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mittee feel warranted in laying their case humble us in a sense of our own corrupbefore the public; and we earnestly im- tion, and to excite in our own minds ferplore for them the blessing of God, and vent gratitude towards the Author of all the liberal patronage of the friends of the good. Under the influence of this gratichurch in their labours. We fully con- tude, may we all devote ourselves without cur with them, that in a period when reserve to the service of our Redeemer ! Christian liberality is fertilizing and When love for Christ has expelled from gladdening the most desolate plains of the our hearts the love of the world, we shall heathen wilderness, the necessities of the no longer go halting on our way in a conchurch at home should not be forgotten. dition of weakness, but shall experience
growth in grace, and in the knowledge of YEARLY EPISTLE OF our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. FRIENDS.
“ We have been once more led to take a This annual document becomes in- view of the responsibility which attaches creasingly interesting from the truly spi- to parents and heads of families. To ritual tone which it has of late years stri- train up our children, servants, and those kingly manifested. We copy one or two under our care, both by example and prepassages.
cept, in a religious life and conversation, “Ourwell-known practice of assembling consistent with our Christian profesfor worship at an appointed time during sion, is a duty of a very serious nature. the week, besides the first day, has again We beseech our dear friends to reflect on been a subject of religious exercise amongst its vast importance, and in order to per
Thus to leave our outward concerns form it rightly, to press after true godliin humble dependence upon God, and in Never shall we be found faithful solemn silence to wait together upon him, stewards in this respect, until we are we believe to be acceptable to our Hea- ourselves men of prayer, weaned from the venly Father, and eminently calculated to spirit of the world, and walking in the promote our religious edification. We reverent fear of God our Father.” desire to encourage our dear friends every “We long to impress upon you,dear young where to a diligent attendance of these friends, the beauty and value of an early meetings : the neglect of them is an affect- and unreserved dedication of yourselves ing indication of a lukewarm mind; and to God: cultivate a tender and enlighthere is surely great danger that we shall tened conscience, and obey his law with hinder our religious progress if we refuse all sincerity. Be faithful in maintaining to avail ourselves of so valuable a privi- your plainness of speech, behaviour, and lege.
apparel. Cherish those wholesome re« We would remind our beloved bre- straints of a guarded and religious eduthren, that unless we are pressing forward cation, of which the evident tendeney is toward Zion, the city of the living God, to keep you out of the way of evil.
We we may soon lose our remaining strength, entreat you to avoid speculation and disand become immersed in the spirit of the putation on religious subjects; for these world. How earnestly will they who are will hinder, instead of promoting, your seeking to make progress in the spiritual growth in grace. Let all your conversacourse, ask and wait for that holy aid tions on the sacred truths of the Gospel which constitutes the life and strength of be conducted under a due sense of their the renewed soul! It was by a constant importance, and in the true fear of God. reference to the Spirit of Christ in the Carefully peruse the Holy Scriptures, heart, that our early predecessors were
and meditate upon them in private. enabled to support their Christian testi. Above all, delight yourselves in commumonies under severe persecution; as well nion with God, and lead a life of prayer ; as to maintain that standard of Christian then will the blessed word of promise be principle by which they obtained, from yours, : I will be a Father unto you, and those who injured them, so high a cha- ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith racter for strict veracity and integrity in the Lord Almighty.' all their transactions. We entreat you,
“ To do all things in the name of Jesus, dear friends, to consider whether the to obey the dictates of his Spirit, and Lord is not requiring of us, individually, humbly to follow his example, will be a fuller surrender of the natural will, a found our highest interest and our best greater degree of decision in giving up all security, Let us then, beloved friends, for Christ, and a more ardent pursuit of seek to be clothed with the meekness and heavenly things : “ If ye then be risen gentleness of Christ; walking circumwith Christ, seek those things which are spectly before God, and endeavouring to above, where Christ sitteth on the right perform all our relative duties in his holy hand of God.'
