Слике страница
PDF
ePub

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman

FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania
THOMAS J. LANE, Massachusetts
MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, Ohio
FRANK CHELF, Kentucky
EDWIN E. WILLIS, Louisiana

PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey

E. L. FORRESTER, Georgia
BYRON G. ROGERS, Colorado
HAROLD D. DONOHUE, Massachusetts
JACK BROOKS, Texas

WILLIAM M. TUCK, Virginia

ROBERT T. ASHMORE, South Carolina
JOHN DOWDY, Texas

LESTER HOLTZMAN, New York
BASIL L. WHITENER, North Carolina
ROLAND V. LIBONATI, Illinois

J. CARLTON LOSER, Tennessee
HERMAN TOLL, Pennsylvania

ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin
GEORGE A. KASEM, California

WILLIAM M. McCULLOCH, Ohio
WILLIAM E. MILLER, New York
RICHARD H. POFF, Virginia
WILLIAM C. CRAMER, Florida
ARCH A. MOORE, JR., West Virginia
H. ALLEN SMITH, California
GEORGE MEADER, Michigan
JOHN E. HENDERSON, Ohio
JOHN V. LINDSAY, New York
WILLIAM T. CAHILL, New Jersey
JOHN H. RAY, New York

[blocks in formation]

CONTENTS

Bigio, Mrs. Samuel, 7636 17th Street, NW., Washington, D.C___

Bress, David, Esq., attorney at law, Washington, D.C.

Broyhill, Hon. Joel T., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Virginia..

Case, Hon. Francis, U.S. Senator from the State of South Dakota
Chamberlain, Culver, Democratic Central Committee for the District
of Columbia_

Dalton, John M., Esq., president, Junior Chamber of Commerce,

Washington, D.C...

Davis, F. Elwood, Esq., chairman, Citizens Joint Committee on
National Representation for the District of Columbia...

Donohue, Hon. F. Joseph, former Commissioner of the District of
Columbia___

Hechler, Hon. Ken, a Representative in Congress from the State of
West Virginia__

Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., U.S. Senator from the State of Minne-
sota

Keating, Hon. Kenneth B., U.S. Senator from the State of New York.

Koockogey, Gover M., vice president, Kalorama Citizens Association_

McLaughlin, Hon. Robert E., President, Board of Commissioners of

the District of Columbia

Morse, Hon. Wayne, U.S. Senator from the State of Oregon

Wender, Harry S., Esq., attorney, representing B'nai B'rith_
Statement of—

Biddle, Sam, chairman, Legislative Advisory Group of the Republican
State Committee of the District of Columbia.

Brown, Philip, Washington, Washington Home Rule Committee_.

Bush, Mrs. John W., chairman, District of Columbia Federation of

Women's Clubs___

[ocr errors]

115

152

Gottsegen, Mrs. Jack, National Council of Jewish Women, Inc..
Hall, Woolsey W., Federation of Civic Associations_

149

54

Hudgins, Herbert V., Woodridge Citizens Association

111

Kane, Francis J., president, Association of Oldest Inhabitants.
Lamb, George P., Esq., Lamb & Long, Pennsylvania Building-
Leeman, Herbert, 1405 G Street NW., Washington, D.C..

[blocks in formation]

Lindsay, Hon. John V., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York.

Louchheim, Mrs. Katie, Democratic National Committeewomen

for the District of Columbia__

Lusk, Hon. Rufus, president, Washington Taxpayers Association_
McGuigan, F. H., secretary, Greater Washington Central Labor
Council, AFL-CIO.

Meltzer, Sadye F., secretary, Lamond-Riggs Citizens' Association.
Morris, E. K., Esq., president, Metropolitan Washington Board of
Trade_

Norwood, William K., president, Federation of Citizens' Associa-

tions of the District of Columbia__

O'Donnell, James F., Esq., counsel, District of Columbia Federation
of Business Men's Associations, Inc. -

Paul, Mrs. Joseph B., president, 20th Century Club..

Prahinski, Theodore, vice president for District affairs, Young Demo-

cratic Club of the District of Columbia___

[blocks in formation]

Schlaifer, Irving, 912 Gallatin Street, Washington, D.C.

154

138

Wilcox, Mr., secretary, Association of Oldest Inhabitants_
Letters, telegrams of-

54

Albaugh, Bill, acting secretary, District of Columbia Statehood
Committee__.

Barnes, Roberta S., president, Department of Elementary School
Principals, National Education Association, Washington, D.C..........

