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This is unquestionably the same John who afterward (1711) married Tabitha Hagg or Ragg.

But if this were the case, she seems to have died early; for only three years after, namely, 1714, we have evidence that he married Winifred, daughter of Lieutenant Tipping.

He seems to have been a man of substance, for we find him in 1696 conveying “one undivided eightieth part of a salt-meadow” in Yabbok, and he commanded a sloop in 1702.

Those who doubt the importance of genealogical studies fruste potius quam argumento erudiendi.

I trace him as far as 1723, and there lose him. In that year he was chosen selectman.

No gravestone. Perhaps overthrown when new hearse-house was built, 1802.

He was probably the son of John, who came from Bilham Comit. Salop.

“Hear lyeth ye bod (stone unhappily

broken.) Mr. Ihon Willber (Esq.) [I inclose this in

brackets as doubtful. To me it seeins

clear.) Obit die (illegible ; looks like xviii.) iii (prob. 1693.)


deseased seinte: A friend and (fathler untoe all ye opreast, Hee gave ye wicked familists noe reast, When Sat [an bllewe his Antinomian blaste, Wee clong to (Willber as a steadfjast maste. [A]gaynst ye horrid Qualkers!

It is greatly to be lamented that this curious epitaph is mutilated. It is said that the sacrilegious British soldiers made a target of this stone during the war of Independence. How odious an animosity which pauses not at the grave ! How brutal that which spares not the monuments of authentic history! This is not improbably from the pen of Rev Moody Pyram, who is mentioned by Hubbard as having been noted for a silver vein of poetry. If his papers be still extant, copy might possibly be recovered.

circa 1642.

This first John was a man of considerable importance, being twice mentioned with the honorable prefix of Mr. in the town records. Name spelt with two l-s.


No. I.




JAYLEM, june 1846. MISTER EDDYTER:- Our Hosea wuz down to Boston last week, and he see a cruetin Sarjunt a struttin round as popler as a hen with 1 chicking, with 2 fellers a drummin and fifin arter him like all nater. the sarjunt he thout Hosea hed n't gut his i teeth cut cos he looked a kindo's though he'd jest com down, so he cal'lated to hook him in, but Hosy wood n't take none o' his sarse for all he hed much as 20 Rooster's tales stuck onto his hat and eenamost enuf brass a bobbin up and down on his shoulders and figureed onto his coat and trousis, let alone wut nater hed sot in his featers, to make a 6 pounder out on.

wal, Hosea he com home considerabal riled, and arter I'd gone to bed I heern Him a thrashin round like a short-tailed Bull in fli-time. The old Woman ses she to me ses she, Zekle, ses she, our Hosee 's gut the chollery or suthin anuther ses she, don't you Bee skeered, ses I, he's oney amakin pottery * ses i, he's ollers on hand at ihat ere busynes like Da & martin, and shure enuf, cum mornin, Hosy he cum down stares full chizzle, hare on

eend and cote tales flyin, and sot rite of to go reed his varses to Parson Wilbur bein he haint aney grate shows o' book larnin himself, bimeby he cum back and sed the parson wuz dreffle tickled with 'em as i hoop you will Be, and said they wuz True grit.

Hosea ses taint hardly fair to call 'em hisn now, cos the parson kind o' slicked off sum o' the last varses, but he told Hosee he did n't want to put his ore in to tetch to the Rest on 'em, bein they wuz verry well As thay wuz, and then Hosy ses he sed suthin a nuther about Simplex Mundishes or sum sech feller, but I guess Hosea kind o did n't hear him, for I never hearn o' nobody o' that name in this villadge, and I've lived here man and boy, 76 year cum next tater diggin, and thair aint no wheres a kitting spryer 'n I be.

If you print 'em I wish you 'd jest let folks know who hosy's father is, cos my ant Keziah used to say it 's nater to be curus ses she, she aint livin though and he's a likely kind o’lad.


THRASH away, you 'll hev to rattle

On them kittle-drums o' yourn, "Taint a knowin' kind o' cattle

Thet is ketched with mouldy corn ; Put in stiff, you fifer feller,

Let folks see how spry you be, Guess you 'll toot till you are yeller

'Fore you git ahold o' me ! Thet air fag's a leetle rotten,

Hope it aint your Sunday's best ;

. Aut insanit, aut versos facit. --H. W.

Fact! it takes a sight o' cotton

To stuff out a soger's chest : Sence we farmers hev to pay fer 't,

Ef you must wear humps like these, Sposin' you should try salt hay fer 't,

It would du ez slick ez grease. 'T would n't suit them Southun fellers,

They ’re a dreffle graspin' set, We must ollers blow the bellers

Wen they want their irons het; May be it 's all right ez preachin',

But my narves it kind o' grates, Wen I see the overreachin'

O'them nigger-drivin' States. Them thet rule us, them slave-traders,

Haint they cut a thunderin' swarth (Helped by Yankee renegaders),

Thru the vartu o' the North ? We begin to think it 's nater

To take sarse an' not be riled; Who'd expect to see a tater

All on eend at bein' biled ?

