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fourths of this park is wooded. “With a view to managing the forests of this park for sustained yield and for organizing the forests and forest lands to their highest productive capacity, a forest survey was made of this area, and from the data secured, a complete working plan was prepared for the ensuing ten years."

The State of Wisconsin adopts a sane combination of pleasure and profit from its forest. Here is its policy:

"This Park together with several others in the State, was purchased primarily as a place for recreation. This is the chief use to which it will be put. . . It has been felt that the interests of the public would best be served if the forests of the Park were placed under management,

so that revenue would result, and the


lands, idle, be made productive by growing trees.

“These policies have been combined into one, and in the future, the Park will be managed both for a recreation forest, and for a supply of timber, the latter not to conflict in the slightest degree with the former."

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Wood Fuel On December 26, Campaign Governor Whitman

called a meeting in Albany of various interests to promote the production and use of wood for fuel. A permanent advisory committee was appointed consisting of Commissioner Geo. D. Pratt, Chairman, W. G. Howard of the Conservation Commission, Prof. R. S. Hosmer of Cornell University, Prof. F. F. Moon of Syracuse University, Master of the State Grange, S. J. Lowell and Prof. A. B. Recknagel, Forester and Secretary of the Empire State Forest Products Association.

An active campaign to obtain accurate information regarding the supply of fuel wood and for insuring the cutting of only wood that should properly be cut, has been inaugurated. The State Conservation Commission at Albany has established a Wood Fuel Bureau, under the direction of W. G. Howard, Asst. Supt. of State Forests, whence the educational and informative campaign will emanate. Furthermore, the State has been divided into four districts, each under the supervision of trained forester. The Northwestern District, comprising the counties of Erie, Niagara, Orleans, Genesee, Wyoming, Livingston, Monroe, Yates, Ontario, Wayne, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga and Oswego will be under the supervision of a forester provided by the N. Y. State College of Forestry at Syracuse University.

The Southern District, comprising Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Allegany, Steuben, Schuyler, Chemung. Tompkins, Tioga, Cortland, Broome, Chenango and Madison Counties, will be under the supervision of a forester provided by the Forestry Department of Cornell University.

The Northeastern District in which lie the Counties of Otsego, Schoharie, Albany, Rensselaer, Washington, Saratoga, Schenectady, Montgomery, Fulton, Oneida, Lewis and the Adirondack Counties of Herkimer, Hamilton, Warren, Essex, Franklin, St. Lawrence, Jefferson and Clinton, will be under the supervision of a forester provided by the Conservation Commission; for the Adirondacks the work will be done in co-operation with the Empire State Forest Products Association, whose membership includes the leading timberland

in that section.

Finally, the Metropolitan Section, Delaware, Greene, Columbia, Dutchess, Ulster, Sullivan, Orange, Rockland, Putnam, Westchester, Nassau, Suffolk and the Counties of Greater New York, will constitute the Southeastern District under the supervision of a forester provided by the Conservation Commission.

The foresters will work in co-operation with Farm Bureaus, officials of the local Granges and the County Fuel Administrators. Local Wood Fuel Committees are to be formed in every



county to co-operate with the County Fuel Administrator, the Committees being composed of the Farm Bureau Agent, the officers of the local Grange and the County Fuel Administrator. These committees will act not only in an advisory capacity, but will take every possible means to provide suitable machinery for wood cutting. They will also carry on local publicity campaigns to stimulate wood production and the substitution of wood for coal wherever practicable.

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In stimulating production, the question of markets is important. The man who produces wood in excess of his own consumption must be assured a reasonable return for his labor. To meet this need, muncipal wood yards could be established or arrangements made by county fuel administrators with existing wood yards. A case has already come up where an Adirondack operator has offered to put a large crew of men at cutting cordwood all next summer provided he be guaranteed a price sufficiently high to cover the possible further advance in wages and provisions before the wood could be delivered next winter.

It would seem that New York State might follow suit; for even though the Constitution unfortunately prevents the cutting of wood on State land, stumpage could be secured from private


very reasonable cost. Cordwood may be made from the dead, overmature and decaying trees and from those trees thinned out from too crowded stands, resulting in a direct benefit to the woodland. The cutting of cordwood therefore presents an opportunity to improve the forest and, by more complete utilization of trees cut for lumber, to decrease the fire menace. Nor should the important fact be overlooked that wood is a renewable resource.

