« ПретходнаНастави »
no fooner is there mention made of the name, than that easily follows in a natural order; which, I believe, adds considerably to the work.
Thirdly, I have taken care to separate the example from the rule ; because boys are often apt to lay an equat stress on every word contained in the rule; and generally want judgment to distinguish betwixt that and the example that illustrates it. Besides, it does not
seem to me so proper to give the English in verse; because the measure must require some words to which the rule adds no weight in that particular circumstance : whereas in this scheme, I have chosen such examples, as I thought most proper, easy and familiar, and best adapted to the design of the Figure ; without adding one word more than was absolutely necesary to complete the sense.
Fourthly, because the names of the Figures, exi cepting very few, are Greek words, and consequentby cannot excite in their minds the proper ideas affix: ed to them, without a tolerable acquaintance with the original; I thought it would be very necessary to translate them into English, and also to give their derivations from the Greek; that the
young student may not only understand the Figure itself, but also the particular meaning of its name.
Preface to Mr. Holmes's Rhetoric. WH HAT now remains, is to mention the improvements made in this piece, and to whom we are obliged for them. Having looked over fome performances for this purpose, none came fo near the original design, as Mr. Holmes's, to whom the public is much indebted for his other labours, in improving the education of youth. On attentively considering his Art of Rhetoric, we were immediately led to make use of it; he having introduced his System with an explanation of its nature and use, pointing out the parts of a theme and an orat tion, with which the knowledge of Rhetoric is so connected, that the ability of performing with excellency one or other, depends on the proper dis
, posing of words and sentences, and so connecting them as to bave all the advantage of language, which is centered in Rhetoric.
This knowledge has been hitherto confined to the learned languages; and it has been thought, that instances of its use were no where to be found but in the Clafsics ; which has erected such a veneration for them, as to deprive every ather performance of any merit in that way.
Upon how unfair a foundation this fuperftruc-. ture has been raised, must appear from this performance ; in which the Trope, Figure, Allegory, &c. being the flowers collected from the bed of Rhetoric, are illustrated from the sacred writings.
This may in time give them that dignity they merit in this particular, and add to the reverence and respect every intelligent being should pay to the Word of GOD.
This performance is peculiarly adapted to the English Reader; and as our language of late is rifing to a dignity its natives would gladly see established, nothing can engage a fondness for it more than a piece (however diminutive) that points out her beauties, and shows that she is not less deftitute of them than any other tongue.
That the scholar therefore may have some pieces ready for his praxis, we have selected some of the most capital pieces from English authors, as instances of the several passions of the mind, and the different modes of speech; which by a proper use, under the inspection of his teacher, may enable him in time to speak with fluency and elegance; and remove a criminal modesty, so frequently a bar to genius.
NAMES of the FIGURES..
Note. The numeral figurex, following the names of
87 | Evocatio
Hypállage Hyperbaton Hypérbole Hyophen Hypotypófis Hy'steron Incrementum Invérfio lrónia Litótes Metalépfis Metaphora Metathefis Metony'mia Onomatopoéïa Oxymoron Paradiástole Paragóge Paraleípsis Parechéfis Parégmenon Parénthesis Paroémia Parólce
78 | Paronomália 76 Periphrafis
6 Pleonasmus 81
Ploce 34 | Polyptóton 77 Polyfy'ndeton 44 | Prolépsis 41 Prosopopoéïa
4 Prósthefis 10 Sarcásmus 7 Syllépfis i Sy'mploce 66 Synceceiéfis
2 Synaérefis -11 Synalaépha 39 | Synathroésmus 35 Sy'ncope 65 Synécdoche 48 Synony'mia 33 Synthesis 30 Sy'stole 70 | Tméfis 17 Zeugma TI
31 49 68 20 29 69 42 58 60 16 74 23 38 93 90 46 62
3 45 86
# For Contents of Mr. Holmes' Rhetoric, fee last page.