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amendment; that the subject was opinion, that it was not in oralready before another committee, der. and under consideration ; and that In the senate, the bill was amendit was well settled, that when a sub- ed, by inserting $10,000, for the ject has been referred to a commit- survey of the harbors of Savannah tee, it is not to be called up in the and Brunswick, in Georgia, Beauway of an amendment, until the fort, South Carolina, Baltimore, report of the committee has been Maryland ; and by dividing the received. I
sum of $14,000 appropriated for The chairman of the committee contingencies, into two parts, viz : (Mr. Markley) decided the amend- $13,500 ; the purposes to which ment to be in order.
that sum was to be applied, were Mr. Dwight appealed from his de- enumerated, and $500 for other cision ; but before the question was contingencies. These amendments taken on the appeal, the amendment were agreed to by the house, and was withdrawn, upon the suggestion the bill was passed. of the speaker, who expressed an
The following appropriations were made by it, viz : For pay, and subsistence, and provisions,
$1,480,320 50 Repairs of vessels,
350,000 Repairs and improvements of navy yards,
170,000 Medicine and hospital stores,
45,000 Contingencies enumerated,
240,000 Do not enumerated,
5,000 Survey of harbors,
10,000 Marine corps,
236,292 81 African agency,
32,000 By a subsequent act, farther appropriations were made for the following purposes, viz : Building ten sloops of war,
350,000 Re-appropriations, which had been carried to the surplus
fund, to the amount of $122,794 42, for pay of laborers, superintendents, &c. ship houses, contingent expenses, suppression of piracy, &c.
After the annual appropriations naval force. Mr. Storrs said, that for the naval service had been this addition was required, in conmade, a bill was introduced, by the sequence of the war, which had committee on naval affairs, appro- broken out between Brazil and priating $204,765, for an additional Buenos Ayres. A paper blockade had been declared, by the emperor will assemble, on this coast, from of Brazil, of the coast, from Cape all quarters, to depredate upon our Horn to the river la Plata. Our commerce. Protection was reEast India trade, and our vessels quisite ; and it might be afforded, from the Pacific, had to pass, in that without bringing us into collision direction, and great inconvenience, with any other power. had already resulted from this state Mr. Cambreling was in favor of of things. Our trade, in that quar- the appropriation, and suggested ter, was without protection, and that the secretary of the navy should exposed to piratical depredations, be empowered to order the North as well as to injuries resulting from Carolina from the Mediterranean, privateering. Nothing, but an in- to the coast of Brazil. crease of naval force, could protect Mr. Webster observed that this our commerce. The estimates detail belonged to the executive were for a frigate, and two sloops department; and upon his suggesof war, to be in commission for tion, the bill was amended so as nine months ; which was the least merely to make the necessary appossible force.
propriation, and to leave the dispoMr. Williams, of North Carolina, sition of the force, to the executive. objected to this appropriation, if it The bill then passed. were intended to remove that block. The sum of $55,000 was approade. It might lead to worse conse- priated for building a penitentiary, quences, than the Panama mission; and two jails in the district of Coor any other measure before the lumbia, and $131,565 for the pubhouse. He hoped the house would lic buildings in Washington. When pause.
the bill making this last appropriaMr. Storrs rejoined, that, this tion was under discussion, Mr. war between Brazil and Buenos Beecher, of Ohio, moved to strike Ayres, was concerning a territory on from the appropriations, the sum the eastern shore of South America, of $25,000 for furnishing the presicalled the Banda Oriental. This dent's house. Mr. Forsyth said, territory was claimed by both par- that having built, at the public exties ; and the people of Monte pense, a house for the chief magisVideo, had risen against the trate, it was the duty of the public officers of the emperor, who would, to furnish it in a corresponding of course, consider them as rebels. style. He should have preferred, Privateers will be abroad; and it is that the president should have been easy to see, that renegadoes, taking permitted to live where he pleased, advantage of this state of things, and how he pleased, as a private.
gentleman. He regretted certain nation ; and earnest memorials publications of details, which had were forwarded to congress, setting found their way into the public forth the grounds of their claim in papers, and hoped the appropriation the most forcible terms. A bill would be made. A modification of was reported by a select committee this amendment was finally made, to distribute $1,250,000 among the so as to authorise the application of surviving officers of the revolutionthis surn to the purchase of new ary army. furniture, and to repair old.