fear. And, since · love is the fulfilling “ A just view and full belief of the as- of the law,' let us pray that we may be tonishing fact, that God sent his only be- endued with charity, not only towards gotten Son into the world to save us, is each other, but towards our fellow-men we believe suited, beyond all other things, of every class and description." under the power of the Holy Spirit, to
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
The new parliament opened on the twenty- prompt compliance with that demand first of June, with the following speech, prevented the necessity of further meadelivered by his Majesty in person, which sures, but I have not yet been enabled to we insert entire, reserving our remarks re-establish my diplomatic relations with on the subjects touched upon in it till they the Portuguese Government. come successively, as they are likely to “ Gentlemen of the House of Comdo, for discussion before Parliament. mons,—I have ordered estimates of the
“ My Lords and Gentlemen,-I have expenses of the current year to be laid availed myself of the earliest opportunity before you; and I rely with confidence of resorting to your advice and assistance, on your loyalty and zeal to make adeafter the dissolution of the late Parlia- quate provision for the public service,
as well as for the further application of Having had recourse to that measure the sum granted by the last Parliament'; for the purpose of ascertaining the sense always keeping in view the necessity of of my people on the expediency of a Re- a wise and wholesome economy in every form in the Representation, I have now branch of the public expenditure. to recommend that important question “ My Lords and Gentlemen, --It gives to your earliest and most attentive con- me great satisfaction to state to you, that sidcration, confident that in any measures the large reduction of taxes which took which you may propose for its adjust- place in the last and in the present year, ment you will carefully adhere to the ac- with a view to the relief of the labouring knowledged principles of the Constitu- classes of the community, bas not been tion, by which the prerogative of the attended with a proportionate diminution Crown, the authority of both Houses of of the public income. I trust that such Parliament, and the rights and liberties additional means as may be required to of the People, are equally secured. supply a part of the deficiency occasion
“ The assurances of a friendly disposi- ed by these reductions, may be found tion, which I continue to receive from all without any material abridgment of the Foreign Powers, encourage thc hope comforts of my people. that, notwithstanding the civil commo- To assist the industry, to improve the tions which have disturbed some parts of resources, and to maintain the credit of Europe, and the contest now existing in the country on sound principles, and on a Poland, the general peace will be main- safe and lasting foundation, will be at all tained.
times the object of my solicitude, in the “ To the preservation of this blessing promotion of which I look with confidence my most anxious care will be constantly to your zealous co-operation. directed.
“ It is with deep concern that I have to “ The discussions which have taken announce to you the continued progress place on the affairs of Belgium have not of a formidable disease, to which my atyet been brought to a conclusion : but the tention had been early directed, in the most complete agreement continues to eastern parts of Europe. Information subsist between the Powers whose Pleni- having been more recently received that it potentiaries have been engaged in the had extended its ravages to ports in the conferences of London. The principle Baltic, from whence there is a great comon which these conferences has been mercial intercourse with my dominions, conducted, has been that of not interfering I have directed that all the precautions with the right of the people of Belgium should be taken which experience has reto regulate their internal affairs, and to commended as most effectual for guarding establish their government according to against the introduction of so dangerous a their own views of what may be most malady into this country. conducive to their future welfare and in- “ Great distress has unhappily predependence, under the sole condition, vailed in some districts, and more partisanctioned by the practices of nations, cularly in a part of the Western Counties and founded on the principles of public of Ireland; to relieve which, in the most law, that, in the exercise of that undoubt- pressing cases, I have not hesitated to ed right, the security of neighbouring authorise the application of such means states should not be endangered.
as were immediately available for that “A series of injuries and insults, for purpose.
But assistance of this nature is which, notwithstanding repeated remon- necessarily limited in its amount, and can strances, all reparation was withheld, com- only be temporary in its effect. The pelled me at last to order a squadron of possibility, therefore, of introducing any my fleet to appear before Lisbon, with a measures which, by assisting the improveperemptory demand of satisfaction. A ment of the natural resources of the
country, may tend to prevent the recur- manently legislating for futurity, sound rence of such evils, must be a subject of wisdom, and practical experience must be the most anxious interest to me, and to called in to prevent the evil results of igyou of the most grave and cautious con- norant good intention. The poor-laws in sideration. Local disturbances, uncon- England ought sufficiently to have taught nected with political causes, have taken us this painful lesson. Better remedies place both in this part of the United may be discovered; and we have no fear Kingdom and in Ireland. In the county in trusting God with the dispensations of of Clare, and in the adjoining parts of his own all-wise and merciful providence, Roscommon and Galway, a system of in the use of such means as appear conviolence and outrage had for some time formable to a wise and Christian policy. been carried on to an alarming extent, In reference to the pestilential disease for the repression of which the consti- which has visited so many countries, gotutional authority of the law has been vernment has ordered a strict quarantine rigorously and successfully exerted. By upon all vessels coming from suspicious these means, the necessity of enacting quarters, and every precaution is being new laws to strengthen the Executive employed to prevent the importation of Government with further powers will, I the contagion. The College of Physicians trust, be prevented. To avert such a has decided that it is communicable by necessity has been, and ever will be, my personal contact, but not by means of most earnest desire; but if it should im- articles of merchandize. The nature of fortunately arise, I do not doubt your the disease is not thoroughly understood ; firm resolution to maintain the peace and at least no specific has been discovered to order of society by the adoption of such arrest its progress ; nor does it seem to be measures as may be required for their decided whether it depends upon some most effectual protection.