It's a grand gret cemetary

Fer the barthrights of our race; They jest want this Californy

So's to lug new slave-states in To abuse ye, an' to scorn ye,

An' to plunder ye like sin. Aint it cute to see a Yankee

Take sech everlastin' pains, All to git the Devil's thankee

Helpin' on 'em weld their chains? Wy, it's jest. ez clear ez figgers,

Clear ez one an' one make two, Chaps thet make black slaves o' niggers

Want to make wite slaves o' you. Tell ye jest the eend I've come to

Arter cipherin' plaguy smart, An' it makes a handy sum, tu,

Any gump could larn by heart; Laborin' man an' laborin' woman

Hev one glory an' one shame, Ev'y thin' thet's done inhuman

Injers all on 'em the same.

Ez fer war, I call it murder,

There you hev it plain an' flat; I don't want to go no furder

Than my Testyment fer that ; God hez sed so plump an' fairly,

It 's ez long ez it is broad, An' you

've gut to git up airly Ef

you want to take in God.

'Taint your eppyletts an' feathers

Make the thing a grain more right; 'Taint a follerin'


bell-wethers Will excuse ye in His sight; Ef you take a sword an' dror it,

An' go stick a feller thru, Guy'ment aint to answer for it,

God 'll send the bill to you.

'Taint by turnin' out to hack folks

You're agoin' to git your right, Nor by lookin' down on black folks

Coz you 're put upon by wite ; Slavery aint o nary color,

'Taint the hide thet makes it wus, All it keers fer in a feller 'S jest to make him fill its

pus. Want to tackle me in, du ye?

I expect you 'll hev to wait ; Wen cold lead puts daylight thru ye

You'll begin to kal'late ; S'pose the crows wun't fall to pickin'

All the carkiss from your bones, Coz you helped to give a lickin'

To them poor half-Spanish drones? Jest go home an' ask our Nancy

Wether I'd be sech a goose Ez to jine ye, - guess you 'd fancy

The etarnal bung wuz loose ! She wants me fer home consumption,

Let alone the hay's to mow, Ef you ’re arter folks o' gumption,

You've a darned long row to hos.

Wut's the use o' meetin'-goin'

Every Sabbath, wet or dry, Ef it's right to go amowin'

Feller-men like oats an' rye ? I dunno but wut it's pooty

Trainin' round in bobtail coats, – But it's curus Christian dooty

This 'ere cuttin' folks's throats.

They may talk o'Freedom's airy

Téll they're pupple in the face,

Take them editors thet 's crowin'

Like a cockerel three months old,

Don't ketch any on 'em goin',

Though they be so blasted bold; Aint they a prime lot o' fellers?

'Fore they think on't they will sprout (Like a peach thet 's got the yellers),

With the meanness bustin' out. Wal, go 'long to help 'em stealin'

Bigger pens to cram with slaves, Help the men thet's ollers dealin'

Insults on your fathers' graves ; Help the strong to grind the feeble,

Help the many agin the few, Help ihe men thet call your people Witewashed slaves an' peddlin'

crew !
Massachusetts, God forgive her,

She's akneelin' with the rest,
She, thet ough' to ha' clung ferever

In her grand old eagle-nest;
She thet ough' to stand so fearless

Wile the wracks are round her hurled, Holdin' up a beacon peerless

To the oppressed of all the world ! Haint they sold your colored seamen?

Haint they made your env’ys wiz? Wut'll make ye act like freemen?

Wut'll git your dander riz? Come, I 'll tell ye wut I 'm thinkin'

Is our dooty in this fix, They'd ha' done 't ez quick ez winkin'

In the days o' seventy-six. Clang the bells in every steeple,

Call all true men to disown
The tradoocers of our people,

The enslavers o' their own ;
Let our dear old Bay State proudly

Put the trumpet to her mouth,
Let her ring this messidge loudly

In the ears of all the South :I'll return ye good fer evil

Much ez we frail mortils can, But I wun’t go help the Devil

Makin' man the cus o' man; Call me coward, call me traiter,

Jest ez suits your mean idees, Here I stand a tyrant-hater,

An' the friend o' God an' Peace !"

They take one way, we take t'other,

Guess it would n't break my heart; Man hed ough' to put asunder

Them thet God has noways jined; An' I should n't gretly wonder

Ef there 's thousands o' my mind. [The first recruiting sergeant on record 1 conceive to have been that individual who is mentioned in the Book of Job as going to and fro in the earth, and walking up and down in it. Bishop Latimer will have him to have been a bishop, but to me that other calling would appear more congenial. The sect of Cainites is not yet extinct, who esteemed the first-born of Adam to be the most worthy, not only because of that privilege of primogeniture, but inasmuch as he was able to overcome and slay his younger brother. That was a wise saying of the famous Marquis Pescara to the Papal Legate, that it was impossible for men to serve Mars and Christ at the same time. Yet in time past the profession of arms was judged to be κατ' εξοχήν that of a gentleiman, nor does this opinion want for strenuous uphold. ers even in our day.

