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1884

.81,2

..do

. 96,5

.81, 2 81,2

.90,

Value in terms of the United States gold dollar

Value in terms of the United States gold de The silver standard prevailed in Austria-Hungary up to 1892.The law of August 2 of that year * The Netherlands florin fluctuated up to the year 1880, when it became fixed at 40.2 cents.

VALUES OF FOREIGN COINS AND CURRENCIES.

B.-Countries with fluctuating currencies, 1874–1890.
Countries. Standard. Monetary unit.

on January 1-
1874. 1875.

1878.

1880.
Austria-Hungary'.. Silver... Florin ... $0.47, 6 $0.45, 3 $0.45, 3 $0.41, 3
Bolivia

do
Dollar until
. 96,5 96,5 .96,5

.83, 6
1880; bolivi.
ano there-

after.
Central America

.do
Peso

. 96,5 .91,8 91,8
China..

Haikwan tael. 1.61 1.61
Colombia

do
Peso...

96,5 . 96,5
Ecuador

..do
.do
. 96,5 . 91,8

.91,8 83,
Egypt 2

Gold.
Pound (100

4.97, 4 4.97,

piasters).
India
Silver Rupee.

45,8
. 43,6

. 43, 6 .39,
Japan

(Gold..
Yen

1.99,7 99,7
(Silver.

. 99,7
Mexico.

do
Dollar

1. 04, 75

99,8 99,8
Netherlands
Gold and Florin

. 40,5 .38, 5 . 38,5

.40,
silver.
Peru..

Silver
Sol

92,5 91,8 .91,8
Russia.

.do
Ruble..

.77, 17 73,4 73,4
Tripoli

.do
Mahbub of 20

.87, 09 .82, 9 .82,9

piasters.
Countries.
Standard. Monetary unit.

on January 1

1885. 1886. 1887.
Austria-Hungaryl. Silver

Florin $0.39, 3 $0.37,1 $0.35, 9 $0.34, 5
Bolivia
do Dollar until 79,5 . 75,1 . 72, 7

69
1880; bolivi.
ano there

after.
Central America.

do

Peso
Colombia

.do
do

.79.5 75,1 72, 7
Eenador.

.do
.do

.75, 1 72,7
Egypta.

Gold. Pound (100 | 4.90 4. 90 4. 94,3 4.94

piasters).
India
Silver Rupee

.37,8 35, 7 34,6 | .32,
Japan
Gold..

99,7
Yen
Silver

85,8

. 78,4
Mexico
.do Dollar

86.4

79
Peru.

Silver
Sol.

79,5 75, 1 . 72,7
Russia.

.do
Ruble.
63,6

.58,

255, 9 Tripoli

.83,

81,2

1888.

1889.

$0.33, 6

187

$0.42

85

68

. 79,5

4. 94,3

85 85 85

4. 94,3

[blocks in formation]

32, 3 99,7 73, 4

. 60,1

68

. 40, 4 99,7 91,7 92,3 85 .68 76,7

.do
Mahbub of 20 .71,7

. 67,7 .65, 6

piasters. (see Consular Reports, No. 147, p. 623) established the gold standard. * in in .

61, 4

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1 The comercial valuo of the rupee to be determined by consular certificate.
2 See footnote, table of fixed currencies.

FORETGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

The following table embraces only such weights and measures as are given from time to time in Consular Reports and in Commercial Relations:

Foreign weights and measures, with American equivalents.

[graphic]

Almande
Portugal..

4.422 gallons.
Ardeb
Egypt

7.6907 bushels. Are Metric

0.02471 acre. Arobe Paraguay

25 pounds. Arratel or libra. Portugal..

1.011 pounds. Arroba (dry). Argentine Republic

25.3175 pounds. Do. Brazil..

32.38 pounds. Do Cuba

25.3664 ponnds. Do. Portugal.

