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A HISTORY OF

THE UNITED STATES

BY

JOHN HOLLADAY LATANÉ, PH.D., LL.D.

PROFESSOR OF AMERICAN HISTORY IN THE

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY

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ALLYN AND BACON
Boston
New York

Chicago

Ede 1 709.18.515 HARVARD CEL.

UBRARY
GIFT OF
GINN & COMPANY
MARCH 17, 1927

ALLYN AND BACON'S SERIES OF

SCHOOL HISTORIES
12mo, half leather, numerous maps, plans, and illustrations

THE ANCIENT WORLD. Revised. By Willis M. West.
Also in two volumes : Part I. Greece AND THE EAST.

Part II. RoME AND THE WEST.

THE MODERN WORLD. By Willis M. West.

SHORT HISTORY OF ENGLAND. By Charles M. Andrews of

Yale University.
HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. By Willis M. West,
HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. Revised. By Charles

K. Adams and William P. Trent of Columbia University.

ANCIENT HISTORY. By Willis M. West.
MODERN HISTORY. By Willis M. West.
HISTORY OF ENGLAND. By Charles M. Andrews.
AMERICAN HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT, By Willis M.

West.

COPYRIGHT, 1918, BY

JOHN H. LATANÉ

Norwood Press
J. S. Cushing Co. — Berwick & Smith Co.

Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.

PREFACE

In the preparation of this volume the attempt has been made to combine as far as possible the topical with the chronological method of presentation. History is not a mere study of facts, but of the relationship between facts, of cause and effect. In the selection of topics only those have been included which appeared to be really significant, and each topic has been developed, it is hoped, with sufficient fullness to make it intelligible. In order to bring the book into line with recent tendencies three things have been emphasized :

(1) Diplomatic history has been given special attention. Hitherto Americans have devoted little thought to foreign relations, but the world war has brought us into vital contact with world politics, and as Mr. Root says, “A democracy which undertakes to control its own foreign relations ought to know something about the subject." The different periods of our foreign policy have, therefore, been given a fuller and more continuous treatment than in any general text-book that has so far been written.

(2) Military history has been given rather more space than it has received in the books now in use. Military history should be studied for several reasons, — as a matter of general intelligence, as a connecting link between history and geography, and for a correct understanding of the problems of national defence. The chapter on the War of 1812 is based in the main on Captain Mahan's great study of that contest, and is designed to place it in its true light. In the treatment of the Civil War the attempt is made to show the effect on military operations of the blockade, of the

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