Must we suppose, then, that the profession of Christianity was only intended for losels, or, at best, to afford an opening for plebeian ambition? Or shall we hold with that nicely metaphysical Pome. ranian, Captain Vratz, who was Count Konigsmark s chief instrument in the murder of Mr. Thynne, that the Scheme of Salvation has been arranged with an especial eye to the necessities of the upper classes, and that “God would consider a gentleman and deal with him suitably to the condition and pro. fession he had placed him in"? It may be said of us all, Exemplo plus quam ratione vivimus.-H. W.)

No. II.




This letter of Mr. Sawin's was not origi. nally written in verse. Mr. Biglow, thinking it peculiarly susceptible of metrical adornment, translated it, so to speak, into his own vernacular tongue. This is not the time to consider the question, whether rhymne be a mode of expression natural to the human

Ef I'd my way I hed ruther

We should go to work an' part,

soshiashun of idees sot him agoin arter the Crootin Sargient cos he wore a cocktale onto his hat.

his Folks gin the letter to me and i shew it to parson Wilbur and he ses it oughter Bee printed.' send It to mister Buckinum, ses he, i don't ollers agree with him, ses he, but by Time, ses he, I du like a feller that aint a Feared.

I have intusspussed a Few refleckshuns hear and thair. We're kind of prest with Hayin. Ewers respecfly


race. If leisure from other and more im. portant avocations be granted, I will handle the matter more at large in an appendix to the present volume. In this place I will barely remark, that I have sometimes noticed in the unlanguaged prattlings of infants a fondness for alliteration, assonance, and even rhyme, in which natural predisposition we may trace the three degrees through which our Anglo-Saxon verse rose to its culmination in the poetry of Pope. I would not be understood as questioning in these remarks that pious theory which supposes that chil. dren, if left entirely to themselves, would naturally discourse in Hebrew. For this the authority of one experiment is claimed, and I could, with Sir Thomas Browne, desire its establishment, inasmuch as the acquirement of that sacred tongue would there. by be facilitated. I am aware that lerodo. tus states the conclusion of Psammeticus to have heen in favor of a dialect of the Phry. gian. But, beside the chance that a trial of this importance would hardly be blessed to a Pagan monarch whose only motive was curiosity, we have on the Hebrew side the comparatively recent investigation of James the Fourth of Scotland. I will add to this prefatory remark, that Mr. Sawin, though a native of Jaalam, has never been a stated attendant on the religious exercises of my congregation. I consider my humble efforts prospered in that not one of my sheep hath ever indued the woli's clothing of war, save for the comparatively innocent diversion of a militia training: Not that my flock are backward to undergo the hardships of defensive warfare. They serve cheerfully in the great army which fights even unto death pro aris et focis, accoutred with the spade, the axe, the plane, the sledge, the spellingbook, and other such effectual weapons against want and ignorance and unthrift. I have taught them (under God) to esteem our hunan institutions as but tents of a night, to be stricken whenever Truth puts the bugle to her lips and sounds a march to the heights of wider-viewed intelligence and inore per. fect organization. - H. w.)

MISTER BUCKINUM, the follerin Billet was writ hum by a Yung feller of our town that wuz cussed fool enuff to goe atrottin inter Miss Chiff arter a Drum and fife. it ain't Nater for a feller to let on that he's sick o' any bizness that He went intu off his own free will and a Cord, but I rather cal'lale he's middlin tired o'voluntearin By this Time. I bleeve u may put dependunts on his statemence. For I never heered nothin bad on him let Alone his havin what Parson Wilbur cals a pongshong for cocktales, and he ses it wuz a

This kind o' sogerin' aint a mite liko

our October trainin', A chap, could clear right out from there

ef 't only looked liked rainin', An' th’ Cunnles, tu, could kiver up

their shappoes with bandanners, An' send the insines skootin' to the

bar-room with their banners (Fear o' gittin' on 'em spotted), an'a feller

could cry quarter Ef he fired away his ramrod arter tu

much rum an' water. Recollect wut fun we hed, you’n’ I an'

Ezry Hollis, Up there to Waltham plain last fall,

along o' the Cornwallis? + This sort o'thing aint jest like thet,

I wish thet I wuz furder, 1 Nimepunce a day fer killin' folks comes

kind o' low fer murder, (Wy I've worked out to slarterin' some

fer Deacon Cephas Billins, An' in the hardest times there wuz I

ollers tetched ten shillins)

* In relation to this expression, I cannot but think that Mr. Biglow has been too hasty in attributing it to me. Though Time be a comparatively innocent personage to swear by, and though Longinus in his discourse Περί Ύψους has commended timely oaths as not only a useful but sublime figure of speech, yet I have always kept iny lips free from that abomination. Odi profanum vul. gus, 1 hate your swearing and hectoring fel. lows. -- H. W.

ti hait the Site of a feller with a muskit as I du pizn But their is fun to a cornwallis I aint agoin' to deny it. - H. B.

he means Not quite so fur I guess. - H. B.

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