Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order, 1648-1989
Cambridge University Press, 26.04.1991. - 379 страница
In this book, Professor Holsti approaches the study of the origins of war and the foundations of peace from a new perspective. He asks three interrelated questions. Which issues generate conflict? How have attitudes toward war changed? And, what attempts have been made historically to create international institutions and orders that can manage, control or prevent international conflicts? Starting with the peace treaties of Munster and Osnabruck of 1648, Kalevi Holsti examines 177 international wars. Through these, he identifies the variety of conflict-producing issues and how they, as well as the attitudes of policy makers to the use of force, have changed over the past 350 years. He demonstrates how the new orders established by the great peace-making efforts of 1648, 1713, 1815, 1919 and 1945 attempted to solve the issues of the past, yet few successfully anticipated those of the future. Indeed, some created the basis of new conflicts.
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aggression alliance Allied American armies attitudes Austria balance of power behavior Britain British Castlereagh Clemenceau coalition Colonial competition commerce/navigation committed concerned conference Congress of Vienna Covenant create diplomacy diplomatic dynastic/succession economic enforce treaty terms ethnic Europe European force foreign policy France French fundamental Germany government composition guarantees hegemony Hitler Holy Roman Emperor ideas ideological liberation imperial important integrity of empire interests international conflict international order international organization international politics international relations international system involved issues leaders League of Nations Louis XIV Maintain integrity major means ment Metternich military Napoleon national liberation national liberation/state creation negotiations nineteenth century nuclear weapons Osnabrück Ottoman Ottoman Empire Paris peace settlement peacemakers period Poland policy-makers principles problem purpose regime resolved revolution revolutionary Russia significant sources Soviet Union Spain Spanish stakes Stalin state/regime survival strategic territory Sweden Swedish Empire threat Treaties of Münster Utrecht Utrecht settlements Vienna warfare wars Westphalia Wilson