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the thought of eventual productive use of the lands in such ways as will not seriously interfere with their uses for recreation. The aggregate of the areas required for power houses and appurtenances and transmission lines would be far less than that required for reservoirs, and the scenic effects much less deleterious. If the people are made to believe that the forest preserve will not be seriously impaired as a playground, and that the state will receive full value (all the return except a fair return to the concessioners) for the privileges granted, they will be in favor of such changes in the Constitution as will permit the development of power on state lands in the forest preserve.

We are having at the present time in Congress and Legislature a recrudescence of the idea that the state has no business to have and hold anything from which it can secure a revenue. The pendulum will again swing the other way, however, and we shall return to the idea that whoever gets a benefit from the state must pay for it so much that it ceases to be a favor and the recipient is placed upon a footing of equality before the government with other citizens. In the meantime, all should be viligant to prevent favoritism as far as possible.

Pine Blister Rust Bill. Urge your representatives in the State Legislature to stand by a bill which will come before them for consideration, for the suppression of the Pine Blister Rust in New York State. Briefly the provisions of the bill are as follows:

Provision is made for "fruiting currant districts," where currant growing is carried on commercially and within which any diseased currants or gooseberries may be destroyed. Outside these districts the Conservation Commission is authorized to destroy any pine trees, or currant, or gooseberry bushes whether diseased or not, except within duly certified nurseries, whenever such destruction seems desirable for controlling the disease. It also provides that the Conservation Commission be given authority to establish quarantine districts. This quarantine may prohibit the possession of any white pines, or currants or gooseberries; the transportation of any white pines, currants, or gooseberries to or from any quarantine district, or from any diseased locality outside the State to any point within the State. The bill provides that compensation be allowed for trees or plants destroyed which are free from disease.


A Pago or Two of Comment, Editorial and Otherwise Open at all times to members, for the expression of their opinions

The object of this Association is to secure cooperation of all interests in the constructive development and handling of New York State forest lands. We

e must have a large membership to help along the work, and enable us through publicity and education to mould public opinion in the conservation of our forests and water courses.

The Executive Committee is made up of scientists of two colleges, a representative of the Conservation Commission, a forest utilizer, besides campers and sportsmen.

These gentlemen are all actively interested in pushing the work of the Association to success.

From the personnel of the committee, our members will see that interest in forestry work is diversified, and that questions of policy are approached from many angles.

There are, however, three vital questions in which all interests see necessity for prompt action. They are, fire protection, reforestation and conserving the stream flow.

It is the desire of the Association to cooperate with the Conservation Commission and believe that we may be useful in helping to spread information in regard to policies which have

proved themselves applicable to the New York State situation.

The educational side of the work is most important.

With the aid of those who have studied forestry conditions, we shall be able to draw upon scientific experience which should be of value to the practical forester.

The sportsman and the idealist are each important factors in their relation to the forest situation, and their point of view will be presented with due regard for their interests, especially those which will strive to maintain the natural beauty of our State owned lands.

The forest utilizer has his point of view, which must be respected. While he is thought by some to be an antagonistic element, the growing appreciation of the value of conservation is appealing to him as never before, and the lumberman of today is in his own interest endorsing legislation to perpetuate the life of our forests.

It is our hope that this Association will

some day furnish the schools in this State with our magazine. There are some 12,000 of such institutions. Here is an opportunity for a publicspirited citizen to help the work to the greatest advantage, for the schools offer a splendid, logical field for education in forestry.


It is important that highways through the State forests be kept in condition so that in case of fire, fire fighters can be promptly moved by automobile to regions where they are needed. Quick communication would often save vast areas of land from the menace.

One important highway, where work should be pushed at once, is the Loon Lake-Duane road.

The DeBar Mountain is notorious for its forest fires, and the route to it is at present almost inaccessible although on the direct road from Loon Lake to Malone.

Convict labor is obtainable from Clinton and Great Meadows which are both contiguous to the Adirondacks; work thoroughly beneficial to the convict is procurable at small cost. Why not use it for all it is worth?

Cooperation between the Conservation, Highways and Prison departments is recommended, for there are many subjects in which their work is inter-related. Governor Whitman has shown wisdom in his appointments of commissioners to these offices, and we shall look for continued progress in conservation work during Mr. Pratt's administration Conservation Commissioner. Herbert S. Carpenter.


From A Neighbor

Massachusetts Forestry Association has invited the members of the New York State Forestry Association to join forces in a tour of the National Parks and Forests next summer. Here is a splendid opportunity for one to learn a great deal about forest conditions in the West and to enjoy a fine vacation. The educational features of this trip should be especially noted. On each of the National Forests visited it is expected that the supervisor of the Forest will be with the party. This will also be true of most of the National Parks. For detailed information about this admirable project write to the Secretary of this Association. Ask for booklet "The National Parks and Forests—A Tour."

