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spruce, are adapted to it. Nor is artificial reforestation necessary. With intelligent cutting and protection from fire, the land will restock itsell. Nature has made the task almost absurdly easy- for human beings who are not averse to using their heads and exercising a little patience. The real problem is to persuade or cajole the country into looking ahead and taking out an inexpensive insurance policy for one of the noblest of its natural possessions.

How far we are from exhaustion of our raw material for wood pulp is shown in a striking way by experiments conducted to determine the paper-making qualities of new woods. Tests made by the Forest Products Laboratory of the Department of Agriculture have demonstrated the suitability for various grades of paper of no less than twelve new or little used woods, including Englemann spruce, lodge-pole pine, white fir, and other cheap and abundant coniferous woods of the western States. At least ten of the twelve were proved to be good enough for news-print, and paper made from some of them was actually used in editions of the New York Herald and the St. Louis Republic.

The fact that we are beginning seriously to tackle the question of a supply of wood pulp is the strongest possible indication that we have come to the close of the first chapter in our forest history. The far distant future when we, like other countries, should no longer be able to indulge in extravagant living, is upon us. James Bryce humorously remarks in "The American Commonwealth" that the United States has the glorious privilege of youth—"the privilege of committing errors without suffering from their consequences.

But that day with respect to certain of our national treasures, is over. The newspaper future that is to be saved by reforestation is a very near future. We are already on the edge of it. We should have been wiser to more clearly just where we were and to start the work of reforestation sooner. should not have the Department of Agriculture pointing out that at least forty million of the sixty million cords supposed to be wasted every year in the manufacture of lumber are of coniferous woods, a part being suited to the manufacture of paper but the cost of assembling it in sufficient quantities to support a paper plant often being prohibitive. To be told that you are wasteful is bad enough, but to be informed that there is nothing you can do for it is to be distressed unnecessarily. Balm


Then we


satisfy those engaged in the business of making paper or the business of making newspapers, but that would conflict with the interest of the public. Such solutions, in the age of enlightenment upon forestry which we may hope we are entering, would be no solutions, any more than unlimited and unconditional franchises were in the end a solution of the problem of rapid transit in our cities. It is the good fortune of the paper manufacturer and the paper user that the most practical solution of their common problem is a solution that benefits rather than exploits the nation. Here lies if not the greatest, certainly the highest value of reforestation to the American newspaper.

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Prof. A. B. Recknagel
Forester and Secretary, Empire State Forest Products Association.

Read at the meeting of the New York State Forestry Association at Albany, January 22, 1918.

T the Lake Placid meeting of the New York State Forestry Asso

ciation on September 7, 1917, the Conservation Commissioner, in unequivocal terms, stated his position in regard to the cutting

State timber. As quoted, this was as follows: "Tha e State of New York has been absolutely right in establishing its For est Preserve and in prohibiting every form of lumbering therein

the Constitution has been the salvation of the Adirondacks and continues to be the safeguard of our forest land as nothing else could.

I have become more than ever convinced that the best inte Test of the people of the Empire State—not of any small class of citizens-demands that we should adhere to the Constitution without abating one jot of its restrictions."

This may be taken as the Commissioner's deep rooted conviction, arrived at after careful weighing of all the circumstances in the case. As an editorial in “The Adirondack Enterprise" of September 11, 1917, put it:

**The importance of the position taken by the Commissioner after nearly three years

in office

is not to be underestimated. Commissioner Pratt declares that destructive lumbering followed by fire, produced the crematory' and is not perturbed by the reply of the scientific forester who says that the 'non-productive State land is a cemetery'."

Of course, this is counter to the economic trend of the times. It does not matter how ardently the aesthetic interests oppose the proper utilization of the State's timber—when the economic pressure becomes sufficient, utilization will be brought about. The present wood fuel shortage is a case in point.

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