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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by

F. & J. RIVES & GEO. A. BAILEY,

In the Clerk's office of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia.

TRIAL

OF

ANDREW JOHNSON,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

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On Monday, February the 24th, 1868, the regulating the tenure of certain civil offices," passed House of Representatives of the Congress of

March 2, 1867, said Edwin M. Stanton did forthwith

resume the functions of his office, whereof the said the United States resolved to impeach Andrew Andrew Johnson had then and there due notice, and

said Edwin M. Stanton, by reason of the premises, Johnson, President of the United States, of

on said 21st day of February, being lawfully entitled high crimes and misdemeanors, of which the to hold said office of Secretary for the Department of

War, which said order for the removal of said Edwin Senate was apprised and arrangements were M. Stanton is in substance as follows, that is to say: made for the trial. On Monday, the 2d of

EXECUTIVE MANSION, March, articles of impeachment were agreed

WASHINGTON, D.C., February 21, 1868.

SIR: By virtue of the power and authority vested upon by the House of Representatives, and on

in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the 4th they were presented to the Senate by

Senate by the United States, you are hereby removed from

office as Secretary for the Department of War, and the managers on the part of the House, who

your functions as such will terminate upon receipt of were accompanied by the House, the grand in- this communication.

You will transfer to Brevet Major General Lorenzo quest of the nation, as a Committee of the

Thomas, Adjutant General of the Army, who has this Whole on the state of the Union. Mr. BING- day been authorized and empowered to act as Sec

retary of War ad interim, all records, books, papers, HAM, chairman of the managers, read the arti- and other public property now in your custody and cles as follows:

charge.

Respectfully yours, ANDREW JOHNSON. Articles exhibited by the House of Representatives of || Hon. Edwin M. STANTON, Washington, D. C.

the United States, in the name of themselves and all the people of the United States, against Andrew John

Which order was unlawfully issued with intent of War, you are hereby authorized and empowered United States, from holding said office, whereby the to act as Secretary of War ad interim, and will im- said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, mediately enter upon the discharge of the duties per- did then and there commit and was guilty of a high taining to that office.

then and there to violate the act entitled "An actreg. 8on, President of the United States, in maintenance

ulating the tenure of certain civil offices,” passed and support of their impeachment against him for

March 2, 1867; and, with the further intent contrary to high crimes and misdemeanor 8.

the provisions of said act, in violation thereof, and ARTICLE 1.

contrary to the provisions of the Constitution of the

United States, and without the advice and consent That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United of the Senate of the United States, the said Senate States, on the 21st day of February, in the year of then and there being in session, to remove said Edour Lord 1868, at Washington, in the District of Co- win M. Stanton from the office of Secretary for the lumbia, unmindful of the high duties of his office, of Department of War, the said Edwin M. Stanton behis oath of office, and of the requirement of the Con- ing then and there Secretary of War, and being then stitution that he should take care that the laws be and there in the due and lawful execution and disfaithfully executed, did unlawfully and in violation charge of the duties of said office, whereby said Anof the Constitution and laws of the United States drew Johnson, President of the United States, did issue an order in writing for the removal of Edwin M. then and there commit, and was guilty of a high misStanton from the office of Secretary for the Depart- demeanor in office. men of War, said Edwin M. Stanton having been

ARTICLE II. theretoforeduly appointed and commissioned, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the

That on said 21st day of February, in the year of United States, as such Secretary, and said Andrew

our Lord 1868, at Washington,

in the District of ColumJohnson, President of the United States, on the 12th

bia, said Andrew Johnson, President of the United day of August, in the year of our Lord 1867, and during

States, unmindful of the high duties of his office, of the recess of said Senate, having suspended by his

his oath of office, and in violation of the Constitution order Edwin M. Stanton from said office, and within

of the United States, and contrary to the provisions twenty days after the first day of the next meeting of

of an act entitled "An act regulating the tenure of said Senate, that is to say, on the 12th day of Decem

certain civil offices," passed March 2, 1867, without ber,'in the year last aforesaid, having reported to

the advice and consent of the Senate of the United said Senate such suspension, with the evidence and

States, said Senate then and there being in session, reasons for his action in the case and the name of the

and without authority of law, did, with intent to person designated to perform the duties of such office violate the Constitution of the United States and temporarily until the next meeting of the Senate, and

the act aforesaid, issue and deliver to one Lorenzo

Thomas a letter of authority in substance as follows, said Senate thereafterward, on the 13th day of Jan

that is to say: uary, in the year of our Lord 1868, having duly considered the evidence and reasons reported by said

EXECUTIVE MANSION,

1868. Andrew Johnson for said suspension, and having re

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 21, 1868. fused to concur in said suspensiou, whereby and by SIR: Hon. Edwin M. Stanton having this day been force of the provisions of an act ontitled An act emoved from office as Secretary for the Department General United States Army, Washington, D. C. States, unmindful of the high duties of his office and Whereby said Andrew Johnson, President of the of his oath of office, on the

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misdemeanor in office.
Mr. Stanton has been instructed to transfer to you
all the records, books, papers, and other publio

ARTICLE VI.
property now in his custody and charge.
Respectfully yours,
ANDREW JOHNSON.

