stricken out of the bill ; and an $455,000 granted at the commenceamendment, increasing the appro- ment of the session, and to $150,000 priation for surveying the public for mileage ; $244,400 for the judilands to $74,132 was made to the cial department ; $574,500 for the bill, and was sent to the senate for executive department, including the concurrence.
expenses, of all the departments at In that body it was amended, by Washington, and also of the territoinserting $7000 for additional con- rial governments ; $241,500 for ditingent expenses of the senate; plomatic intercourse, and $312,500 $5000 for the keepers of the public for miscellaneous expenses. A fararchives, in Florida ; $1750 for ad- ther appropriation was afterwards ditional clerk hire, in the war de- made of $40,000 for the expenses partment ; restoring $1000 for the of the Panama mission. Upon reporter of the supreme court; and the military appropriation bill being $2000 for the clerk hire, in the called up for consideration, Mr. office of the surveyor of Illinois, M'Lean moved to strike out an ap&c. $950 were also added, as a propriation of $6,500, for the purcompensation to the chief Clerk, in chase of 50 horses for the use of the office of the fourth auditor, for the military academy, which was inperforming the duties of his princi- serted, under an impression, that pal, during his last illness ; and an the appropriation had been recomamendment to reduce the contin- mended by the board of visiters. gent expenses in the treasury de- This was an error ; and he therepartment, from $12,000 to $6000. fore made the motion. The motion The house consented to all the was agreed to. The bill was also amendments, but the two last. It amended, by reducing the general disagreed to these ; and the senate appropriation for arsenals, from having insisted on these amend- $36,700 to $26,700 ; and appropriments, the allowance of $950 was ating $15,000 for an arsenal to be agreed to by the house. A con- erected at Vergennes. The approference was proposed, as to the last priation for the repairs of Plymouth item, which resulted in the senate's beach, was reduced from $25,000 receding from its amendment. The to $13,184 13 ; and $749 added for bill was then passed.
repairing the Cumberland road ; Appropriations were made by and $18,000 for arrearages prior to this bill, of $58,970 to pay the ex- 1817. The bill passed through its penses of the legislative department other stages, without opposition, of the government, in addition to and became a law.
By this law, the following appropriations were made for the mili
tary service of 1826 : For the pay of the army,
$994,407 75 Subsistence and forage,
324,620 Recruiting, and contingencies, in addition to unexpended balances of $13,769,
14,602 Purchasing department ; clothing and woollens, 273,753 64 Quarter-masters, and hospital departments, and supplies to West Point academy,
$344,514 16 Ordnance service,
65,000 Contingencies of army,
10,000 Arrearages prior to 1817,
18,000 Armories and arsenals,
402,700 Armament of new fortifications,
100,000 Repairs, and continuation of Cumberland road, Plymouth
beach, deepening harbor of Presque Isle, and expenses of new surveys,
Total, $2,728,531 45 The appropriations for the Indian department, which is a
branch of the war department ; were for the pay of the Indian agents,
$43,000 Presents to the Indians,
95,000 The other appropriations, made on account of the In
dians, were as follows: To defray the expense of making, and carrying into effect,
the treaties made with all tribes, except the Creeks, 259,116 17 Do. with the Creek tribe, in addition to an unex
pended balance of $170,000, formerly appropriated, 317,600 To enable part of the Creeks to emigrate,
60,000 To relieve the Florida Indians,
20,000 In addition to the sums appropriated by the appropriation bill, for the military service, the sum of $70,000 was appropriated for an arsenal in Georgia, near Augusta, and for internal improvement, the following sums : For the repair of the post road between Jackson and Columbus, in Mississippi,
15,000 Do. between Chatahoochie and Line Creek, Ala.
For the survey of a canal between the gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic,
20,000 For piers, buoys, light-houses, removing obstructions in harbors and rivers, &c.
308,255 For subscription to the Dismal Swamp canal,
150,000 For running the line between Georgia and Florida, 5000
When the bill making the appro- of a colony, which was contrary to priations for the naval service for the intention of congress. He was 1826, was moved, Mr. M’Lane, not satisfied with the report on that the chairman of the committee of subject. ways and means, moved to reduce Mr. Owen was also opposed to the sum proposed for the African the appropriation, if it were to be agency, from $100,000 to $32,000. employed as it had been. While This agency was established to re- the law remained a part of the law turn slaves, captured under the act of the land, he would vote for the " to suppress the slave trade,” to appropriation ; but he wished it to their native country. The larger sum be distinctly understood, that it was had been inserted in the bill, from to be applied in a different manner. the estimates of the department; Mr. M’Lane replied, that the but the committee had resolved to sum was so small, as not to admit ask for a smaller sum. He did not of any part of it being diverted, intend to discuss the expediency of from the specific purposes of the the system. He presumed that had appropriation. This was the obbeen considered, when the house ject of the committee, in limiting passed the law. If that law is to the sum. He did not mean to enbe repealed, congress would do it; ter into a discussion of the subject; but while it stands, the appropria- but he thought, that the construction is necessary to carry it into tion which the late president had i effect. The committee is of opi- put upon the law, was the correct nion, that $32,000 will be suffi- one. The government could not cient for that purpose, viz : $2,800, get along with a less sum than that salaries for the agents ; $8,000, for proposed, and he hoped the amendthe support of the slaves on hand; ment would be adopted. It was and $21,000, for the transportation then agreed to. of 420 negroes, now in the United A motion was made to insert an States, to their native country. appropriation of $20,000, for a
Mr. Forsyth observed, that this navy yard, at Baltimore. agency seemed to be the beginning Mr. Dwight objected to this