« ПретходнаНастави »
Resolved, That this Association endorses till number 3344 now pending before the Congress of the United States, establishing an adequate quar
antine on all such plant material imported into this country.
It was moved by Mr. Allen, seconded by Dr. Pennington that the resolution be adopted. Motion carried.
It was moved by Mr. Warwick S. Carpenter, that the resolution with regard to amending the constitution so as to allow the cutting of cord wood be laid on the table. This motion was lost. It was moved by Mr. Ostrander, seconded by Mr. Recknagel that the resolution in its original form be passed. Discussion followed and led to the amending of the resolution to read as follows:
Resolved, That steps be taken to amend Article 7, Section 7 of the Constitution so that Section 7 shall not prevent the cutting or removal, under proper restrictions, of trees that may be needed to supply fuel for domestic use; nor shall the prohibition of Section 7 prevent the construction of roads and trails necessary for protection against fire and for ingress and
Upon motion of Mr. Ostrander and seconded by Mr. Recknagel the resolution was carried.
The resolutions committee reported that they had not been able to agree upon reporting Mr. Burnham's resolution for the appropriation of $1,000,000 for the control of the White Pine Blister Rust due to the question concerning the effectiveness of control methods used and to the inappropriateness of calling for large expenditures of money for other than war purposes at the present time.
Upon suggestion of Mr. Ostrander the wording of a resolution calling for the commandeering of labor to meet war emergencies such as the cutting of cordwood, harvesting of crops, etc., was changed so that the expression “idlers and loafers" was made to read “unemployed." In this form the motion for the adoption of the resolution was passed :
Whereas, the existing labor situation is endangering an adequate output of much needed forest and agricultural products, and particularly of wood for fuel, and
Whereas, the State Conservation Commission already has power to commandeer labor to meet the emergencies arising from conflagrations in the woods, thus establishing a precedent, therefore be it
Resolved, That the Legislature be, and hereby is petitioned to empower the State authorities to utilize idle labor in the State of New York for the purpose of crop production and for cutting cordwood to increase the fuel supply, and to otherwise commandeer the services of unemployed for the
public benefit during the war emergency.
It was moved by Mr. Burnham and seconded by Mr. Warwick S Carpenter that the Blister Rust resolution be submitted to the Association in the following form:
Whereas, the White Pine Blister Rust has attacked the pine trees of this State, and
Whereas, experience elsewhere has shown that the disease is invariably fatal and that the loss of our pine forests is threatened, and
Whereas, effective methods of combating the disease are available, provided immediate action is taken and the necessary funds supplied now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That the New York State Forestry Association, in convention assembled, calls to the attention of the Legislature the emergency which threatens the loss of this most valuable timber supply and that the Association urges the appropriation of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) in this crisis to become immediately available for carrying on the work already begun for the purpose of saving this great asset to the State, which represents a cash value of half a billion dollars.
After some discussion during which the point was brought out that the Conservation Commission is already pledged and engaged in a fight against the pine blister rust and that there is a misunderstanding concern ing the specific cost of eradicating the ribes as a method of control, the resolution was adopted.
Upon the request of the Chairman, the Secretary read the report of the Auditors with regard to the Guarantee Fund stating that the sum of $1574.26 was now contained in this fund. The Secretary stated that he did not have with him the report of the Auditors on the General Fund and it could be made to the Association through the medium of the "Rivet" or the next issue of "New York Forestry."
Mr. E. A. Quarles spoke on "Bringing Back the Game" and illustrated his address with moving pictures.
The meeting then adjourned and a buffet luncheon was served
REPORT ON TUSSOCK MOTH CONTEST
Dr. E. P. Felt, State Entomologist of New York.
N effort was made to direct public sentiment respecting insect
control along practical lines. The New York State Forestry Association, through its president and secretary, asked the co
operation of the State Education Department in promoting a campaign which would result in stimulating interest in some phase of forestry and at the same time eventuate in real benefit to communities throughout the State. It was particularly desired to interest the school children, since they, as our heirs, are the future custodians of forests and forest-like growths.
There are evident limitations in such an undertaking and after some discussion it was decided to restrict ourselves for the present to the tussock moth, one of the common injurious insects with habits which make it peculiarly amenable to control through the activities of children. The conspicuous snowy white egg masses about half an inch in diameter are deposited upon filmy cocoons attached to the bark of the trunk and larger branches of trees, especially lindens, horse-chestnuts and elms. Each of these egg masses contains about three hundred eggs and as the females are wingless it is comparatively easy to clean trees, streets, or even entire villages or cities of this pest, since its spread is practically limited to the crawling powers of the caterpillars.
Earlier work, especially in the cities of Rochester and Buffalo, has demonstrated the efficiency of egg collecting contests for the control of this insect and it was planned to start a State-wide campaign last fall. The matter was taken up early in October and after some discussion and correspondence with interested parties, it was decided to offer prizes of $5, $3 and $2 to the three pupils collecting the largest number of egg masses in each of the following districts: (1) New York, excluding Brooklyn; (2) Brooklyn, including Staten Island; (3) Newburgh, Poughkeepsie and Kingston; (4) Albany, Schenectady and Troy; (5) Utica and Rome; (6) Binghamton and Oneonta; (7) Syracuse and Auburn; (8) Rochester and Geneva; (9) Buffalo and Batavia; (10) Ithaca, Elmira and Jamestown.
It was desired to interest as many as possible and hence it seemed advisable to divide the amount available for prizes, namely, $100, into a number of smaller awards to be widely distributed throughout the State, rather than to have larger prizes with the probability that there would be extensive trading on the part of the more active contestants.
Owing to delays of one kind or another, mostly unavoidable and due in part to the interested individuals being unable to confer, the plan was not fully approved till the later part of October and it was then published in the December issue of the Education Department's “Bulletin to the Schools." This goes to every school teacher in the State and there is no better medium for reaching pupils. It was hoped, despite the late date, that moderately warm weather might prevail during the period of the contest, namely, December 10, 1917, to January 12, 1918, and unfortunately for this undertaking, as well as many others, severe weather conditions prevailed and practically nothing was done.
The idea is an excellent one and we would earnestly recommend another trial this coming spring, starting with an announcement in March and providing for an active period for the collection of eggs under the supervision of the teachers, and this latter is important, during the second and third weeks in April.
We would suggest an early announcement in the School Bulletin with special reference to interesting the teachers, particularly those in charge of natural history subjects, since with their endorsement there would be no question as to the success of the undertaking.
Furthermore, it might be well to supplement this by securing for each of the ten districts a teacher in biology to serve as a local publicity agent.
It is by no means difficult to collect these egg masses, since they are readily seen and but loosely attached to the tree. The burning of every one means the destruction of practically three hundred
eggs and corresponding freedom from insect ravages. The tussock moth attacks, as is well known, a number of our most important and desirable shade trees and a little united action along this line would accomplish wonders in eliminating such a local pest. The Association is to be highly commended upon having made a start in this direction and it is to be hoped that it will be pushed to a most successful conclusion.