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Religious worship, public, right and duty of, and protection therein, 4

support of the ministry, and erection and repair of houses of
worship,

4, 5, 38
Remedies by recourse to the law, to be free, complete and prompt, 6
Representatives (see House of Representatives).
Resolves (see Bills and Resolves).
Returns of votes, .

13, 19, 42, 43
Revision of constitution provided for in the year 1795,

33
Rights, declaration of, .

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Sailors and soldiers, who have served, etc., during time of war, not

disqualified from voting on account of non-payment of
poll tax,

48
Salary, a stated and honorable salary to be established for the gov-
ernor, :

23
permanent and honorable salaries to be established for the

justices of the supreme judicial court, and to be enlarged
if not sufficient,

9, 23
School moneys, not to be appropriated for sectarian schools,

44
Seal, great, of the commonwealth to be affixed to all commissions, 32
Search, seizure and arrest, right of, regulated,

7
Secretary of the commonwealth, to be chosen by the people anrually
in November,

25, 43
to hold office for one year from third Wednesday in January

next, thereafter, and until another is chosen and qualified, 43
manner of election, etc., same as governor,

43
in failure of election by voters, or in case of decease of person

elected, vacancy to be filled by joint ballot of legislature
from the two persons having the highest number of votes
at November election,

43
vacancy occurring during session of the legislature, filled by

joint ballot of the legislature from the people at large, 43
vacancy occurring when legislature is not in session, to be filled

by governor, by appointment, with aclvice and consent of
council,

35, 43
not eligible, unless an inhabitant of the state for five years
next preceding election or appointment,

43
office to be deemed vacant if person elected or appointed fails
to be qualified within ten days,

43
records of commonwealth to be kept in office of,

26
may appoint deputies, for whose conduct he shall be account-
able,

26
to attend governor and council, senate and house, in person or
by deputies, as they shall require,

26
to attest all commissions,

32
to certify to board authorized to divide county into districts, the

number of representatives to which the county is entitled, 45

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Sectarian schools, not to be maintained at public expense,
Selectmen, to preside at town meetings, clections, etc.,

13
Self-government, right of, asserted,

5
Senate, the first branch of the legislature,

. 10, 13
to consist of forty members, apportionment, etc.,

12, 39, 46
to be chosen annually,

13
governor and at least five councillors, to examine and count
votes, and issue summonses to members,

14
to be final judges of elections, returns and qualifications of
their own members,

14
vacancy to be filled by election, by people of the district, upon
order of majority of senators elected,

15, 46
qualitications of a senator,

41
not to adjourn more than two days at a time,

15
to choose its officers and establish rules,

15
shall try all impeachments,

15, 17
quorum of,.

16, 46, 48
may punish for certain offences; trial may be hy committee, 18
may require the attendance of the secretary of the common-
wealth in person or by deputy, .

26
may require the opinions of the justices of the supreme

judicial court upon important questions of law, and upon
solemn occasions,

26
to enter objections, made by governor to passage of a bill or
resolve, at large on records,

10
districts, forty in number, to be of adjacent territory, and to

contain, as near as may be, an equal number of voters, 46
apportionment based upon legal voters,

46
Sheriffs, elected by the people of the several counties,

21, 44
Silver, value of money mentioned in the constitution to be computed
in silver at six shillings and eightpence per ounce,

32
Soldier, not to be quartered in any house, in time of peace, without
consent of owner,

9
Soldiers and sailors, who have served in time of war, etc., not dis-

qualified from voting on account of non-payment of poll

tax,
Solicitor-general,

21
Standing armies, dangerous to liberty and not to be maintained with-
out consent of the legislature,

8
State or body politic, entitled, — The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 10
Supreme judicial court, judges to have honorable salaries fixed by

standing laws, and to hold office during good behavior, . 9, 23
to give opinions upon important questions of law, etc., when

required by either branch of the legislature or by the gov-
ernor and council,

26
not to hold certain other offices,

31, 36
Sureties of bail, excessive, not to be required,

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Taxation should be founded on consent,
Taxes, not to be levied without the consent of the people or their
representatives, .