Biemiller, Andrew J., director, Department of Legislation, AFL-CIO-

Borchardt, Herbert, commander, District of Columbia Department,

Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States__

Cobb, Charles W., Jr., 6347 North Washington Boulevard, Arlington,
Va____

Daly, Victor R., Washington, D.C....

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Darrin, David, 140 Constitution Avenue, NE., Washington, D.C.
Dodek, Oscar I., president, Merchants & Manufacturers Association,

163

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

164

170, 171

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA REPRESENTATION AND VOTE

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 6, 1960

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 5

OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,
Washington, D.C.

The subcommittee was called to order at 10 a.m., in room 346, House Office Building, the Hon. Emanuel Celler (chairman of the committee) presiding.

Present: Emanuel Celler, Peter W. Rodino, Jr., Byron G. Rogers, Lester Holtzman, Harold D. Donohue, Herman Toll, William M. McCulloch, William E. Miller, and George Meader.

Also present: Cyril F. Brickfield, counsel, William H. Crabtree, associate counsel, and Richard Peet, counsel.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

Senator Keating, is your statement going to be long? I promised Congressman Multer, who has to go to a committee meeting, that he might speak briefly. Will that be agreeable to you?

Senator KEATING. Yes, Mr. Chairman. We convene at 10 this morning. I am awaiting a call. If we have a quorum call or something right at the start, I would have to leave.

The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Multer, will you yield to Senator Keating? Mr. MULTER. Of course.

Senator KEATING. I think I am safe, Mr. Chairman. I will be about 10 minutes.

The CHAIRMAN. However, the Chair wishes to read a statement first. In sponsoring this legislation, which I introduced last year-September 11, 1959-I am hopeful that a constitutional amendment will be adopted in the very near future, giving the people of the District of Columbia the right to vote in Federal elections, as well as an enfranchised voice in the affairs of our National Legislature.

It seems incongruous that citizens as far away as Hawaii and Alaska have the right to vote, while the residents of the seat of the government do not, especially when it is remembered that the men and women of the District of Columbia have all the obligations of citizenship, including the payment of Federal taxes, of local taxes, and service in our Armed Forces.

The District of Columbia, with more than 850,000 residents, has a greater number of persons than 15 of our States and a greater number of its sons and daughters served in our Armed Forces in World War II than served from a third of our States.

The District's population, in fact, exceeds the combined population of Alaska, Nevada, and Wyoming, three States which are represented by nine men in Congress, while the District of Columbia remains

1

unrepresented. In 1948, the last time the District tax contributions were reported separately, the District paid over $363 million in Federal taxes-more than the contributions of 25 States.

One may ask: Why have the residents of the District of Columbia been denied the right to vote for President and Vice President and excluded from representation in the Congress? A study of the constitutional debates of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and also of the contemporary writings of our leading statesmen of that day discloses that it was not the intention of our Founding Fathers to deny the District such rights. The denial stems, apparently, from an oversight or omission on their part, for nowhere in our fundamental instrument is there an express prohibition against voting by residents of the District; it is just that the Constitution simply does not provide for the right.

At the time the Constitution was being considered in Philadelphia in 1787, James Madison wrote in the Federalist, No. 43, that the inhabitants of the new Federal city should "of course *** have their voice in the election of the government which is to exercise authority over them." But at that time it was not known where the seat of government would be or what would be the size of the area ceded to the Federal Government for that purpose. It might have been, for all the Founding Fathers knew, a very small area indeed, just enough to encompass the Federal buildings needed to carry out the business of government, with residents surrounding it retaining their State citizenships. In any event, no provision for national representation of the Federal inhabitants was included. As the remarks of Madison suggest, however, the failure to do so was due to an oversight rather than to any intention by the framers to deny residents of the District the right to vote.

Technically, voting rights are denied District residents because the Constitution is said to provide machinery only through the States for the election of Senators and Representatives to Congress and for selection of the President and Vice President (art. I, sec. 2). Since the District is not a State or part of a State, there is no machinery through which its citizens may participate in such matters.

The correction of this omission is the sole purpose of my resolution, House Joint Resolution 529, which calls for a simple amendment to the Constitution, which would authorize Congress to pass laws permitting District citizens to vote in national elections and to elect Delegates to the House of Representatives with such powers as Congress determines. It provides

1. That the number of District Delegates in the House of Representatives shall be determined by an apportionment method known as the method of equal proportions with the District receiving, generally, as many Delegates as each State is entitled to Representatives on a population basis but in no event less than one Delegate;

2. That the Delegates are to have such powers, including the right to vote, as the Congress by law may prescribe;

3. That District residents may vote in national elections and be entitled to as many electoral votes for President and Vice President as the District has Delegates in the Congress.

« ПретходнаНастави »