« ПретходнаНастави »
Marmont, General O'Connor, &c. numerous, grand and exact proThe grave in which the late emi. ductions of the Italian school, and nent individual was interred, is near from the statues of the ancients that of Camille Jordan. The mi- so chaste, so correct, so simply nister of war's carriage was among beautiful. Thus impressed, he those which attended the proces struck into a new course, and prosion. Eloquent and pathetic ad- duced his picture of Andromache, dresses were delivered at the grave which by many is regarded as one by Messrs. Cassimer Perrier, Tor- of his master-pieces. His painting naux, Mechin, and lieutenant-ge- had then something of the Italian neral Miollis. At the moment gravity and simplicity; and his when the former said, “ If general pure and lofty design, like that of Foy died without fortune, the na- the ancients, had not attained that tion will adopt his widow and child ideal perfection, bordering upon ren,” a host of voices exclaimed the stiffness of statuary, which he 6. Yes, we swear it, the nation will acquired at a later period. In his adopt them." All the theatres of next picture, Belisarius, the comParis, and particularly those on the position is simple and grand, the Boulevards, were nearly deserted design chaste, the expression true, in the evening. The national the coloring sedate-the entire chaguards on duty at the post of their racter of the production bearing a staff, on Thursday, appeared with great resemblance to Poussin, with crape on the arm.
more correctness and arrangement
than that artist usually displays. M. David.
In tracing his course from his BeDecember 29. Tisarius to his Rape of the Sabines, At Brussels, the seat of his exile the influence of the Italian school, since the re-establishment of the will be seen gradually to diminish, Bourbons, aged 76, M. David, an and the taste for ancient design to artist who had long stood at the become stronger, so as at last to head of the French school of settle into academic correctness. painting.
In his Horatii, which may perhaps At the period when the develop- be regarded as the production that ment of his powers commenced, marks the zenith of his talents, the genius of the French painters, there is the same grandeur, the had fallen into the worst possible same severity of composition and direction. The style of the Italian expression, the same sobriety in the school, transmitted by Poussin and execution ; but, without yet ceasing Lesueur, had been abandoned; to be natural, the disposition of the and, under the idea of returning to subject is seen to incline towards nature, they had adopted a petty the sterility of bas-relief. In the affected representation of her, which Rape of the Sabines, one amongst possessed neither the graceful, of the most admired and most deserwhich they were in search, nor the ving of admiration of M. David's ideal or the grand, which they had pictures, it is seen that his drawing voluntarily renounced. David re- has become altogether academic, paired to Rome : there his mind and the attitudes betray a too great was influenced by the two-fold im- fondness for the display of beautipression which it received from the ful forms. His Socrates is grandly
conceived; his Brutus is full of bited in London, where, from vabeautiful details ; his Thermopylæ, rious circumstances, it naturally and the many other works that have attracted much notice, and excited signalized his pencil, are marked much criticism. Bonaparte, Jowith all the touches of a great sephine, the cardinal Caprara, and master ; but, by those who love two or three other figures, were the simple and the true, and are universally allowed to be fine ; but fearsul of style, when it becomes the remaining cluster of two hunsystematic, the first works of dred and ten people, gave the paintM. David will be esteemed his ing the air of a crowded stage, on best.
which the leading actors concenDavid was a great favorite of trated attention, whilst the surroundBonaparte. The conqueror of ing mutes had not grace enough to Austerlitz is said to have advanced be even naturally affected. two steps towards the artist in his M. David, when he went into painting room, and taking off his exile, announced to his pupils, that hat, to have exclaimed, “ Sir, I sa- he was about to change his style, lute you!” Under the protection and that he would send them from of his great friend, David was al- the Netherlands, a specimen of the lowed, as a special mark of dis- true manner of coloring. Critics tinction, to occupy the corner wing consider him to have fulfilled this of the old palace, from which eve promise in his Mars and Venus, ry man of genius and science enti- which has been exhibited with his tled to reside there, had been re- Belisarius, Horatii, Brutus, Rape moved. Bonaparte always con- of the Sabines, &c. - Mars, oversulted him in the arrangement of come with fatigue, is stretched on his paintings and statues : and all a couch ; Venus, who has risen to the government costumes were make room for him, has one hand from his designs. David had many resting upon him, whilst with the pupils, and was not without adhe- other she is placing a crown on rents : but, from the sanguinary his head, which she is to bestow part which he had taken in the on condition that he quits the purrevolution, he was shunned by the suit of arms. Mars consents, and great and the good, and seemned to presents his sword as a token of lead the life of a proscribed exile, his sincerity. The Graces are hasin the very centre of the gayest tening to disencumber the god of city in Europe.