It was brought up for discussion at A bill was introduced early in a late period of the session, April 24. the session, making provision for the Mr. Estill, of Virginia, objected surviving officers of the revolution. to the bill that no provision was During the summer, a strong feel- made for the militia, and proposed ing in their favor had been excited a recommitment. Mr. Clarke, of by the recollections, which the visit Kentucky, thought provision should of La Fayette naturally produced. be made for the soldiers as well as
As he passed through the coun- the officers; and also for the survitry, all who remained of his com- ving widows of the revolutionary panions in arms, thronged to greet soldiers. Mr. Alston, of North their ancient leader, and to recall Carolina, said he considered the acthe memory of those scenes, where count as paid, and that he was unthey had participated as well in the willing to open a settled account. bitter trials and reverses of that The grounds upon which the bill bloody conflict, as in its glorious was supported, are set forth in a and successful termination. It was speech of Mr. Everett, of Massaimpossible to witness the meeting chusetts. To the objection of Mr. of these interesting relics of the war Alston, Mr. Everett replied, of independence, without a dispo- " That he also was unwilling to sition to recompense them for their open a settled account; but he could suffering and privations; and con- not consider an account as setgress met under the influence of a tled, until it was paid to the last general wish throughout the coun- farthing. He asked, how this actry, that some provision should be count was paid ? It was paid after made for their declining years, or at a total bankruptcy of the country. least an ample remuneration for the He did not mean that remark by depreciation of the currency in way of reproach : but he must say, which they had been paid. This that when the government settled was a claim upon the justice, as the with the army of the revolution, it other was upon the gratitude of the was insolvent. The payment was
a paltry dividend of 28. 6d. in the from day to day, without sacrificing pound. Now we have grown rich their certificates at the market vaand are rolling in wealth, our lue. These they reserved, not old creditor in the extremity of knowing that they would eventually age, and often in want, comes and be worth the paper on which they asks for a little relief out of our were printed. They speculated in abundance. We tell him that we their own funds; not voluntarily, paid him forty years ago ; that we but by compulsion: and I cannot have his discharge in our pocket, think that their having done so, (unand bid him begone. In the lan- questionably in very few cases, of guage of the gentleman from North which it does not appear that any Carolina, the account has been one is among those now presented settled and paid, and we want to to our consideration,) ought to form hear no more about it. Sir, I want to a reason for excluding them, far less hear one thing more about it ; that it all the other surviving officers, from has been fully paid, and fairly set- the benefits contemplated by this bill. tled.
“It has been made an objection to " It is objected that some of those this bill, that it tends to enlarge the for whom it provides relief, remain- pension system of the United ed in possession of their certificates States. Sir, nothing is more deciof final settlement, until they rose dedly in opposition to a republican to their par value, or even above it. policy, not merely than the enlarge
"I do not suppose that the num- ment of a pension system, but than ber of the officers of the revolution the existence of any thing which who were thus able to reserve their could be properly called by that certificates, and fund them at par, name. But is the fair compensation, can be so considerable as to make for services rendered, to be called it important to take their case into by the odious name of a pension ? special consideration. But be they Sir, pass this bill, adopt the amendfew or many, I am not prepared to ment of my honorable colleague, allow, that even they ought, as a (Mr. Reed,) give the survivors of matter of justice, to be shut out the revolution all they ask, and ten from the provisions of the bill. times more than they ask, and They were entitled to money or which generation will still be in aravailable securities. You gave rears; we to our fathers, or they to them, no money, and securities us; which will have done the most worth but an eighth of their nominal for the other ; they, in achieving value. They had, perhaps, a pit- by their toils, and blood, the indetance which enabled them to live pendence we enjoy, or wein solacing their age by these poor gratuities ; member is called away from the which generation is dependent on little circle--when an active son the bounty of the other ; which or brother is lost to the aged father is the pensioner of the other ? or helpless sisters, who depend on
“Sir, it is said that other classes his aid to carry on the frugal opesuffered as much as those for whom rations of that domestic industry relief is now asked ; that the dis- which is necessary to the common tress and privation were general ; subsistence and comfort. The aband that the army bore no more sence from home of those most than its share in the common ca- needed, in this way, was one chief lamities. There was suffering cause of that general wreck of enough on all sides, heaven knows; small fortunes, which was one and it fell, it is true, not less on great feature of the universal disthe citizen at home, than on the tress. I myself, sir, know families, soldier in the camp. But the ar- from which, not one alone, but two, my, in suffering as such, was not and even three, who were most exempt from its share of the ge- wanted at home, were yielded to neral calamity. They did not cast the common cause ; from which off the character and relations of when Joseph was not, and Simeon citizens. No, sir ; while they were was not, the voice of a bleeding suffering all the hardships of the country called Benjamin away alcamp and of the field, they were, so : And however great the sacrialso, suffering in all their interests fice, the call was obeyed, as is well at home, in common with the rest known from many a touching anecof the community. They belong. dote of those eventful times. ed to a class of society whose per- “Yes, sir, the spirit of the day sonal attendance, labor, and care, was equal to its trials; but let us are their chief property. What not talk of the soldier as exempt, brings the most grievous distress, in any degree, from the common on such a class of society ? Not, suffering of the citizen ; when the the Auctuations and obstructions fact, that he was absent from home of the market, for they produce in the army, might be the heaviest very little that goes to market; not blow to the prosperity of his fathe failure of crops of great staple mily, and to his own prosperity as products, which do not depend a member of it. It deserves, also, upon the presence or absence of to be recollected, that the sufferan opulent proprietor. No, sir, ings of the country, after the close the citizens of this class are most of the war, were probably more distressed when an industrious severe, on the whole, than during