8
may be imposed by the legislature,

12
valuation of estates, to be taken anew once at least every ten
years, .

12
Tenure that all commission officers shall by law have in their offices,
shall be expressed in their commissions,

26
Tests abolished,

36
Title of body politic: The Commonwealth of Massachusetts,

10
Title of governor to be, - Ilis Excellency, .

18
Title of lieutenant-governor to be, — His Honor,

23
Town clerk, to make record and return of elections,

13
Town meetings, selectmen to preside at,

13
Town representation in the legislature,

16, 39, 40
Towns, voting precincts in,

47
Travelling expenses of members, to general assembly and returning

home, once in every session, to be paid by the govern-
ment,

16
Treason and felony, no subject to be declared guilty of, by the
legislature,

9
Treasurer and receiver-general, to be chosen by the people annually
in November,

25, 26, 43
to hold office for one year from third Wednesday in January

next thereafter and until another is chosen and qualitied, . 43
manner of election, etc., same as governor,

43
not eligible, unless an inhabitant of the state for five years
next preceding election or appointment,

43
no man eligible more than tive years successively,

25, 26
in failure of election by voters, or in case of decease of person

elected, vacancy to be filled hy joint ballot of legislature
from the two persons having the highest number of votes
at November election,

43
vacancy occurring during session of the legislature, filled by

joint ballot of the legislature from the people at large, 43
vacancy occurring when legislature is not in session, to be

filled by governor, hy appointment, with advice and con-
sent of the council,

. 35, 43
office to be deemed vacant if person elected or appointed fails
to be qualified within ten days, .

43
Treasury, no moneys to be issued from, but upon the warrant of
governor, except, etc.,

22
Trial hy jury, right to, secured, .

7
guaranteed in criminal cases, except in army and navy,

7

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U.

University at Cambridge,

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27, 28, 47

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V.
Vacancy in office of governor, powers to be exercised by lieutenant-

governor,
Vacancy in offices of governor and lieutenant-governor, powers to
be exercised by the council,

25
Vacancy in the council, to be filled by the election of a resident of the

district by concurrent vote of the senate and house; if
legislature is not in session, to be filled by governor with
advice of the council,

42, 47
Vacancy in the senate to be filled by election by the people upon the
order of a majority of senators elected,

15, 46
Vacancy in office of secretary, treasurer, auditor and attorney-gen-

eral, caused by decease of person elected, or failure to
elect, filled hy joint ballot of legislature from the two
persons having highest number of votes at November
election,

43
occurring during session of legislature, filled hy joint ballot
of legislature from people at large,

43
occurring when legislature is not in session, tɔ be filled by
governor, by appointment, with advice of council,

. 35, 43
Vacancy in militia office, filled by governor and council, if electors
neglect or refuse to make election, .

21, 22
Valuation of estates, to be taken anew once in every ter years at
least,

12
Veto power of the governor,

10
Voters, qualifications of, at elections for governor, lieutenant-gover-

nor, senators and representatives, 13, 17, 34, 44, 46, 47, 48
not disqualified on account of non-payment of poll tax if they
have served in the army or navy in time of war, etc.,

48
male citizens, twenty-one years of age, who have resided in

the state one year, and within the town or district six
months, who have paid a state or county tax within two
years next preceiling the election of state oflicers, and
such as are exempted by law from taxation, but in other
respects qualified, and who can write their names and

read the constitution in the English language, . 17, 34, 44
the basis upon which the apportionment of representatives
to the several counties is made,

44
basis of apportionment of senators,

46
census of voters to be taken in 1865, and every tenth year after, 44, 46
Votes, returns of,

13, 19, 42, 43
plurality of, to elect civil officers,

41
Voting precincts in towns, .

47

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Worship, public, the right and duty of all men,
Writ of habeas corpus, to be enjoyed in the most free, easy, cheap

and expeditious manner, and not to be suspended by

legislature, except for a limited time,
Writs, to be issued in the name of the commonwealth under the seal

of the court, bear test of the first justice, and be signed

by the clerk,
Writing and reading, necessary qualifications for voting, or holding

office,

32

44

Y.

Year, political, begins on the first Wednesday of January,

37

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