Labor is a crucial factor. Farmers apparently no longer have any spare time to cut wood even from their own woodlots. It has been suggested that by placing power wood saws and wood splitting machines at central points, one or two expert operators could produce wood for an entire community. A

The transportation problem is largely a local one and until the emergency becomes acute, the general use of railroads for

transporting cordwood should be avoided because of car shortage. Instead sleighs, motor trucks and other local conveyances should be employed wherever possible.

on the


Following the favorTax

able action Legislation

report of the Committee


Forest Taxation at the Albany meeting of the Association, bills to amend the Conservation Law and the tax law were introduced into the Senate on January 24, numbered 189 and 190, respectively.

A conference of State officials was held at Albany on February 20 and amendments to the bills were discussed. This led to bill No. 190 being amended on March 7 and (as No. 190, 965) recommitted to the committee on laxation and retrenchment.

Meanwhile the Conservation Commission sponsored similar bills amending the tax law and amending bill No. 189. The former were introduced on March 4 and are numbered 821, 822. The amendment to bill No. 189 was introduced from the floor of the Senate

March 6 and is numbered 189.940.

Forest taxation, under the general property tax, admittedly constitutes the first and greatest barrier to the practice of private forestry in this state. It is , this barrier which the two sets of bills seek to


albeit by radically different means.

A compromise measure was introduced by Senator Emerson on March 19, namely Senate Bill Intro. No. 959 Amending Sections 57 and 63, Conservation Law, by substituting entirely new provisions relative to classification

and certification of lands dedicated to continuous forest service. This bill has the approval of all the various interests involved. It rejects the principle of soil productive value as the basis of forest taxation and provides for a tax on the bare land, paid annually, and a tax on the timber, paid when it is cut, which tax is advanced to the local community by the State and returned to the State by the owner at time of cutting, with interest thereon at four per cent. This deferring of taxes is preferred by the Conservation Commission to the graduated yield tax on stumpage.

Its effect on the owner is about the same.

This bill provides for classification of land suitable for forest use, by the Commission, which may be revoked by it for cause or by the owner upon due notice. Its other provisions are, in general, the same as in the other bills with the addition of many excellent suggestions from the various interests that have co-operated in the proposed legis. lation.


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pire State Forest Products Association at Utica, November 8, 1917.

The proceedings set forth the aims and efforts of members of the Association in developing a constructive policy in forestry and management of timberlands, and also co-operation with other associations interested in conservation of all natural resources.

The table of contents reveals a series of papers and discussions of the widest public interest and value. Mr. George N. Ostrander, the President, opens with a survey of conditions in New York State. He is followed by Prof. Hosmer of Cornell in an admirable paper on “Forest Taxation." Then comes Mr. W. R. Brown, President of the Timber Lands Mutual Fire Insurance Co., with a paper on “Standing Timber Insurance," which is an authoritative statement of this important subject

The Forester's report to the Associalion begins the afternoon program and contains data of interest

as to the private forest land ownership in the State and the various industrial developments dependent on the forest. Follows the piéce de resistance," Director James W. Toumey of the Yale School of Forestry on "Economic Aspects of Reforestation in North Eastern United States." masterly papers by this author none exceeds this in timeliness and breadth of vision. The discussion which follows this paper is particularly good.

No less broad in conception of the subject is Mr. Ellwood Wilson of

the Laurentide Company in his "Lessons from Canada."

The chief address at the banquet is by Mr. John G. Agar, President of the Association for the Protection of the Adirondacks, “The State Policy of Land Purchase for the Forest Preserve." This will appeal particularly to readers of "New York Forestry” who may obtain copies of the Proceedings upon application to the headquarters of the Forest Products Association, Room 312, Journal Building, Albany.

These Proceedings reflect a seriousness of purpose befitting the times and there is something more they are teleological in their direct drive at the most important problems which beset the practice of forestry in New York State to-day.

Such a meeting is highly constructive and the Empire State Forest Products Association has every right to be proud of its Proceedings. May their efforts be rewarded by a full fruition of their hopes and purposes !

Of many


The following War Committee Committee has been

appointed by the Society of American Foresters.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE James W. Toumey. Connecticut, Chairman.

Raphael Zon, Washington, D. C. Secretary:

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