It is with genuine regret that we learn of the death of Mr. Ceasar Cone of Greensboro, N. C. Mr. Cone had been a patron of many organizations and among them was the New York State Forestry Association. He became interested in the work of forestry in New York during his many summers at Lake Placid.


"The Conservationist" is the appropriate title of a new monthly publication of the Conservation Commission. We hope that future issues of “New York Forestry" will be able to approach "Conservationist" number one in general attractiveness.

Pay your annual dues promptly if you have not already done so. Receipts for dues will be sent out with the next issue of the Rivet.


Paragraphs about shade trees, tree repair and highway improvement

To Secure Reliability in Tree

Repair Work

(7) The contractor shall repair free of expense any defects that

may appear in the work within one year.

We heartily approve of these conditions, and make one further suggestion to members of the Association. Before signing any contract, write to the Secretary and

get further information about the firm individual with whom


propose to deal. We will probably be able to tell you whether or not he employs conscientious and skilled tree artisans, or cement slingers. There are many funny ones in the business!


The U. S. Department of Agriculture is suggesting a plan that may help put commercial tree repair on a better basis. Owners are urged to have a definite written contract with the men they employ, and the following is suggested as a model for such contract:

(1) No climbing spurs shall be used on any part of a tree.

(2) The shoes worn by the workmen shall have soft rubber bottoms.

(3) Ordinary commercial orange shellac shall be applied to cover the cut edges of sapwood and cambium (which is the soft formative tissue from which the new wood and bark originate) within five minutes after the final trimming cut is made.

(4) All cut or shellaced surfaces shall be painted with commercial creosote, followed by thick coal tar.

(5) All diseased, rotten, discolored, water-soaked, or insecteaten wood shall be removed in cavity work and the cavity inspected by the owner or his agent before it is filled.

(6) Only a good grade of Portland cement and clean, sharp sand in no weaker mixture than 1 to 3 shall be used to fill cavities.

Shade Trees This is the title of a veritable manual on the subject, published by the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, Amherst, Mass., as Bulletin No. 170. Mr. Geo. E. Stone, the author, has covered the subjects of tree repair, the characteristics, adaptation, diseases and care of shade trees in a very interesting publication.

Native Material The best choice is always the native, the indigenous material, from which then we select what is best to carry out our plans.—Tree Life.

Spring Care for Your Favorite


Cut away dead wood from trees and burn.

Set out young trees when the ground can be worked.

Cut out portions of willow and poplar infested with the Willow and Poplar-borers.

Cut Black Knot on plum and cherry trees.

Prune currants and gooseberries, being careful not to remove the bearing wood and leave the non-bearing wood.

Cut off Cedar apples, for these produce the rust found on pears and apples the following summer.

Before buds open prune

off and burn all twigs of sycamore and oak affected by Anthracnose.

Thoroughly dig out and cauterize cavities. Leave filling until weather is settled.

Spray silver maples while dormant with miscible oils for Cottony-maple-scale. Don't use oils on hard maples.

Take out hickories infested with the Hickory-bark beetle and locusts badly infested with the Locust-borer. Either burn the wood or peel the bark of the hickories and burn this before spring.

-Hints from "Tree Talk."

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Red Pine Douglas Spruce White Pine Black Oak Pin Oak Chestnut Oak

Strong seedings or transplants of the above suitable for forest or nursery planting. Write for list of sizes and prices and advice on what will fit your conditions.

Red Maple
Red Oak

Silver Leaf Linden
European Linden
Swamp White Oak

Cucumber Tree
Norway Maple

Pin Oak
Tulip Tree

1%2x4 inches in diameter, 10 to 18 feet high.
Trees of excellent quality, grown wide apart, transplanted or rootpruned to produce
fibrous roots.

Norway Maple
European Linden

Red Maple
Sugar Maple

Silver Leaf Linden
Pin Oak
4x8 inches in diameter, 20 to 30 feet high, 12 to 20 feet spread of tops and roots.
Dug carefully to preserve an abundance of fibrous roots and insure a successful growth.

Send for catalog, and make selections from the catalog or select personally. Satisfactory growth guaranteed either way. These trees are successfully shipped.

Japanese Yews Spruces

2 to 8 feet high, rootpruned, grown wide apart, dug carefully with good balls of earth filled
with an abundance of fibrous roots.

One forester said, “Why! I did not know you had such a large variety of good evergreens."
Can you use a carload or less for planting around your country estate?


8 to 20 feet high, grown wide apart and delivered with large balls of earth, clamped by canvas
carried on a platform. As safe as carrying a fish in a pail of water. Do you need a screen to
the street or adjacent property to make a small country place as private as a large one?

Many new and rare shrubs you will be interested to try. Send for list. It is lots of fun
to watch them develop.

Hardy Flowers
All stock from Hicks Nursery guaranteed to grow satisfactorily or replaced free.
Send for Home Landscapes. It has an interesting chapter on unusual food plants.

DEPT. 2.



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