his armor ; Love is unloosing his David painted the coronation of sandal ; and every attempt is maBonaparte, in conformity with the king to render his return to the instructions of his master. It was field impossible.” not that picture, however, which M. Odevaue, one of M. David's was exhibited in Pall Mall, between disciples and friends, has published three and four years ago. On the in the Brussels Oracle, a pompous restoration of the Bourbons, the and inflated eulogy upon the deexpatriated painter retired to Brus- ceased, which thus concludes : sels ; and there he finished what “Let Brussels be proud in retainhe considered an improved and ing the ashes of David. I proheightened copy of the original pose to beg his family to leave the painting. That painting was exhi- remains of him who was our master and friend to us, to open imme- conduct. He was afterwards sent diately a subscription to raise a to the army of the Danube, at the monument to him in one of our head of which he exerted himself in principal churches, and to have a defending the country of the Grifuneral procession. . There shall sons. Joubert, his friend, having be executed a mass and requiem, been entrusted with the command with a grand orchestra ; and, in of the army of Italy, Suchet joined order to render this ceremony him as general of division, and worthy of its object, I propose to chief of his staff; appointments invite hither the artists and the which he continued to hold under friends of the arts, from all parts Moreau and Championnet, after the of the kingdom, and from the death of Joubert. Massena, who neighboring countries.” A sub- succeeded Championnet, made him scription was accordingly opened, second in command. At the head and a committee was appointed of a feeble division, of not 7,000 to regulate the funeral ceremony, men, he long held at bay five times and to provide for the erection of the number of Austrian forces una mausoleum.
der Melas, contested the Genoese
territory inch by inch, retired unGENERAL SUCHET.
broken behind the Var, set the ene
January 3. my at defiance, saved the south of At Marseilles, aged 54, Louis France from invasion, and facilitaGabriel Suchet, duke of Albufera. ted the operations of the army of
Having received a good educa- reserve, advancing from Dijon to tion, he entered the army in 1792. cross the Alps. When, in conseAt Toulon, he was an officer in the quence of the march of Bonaparte, battalion by which general O'Hara the Austrians commenced their rewas taken prisoner. He was in treat, he followed in their track, nearly all the battles fought in Italy, harassed them incessantly, took during the campaigns of 1794, 15,000 prisoners, and, by compel1795, and 1797, and was thrice ling Melas to weaken his army to wounded, once dangerously. In oppose him, contributed powerfulthe last of these campaigns, Bona- ly to the victory of Marengo. In parte made him chier-de-brigade, on the short campaign subsequently to the field of battle. In 1798, ba- the armistice, he took 4,000 priving borne a distinguished part in soners at Pozzolo, and shared in the campaign against the Swiss, he the battles that were fought. In was sent to Paris with twenty-three 1803, he commanded a, division at standards taken from the enemy, the camp at Boulogne. He was and was then made general of bri- named a member of the legion of gade. He was on the point of pro- honor, December 11, 1803, grand ceeding with the expedition to officer of that body in 1804 , and Egypt, when he was suddenly re- governor of the imperial palace at tained to restore discipline and con- Lacken in 1805. At Ulm, Hollafidence in the army of Italy. In brun, and Austerlitz in 1805,-at consequence of a quarrel with the Saalfield and Jena, in 1806,-at commissioners of the directory, Pultusk in 1807,-he greatly conSuchet was compelled to return tributed to the success of the hastily to France, to vindicate his French arms. In 1806 Bonaparte gave him the grand cordon of the lies. At the head of the army of legion of honor, with an endow- the Alps, consisting only of 10,000 ment of 20,000 francs; and in men, he beat the Piedmontese, and 1808, he raised him to the dignity shortly after the Austrians. The of a count of the empire. The advance of the grand Austrian arking of Saxony also nominated him my, however, 100,000 strong, coma commander of the military order pelled him to fall back on Lyons, of St. Henry.
