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than upon similar occasions; and potent an engine of electioneering in some places, the greatest disor- as it did then. At Cambridge, ders were committed. At Preston, for instance, the “ no popery” canthe notorious Cobbett appeared as didates were rejected; and in Irea candidate ; and displayed, but un- land, the friends of popular rights successfully, his characteristic feli- proved decidedly victorious, notcity in the art of abusing his oppo- withstanding the immense interest nents. His brother reformer, exerted against them by some of Hunt, was also run against sir the great protestant families. From Thomas Lethbridge, at Ilchester ; all this, and other facts of the same but failed. It was observed that nature, it is reasonable to infer that the spirit of hostility to the catholics liberal principles have gained a lithad somewhat diminished since the tle ground in the British parliament. last election; and did not form so

CHAPTER XI.

FRANCE.-Death of Louis XVIII.- Accession of Charles X.-MinistersChambers of 1825— Indemnity to Emigrants Finances Sacrilege Laws-South AmericaHayti-CoronationLa Fayette Prosecution of Journals-Death of Foy-Chambers of 1826--Law of Succession--Finance -- Religious Disputes-Views of the Govern, ment.

Our register of events, properly tailed on the French name. It begins a little subsequent to the was an epoch, also, when the clergy decease of Louis XVIII., and the gained more power than they had commencement of the ensuing for a long time before enjoyed ; reign; a period, that may justly be and this circumstance led, of itself, deemed an important era in the to important consequences. For history of the restored Bourbons. the purpose, therefore, of present

Their government was now tho- ing a more complete and intelligiroughly consolidated, their dynasty ble account of the recent history fixed anew on the throne, and the of the country, we shall carry our crown had descended in peaceable narrative back to the accession of succession to another of the poste- the now reigning monarch. rity of St. Louis. The people Louis XVIII., died the 16th were gratified with the pageantry day of September, in the year of a coronation, a spectacle so 1824. His constitution had been agreeable to their taste and feel- gradually sinking, for some months ings. The success of their arms previous thereto, under a compliin Spain,-once again victorious, cation of diseases ; and he lingerafter so many years of defeat,—re ed but a few days after the first stored then to the sense of self-con- public announcement of his apfidence, as necessary to the pros- proaching dissolution. His body perity of nations as to individuals; was immediately embalmed, and and caused them to forget, in some prepared to be exhibited in state, measure, the series of degrada- conformably with the national tions, which the Bourbons had en usages. It was placed in a half recumbent posture, on a plain bed, than to bear him happily through holding a crucifix, and wearing a the troubles of exile, or the cares cap trimmed with lace, until the of empire. Having such a chacoffin was in readiness; after which, racter, and immediately followit was transferred to the throne- ing on the throne, a prince, whose room of the Thuilleries. There, brilliant career was guided by the surrounded by heralds in splendid most splendid abilities,-nothing apparel, with the great officers of but necessity, and the state of the state, and ecclesiastics attached to country, which demanded repose, the court, lay the royal remains, in could have reconciled the kingdom a coffin covered with cloth of gold, to his forced and inglorious rule. and surmounted with the crown, But the courtly flatterers of his sword, and sceptre, the ensigns of hours of prosperity, embraced the the rank of the deceased. At the ex- occasion of his illness and death, piration of a week, his funeral so- to indulge in a strain of the most lemnities were celebrated with all extravagant lamentation and eulothe pomp suited to the occasion ; gium, as insincere, as it was illand his remains were deposited in the timed. Among the pieces which chapel of St. Louis, there to remain the event produced, none was more for 30 days, when they were finally in- remarkable than a pamphlet by M. terred in the vault of the Bourbons. de Chateaubriand, entitled Le Roi

Louis XVIII., at the time of his est mort, vide le Roi, whose title decease, was sixty-nine years of aptly illustrates the affectation, anage. His wife, a princess of the tithesis and absurdity of the work. house of Saxony, died in the year The count d'Artois, who now 1810. His own life was marked ascended the throne as Charles X., by a long course of the greatest prior to his brother's funeral, revicissitudes of fortune, having been ceived at St. Cloud, the congratuborn and educated amid the luxu- lations and addresses of the various ries of an absolute court, and dying orders of the state, the peers, the in the exercise of royal power, but chamber of deputies, the diplomahaving spent many of the intervening tic body, the military, the acadeyears in foreign countries, a wan- my, to all which he expressed his dering outcast, and a pensioner at confidence in the good will of his the board of the ancient enemies subjects, and his determination to of his line and his nation. He make their welfare the sole object possessed a taste for letters, and of his ambition. Four days after many qualities, which were better the funeral, he left St. Cloud, to adapted to adorn a private station, enter the city of Paris in state. He was received by the municipa- later measures of the government lity at the barrier l'Etoile, and pre- have proved that, with increased sented with the keys of the city, firmness, it has also acquired greatwhich he immediately returned to er boldness and want of liberality. the prefect, with a suitable address. The chambers commenced their The principal ceremonies attend session in December. But previing his reception, were performed ous to entering into their proceedin the church of Notre Dame, ings, it may be desirable to underwhere all classes emulously came stand the composition of the minisforward to make their congratu- try, who directed its deliberations. lations, and signify their loyalty. During the period of our history,

The new king uniformly profess- M. de Villele has been the effective ed his resolution to pursue, un- head of the French administration. changed, the policy of Louis XVIII. He became minister of finance in The ministry continued the same. 1821, and has retained his authoriBut in the outset of his reign, ty and station to the present time." whether it was that he really felt in- His power is unbounded by means clined to liberal measures; or of the ascendency in the governwhether, as it is more likely, he ment he has reached, through thought it wise to sacrifice a little the influence of the illiberal party to the desire of popularity, certain in politics and religion, whose init is that he gave reason to expect terests he has in general faithfully from him a more high-minded go- upholden. Of course, he is unvernment than his predecessor's. popular with the tolerant party, in Charles devoted himself to business proportion to his subserviency to with spirit and industry; and this their opponents. On the second appeared to the people an auspi- restoration of the Bourbons, he was cious circumstance, when contrast- appointed mayor of Toulouse, his ed with the lethargy, which cha- native city, and soon afterwards a racterised Louis. But, what was member of the chamber of depumore important than this, in the ties; in which body he became first month of his reign, Charles distinguished by his talents and acremoved the censorship of the tivity. He soon effected the press, that galling badge of servi- downfall of M. Decazes and his tude, which provoked the constant friends, courting the public favor complaints of the people. All by his zealous opposition to their these things, looked propitious; measures ; and at that time subbut the rising hopes of the king- jected himself to the imputation of dom were soon repressed; and some liberalism. But, under the suc

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