32.38 pounds. Do . Spain

25.36 pounds. Do. Venezuela

25.4024 pounds. Arraba (liquid) Cuba, Spain, and Venezuela.

4.263 gallons. Årshine Russia

28 inches. Arshine (square)

do

5.44 square feet. Artel Morocco

1.12 pounds. Baril

Argentine Republic and Mexico. 20.0787 gallons.
Barrel
Malta (customs)

11.4 gallons.
Do
Spain (raisins).

100 pounds. Berkovets Russia.

361 12 pounds. Bongkal India

832 grains. Bour Sumatra.

7,096.5 square meters. Ba... Japan

0.1 inch. Butt (side) Spain

140 gallons. Caffiso Malta.

5.4 gallons. Candy India (Bombay).

529 pounds. Do. India (Madras)

500 pounds. Cantar. Morocco

113 pounds. Do. Syria (Damascus).

575 pounds. Do Turkey

124.7036 pounds. Cantaro (cantar) Malta...

175 pounds. Carga.. Mexico and Salvador

300 pounds. Catty China.

1.333} (13) pounds. Do Japan

1.31 pounds. Do Java, Siam, and Malacca.

1.35 pounds. Do Sumatra

2.12 pounds. Centaro. Central America

4.2631 gallons. Centner. Bremen and Brunswick.

117.5 pounds. Do Darmstadt..

110.24 pounds. Do Denmark and Norway

110.11 pounds. Do Nuremberg

112.43 pounds. Do Prussia

113.44 pounds. Do Sweden

93.7 pounds. Do Vienna

123.5 pounds. Do Zollverein

110.24 pounds. Do. Double or metric.

220.46 pounds. СЬih China...

14 inches. Coyan Sarawak

3,098 pounds. Siam (Koyan)

2,667 pounds. Cuadra

4.2 acres.
Argentine Republic..
Do
Paraguay.

78.9 yards.
Do
Paraguay (square)

8.071 square feet.
Uruguay

Nearly 2 acres,
Cubis meter
Metric

35.3 cubic feet.
Cwt. (hundredweight)
British

112 pounds.
Dessiatine.
Russia.

2.6997 acres.
Do
Spain

1.599 bushels.
Drachme...
Greece.

Half ounce. Egyptian weights and measures (See Congular Reports, No. 144.) More frequently called "kin.” Among merchants in the treaty ports it equals 1.334 pounds avoirdupois.

11

Foreign weights and measures, with American equivalents—Continued.

[graphic]

American equivalents.

1.5745 bushels. 2.575 busbels. 1.599 bushels. 1.54728 bushels. Strike fanega, 70 lbs.;

full fanega, 118 lbs. 7.776 bushels. 3.888 bushels. 1.599 bushels. 16 gallons. 1.03 acres. 50 pounds. 2.5096 quarts. 2.5 quarts. 264.17 gallons. 0.88 gallon. 15.432 grains. 2.471 acres.

2.838 bushels. 26.417 gallons. 1.422 acres. 6 feet. 2.2046 pounds. 0.621376 mile. 216 cubic feet. 4.9629 bushels. 3.5 bushels. 85.134 bushels. 82.52 bushels. 2 metric tons (4,480 lbs.). 112.29 bushels. 113 bushels. 4,760 pounds. 4,633 acres. 2,115 feet. 7,100 grains (troy). 1.0127 pounds. 1.043 pounds. 1.014 pounds. 1.0161 pounds. 1.01465 pounds. 1.0143 pounds. 1.011 pounds. 1.0143 pounds. 1.0161 pounds. 1.0567 quarts. 1.1 pounds. 1.0791 pounds. Square, 50 cubic feet; unhewn, 40 cubic feet; inch planks, 600 super

ficial feet. 1acres. 1.727 acres. 0.507 pound. 82% pounds. 39.37 inches. 4.68 miles. 4.61 miles. 1.1493 miles. 0.63 acre. 2.7225 pounds. 2.84 pounds. 3.0817 pounds. 2.85418 pounds. 2.5 pints. 214 inches. 135.64 pounds. 133} pounds. 135.1 pounds. 139.45 pounds. 140 pounds. 0.9478 foot. 0.91407 foot. 27.9 inches. 36.112 pounds. 1.102 pounds. 8.252 bushels. 36 bushels. 101.42 pounds. 130.06 pounds.