local condition of the atmosphere, which The abstinence of the speech from no quarantine laws can controul, or only topics of debate prevented any amend- upon personal contagion, which the abovement being moved to the usual address. mentioned learned body state to be its orBefore our pages reach our readers the dinary mode of propagation. A Board Reform Bill will have been introduced; of Health has been appointed, consisting and several other points claim instant of skilful physicians, and other suitable attention.
persons, who will doubtless immediately There are two most distressing topics put the public in possession of all that is alluded to in the Speech; the famishing known on the subject, with the best ascondition of large districts in Ireland; certained means of prevention and cure. and the apprehension that the alarming We would trust that the danger is exagdisease which has gradually worked its gerated, and the popular alarm greater than way westward from India to Russia, may the circumstances necessarily call for; but penetrate to our own shores.
be this as it may, it is one of those With regard to Ireland, the first step is cases in which every man must feel how promptly to relieve the existing distress. completely we are at the disposal of Private charity has already done much, Almighty' Power, and how liable is huand great sympathy has been excited, but man skill to be baffled by causes beyond the supply is quite inadequate to the ne- our vision or controul. We must say, cessity; and we think that the public purse that the occurrence of such a topic as should, under the very peculiar circum- this dreaded calamity, in the address stances of the case, be opened to assist from the throne, might almost inevitably the sufferers. In the mean while, the have extorted, if in no other part of the immediate want being supplied, it be- speech, yet in this, some allusion to Him comes the legislature to examine seriously by whom nations and empires rise and what are the chief causes of the frequent fall, flourish and decay; and who can at distresses of Ireland, with a view to dis- a moment let loose upon us his sore judgcover adequate remedies. Things cannot ments of war and famine and pestilence. be in a right state in a country where large We quite concur, therefore, with the masses of its inhabitants are frequently remarks of Sir Robert Inglis, Mr. Sadler, on the very verge of famine, while that and other members of the House of very country supplies enormous quantities Commons, in lamenting the absence of of provisions for exportation. That pro- all religious allusion in so important a posed panacea, the introduction of a system public document : but, alas ! the defect is of poor-laws, we feel assured would in in those who penned it; and though their the end only aggravate the evil to an in- own sentiments would not be mended by calculable extent. Such laws might work hypocritically introducing a scrap of devout passably well for a few years; but woe to recognition, yet we see not why they should the next and succeeding generations, to innovate upon the solemn forms estawhom we should leave such an entail of blished in earlier days, when legislatures vice and misery. The hand of Christian at least professed, however little they charity cannot be too widely expanded at might practise, obedience to God. It is the moment of actual want; but in per- a most afilicting sign of the times, to ob
serve how rapidly all religious allusion is high or the very low, lies most of the sliding from our public forms. May not piety and good sense and right feeling of God justly visit us with his judgments, the country. We can scarcely think that when we thus nationally throw off our a reformed parliament, or a government allegiance to him? at least so far as our virtually dependent upon it, would have state documents are concerned; though, suffered the nation to be insulted by a happily, not wholly, while a national repetition of one of the worst passages church, truly Christian and Apostolical in in the days of Charles the Second, and its foundation,continues established among Eleanor Gwyn: the king obtruding his
This the enemies of our holy faith illegitimate children upon the public, will, perhaps, before long, seek openly to calling them, in the published official subvert, and, possibly, be joined by some documents, his “natural children,” and who, as men of piety, though hostile to raising them to high rank and honours national church-establishments, ought to among the nobles of the land. And yet, eschew so unhallowed a co-operation. while such circumstances can occur among Such are a few among our multiform us, almost without protest or notice, we dangers as a nation of professed Christians. pride ourselves upon our national moral Oh that, without being visited by the susceptibilities, and thank God we are actual scourge of war, or famine, or pes- not as France, or the United States of tilence, we may, by the very possibility, America. be brought to deep humility and repentance
Of foreign affairs we have only space before God, and set the Lord always before to add, that there has been a revolution in us; so shall not his dreaded judgments Brazil; the native inhabitants, in their fall upon our guilty heads.