That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United

States, unmindful of the high duties of his office and To Brevet Major General LORENZO THOMAS, Adjutant of his oath of office, on the 21st day of February, in

General United States Army, Washington, D. Ö. the year of our Lord 1868, at Washington, in the Disthen and there being no vacancy in said office of Seo

trict of Columbia, did unlawfully conspire with ono retary for the Department of War; whereby said

Lorenzo Thomas by force to seize, take, and possess Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, did

the property of the United States in the Department then and there commit and was guilty of a high mis

of War, and then and there in the custody and charge demeanor in office.

of Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary for said Department,

contrary to the provisions of an act entitled "An act ARTICLE III.

to define and punish certain conspiracies," approved That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United

July 31, 1861, and with intent to violate and disregard States, on the 21st day of February, in the year of our

an act entitled "An act regulating the tenure of cerLord 1868, at Washington, in the District of Columbia,

tain civil offices," passed March 2, 1867, whereby said did commit and was guilty of a high misdemeanor

Andrew.Johnson, President of the United States, did in office, in this, that, without authority of law,

then and there commit a high crime in office. while the Senate of the United States was then and

ARTICLE VII. there in session, he did appoint one Lorenzo Thomas to be Secretary for the Department of War ad interim, That said Andrew Johnson, President of the Uniwithout the advice and consent of the Senate, and ted States, unmindful of the high duties of his office with intent to violate the Constitution of the United and of his oath of office

and of his oath of office on the 21st day of February, States, no vacancy having happened in said office in the year of our Lord 1868, at Washington, in the of Secretary for the Department of War during the District of Columbia, did unlawfully conspire with recess of the Senate, and no vacancy existing in said one Lorenzo Thomas with intent unlawfully to seize, office at the time, and which said appointment, so take, and possess the property of the United States made by said Andrew Johnson, of said Lorenzo in the Department of War, in the custody and charge Thomas, is in substance as follows, that is to say: of Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of said Department,

with intent to violate and disregard the act entitled EXECUTIVE MANSION,

An act regulating the tenure of certain civil offices,' WASHINGTON, D. C., February 21, 1868.

passed March 2, 1867, whereby said Andrew Johnson, SIR: Hon. Edwin M. Stanton having been this day President of the United States, did then and there removed from office as Secretary for the Department ommit a high misdemeanor in office. of War, you are hereby authorized and empowered to act as Secretary of War ad interim, and will imme

ARTICLE VIII. diately enter upon the discharge of the duties per

That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United taining to that office. Mr. Stanton has been instructed to transfer to you

States, unmindful of the high duties of his office and all the reeords, books, papers, and other public prop

of his oath of office, with intent unlawfully to control

the disbursements of the moneys appropriated for erty now in his custody and charge. Respectfully yours, ANDREW JOHNSON.

the military service and for the Department of War,

on the 21st day of February, in the year of our Lord To Brevet Major General LORENZO THOMAS, Adjutant 1868, at Washington, in the District of Columbia, did General United States Army, Washington, D. Č.

unlawfully and contrary to the provisions of an act ARTICLE IV.

entitled "An act regulating the tenure of certain civil

offices,” passed March 2, 1867, and in violation of the That said Andrew Johnson, President of the Uni- Constitution of the United States, and without the ted States, unmindful of the high duties of his office advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, and of his oath of office, in violation of the Constitu- and while the Senate was then and there in session, tion and laws of the United States, on the 21st day there being no vacancy in the office of Secretary for of February, in the year of our Lord 1868, at Wash- the Department of War, with intent to violate and ington, in the District of Columbia, did unlawfully disregard the act aforesaid, then and there issue and conspire with one Lorenzo Thomas, and with other deliver to one Lorenzo Thomas a letter of authority persons to the House of Representatives unknown, in writing, in substance as follows, that is to say: with intent by intimidation and threats unlawfully

EXECUTIVE MANSION, to hinder and prevent Edwin M. Stanton, then and

WASHINGTON, D. C., February 21, 1868. there the Secretary for the Department of War, duly

SIR: Hon. Edwin M. Stanton having been this day appointed under the laws of the United States, from

removed from office as Secretary for the Depart. holding said office of Secretary for the Department of

ment of War, you are hereby authorized and empowWar contrary to and in violation of the Constitution of the United States, and of the provisions of an act

ered to act as Secretary of War ad interim, and will entitled "An act to define and punish certain con

immediately enter upon the discharge of the duties

pertaining to that office. spiracies," approved July 31, 1861, whereby said An

Mr. Stanton has been instructed to transfer to you drew Johnson, President of the United States, did then

all the records, books, papers, and other public propand there commit and was guilty of a high crime in

erty now in his custody and charge. office.

Respectfully yours, ANDREW JOHNSON. ARTICLE V.

To Brevet Major General LORENZO THOMAS, Adjutant That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United

21st day of February, in United States, did then and there commit and was the year of our Lord 1868, and on divers other days guilty of a high misdemeanor in office. and times in said year, before the 2d day of March,

ARTICLE IX. A. D. 1868, at Washington, in the District of Columbia, did unlawfully conspire with one Lorenzo That said Andrew Johnson, President of the UniThomas, and with other persons to the House of ted States, on the 22d day of February, in the year Representatives unknown, to prevent and hinder the of our Lord 1868, at Washington, in the District of execution of an act entitled "An act regulating the Columbia, in disregard of the Constitution and the tenure of certain civil offices," passed March 2, 1867, laws of the United States, duly enacted, as Comand in pursuance of said conspiracy did unlawfully mander-in-Chief of the Army of the United States, attempt to prevent Edwin M. Stanton, then and there did bring before himself then and there William H. being Seoretary for the Department of War, duly Emory, a major general by brevet in the Army of the appionted and commissioned under the laws of the United States, actually in command of the depart

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