but he saved that city from plunder Suchet was then sent to Spain, by capitulation, and with it artillery and placed at the head of the army stores to the value of half a million of Arragon. In 1809, he defeated sterling. On the same day that Blake, at Belchite; in 1810, he the capitulation was signed, he reduced Lerida, Mequinenza, Tor- again subinitted to Louis XVIII. toza, fort San Felipe, Monserrat, He received the grand cross of the Tarragona, and Saguntum,-rou- legion of honor in 1816, and in ted O'Donnel at Margalef, and 1819, his name was replaced on the Blake before Saguntum,--and form- list of peers. ed the siege of Valencia. The fall For some time previous to his of that fortress crowned the labors decease, the duke of Albufera had of this campaign, and obtained for been principally at Marseilles. He him the title of duke of Albufera, had been afflicted nearly two years and possession of the estate of that with a severe and painful disorder. name. He had previously, at the In the few moments during the last capture of Tarragona, received the four days of his life in which he marshal's staff. In 1813, the com- was sensible, he made his will, in full mand of the united armies of Ar- possession of his faculties. In the ragon and Catalonia having been evening of the 2d of January, 1826, confided to him, he compelled sir having recovered from a state of John Murray to raise the siege of delirium, he confessed and received Tarragona. In November, he was the extreme unction. The remainder named colonel-general of the im of the night he was calm and comperial guards, in the room of the posed; but, after seven in the duke of Istria. Notwithstanding morning of the 3d, he did not again the progress of lord Wellington in become sensible. The duchess left France, Suchiet kept his ground in Marseilles for Paris with her chilCatalonia, for the purpose of col- dren two or three days after his lecting the 18,000 men who gar- decease. risoned the fortresses, and also for retarding the progress of the allies. Count RosTOPCHIN. Receiving intelligence of the ab
January, 1826. dication of Bonaparte, he acknow- At Moscow, count Rostopchin. ledged Louis XVIII. as his sove. He was descended from an anreign. Several honors, amongst cient Russian family. Entering which was that of his being named the army very young, he was a lieuone of the peers of France, were tenant in the imperial guards at conferred on him by the restored the age of twenty-one, when he monarch. On the return of Bona- left Russia to make the tour of parte, he accepted a command un- Europe. At Berlin he was disder his old master, to repel the al- tinguished by count Michael de Romanzoff, the Russian ambassa- sovereign to Vienna. In the rear dor at the Prussian court. During 1817 he went to Paris, and during the early part of the reign of the his stay in that capital, he gave the emperor Paul, his advancement hand of his daughter to the grandwas rapid and brilliant. He was son of the count de Segur. His decorated with the grand order of manners and conversation were as Russia ; and, with his father, (living polished as those of the most acat the age of eighty-one, on his complished courtier in Europe. own estate, at the time of the memorable campaign of 1812,) raised THE KING OF PORTUGAL. to the dignity of count. Soon af
March 10, 1826. terwards, however, from some un- At Lisbon, aged 60, John the known cause, both father and son Fourth, king of the United King. fell into disgrace, and received an dom of Portugal, Brazil, and Al. order to retire to their estates, on garve, knight of the garter. His which they lived, as cultivators of majesty had been attacked on the the soil, till the death of Paul. The 4th with an apoplectic fit, together voung count obtained the favor of with epilepsy. On the 5th and 6th the emperor Alexander, and was his malady increased to such a deappointed to the government of gree, as to create the greatest alarm Moscow. On the 14th of Septem- for his life. After the crisis of the ber, 1812, the French entered that 6th, his majesty experienced no new city; and, on the same day, the attack till the 9th, when his malady Russians, according to the 20th returned with augmented violence, French bulletin of the campaign, to which the king yielded, and laid set fire to various public edifices of down his life on the 10th, at 6 that ancient capital. Bonaparte p. m. accused count Rostopchin of the His majesty, John-Maria-Joseph act. Certain it is, that the count Lewis, was born May 13, 1767, had set fire to his fine country the son of Maria-Frances Isabella, house at Veronozof, leaving the reigning queen of Portugal, by her following placard conspicuously paternal uncle Don Pedro, (brother posted near the mansion :" Du- of her father king Joseph.) He ring eight years I have sought to married, January 9, 1790, Charembellish this country residence, lotte Joaquima, daughter of Charles where I have lived happily with my the Fourth, king of Spain, and family. The inhabitants of this sister to Ferdinand the Seventh, estate, to the number of 1720, the present king of that counabandon it at your approach ; and I try ; by whom he had issue :destroy my house, that it may not 1. Maria Theresa, born April 99, be sullied by your presence. 1793, widow of the Infant Don Frenchmen! I abandon to you my Pedro-Carlos of Spain ; 2. A son, two houses at Moscow. Here you styled Prince of Beira, born in shall find nothing but ashes.” 1795; 3. Isabella-Maria, born May
The count remained governor of 19, 1797, married September 29, Moscow till the month of Septem- 1816, to her maternal uncle Ferdiber, 1814, when he resigned the nand, the present king of Spain ; command, and accompanied his 4. Pedro d'Alcantara, born Octo