hostility to the Portuguese, having caused The nation is most anxious for a reformed the emperor to abdicate in favour of his parliament; and much, we allow, it is infant son ;-that, Prince Leopold having needed; but to little purpose, so far as hitherto declined accepting the crown of the blessing of God is concerned, in a Belgium, the affairs of that country repolitical reformation, if there be not a main in an unsettled condition ;-and that larger. infusion of Christian principle in Poland the events of the war appear to among our public men. One of our chief be somewhat in favour of the brave dehopes, in reference to a reformed parlia- fenders of their country, though the bament, and, resulting from it, a reformed lance still wavers. The cholera morbus system of governinent and legislation, is, makes fearful havoc among the invaders : that it will be chosen chietly by the great and general Diebiteh has expired suddenly; bulk of the middle classes of society; whether by this pestilence or otherwise is among whom, rather than among the very not yet clearly stated.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
C. S. H. ; THEATRALIS; B. B.; and A. H.; are under consideration.
was stitched up unsuspectingly by our Publisher as an advertisement without our knowledge; but we do not, upon corsideration, regret that it appeared,-first, as the rejection of it might have been made a pretence for saying that the abolitionists are afraid of facts and suppress evidence,—and secondly, because it has furnished occasion for a triumphant reply in the Anti-Slavery Reporter, which is affixed to our present Nuniber. The patrons of slavery have exhibited their case with much art; let the impartial readers mark with how little success.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
We leave only room to announce the annexed papers, leaving their contents to the diligent perusal and consideration of our readers :
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
BY THE REV. ROBERT HALL.
* SERMON VI.
For the Christian Observer. fort to the people of God. The
text, together with the context, has SKETCHES OF ORIGINAL SERMONS
been a cordial in the hands of the
Holy Spirit, to many a fainting soul (Concluded from p. 326.) in every age of the church. " Whom
the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and
scourgeth every son whom he reHebrews xii. 9: Furthermore we ceiveth,” &c. vers. 6–12. In these
have had fathers of our flesh, words there is a case supposed, the which corrected us, and we gave presence of affliction and trial; them reverence : shall we not much and the proper endurance of it rather be in subjection unto the is enforced, and the spirit of re
Father of spirits and live ? signation recommended, by a powerThis Epistle was written to the ful argument taken from the relation Christian converts under affliction, we are in to God as the Father of when suffering persecution for the our spirits. sake of Christ. There are peculiar I. A case is supposed, and the consolations and promises addressed duty of patiently enduring affliction to such persons throughout it. As enjoined, under the notion of chasthe whole church of Christ was ex
tisement. “ Man is born to trouble posed to persecution in the first age, as the sparks fly upwards.” Manso that part of it which consisted of kind in all ages have been ingenious converts from the Jewish nation was in inventing topics of consolation peculiarly exposed to it, because the under it. But the progress in this, enmity of the Jews was more bitter before the coming of Christ, was very than even that of the Gentiles against slight. Whilst the knowledge of the Christianity. Jewish bigotry and Divine Providence was not taught zeal excited all the first persecutions. as revealed in the Gospel, the mere This Epistle was written, by St. contemplation of the state of things Paul most probably, to converts of and the course of events, furnished Jewish extraction ; and as they were
slender grounds of consoin a very peculiar and critical situa- lation, and mitigated but very little tion, with regard to their own go- the darkness of that gloom. During vernment, they needed all the con- this time of heathen ignorance, we solations of the Gospel to sustain have reason to think that there were them under such trials.
very few persons who derived any The view here given of their af- substantial comfort from the topics flictions, and of God's designs in which philosophy invented, and elothem, is full of instruction and com- quence embellished.
But now all is known. The doc: • Delivered at Bristol, Feb. 25, 1827. trine of the Divine Providence reCHRIST. OBSERV, No. 355.