Foreign weights and measures, with American equivalents—Continued.

Denominations.

Where used.

American equivalents.

Quintal .

Do Do. Do.

Jo

Do Rottle.

Do Sagen. Salm.

Seer
Shaku
Sho
Standard (St. Petersburg)
Stone
Suerte

San
Tael
Tan
To.
Ton..
Tonde (cereals)
Tondeland
Tsubo
Tsun
Tunna
Tunnland.
Vara..

Do
Do.
Do.
Do
Do
Do
Do

Do
Vedro.
Vergees.
Verst
Vlocka

Castile, Chile, Mexico, and Peru
Greece..
Newfoundland (fish).
Paraguay
Syria
Metrio.
Palestine
Syria
Russia.
Malta.
Japan.
India
Japan.

.do
Lumber measure.
British
Uruguay.
Japan
Cochin China
Japan.

do
Space measure.
Denmark

.do
Japan.
China.
Sweden

.do
Argentine Republic
Castile.
Central America.
Chile and Peru
Cuba.
Curaçao
Mexico
Paraguay
Venezuela
Russia.
Isle of Jersey
Russia.
Russian Poland.

101.61 pounds.
123.2 pounds.
112 ponds.
100 pounds.
125 pounds.
220.46 pounds.
6 pounds.
54 pounds.
7 feet.
490 pounds.
0.02451 aere.
1 pound 13 ounces.
11.9305 inches.
1.6 quarts.
165 cubic feet.
14 pounds.
2,700 cuadras (see Cua-

dra).
1.193 inches
590.75 grains (troy).
0.25 acre.
2 pecks.
40 cubic feet.
3.94783 bushels.
1.36 acres.
6 feet square.
1.41 inches.
4.5 bushels.
1.22 acres.
34.1208 inches.
0.914117 yard.
32.87 inches.
33.367 inches.
33.384 inches.
33.375 inches.
33 inches.
34 inches.
33.384 inches.
2.707 gallons.
71.1 square rods.
0.663 mile.
41.98 acres.

METRIC WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
Metric weights:

Milligram (dou gram) equals 0.0154 grain.
Centigram (rdo gram) equals 0.1543 grain.
Decigram (to gram) equals 1.5432 grains.
Gram equals 15.432 grains.
Decagram (10 grams) equals 0.3527 ounce.
Hectogram (100 grams) equals 3.5274 ounces.
Kilogram (1,000 grams) equals 2.2046 pounds.
Myriagram (10,000 grams) equals 22.046 pounds.
Quintal (100,000 grams) equals 220.46 pounds.

Millier or tonnea-ton (1,000,000 grams) equals 2,204.6 pounds,
Metric dry measures:

Milliliter (do liter) equals 0.061 cubic inch.
Centiliter (Too liter) equals 0.6102 cubic inch.
Deciliter (liter) equals 6.1022 cubic inches.
Liter equals 0.908 quart.
Decaliter (10 liters) equals 9.08 quarts.
Hectoliter (100 liters) equals 2.838 bushels.

Kiloliter (1,000 liters) equals 1.308 cubic yards.
Metric liquid measures:

Milliliter (Tobo liter) equals 0.0388 fluid ounce.
Centiliter (do liter) equals 0.338 fluid ounce.
Deciliter (70 liter) equals 0.845 gill.
Liter equals 1.0567 quarts.
Decaliter (10 liters) equals 2.6418 gallons.
Hectoliter (100 liters) equals 26.418 gallons.
Kiloliter (1,000 liters) equals 264.18 gallons.

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